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# Strong preexisting beliefs or theories by a person

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SC Moderator
Joined: 25 Sep 2018
Posts: 684
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 3.97
WE: Investment Banking (Investment Banking)
Strong preexisting beliefs or theories by a person  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2020, 11:52
2
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:33) correct 49% (01:52) wrong based on 47 sessions

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Strong preexisting beliefs or theories by a person, particularly ones that were validated in the past, makes it likely to interpret, regardless of its implications, any new evidence as confirmation of those theories and beliefs.

A. Strong preexisting beliefs or theories by a person, particularly ones that were validated in the past, makes it likely to interpret, regardless of its implications, any new evidence as confirmation of those theories and beliefs.

B. A person who has strong preexisting beliefs or theories, particularly ones that were validated in the past, makes interpreting any new evidence as confirmation of those beliefs and theories, regardless of its actual implications, more likely.

C. A person who is having strong preexisting beliefs or theories is likely to interpret any new evidence, regardless of its actual implications, as confirmation of those theories and beliefs, particularly ones that were validated in the past.

D. A person's having strong preexisting beliefs or theories, particularly ones that were validated in the past, makes that person likely to interpret any new evidence, regardless of its actual implications, as confirmation of those theories and beliefs.

E. Having strong preexisting beliefs or theories, particularly ones that were validated in the past, makes it more likely that a person will interpret any new evidence, regardless of its actual implications, as confirmation of those theories and beliefs.

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Re: Strong preexisting beliefs or theories by a person  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2020, 12:10
Strong preexisting beliefs or theories by a person, particularly ones that were validated in the past, makes it likely to interpret, regardless of its implications, any new evidence as confirmation of those theories and beliefs.

A. Strong preexisting beliefs or theories by a person, particularly ones that were validated in the past, makes it likely to interpret, regardless of its implications, any new evidence as confirmation of those theories and beliefs.

B. A person who has strong preexisting beliefs or theories, particularly ones that were validated in the past, makes interpreting any new evidence as confirmation of those beliefs and theories, regardless of its actual implications, more likely.

C. A person who is having strong preexisting beliefs or theories is likely to interpret any new evidence, regardless of its actual implications, as confirmation of those theories and beliefs, particularly ones that were validated in the past.

D. A person's having strong preexisting beliefs or theories, particularly ones that were validated in the past, makes that person likely to interpret any new evidence, regardless of its actual implications, as confirmation of those theories and beliefs.

E. Having strong preexisting beliefs or theories, particularly ones that were validated in the past, makes it more likely that a person will interpret any new evidence, regardless of its actual implications, as confirmation of those theories and beliefs.

Strong beliefs/theories make interpreting evidence as confirmation ... not a person himself - Hence B and C is out..

A disagrees in SV agreement Strong beliefs or theories - plural; makes - singular - Hence A is out

D is just very awkward and incorrect in A person's having beliefs or theories - I don't know what exactly is wrong but this just is wrong.

E - Correct
SC Moderator
Joined: 25 Sep 2018
Posts: 684
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 3.97
WE: Investment Banking (Investment Banking)
Re: Strong preexisting beliefs or theories by a person  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2020, 11:08
1
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

This sentence, as written, is extremely confusing, even more so because the whole thing is underlined, so we can't use any non-underlined parts to guide us towards what it's trying to say. It's also difficult to grasp what the sentence is saying because the topic is so abstract. Let's read carefully through our answer choices. Choice (B) is a little clearer, but "makes interpreting...more likely" isn't great. Choice (C) finally says what it means, using direct phrasing ("A person is likely...") rather than convoluted phrasing ("preexisting beliefs make it likely..1. However, the sentence is still unnecessarily wordy. Choice (D) is out from the beginning; "a person's having" is never going to be a phrase in a correct answer in the test. Choice (E), however, clearly connects the sentence's claim that is the "strong preexisting beliefs or theories" that "makes it more likely" that a person will only interpret new evidence in a way that will support those existing beliefs.

The correct answer is Choice (E)

Learnings & Insights

• Fully underlined sentences on GMAT mostly test modifiers and parallelism, place special attention to those areas
• Breakdown the long sentence into clauses and identify the subject-verb pairs by skimming through the prepositional phrases

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Re: Strong preexisting beliefs or theories by a person   [#permalink] 17 Jan 2020, 11:08
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