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# Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time,

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Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2016, 20:30
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Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate produced an almost
explosive expansion of commerce.

A) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate
B) the relative isolation of japan from world trade at the time and the Tokugawa shogunate’s prolonged peace, it
C) being relatively isolated from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during Japan’s Tokugawa shogunate
D) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time during the Tokugawa shogunate, prolonged peace
E) its relative isolation from world trade then, prolonged peace in Japan during the Tokugawa shogunate
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Vyshak on 01 Apr 2017, 06:40, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2016, 22:53
A) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate - Correct

B) the relative isolation of japan from world trade at the time and the Tokugawa shogunate’s prolonged peace, it - Incorrect. Pronoun error. 'it' may refer to isolation or peace

C) being relatively isolated from world trade at the time, the prolonged pace during Japan’s Tokugawa shogunate - Incorrect - Meaning error. 'being' suggests that the action is still in progress

D) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time during the Tokugawa shogunate, prolonged peace - Incorrect - Changes the meaning

E) its relative isolation from world trade then, prolonged peace in Japan during the Tokugawa shogunate - Incorrect - Pronoun error. It is better to introduce the noun first and the pronoun later.

Answer: A
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2016, 03:34
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A) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate
In this sentence, the time clearly refers to during the Tokugawa shogunate. It's clear that the peace during Tokugawa shogunate, not other periods, produce the expansion --> Correct.
B) the relative isolation of Japan from world trade at the time and the Tokugawa shogunate’s prolonged peace, it
What is the antecedent of "it"? the isolation or the peace. Also the prolonged peace did not hinder or prevent the expansion of commerce, hence we cannot write: Despite the Tokugawa shogunate’s prolonged peace, it produced...
C) being relatively isolated from world trade at the time, the prolonged pace during Japan’s Tokugawa shogunate
What does being modify? It supposes to modify Japan, but here it modifies the subject after comma, which is "the prolonged pace during Japan’s Tokugawa shogunate". This doesn't make sense.
D) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time during the Tokugawa shogunate, prolonged peace
The confuse here is between A & D, which one is better? Clearly A. In D, we don't know the prolonged peace is BEFORE, DURING, or AFTER the Tokugawa shogunate, while in A, it's clearly stated "the peace during the Tokugawa shogunate".
E) its relative isolation from world trade then, prolonged peace in Japan during the Tokugawa shogunate
"its" refers to the whole noun phrase "prolonged peace in Japan during the Tokugawa shogunate", which doesn't make sense.
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2016, 06:04
Is this question correct? In A we have "peace" and in C "pace" Is this intended meaning?
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2016, 07:48
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Konstantin1983 wrote:
Is this question correct? In A we have "peace" and in C "pace" Is this intended meaning?

Hello Mate..Option C is: "being relatively isolated from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during Japan’s Tokugawa shogunate"
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2016, 20:01
had A and D after the first look,

A has prpoer contrasr w.r.t D if you have a double look.

the first part in D before the comma is confusing.
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2016, 02:21
daagh,

Please help why E is incorrect.

royrijit1 wrote:
Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate produced an almost
explosive expansion commence.

A) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate
B) the relative isolation of japan from world trade at the time and the Tokugawa shogunate’s prolonged peace, it
C) being relatively isolated from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during Japan’s Tokugawa shogunate
D) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time during the Tokugawa shogunate, prolonged peace
E) its relative isolation from world trade then, prolonged peace in Japan during the Tokugawa shogunate

Please explain the logic behind the correct answer. TIA

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2016, 00:59
1988achilles wrote:
Please help why E is incorrect.

Hi 1988achilles, a handy thing to remember is that when a pronoun appears as part of the introductory modifier, that pronoun refers to the noun immediately after the introductory modifier.

Hence, in E, its would erroneously refer to prolonged peace (whereas it should actually have referred to Japan).

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this Pronoun issue, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2017, 15:29
stuck between A and D. D is wrong, because it changes meaning: pronged peace seems to be incomplete. A is fine
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2017, 13:58
A is fine
B changed meaning, || here is illegocal; it is used incorrectly
C despite being isolated modifies nount prolonged peace. this makes no sense
D confuses us with the meaning: at the time during is ambigious
E its relative which is ambigious
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2017, 05:26
please someone explain why is option D wrong

also in option A is 'trade at the time,' correct??
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2017, 05:29
what does the time in option A refer to?? which time? time of tokugawa shokugate or time of prolonged peace during tokugawa shokugate???
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2017, 07:29
To know why E is incorrect you need to know what the first sentence is modifying. In this case, despite it's prolonged isolation... *Comma* prolonged peace in Japan.

Why would you modify prolonged peace when you are to modify Japan!

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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2017, 08:35
A) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate
B) the relative isolation of japan from world trade at the time and the Tokugawa shogunate’s prolonged peace, it
C) being relatively isolated from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during Japan’s Tokugawa shogunate
D) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time during the Tokugawa shogunate, prolonged peace
E) its relative isolation from world trade then, prolonged peace in Japan during the Tokugawa shogunate

Answer is A
C is out usage of being is not correct here

D changes the meaning
E is out because of Despite its
Despite is followed by noun
B tries to point out in the form of A and B ,it
here it is not correct and also and is not needed

A is the best answer
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2017, 01:12
smanujahrc, that's a pretty fine distinction! True, those two periods can in theory be different, since the shogunate may have lasted longer than the period of peace within it. However, the opening phrase is modifying the main clause: "the prolonged period of peace. . . produced," so it must refer to the period of time during which this peace produced an expansion. (Of course, that period was during the Tokugawa shogunate!)
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2017, 01:15
Oh, and there's a transcription error here. The last words of the sentence should be "expansion of commerce." It makes a lot more sense that way! You can't produce a "commense." (This problem appears in OG Verbal Review 2017.)
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2017, 10:49
Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate produced an almost explosive expansion of commerce.

A) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate - Correct
B) the relative isolation of japan from world trade at the time and the Tokugawa shogunate’s prolonged peace, it - Pronoun it may refer to peace or isolation ; usage of end changes meaning
C) being relatively isolated from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during Japan’s Tokugawa shogunate - Modifier error - "the prolonged peace" was not isolated from world trade. Also usage of being is not prefered
D) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time during the Tokugawa shogunate, prolonged peace - redundancy - at the time during ; change in meaning - when did peace occur
E) its relative isolation from world trade then, prolonged peace in Japan during the Tokugawa shogunate-Modifier error - "the prolonged peace" was not isolated from world trade.

Answer A
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, [#permalink]

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05 May 2017, 20:04
Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate produced an almost explosive expansion of commerce.

A) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during the Tokugawa shogunate
--> correct.

B) the relative isolation of japan from world trade at the time and the Tokugawa shogunate’s prolonged peace, it
--> run-on sentence, awkward.

C) being relatively isolated from world trade at the time, the prolonged peace during Japan’s Tokugawa shogunate
--> being relatively isolated wrongly modifies the prolonged peace.

D) Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time during the Tokugawa shogunate, prolonged peace

E) its relative isolation from world trade then, prolonged peace in Japan during the Tokugawa shogunate
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Re: Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time,   [#permalink] 05 May 2017, 20:04
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# Despite Japan’s relative isolation from world trade at the time,

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