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# Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may

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Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2012, 22:17
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Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

A. Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
B. Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
C. Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
E. Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2013, 16:35
Vineetk wrote:
Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

A. Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
B. Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
C. Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
E. Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

I chose C but the answer shows D

Could anybody please elaborate on this one?

Would be happy to throw some nice Kudos out there

Cheers!
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2013, 03:16
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Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

Prethinking: From a distance, Saturn's rings appear to be smooth and continuous. But when you view them closely, they appear as separate icy ringlets.

A. Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
Usage of though is wrong. 'Though' translates to 'inspite of the fact that' and, it must be followed by a noun/noun phrase.
Second issue. 'when' is acting as a conjunction which means 'at the time of' or 'in the event that'. So, the meaning is something like 'when you view up close, they are composed of thousands of icy ringlets. The fact is, irrespective of your viewing, Saturn's rings are always composed of icy ringlets.. Just that they appear different.

Consider,
1. 'if' you view them up close, they are composed of thousands of icy ringlets
2. 'when' you view them up close, they are composed of thousands of icy ringlets

3. 'when' you view them up close, they appear as composed of thousands of icy ringlets.

B. Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
Usage of though is fine. But the 'in fact ... when ... composed of' issue is not resolved.

C. Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
Has the issues present in A

D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
usage of 'but' to bring a contrast/opposing viewpoint, and the two standalone(independent) clauses properly connected by 'but', make this a good choice. Also, 'closer viewing reveals the rings to be composed of thousands of icy ringlets' is logically correct.

E. Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.
Has the issues present in A
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Last edited by sivasanjeev on 31 Dec 2013, 21:57, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2013, 12:23
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sivasanjeev wrote:
Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

Prethinking: From a distance, Saturn's rings appear to be smooth and continuous. But when you view them closely, you find that they are actually composed of separate icy ringlets.

A. Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
Usage of though is wrong. 'Though' translates to 'inspite of the fact that' and, it must be followed by a noun/noun phrase.
Second issue. 'they are in fact composed of icy ringlets when viewed up close' means that the saturn's rings are composed of icy ringlets, ONLY when they are viewed up close. Irrespective of your viewing, Saturn's rings are always composed of icy ringlets.

B. Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
Usage of though is fine. But the 'in fact ...' issue is not resolved.

C. Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
Has both the issues present in A & B

D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
Absence of 'in fact' (like the one present in above options), usage of 'but' to bring a contrast/opposing viewpoint, and the two standalone(independent) clauses properly connected by 'but', make this a good choice. Don't eliminate till we read E.

E. Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.
Usage of 'though' is still wrong. Usage of 'if' too is wrong.
Consider,
1. Only 'if' you view them up close, they are composed of thousands of icy ringlets?
2. Only 'when' you them it up close, they are appear as composed of thousands of icy ringlets.

Hi sivasanjeev,

Can you elaborate more on why B is wrong because of using "in fact"?

I agree D is fine enough to be the OA but I am not completely convinced with eliminating B.

Thanks.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2013, 21:14
cssk wrote:
Hi sivasanjeev,

Can you elaborate more on why B is wrong because of using "in fact"?

I agree D is fine enough to be the OA but I am not completely convinced with eliminating B.

Thanks.

Hello cssk

In option B,

Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

When is acting as a conjunction , the meaning of which translates to 'at the time' or 'in the event that'

So, the sentence would mean, 'at the time of viewing up close, the rings are composed of thousands of icy ringlets' and 'otherwise, the rings are smooth and continuous'
The actual fact is 'The rings are always composed of icy ringlets. But they only 'appear' so when viewed up close.

p.s. edited my explanation.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2014, 11:47
I think D is also not entirely correct.

D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.

Close viewing is awkward.

Reveals them is not idiomatically fine, even pronoun them is changing the meaning.
It implies that someone is revealing something to Saturn's ring, instead correct idiomatic structure suggests to use THAT after reveals to explain further information.

Even if we consider closer viewing correct, correct construction should be as following.
D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals that they are composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2014, 19:32
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Look at the meaning issue here. 'They are made of tiny ringlets' is a fact, and it will always stay a fact. But all the wrong options incorrectly suggest that 'they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close' i.e. they composed of of ringlets WHEN viewed up close.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2015, 02:29
I am still not sure how the issue of "when" is resolved in D. Request someone to guide me here.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2015, 12:01
I also chose B. The reason was that I thought the writer mostly wanted to point out how different the rings look according to the distance. Also, D seemed a bit more wordy to me, which made it sound a little bit akward.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2015, 22:54
I agree with many, the usage of closer viewing is very awkward. I doubt this question. Need some expert to look into this.

Vineetk wrote:
Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

A. Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
B. Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
C. Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
D. When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
E. Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2015, 01:41
It's D .
Yes, reveals them sounds awkward but it is not incorrect.
All the other sentences convey the fact that Saturn is composed of tiny ringlets only when viewed up close,other times it is not.
Look at those sentences carefully and see for yourself.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2016, 13:05
(A) Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

It's a fragment. We should have a connector before they. when viewed and in fact don't go together. When indicates that when you view them up close they appear to be composed of thousands of icy ringlets, but they are in fact composed of icy ringlets whenever you view them

(B) Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

when viewed and in fact don't go together. When indicates that when you view them up close they appear to be composed of thousands of icy ringlets, but they are in fact composed of icy ringlets whenever you view them.

(C) Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.

Though introduces a dependent clause or an adverbial clause which modifies the main clause. Here the main idea is that "they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets." So this has to be the main clause and not the dependent clause as is the case here.

(D) When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.

Looks fine although awkward.

(E) Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

Same problem as in C. The main idea cannot be present in the adverbial clause.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may   [#permalink] 22 Apr 2016, 13:05
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