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# The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the

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Director
Joined: 27 Dec 2004
Posts: 861
The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the  [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2005, 18:12
1
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(N/A)

Question Stats:

92% (00:59) correct 8% (00:00) wrong based on 21 sessions

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The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chile.
A. Columbus was the Incan highway, which over 2,500 miles long and extending
B. Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended
C. Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length, was extended
D. Columbus, the Incan highway, being over 2,500 miles in length, was extended
E. Columbus, the Incan highway was over 2,500 miles long, extending
Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Nov 2004
Posts: 270

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05 Jul 2005, 21:07
1 more for E.
A. which over 2,500 miles long , has no verb.
B. it's not sounding good.
C. it changes the initial meaning of the sentence.
D. incorrect usage of being.
E. sounds the best. extending correctly describes the highway.
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 May 2005
Posts: 270
Location: CA, USA

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05 Jul 2005, 21:57
E

(Being) The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus, ...

Sonaketu

Will you choose C if 'was extended' changed to 'extended' ?

C. Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length, extended
Director
Joined: 11 Mar 2005
Posts: 687

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06 Jul 2005, 09:53
E it is.

The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chile.
A. Columbus was the Incan highway, which over 2,500 miles long and extending

- OUT uses which and no verb

B. Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended

- OUT who extened it..

C. Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length, was extended

- OUT 3 problems here, need extending or and which was extended (possessive) but would still be wrong..

D. Columbus, the Incan highway, being over 2,500 miles in length, was extended

- OUT being..
E. Columbus, the Incan highway was over 2,500 miles long, extending

The phrase "The greatest --- Columbus" correcty modifies "the Incan highway", subject of the sentence.
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Apr 2005
Posts: 358
Location: India

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06 Jul 2005, 10:29
Picked B.

Felt that C,D and E were Run-On's.
A was awkward.

HMTG.
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Apr 2005
Posts: 334
Location: USA

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06 Jul 2005, 10:35
Was trying to decide between B and E. Chose E as it is more concise, and it conveys the meaning while maintaining the tense using fewer words.

Not sure, whats wrong with B.

C and D change the meaning of the sentence, as it uses " was extended"
Director
Joined: 11 Mar 2005
Posts: 687

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06 Jul 2005, 11:57

B would be right if you use participle phrase of verb extend.

change extended to extending and B will survive.

extended seems to indicate the some agent extended it, while extending indicates that it was one of the property or attribute of the highway.

Hope it helps.
Manager
Joined: 31 May 2006
Posts: 50

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20 Jun 2006, 03:26
E seems the best

I have a Query here

If we remove the phrase between the comma's

The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to Southern Chile.

Doesnt make sense

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VP
Joined: 07 Nov 2005
Posts: 1061
Location: India

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20 Jun 2006, 03:48
Straight E.
Rest options are bad either due to 'which' or due to ' being ' .
SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1815

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20 Jun 2006, 05:43
Folaa3 wrote:
The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chile.

A. Columbus was the Incan highway, which over 2,500 miles long and extending
--> the relative clause "which...." lacks of a main verb --> out
B. Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended
---> judge based on the meaning --> it is not so reasonable to seperate the fact of "was the incan highway" and the fact of "extended..." --> out
C. Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length, was extended
----> passive voice "was extended" is incorrect --> out
D. Columbus, the Incan highway, being over 2,500 miles in length, was extended
--> "being " --> should be avoided. Also, D contains same error to C
E. Columbus, the Incan highway was over 2,500 miles long, extending
-->"the greatest ....Columbus" modifies "the Incan highway" . The rest of the sentence is also fine --> choose E.

E it is.
Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Mar 2006
Posts: 437

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Updated on: 20 Jun 2006, 07:59
There should be comma after Incan highway in E, othervise it is grammatically incorrect. If comma is omitted intentionally and not a typo, C is the lesser evil.

After some rethinking agree with E.

Originally posted by deowl on 20 Jun 2006, 07:06.
Last edited by deowl on 20 Jun 2006, 07:59, edited 1 time in total.
SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1815

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20 Jun 2006, 08:04
Learn wrote:
E seems the best

I have a Query here

If we remove the phrase between the comma's

The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to Southern Chile.

Doesnt make sense

the part from " the Incan highway" to the end of the sentence is the main clause of the sentence so you can't consider removing the "," .
"the greatest ......Columbus" is a modifier of "the incan highway" .

For example:
The most active student in her class, Joan always participates in voluntary programs, holding a strong record of extra curriculum.
Manager
Joined: 15 May 2006
Posts: 107
Location: Louvain, Belgium

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23 Jun 2006, 11:11
i am sifting through old posts and sorry for the delayed participation

I think answer is E too ... much too late though
SVP
Joined: 30 Mar 2006
Posts: 1696

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23 Jun 2006, 11:24
Will go with E

"was" incorrect conjuction C/D out
A/B not || and incorrect modifiers
Intern
Joined: 22 Jun 2006
Posts: 48
Location: Big Apple

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23 Jun 2006, 17:40
Folks,

Thanks for the detailed explanation. I was lost between B and E.
Manager
Joined: 29 Apr 2012
Posts: 90
Location: United States
GMAT Date: 10-22-2012
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2014, 02:12
Folaa3 wrote:
The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chile.
A. Columbus was the Incan highway, which over 2,500 miles long and extending
B. Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended
C. Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length, was extended
D. Columbus, the Incan highway, being over 2,500 miles in length, was extended
E. Columbus, the Incan highway was over 2,500 miles long, extending

IMO -B

A. Columbus was the Incan highway, which over 2,500 miles long and extending which --extending ...totally incorrect here
B. Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended - correct! modifier is correctly place. sentence makes sence and themeaning is not changed.
C. Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length, was extended --- was extended...did someone extend it?? :O
D. Columbus, the Incan highway, being over 2,500 miles in length, was extended ----- being is 100% incorrect in GMAT
E. Columbus, the Incan highway was over 2,500 miles long, extending ---noun +noun modifier are incorrect here.. the incan highway is representing columbus in this sentence. So, changes the meaning.
Manager
Joined: 26 Sep 2016
Posts: 62
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the  [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2018, 15:06
I think it is E. Does anyone have the OA?
Intern
Joined: 19 Feb 2017
Posts: 46
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2018, 00:35
why cant option B be the correct answer? I dont see any problem with this option. My analysis of this option is as follows:
The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended

"was the Incan highway" and "extended from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chili." are the elements of the list. These elements are parallel in every way and also play the same function with respect to the subject "The greatest road system ", i.e., both are describing the subject.

"over 2,500 miles in length" is a modifier correctly modifying Incan Highway.

Please let me know where am I going wrong.
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 49496
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2018, 00:39
aviejay wrote:
why cant option B be the correct answer? I dont see any problem with this option. My analysis of this option is as follows:
The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended

"was the Incan highway" and "extended from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chili." are the elements of the list. These elements are parallel in every way and also play the same function with respect to the subject "The greatest road system ", i.e., both are describing the subject.

"over 2,500 miles in length" is a modifier correctly modifying Incan Highway.

Please let me know where am I going wrong.

Better discussion of this question is here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest ... 97171.html

Hope it helps.
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Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the &nbs [#permalink] 23 Jul 2018, 00:39
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