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Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,

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Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys.

(A) molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys

(B) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger, then injecting into a closed mold cavity—is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail

(C) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins compressed in a charger are then injected into a closed mold cavity—it is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with walls of variable thickness and surfaces of fine detail

(D) molding, a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity, is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail

(E) molding is a process involving the compression of superheated polymer resins in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; this process, which is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys

Originally posted by clipea12 on 25 Sep 2014, 11:24.
Last edited by hazelnut on 24 Sep 2017, 02:00, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2014, 13:19
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1
Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys.


1) molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys
Wrong.
- "they" is not necessary.
- "such as the exterior....." is misplaced. It should modify "plastic moldings" NOT "surface detail".

2) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger, then injecting into a closed mold cavity—is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail
Wrong.
- "injecting" is wrong --> Parallelism problem.
- Meaning problem: it seems "moldings" and "surface detail" are parallel --> wrong.

3) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins compressed in a charger are then injected into a closed mold cavity—it is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with walls of variable thickness and surfaces of fine detail
Wrong.
- "it" is redundant.

4) molding, a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity, is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail
Correct.

5) molding is a process involving the compression of superheated polymer resins in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; this process, which is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys
Wrong.
- "they" is redundant.
- "such as exterior...." is misplaced --> it modifies "surface detail" --> wrong.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2014, 11:31
the answer has to be D: molding, a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity, is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail

B is too wrong to be an answer
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2014, 12:16
aditya8062 wrote:
the answer has to be D: molding, a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity, is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail

B is too wrong to be an answer



Picked D and I too agree with Aditya's reasoning. There is no parallelism in Option B "... are compressed ... then injecting". "As well as" is also wordy when one could do away with an "and".
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2014, 12:18
aditya8062 wrote:
the answer has to be D: molding, a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity, is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail

B is too wrong to be an answer


I am so sorry, somehow I put B instead instead of D
YES the OA is D
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2015, 11:26
hi folks!

one quick question: if the process superheats the polymer resins, wouldnt it be false to say that in the process superheated polymer resins are compressed.

It sounds like the polymer resins were superheated, and then the molding process starts! and we can only mold if we have superheated polymer resins.

I hope my thoughts on this one are comprehensible.

regards eddy
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2015, 13:41
Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys.


1) molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys
Incorrect. Parallelism. "...resins are X, Y and they are Z.
2) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger, then injecting into a closed mold cavity—is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail
Incorrect. Logical mistake with the present participle "injecting"; it should be a past participle, because logically it should be receiving the action and not doing the action.
3) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins compressed in a charger are then injected into a closed mold cavity—it is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with walls of variable thickness and surfaces of fine detail
Incorrect. Double subject. [subject] - [modifier] - [subject]

4) molding, a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity, is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail
Correct.
5) molding is a process involving the compression of superheated polymer resins in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; this process, which is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys
Incorrect. Confuse and wordy.
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2017, 23:58
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Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys.


1) molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys ----1. -- Resins are super heated, compressed - then they are heated -- This structure us unparallel 'they are' should have been dropped or at least there should be a comma between super heated and compressed. 2. ambiguous 'it' - can't say, whether 'it' refers to the subject process molding or the nearest 'mold cavity'.

2) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger, then injecting into a closed mold cavity—is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail -- modifier contained between dashes is unparallel.

3) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins compressed in a charger are then injected into a closed mold cavity—it is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with walls of variable thickness and surfaces of fine detail --- 'transfer molding' and "it" are double subjects with a single verb

4) molding, a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity, is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail --the best choice.

5) molding is a process involving the compression of superheated polymer resins in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; this process, which is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys -- the second IC after the semi colon is a fragment.

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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 10:33
A clear and simple solution to this one! and please provide similar questions for practice
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 11:39
Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys.


1) molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys.
Parallelism issue ; verb1 , verb2 ,and clause : Incorrect

2) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger, then injecting into a closed mold cavity—is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail


3) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins compressed in a charger are then injected into a closed mold cavity—it is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with walls of variable thickness and surfaces of fine detail.

Use of 'It' is ambiguous : it modifies transfer molding or mold cavity ?

4) molding, a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity, is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail

5) molding is a process involving the compression of superheated polymer resins in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; this process, which is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys
parallelism issue
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2017, 03:56
clipea12 wrote:
Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys.

(A) molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated, compressed in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; it is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys

(B) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger, then injecting into a closed mold cavity—is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys with variable wall thicknesses, as well as fine surface detail

(C) molding—a process in which superheated polymer resins compressed in a charger are then injected into a closed mold cavity—it is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with walls of variable thickness and surfaces of fine detail

(D) molding, a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity, is used to produce plastic moldings, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys, with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail

(E) molding is a process involving the compression of superheated polymer resins in a charger, and then they are injected into a closed mold cavity; this process, which is used to produce plastic moldings with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail, such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys


Dear Experts,

What is the best approach to handle such a long sentence, it took me 5 mins and 16 secs to identify the correct answer, too long time though the sentence is not that difficult. I faced problems in vertical reading such a long sentence and I couldn't identify clear decision points, so I found myself reading the answer choices one by one. At first, it took me some time to eliminate B then C and then was confused between A & D and finally settled on D

best approaches to handle long sentences are appreciated :-)
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2017, 03:57
Dear Experts,

