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# The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that

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Manager
Joined: 10 Apr 2008
Posts: 53
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that  [#permalink]

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31 May 2009, 23:15
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The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses

A. that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses
B. that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn
C. creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses
D. to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious
E. who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn

Can someone explain what the "that" in the sentence refers to? And why?

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Manager
Joined: 12 Apr 2006
Posts: 202
Location: India
Re: Q126 from new ed  [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2009, 21:26
"That" is use to introduce sub-clauses in sentence, and the sub-clause itself should stand as complete sentence.

In this sentence sub-clause is introduced as "that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual" and than introduce another sub-clause "that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses". Now in second clause it is not clear what is creating physiological responses, thus incorrect and not required.

The correct sub-clause will be

"that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses"
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Joined: 30 Apr 2008
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Location: Oklahoma City
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Re: Q126 from new ed  [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2009, 21:46
A

Sorry for the short explanation. "reactions...create" this is correct agreement between subject and verb (even though not the main subject and verb of the sentence).
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Manager
Joined: 10 Apr 2008
Posts: 53
Re: Q126 from new ed  [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2009, 22:19
OA is A.

Anyone one know why "that, in turn" does not refer to "individual"?
Current Student
Joined: 13 Jan 2009
Posts: 337
Location: India
Re: Q126 from new ed  [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2009, 22:46
thinkblue wrote:
OA is A.

Anyone one know why "that, in turn" does not refer to "individual"?

I wont agree and I dont feel this sort of question would appear in GMAT either if answer is A.

That cannot refer to reactions.
Manager
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Re: Q126 from new ed  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2009, 22:44
This is from OG 12. That means it has already appeared on the GMAT!
Intern
Joined: 28 Aug 2008
Posts: 41
Re: Q126 from new ed  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2009, 00:12
hemantsood wrote:
thinkblue wrote:
OA is A.

Anyone one know why "that, in turn" does not refer to "individual"?

I wont agree and I dont feel this sort of question would appear in GMAT either if answer is A.

That cannot refer to reactions.

"In an individual" is a prepositional phrase which can not act as a subject for the sub-clause.

Hence that will refer to the "emotional responses"
Director
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
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Re: Q126 from new ed  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2009, 00:21
Agree with A

"emotional reactions in an individual" is the subject
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Re: Q126 from new ed  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2009, 00:45
A clearly shows that emotional reactions are creating physical res[ponses and not lying
Manager
Joined: 27 May 2009
Posts: 181
Re: Q126 from new ed  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 10:30
tough one............and to think it has appeared on gmat exam.
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Manager
Joined: 07 Jun 2009
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Re: Q126 from new ed  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 11:09
I go for 'A' too.

A. that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses
B. that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn. Since the comma is missing after 'that', the continuous sentence make it sound like it's the individusl cresting physiological responses.
C. creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses. Incorrect tense
D. to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious
E. who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn. Responses can never be who

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This is not a quality discussion. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

To review the GMAT Club's Forums Posting Guidelines, please follow these links: Quantitative | Verbal Please note - we may remove posts that do not follow our posting guidelines. Thank you.

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Re: Q126 from new ed &nbs [#permalink] 18 Jun 2009, 11:09
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