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The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1)

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The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) respectively. If line L passes through the origin and divided the parallelogram into two identical quadrilaterals, what is the slope of line L?

A. 1/2
B. 2
C. 1/4
D. 3
E. 3/4

Hi, pls help with the solution of the above question. I find co-ordinate geometry very confusing. Are there some quick tips that you may recommend me to follow - when such questions appears in test?

Originally posted by amitasagar23 on 30 Dec 2013, 07:05.
Last edited by Bunuel on 07 Jun 2016, 21:59, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2014, 01:32
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amitasagar23 wrote:
The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) respectively. If line L passes through the origin and divided the parallelogram into two identical quadrilaterals, what is the slope of line L?

A. 1/2
B. 2
C. 1/4
D. 3
E. 3/4

Hi, pls help with the solution of the above question. I find co-ordinate geometry very confusing. Are there some quick tips that you may recommend me to follow - when such questions appears in test?



Hi,

Please check below attached approach
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File comment: Different approach
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IMG_1433.JPG [ 719.49 KiB | Viewed 4637 times ]


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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2013, 07:28
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First, quickly draw an xy graph and draw the rectangle.

Image

Look at the answer choices. You should see that B and D are immediately out. Slopes of 2 and 3 (or y = 2x and y = 3x) will miss the rectangle completely. Visually, this should take a second.

Now let's try answer choice A of slope 1/2 (y = .5x). It's the middle of 1/4 and 3/4. If the line has a slope of .5, then it must go through points (1, 0.5) and (2, 1) through the rectangle. Visualize that line and see where it goes through on the rectangle. Clearly, this doesn't divide the rectangle in half like we wanted, so answer choice A is out.

Answer choice E is out as well, since it's greater than 1/2. We need a smaller slope.

So at this point, I would put down answer choice C. But let's verify anyway. Slope 1/4 is the same as y = .25x, and it should be a line going through (2, 0.5). Since this is the center of the rectangle, it makes sense this would be the answer.

C it is!
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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2013, 07:54
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amitasagar23 wrote:
The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) respectively. If line L passes through the origin and divided the parallelogram into two identical quadrilaterals, what is the slope of line L?

A. 1/2
B. 2
C. 1/4
D. 3
E. 3/4

Hi, pls help with the solution of the above question. I find co-ordinate geometry very confusing. Are there some quick tips that you may recommend me to follow - when such questions appears in test?


Theory on Coordinate Geometry: math-coordinate-geometry-87652.html

All DS Coordinate Geometry Problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=41
All PS Coordinate Geometry Problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=62


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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2014, 08:32
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farful wrote:
First, quickly draw an xy graph and draw the rectangle.

Image

Look at the answer choices. You should see that B and D are immediately out. Slopes of 2 and 3 (or y = 2x and y = 3x) will miss the rectangle completely. Visually, this should take a second.

Now let's try answer choice A of slope 1/2 (y = .5x). It's the middle of 1/4 and 3/4. If the line has a slope of .5, then it must go through points (1, 0.5) and (2, 1) through the rectangle. Visualize that line and see where it goes through on the rectangle. Clearly, this doesn't divide the rectangle in half like we wanted, so answer choice A is out.

Answer choice E is out as well, since it's greater than 1/2. We need a smaller slope.

So at this point, I would put down answer choice C. But let's verify anyway. Slope 1/4 is the same as y = .25x, and it should be a line going through (2, 0.5). Since this is the center of the rectangle, it makes sense this would be the answer.

C it is!


Another way to solve this question is to imagine a line going through (0, 0) and (3, 1), let it be line L.
Now for a line to divide the parallelogram into equal quadrilaterals, it must have a slope less than that of line L but greater than 0.
The slope of line L is 1/3, hence the answer must be less than 1/3 and greater than 0. Only 1/4 fits the bill.

Hence C is is correct answer.
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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 16 Aug 2015, 18:32
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Here's an alternative way to reach the answer using the equation for a line: \(y-y_1 = m(x-x_1)\)

By visualizing the line you can see that in order to divide the rectangle evenly it needs to intersect the rectangle's right side (i.e. it enters on the left and leaves on the right).

Let t be the y-value of the line at x = 1. Using this definition, the y-value at x=3 must be 1-t, since the height of the rectangle is 1. Note that if it weren't 1-t, the division of the rectangle would not be even.

