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United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:00
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United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:15
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United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.


Question stem revolves around United Investments’ management's decision to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs.
Now, all we have to do is to ensure that the firm's decision will help reduce the maintenance cost.


Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
Whether operational span is significantly longer will not prove to use that its maintenance cost will be lower, No relation has been provided. Hence incorrect.

(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
Higher energy efficiency will result in reduced cost to maintain computers. hence is the answer is Yes, it solves the purpose if the answer is No, the argument is flawed. Therefore this is the correct answer.

(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on older technology as well.
what the manufacturer will do is none of our concern. Hence this is incorrect.

(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
The future is also none of our concern. hENCE THIS IS INCORRECT.

(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
What other banks do is not our concern. This is irrelevant.

For the above-mentioned reasons, THE ANSWER IS B.
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:17
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Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

The question specifically talks about reducing the company's maintenance costs so this is what we should focus on in the answer.

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
Correct. This compares between the decision of buying FMP processors versus buying new models of the existing technology and would affect maintenance costs.
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
While this can affect costs, it would not affect maintenance costs
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
This would not affect maintenance costs if the company bought FMP processors
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
Whether or not the company buys more in the future should not affect if this decision will reduce maintenance costs
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
This would not affect maintenance costs
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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:33
IMO correct answer is A[/color]

United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology. - [color=#00a651]See if the statement is negated than how the conclusion is shattered, well, if it is not the case that FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology, then the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs will no longer hold true as the operational span is not longer compared to the new models of existing technology, then the bank management need to replace multiple time or more cost in being involved in the maintenance activities of these FMP processors rather than if the have opted for the new models of its existing technology. - CORRECT

(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. - Who cares about the energy efficiency, we are concerned about the maintenance cost, DISCARD
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well - No where in line with the argument, if they produce & market older technology servers, we don't know exactly how well they performs , neither we have any information regarding the cost of these.
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities - No idea, may be or may not be, it is not in scope of the argument.
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. - Same as D, DISCARD
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:34
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Marked A but not getting the right reason..waiting for OA
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:41
IMO answer is A:

If the operational span of FMP processors is substantially longer than MF processors, then it is a good choice, if not then the company might need to buy these again, thereby adding costs.
Choice B is rejected because it mentions FMP computers instead of processors, this is not mentioned in the argument. so eliminated.
C,D and E are out of scope

United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems
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United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Jul 2019, 20:25
United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Premises

-United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers vs purchasing new models
-FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Conclusion

- to significantly reduce its maintenance costs

So, here is some sort of assumption that maintenance costs are going to be reduced by some of the characteristics of FMP's computers.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology. - irrelevant operational span not related to maintenance costs
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. - energy efficiency is also irrelevant.
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well. this one is interesting, because if computer manufacturers are not producing and marketing servers, we can expect that maintenance costs are going to raise as a conseguence
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.intention of buying more servers, irrelevant.
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. other banks, irrelevant

So (C) is our answer.

Originally posted by Mizar18 on 17 Jul 2019, 08:45.
Last edited by Mizar18 on 17 Jul 2019, 20:25, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:45
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Answer is E.

United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
This might be the answer. not sure

(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
this is not relevant. the passage does not mention this topic.

(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
This does not help to asses if the banks decision will reduce the maintenance costs.

(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
this will increase the maintenance costs.

(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
this will help the bank assessing if the maintenance costs were reduced.
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New post Updated on: 18 Jul 2019, 18:10
United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Bank Management's Decision: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
Long operational span does not necessarily reduce maintenance costs. Incorrect

(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
If the answer is Yes, then bank management's decision is correct and the decision will reduce maintenance costs.
If the answer is No, then bank management's decision is incorrect and the decision will not reduce maintenance costs. Correct

(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
This statement also does not relate to company's maintenance costs . Incorrect

(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
This statement also does not relate to company's maintenance costs . Incorrect

(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
This statement also does not relate to company's maintenance costs . Incorrect

IMO B

Originally posted by Kinshook on 17 Jul 2019, 08:46.
Last edited by Kinshook on 18 Jul 2019, 18:10, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:48
The answer is D.

A- longer operational span does not say anything about maintenance costs

B- energy efficiency is not relevant to maintenance costs

C- fully out of scope. They manufacture the old version or not. We are talking about new FMP tech

D- correct. If more machines are night, the maintenance cost per machine will go down but in total, may go up

E- does not matter what others banks do

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:50
As per prethinking we are looking for an answer which could help us evaluate that purchasing FMP won't lead to any additional cost, hence adding to maintenance costs and losing the purpose.

Choice A is the right answer. If operational span of FMP is less then this could lead to additional maintenance cost.
Hence A
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:56
Analysis:
======
Bank decided to upgrade existing computers instead of buying the new one.
Aim --> reduce cost
The benefit of upgrade --> simple, reliable processor, long time span.

prethink
=======
any option that would either show the advantage or disadvantage of upgrading existing computers.

A - time span is already more so significantly more does not make strengthen or weaken.
B - hold, on the line of prethinking, disadvantage of upgrading.
C,D,E - out of scope --> no way strengthing or weaking the argument.

