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The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that

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The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2010, 22:16
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The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption
that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual
that, in turn, create unconscious physiological
responses.
(A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological
responses
(B) that creates unconscious physiological
responses in turn
(C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological
responses
(D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that
are unconscious
(E) who creates unconscious physiological
responses in turn

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
a


I am confused with the usage of that here. That should modify the word proceeds it i.e. individual but the explanation in the OG says its modifies reactions.

Can somebody please explain?

Thanks in advance
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Re: OG 12 SC126 [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2010, 02:12
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Hey gmatcraker2010

I think you missed watching out the preposition "in".

emotional reactions in an individual that ----> preposition guides where that should point. So that refers to noun before "in" i.e. emotional reactions.

E.g.
Soldiers in war that sacrifice their lives ........ ----> that refers to Soldiers, not to war.

Careful yaa LOL.

Take care.

gmatcracker2010 wrote:
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption
that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual
that, in turn, create unconscious physiological
responses.
(A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological
responses
(B) that creates unconscious physiological
responses in turn
(C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological
responses
(D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that
are unconscious
(E) who creates unconscious physiological
responses in turn

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
a


I am confused with the usage of that here. That should modify the word proceeds it i.e. individual but the explanation in the OG says its modifies reactions.

Can somebody please explain?

Thanks in advance

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Re: OG 12 SC126 [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2010, 13:55
hey nusmavrik, do you mind sharing some more info on the possible prepositions that can become part of the clause having "that".

A for me.
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Re: OG 12 SC126 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2010, 21:23
Hey seek

I just wrote one on the use of "which" and "that" from yesterday's topic :
very-tough-sc-from-manhattan-manhattans-instructors-advise-96972.html

So I have to revise this explanation :wink:
I think you missed watching out the preposition "in".

emotional reactions in an individual that create ----> preposition guides where that should point. So that refers to noun before "in" i.e. emotional reactions.


to

Also use the fact :
plural verb “create” after that. Hence "that" should refer to plural - "emotional reactions" and NOT to "individual"

seekmba wrote:
hey nusmavrik, do you mind sharing some more info on the possible prepositions that can become part of the clause having "that".

A for me.

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Re: OG 12 SC126 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2010, 00:32
I would consider the prepositional phrase in an individual an "essential modifier," hence it's perfectly ok to use "that" or "which" following the modifier and NOT immediately after the noun.

this is one of those exceptions of the Touch Rule (for noun modifiers).
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Re: OG 12 SC126 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2010, 04:03
IMO A,
I was confused between A and C....I later selected A because of unclear reasons.
Can someone plz explain why C is incorrect.... :(
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Re: OG 12 SC126 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2010, 11:46
C and D are change of meaning. Ofcourse D is rubbish since responses cannot be unconscious.

Look at the "assumption" mentioned in the sentence

lying produces --------> emotional reactions which produce -----------> physiological responses

(C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses ---> this means that lying is "creating" the physiological responses. This is not way it was meant to be.

praveenism wrote:
IMO A,
I was confused between A and C....I later selected A because of unclear reasons.
Can someone plz explain why C is incorrect.... :(

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Re: OG 12 SC126 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2010, 04:02
I went for C ...........did not read in between properly ......
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2016, 13:13
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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that   [#permalink] 01 Dec 2016, 13:13
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