This gives two points on the line: (1,t) and (3,1-t). So we have two equations for the same line:

(1) \(y-t = m(x-1)\) [using the point (1,t) ]
(2) \(y-(1-t) = m(x-3)\) [for the same line using the point (3, 1-t) ]

Since this is the same line, we can solve for m, the slope. Solving for t in (1) gives \(t = y-m(x-1)\)

Substituting this value of t in (2) gives:

\(y-(1-(y-m(x-1))) = m(x-3)\)
\(y-1+y-m(x-1)=m(x-3)\)
\(2y-1=m(x-3)+m(x-1)\)
\(2y-1=m((x-3)+(x-1))\)
\(\frac{(2y-1)}{((x-3)+(x-1))}=m\)

Since the origin is on the line, plug in x=0, y=0:

\(\frac{-1}{(-3-1)}=m =\frac{1}{4}\)

Note that plugging in x = y = 0 before the algebra would work as well, but I included the algebra because it's more illustrative.

Originally posted by doriangroove on 16 Aug 2015, 09:56.
Last edited by doriangroove on 16 Aug 2015, 18:32, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2015, 17:43
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amitasagar23 wrote:
The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) respectively. If line L passes through the origin and divided the parallelogram into two identical quadrilaterals, what is the slope of line L?

A. 1/2
B. 2
C. 1/4
D. 3
E. 3/4

Hi, pls help with the solution of the above question. I find co-ordinate geometry very confusing. Are there some quick tips that you may recommend me to follow - when such questions appears in test?


Quickest method:

Attached image is borrowed from farful 's post above.

Added the line BE (the required line that divides the given parallelogram into 2 identical quadrilaterals).

Careful observation reveals that slope of the diagonal AD = (1-0)/(3-1) = 0.5. Thus the slope of line BE should be < slope of AD. Only option C is < 0.5 and is thus the correct answer.
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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2016, 06:44
ruchi857 wrote:
The vertex of a parallelogram are (1,0); (3,0); (1,1); (3,1), respectively. If line L passes through the origin and divided the parallelogram into two identical quadrilaterals, what is the slope of line L?

A. 1/2
B. 2
C. 1/4
D. 3
E. 3/4


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Merging topics..
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your answer does not seem to be correct..
ans should be C. 1/4..
You can draw the quadrilateral and evevn the coord suggest that it is a rectangle...
the height of rectangle is 1 and length is 2...
1)this line passing through origin cuts the left side at say y... coord = (1,y)..
SLOPE with origin (0,0) = \(\frac{y-0}{1-0} = y\)
2)for the two quad to be similar, the line should cut the right side at y units below the upper vertex.. so coord = ( 3, 1-y)...
SLOPE = \(\frac{1-y-0}{3-0} = \frac{1-y}{3}..\)

but bothslopes should be SAME..
\(y = \frac{1-y}{3} .............3y = 1-y..........y = \frac{1}{4}....\)
so slope = y = 1/4
so sl
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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2016, 06:52
I tried and i am getting the answer as 1/4 (option C). Are you sure about the OA??

(Please refer the rough figure attached)
As we can see, the line L passes from below the point (3,1). Now, had the line passed through (3,1) the slope would have been 1/3. (line passing through (0,0) and (3,1)). Since our line L is passing from below (3,1) the slope has to be less than 1/3.

The only option less than 1/3 is option C 1/4.

Option C
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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2016, 02:28
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amitasagar23 wrote:
The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) respectively. If line L passes through the origin and divided the parallelogram into two identical quadrilaterals, what is the slope of line L?

A. 1/2
B. 2
C. 1/4
D. 3
E. 3/4

Hi, pls help with the solution of the above question. I find co-ordinate geometry very confusing. Are there some quick tips that you may recommend me to follow - when such questions appears in test?


A good understanding of what slope means helps you solve this question in seconds. Draw out the parallelogram and you see that it is a rectangle with base at the x axis between 1 and 3. You want to split the rectangle into identical quads using line L passing through centre. So it will look like the diagram drawn by Engr2012 here: the-vertex-of-a-parallelogram-are-1-0-3-0-1-1-and-218118.html#p1561948

Now use the concept of slope, say the slope of line is n - the y co-ordinate increases by n every time the x co-ordinate increases by 1.
When the line moves from 0 to 1 x co-ordinate, its y co-ordinate increases by "n" (so AB is n). When it moves from x co-ordinate 1 to 3, y co-ordinate will increase by 2n. To make the quads identical, DE should be n too.
Hence the side of length 1 is split into n + 2n + n.
This means n = 0.25 = 1/4

Answer (C)

A discussion on slope: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2016/04 ... line-gmat/
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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1) [#permalink]

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Re: The vertex of a parallelogram are (1, 0), (3, 0), (1, 1) and (3, 1)   [#permalink] 01 Jan 2018, 11:56
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