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Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about

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Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2019, 02:11
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

62% (01:31) correct 38% (01:23) wrong based on 136 sessions

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Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about once every decade at the Grand Canyon but had been rarely captured on film until recently.


A. occurs about once every decade at the Grand Canyon but had been rarely captured

B. occurs about once every decade but had rarely been captured at the Grand Canyon

C. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon although rarely captured

D. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon, although rarely having been captured

E. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon, which has rarely been captured

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Re: Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2019, 03:18
A- had been can be a problem because no past reference but a is preferred among all
B- captured at Grand canyon wrong meaning
C- grammatically may seem correct but meaning no
D- ,although
E- which

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Re: Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2019, 03:59
Quote:
Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about once every decade at the Grand Canyon but had been rarely captured on film until recently.

Hi,
Two independent clauses joined by but.
So, Total cloud inversion occurs about once every decade at the Grand Canyon BUT
had been rarely captured on film until recently.
Use of past perfect had been is correct as "until recently" has set the timeline.
Subject-verb pair/s: Correct
Modifier: inside a comma pair and in non-underlined portion. Looks alright.
Pronoun:None,
Meaning: Clear and crisp.

Quote:
A. occurs about once every decade at the Grand Canyon but had been rarely captured
Keep it.
Quote:
B. occurs about once every decade but had rarely been captured at the Grand Canyon
rarely should modify captured not been.Incorrect
Quote:
C. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon although rarely captured
appear changes the meaning. Using appear could mean that this phenomenon occurs but is only visible sometimes. Use of although is incorrect too.Incorrect
Quote:
D. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon, although rarely having been captured
Same as C. having been is uncalled for. Incorrect
Quote:
E. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon, which has rarely been captured
which is incorrectly modifying Grand canyon Incorrect
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Re: Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2019, 21:13
I also picked a , however want to understand Even if until recently is there why had been is used, it shall be has been

Had been need to be used when some past reference is there

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Re: Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2019, 16:44
ankit9291 wrote:
I also picked a , however want to understand Even if until recently is there why had been is used, it shall be has been

Had been need to be used when some past reference is there

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Hey Ankit,
Has Been is used for COMPLETED ACTION BUT CONTINUED EFFECT/ CONTINUED ACTION.In the sentence the action of not capturing ended recently by capturing it so effect is lost
Had been - Always remember when this is used, one should see either a time marker or a simple past.

Hope this helps
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Re: Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2019, 21:15
Bunuel wrote:
Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about once every decade at the Grand Canyon but had been rarely captured on film until recently.


A. occurs about once every decade at the Grand Canyon but had been rarely captured

B. occurs about once every decade but had rarely been captured at the Grand Canyon

C. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon although rarely captured

D. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon, although rarely having been captured

E. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon, which has rarely been captured


Can we eliminate C,D, and E on the basis of Subject Verb Agreement? Total Cloud inversion should use appears and not appear? Asking just to make sure if I am thinking in the right direction.
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Re: Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2019, 01:20
Bunuel wrote:
Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about once every decade at the Grand Canyon but had been rarely captured on film until recently.


A. occurs about once every decade at the Grand Canyon but had been rarely captured

B. occurs about once every decade but had rarely been captured at the Grand Canyon

C. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon although rarely captured

D. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon, although rarely having been captured

E. appear about once every decade at the Grand Canyon, which has rarely been captured


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



Creating a filter: In the original sentence, the verb "had been" raises a flag. As we saw in Punctuated Equilibrium, the past perfect must refer to a past point before another past point. That may be the intended meaning here: it had rarely been captured (=further past) until recently (=recent past). Tentatively keeping choice (A) in, we can go to the answer choices.

Finding objective defects: at a glance, the answer choices fall into two groups, the "occurs" and the "appear." We are talking about something grammatically singular, "inversion," so "occurs" is correct and "appear" is incorrect.

That leaves us with (A) and (B), which differ only in the placement of the phrase "at the Grand Canyon." One of these two options must be objectively incorrect. Which conveys the intended meaning? Choice (B) seems to say that total cloud inversion only occurs once a decade period -- as in anywhere. We don't have to be a meteorologist to know that's probably not right: it's at the Grand Canyon that it occurs once a decade.

The correct answer is (A).
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Re: Total cloud inversion, which looks like a sea of clouds, occurs about   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2019, 01:20
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