What is the best approach to handle such a long sentence, it took me 5 mins and 16 secs to identify the correct answer, too long time though the sentence is not that difficult. I faced problems in vertical reading such a long sentence and I couldn't identify clear decision points, so I found myself reading the answer choices one by one. At first, it took me some time to eliminate B then C and then was confused between A & D and finally settled on D

best approaches to handle long sentences are appreciated :-)
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Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2017, 07:27
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NDND wrote:
Dear Experts,

What is the best approach to handle such a long sentence, it took me 5 mins and 16 secs to identify the correct answer, too long time though the sentence is not that difficult. I faced problems in vertical reading such a long sentence and I couldn't identify clear decision points, so I found myself reading the answer choices one by one. At first, it took me some time to eliminate B then C and then was confused between A & D and finally settled on D

best approaches to handle long sentences are appreciated :-)


One way of tackling long sentences could be to anaylse the structure:

Step 1: Identify the main clause and its core structure ( i.e. the main subject and the main verb / the predicate of the main clause).
Step 2: Identify the subordinate clause(s),if there is (are) any and its (their) the core structure(s), (i,e. the subject(s) and the verb(s) of the subordinte clause(s)).
Step 3: Identify the modifiers for the above-identified subjects / verbs.

For example:
Option D:
Step 1: Main clause - Transfer molding is used to produce plastic moldings.
Step 2: Subordinate clause - None
Step 3: Modifiers:
3.1: "a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity": appositive modifier for "Transfer molding". [At this stage look inside the modifier 3.1 to check the consistency of structure - check nesting: 3.1.1 "in which superheated polymer resins are (3.1.1.1 compressed in a charger) and (then 3.1.1.2 injected into a closed mold cavity)" is a nested subordinate clause modifier for "a process" - The verbs 3.1.1.1 and 3.1.1.2 are further nested within the nested subordinate clause modifier 3.1.1]

3.2: "such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys" refers to "plastic moldings".

3.3: "with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface Detail" refers to "plastic moldings".

With practice, the above analysis should come instinctively and fast. Otherwise you would be ending up a great of deal of time just to understand the structure of the given sentence.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
It seems to me that in Option D the use of two consecutive modifiers 3.2 and 3.3 to refer to the same noun "plastic moldings" is not correct.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Option A is not very difficult to eliminate. Two obvious errors are:

1. there is no conjunction between "superheated" and "compressed".
2. "the exterior panels of buses and trolleys" are not examples of "surface detail".

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2017, 12:13
sayantanc2k wrote:
NDND wrote:
Dear Experts,

What is the best approach to handle such a long sentence, it took me 5 mins and 16 secs to identify the correct answer, too long time though the sentence is not that difficult. I faced problems in vertical reading such a long sentence and I couldn't identify clear decision points, so I found myself reading the answer choices one by one. At first, it took me some time to eliminate B then C and then was confused between A & D and finally settled on D

best approaches to handle long sentences are appreciated :-)


One way of tackling long sentences could be to anaylse the structure:

Step 1: Identify the main clause and its core structure ( i.e. the main subject and the main verb / the predicate of the main clause).
Step 2: Identify the subordinate clause(s),if there is (are) any and its (their) the core structure(s), (i,e. the subject(s) and the verb(s) of the subordinte clause(s)).
Step 3: Identify the modifiers for the above-identified subjects / verbs.

For example:
Option D:
Step 1: Main clause - Transfer molding is used to produce plastic moldings.
Step 2: Subordinate clause - None
Step 3: Modifiers:
3.1: "a process in which superheated polymer resins are compressed in a charger and then injected into a closed mold cavity": appositive modifier for "Transfer molding". [At this stage look inside the modifier 3.1 to check the consistency of structure - check nesting: 3.1.1 "in which superheated polymer resins are (3.1.1.1 compressed in a charger) and (then 3.1.1.2 injected into a closed mold cavity)" is a nested subordinate clause modifier for "a process" - The verbs 3.1.1.1 and 3.1.1.2 are further nested within the nested subordinate clause modifier 3.1.1]

3.2: "such as the exterior panels of buses and trolleys" refers to "plastic moldings".

3.3: "with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface Detail" refers to "plastic moldings".

With practice, the above analysis should come instinctively and fast. Otherwise you would be ending up a great of deal of time just to understand the structure of the given sentence.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
It seems to me that in Option D the use of two consecutive modifiers 3.2 and 3.3 to refer to the same noun "plastic moldings" is not correct.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Option A is not very difficult to eliminate. Two obvious errors are:

1. there is no conjunction between "superheated" and "compressed".
2. "the exterior panels of buses and trolleys" are not examples of "surface detail".

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Thanks a lot for the detailed explanation... I will try to apply and practice this
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 10:02
I have one question that if we will replace IT from the option C than will it be also the correct option??
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2019, 16:42
In option D, the last modifier ("with variable wall thicknesses and fine surface detail") seems to be modifying "exterior panels" since that modifier comes right after. Why is this not the case and therefore makes option D the correct answer?
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Re: Transfer molding is a process in which polymer resins are superheated,   [#permalink] 24 Nov 2019, 16:42
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