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# The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that

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Manager
Joined: 13 May 2010
Posts: 99
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 21:16
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62% (00:50) correct 38% (00:49) wrong based on 375 sessions

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The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption
that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual
that, in turn, create unconscious physiological
responses.
(A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological
responses
(B) that creates unconscious physiological
responses in turn
(C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological
responses
(D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that
are unconscious
(E) who creates unconscious physiological
responses in turn

OA is

I am confused with the usage of that here. That should modify the word proceeds it i.e. individual but the explanation in the OG says its modifies reactions.

Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 738
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015

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12 Jun 2010, 01:12
4
Hey gmatcraker2010

I think you missed watching out the preposition "in".

emotional reactions in an individual that ----> preposition guides where that should point. So that refers to noun before "in" i.e. emotional reactions.

E.g.
Soldiers in war that sacrifice their lives ........ ----> that refers to Soldiers, not to war.

Careful yaa LOL.

Take care.

gmatcracker2010 wrote:
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption
that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual
that, in turn, create unconscious physiological
responses.
(A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological
responses
(B) that creates unconscious physiological
responses in turn
(C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological
responses
(D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that
are unconscious
(E) who creates unconscious physiological
responses in turn

OA is

I am confused with the usage of that here. That should modify the word proceeds it i.e. individual but the explanation in the OG says its modifies reactions.

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1077

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20 Jun 2010, 12:55
hey nusmavrik, do you mind sharing some more info on the possible prepositions that can become part of the clause having "that".

A for me.
Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
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Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015

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09 Jul 2010, 20:23
Hey seek

I just wrote one on the use of "which" and "that" from yesterday's topic :

So I have to revise this explanation
I think you missed watching out the preposition "in".

emotional reactions in an individual that create ----> preposition guides where that should point. So that refers to noun before "in" i.e. emotional reactions.

to

Also use the fact :
plural verb “create” after that. Hence "that" should refer to plural - "emotional reactions" and NOT to "individual"

seekmba wrote:
hey nusmavrik, do you mind sharing some more info on the possible prepositions that can become part of the clause having "that".

A for me.
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Dec 2009
Posts: 370

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09 Jul 2010, 23:32
I would consider the prepositional phrase in an individual an "essential modifier," hence it's perfectly ok to use "that" or "which" following the modifier and NOT immediately after the noun.

this is one of those exceptions of the Touch Rule (for noun modifiers).
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Manager
Joined: 28 Feb 2010
Posts: 121
WE 1: 3 (Mining Operations)

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10 Jul 2010, 03:03
IMO A,
I was confused between A and C....I later selected A because of unclear reasons.
Can someone plz explain why C is incorrect....
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"Most people who succeed in the face of seemingly impossible conditions are people who simply don't know how to quit."

Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
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Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015

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10 Jul 2010, 10:46
C and D are change of meaning. Ofcourse D is rubbish since responses cannot be unconscious.

Look at the "assumption" mentioned in the sentence

lying produces --------> emotional reactions which produce -----------> physiological responses

(C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses ---> this means that lying is "creating" the physiological responses. This is not way it was meant to be.

praveenism wrote:
IMO A,
I was confused between A and C....I later selected A because of unclear reasons.
Can someone plz explain why C is incorrect....
Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2010
Posts: 120

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30 Jul 2010, 03:02
I went for C ...........did not read in between properly ......
Manager
Joined: 22 Nov 2016
Posts: 208
Location: United States
GPA: 3.4
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 12:59
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.

The original sentence correctly uses subject verb agreement.
Lying
-produces emotional reactions(plural)
-create unconscious........ - here the verb create is related to reactions

Eliminate B,C and E because they use incorrect verb tense.

With D, the meaning of the author changes to responses are unconcious. Hence eliminate.

The only logical answer is A
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that  [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2018, 10:02
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that &nbs [#permalink] 19 Nov 2018, 10:02
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