Hence, B is the answer.
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 08:59
D IMO

If bank buys more servers next year than its maintenance cost will go up for sure, may become even more than what it currently incurs.

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
Irrelevant. We dont need to compare these two, just need to know about FMP's maintenance cost

(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
Energy efficiency will impact operations cost not maintenace

(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
Out of scope

(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
Out of scope. Doesnt matter what other banks are doing.
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:01
Quote:
United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.


con: mgmt will upgrade mainframe to new FMP instead of buying NEW MODELS => to REDUCE maintenance costs
prem: FMPs are simpler, reliable and have a longer life span
asum: that the info in the premise will reduce maintenance costs <= evaluate the premise vs NEW

b-does HE efficiency result in + or - main $, not stated;
c-irrelevant;
d-the argument is about upgrading to FMP vs buying NEW…;
e-irrelevant;

Answer (A): if FMP life span is longer then NEW, then the argument stands (reduced main$), if FMP life span is NOT longer than NEW, then the arguement falls.
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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:02
Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s [b]maintenance costs?[/b]


(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.

As only option - discuss here for cost saving. Option b is correct.
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:05
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United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology. ---- we are already told about this in the argument itself, and this tells us nothing about maintenance costs.
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. ---- This option says that FMP computers have higher energy efficiency, and it means that they will consume less energy and thus will reduce maintenance cost.
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well. ----- That's great, but what about maintenance costs of new processors?
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities. ---- Again, this option tells us nothing about maintenance costs
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. ---- This is completely irrelevant to the maintenance costs

IMO B
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:12
A is the only choice related to maintenance.

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
Correct: Although the life span of the computer as a whole is longer, the processor, which is a crucial part for its performance and is the main reason for UI to upgrade, is what really matters. If the processor's lifespan is longer, this will ensure a lower maintenance cost for the company.

(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
Irrelevant! : FMP is save energy cost, but it is relevant to the main concern, which is the maintenance (what if the maintenance is way costly compared with the saved energy cost?)

(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technoloy as well.
Irrelevant!: Even if a company stopped producing a product, this don't mean that the maintenance cost will decrease or increase. Besides, after the increase in the maintenance cost of the old one, the new one may still be more costly.

(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
Out of scope!: Future purchase has no effect on the maintenance cost, which is our focus.

(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
Irrelevant!: What is suitable for other banks may not be suitable for us. Besides, we can't be sure that decisions made by other banks were correct.
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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:18
Summary - UI’s management has decided to upgrade its MCS to new FMPs instead of buying new MCS - to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology. - Incorrect, it is already provided in the question stem as substantially longer
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. Correct, This will be a key factor that affects long term maintenance costs
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.Will not be useful as this has no bearing on the maintenance cost
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities. Will not be useful as this has no bearing on the maintenance cost
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. Will not be useful as this has no bearing on the maintenance cost of UI Company

IMO B
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:28
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Quote:
United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?


Management of a company decided to invest money into servers upgrade with newly developed processors to reduce future maintenance costs. New computers are simpler and longer operational span. We need to find out which of the options is the most useful to understand whether the new computers will reduce the maintenance costs.

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology. - The last statement in the text actually states that FMP computers have substantially longer operational span. Thus, this statement suggests to check the information that we already have and gives no additional use. Incorrect
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. - If energy efficiency of new processors is significantly lower than that of the existing technology, then the maintenance cost will be higher. Hence, knowing information about energy efficiency will help to asses whether it was a right decision or not. Correct
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well. - Even if they produce older technology, the passage states that the management decided to replace the older technology. It means that the older technology was not cost efficient. Incorrect
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities. - This option adds additional information, but this information gives no value in the assessment of their previous decision. Incorrect
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. - Even if other banks upgraded their computing systems with this or other technology, it does not necessarily mean that their managements decisions were right. Incorrect
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:33
IMO-D

Passage Brief:

UIM - Already using MF (Mainframe) Computers- Decided to upgrade to FMP's (flash-memory processors) - Instead of Purchasing new models of MF computers.
Objective- Significant reduction in Maintenance cost.
FPM Computers advantages- Simpler, More Reliable processors, Longer average operational span

Statement that help access the bank management’s decision to reduce the company’s maintenance costs

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.---Incorrect--longer Operational spam does not relate to maintenance. what if operational spam is longer but frequency of maintenance is also higher. in that case maintenance cost will increase..

(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.---Incorrect---- Efficiency is not a concern. Upgradation is for the purpose of reduction in maintenance cost. What if FMP are more efficient in their work but prone to more breakdown.

(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.-Incorrect---- Whether they serve or not is out of scope of the passage.

(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.---Correct---In the first year management decided to purchase FMP's computers. if in next year they decide to switch back to MF's computers that simply mean that FMP's computers did not serve the purpose. this will help access the company's maintenance decision.

(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. -Incorrect----We are concerned with UIM bank , whether other bank purchased or not is out of scope.
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co   [#permalink] 17 Jul 2019, 09:33

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