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# Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv

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Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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21 May 2017, 20:38
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 780
Page: 772

Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

(A) company, whose research was based on
(B) company, which researched
(C) company, in its research of
(D) company's research, having been based on
(E) company's research on

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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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22 May 2017, 06:28
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Unlike X, Y --> Here X and Y must be ||.

Y : Research , so X must be research only. Hence, option A, B and C out.

Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver'a age, sex, and previous driving record.

(A) company, whose research was based on
(B) company, which researched
(C) company, in its research of
(D) company's research, having been based on--> Awkward and weird.
(E) company's research on
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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21 May 2017, 21:11
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E, as in the sentence automobile company's research has been compared with the research conducted by insurance company.

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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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21 May 2017, 21:29
hazelnut wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 780
Page: 772

Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver'a age, sex, and previous driving record.

(A) company, whose research was based on
(B) company, which researched
(C) company, in its research of
(D) company's research, having been based on
(E) company's research on

A , B , C are out -Wrong comparison...company with research ...
between D and E -- E is best
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 02 Sep 2017, 08:26
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Top Contributor
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Whereas A, B, and C can be dispensed with easily for using a faulty comparison, D has a problem of changing the meaning. Many a time, 'having been based implies a causal connotation as if because the company's research had been based on some XYZ factors, the insurance company took up a different route. This is not the intention of the topic. Therefore E.
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Originally posted by daagh on 21 May 2017, 23:06.
Last edited by daagh on 02 Sep 2017, 08:26, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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22 May 2017, 09:14
Yes, E is the best choice here.

A) Grammatically incorrect, since 'whose' is applied when the action is done by people, and illogical comparison
B) Illogical comparison
C) Illogical comparison
D) Awkward phrasing
E) Correct.
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2017, 03:13
2
Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver'a age, sex, and previous driving record.

(A) company, whose research was based on
(B) company, which researched
(C) company, in its research of
(D) company's research, having been based on
(E) company's research on

My 2 cents.
It is important to identify what this q is testing.

This q is testing comparison - whether we are comparing things correctly.
If you look at the not underlined part, you can see that subject after comma is research.
So, the underlined part's subject should be research.
Then you are left with D and E.
D is wrong as the verb's form is wrong.
E is correct.
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2017, 11:47
1
Isn't E completely changing the meaning of the sentence?

A / D) -> research based on crashes w/ spot vehicles (meaning the result was based on the subset of observations within those crashes)

E) -> research on crashes (meaning the crashes, not any other results were the focus of the sentence)

Clearly D is awkward, but shouldn't such a drastic change in meaning render option E) wrong?
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 08:10
^ Same as above. I'm not sure why option E is correct, since I think "research based on xx" and "research on xx" have 2 different meanings.

"Research on xx" means you're researching xx subject, whereas research based on xx might mean you're researching on other topic, but using evidences from xx subject
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2017, 01:54
^^^^
I agree with Vezax27 and gmatwarrior9117.

After seeing that A, B and C were comparing the wrong things, I had choice D and E left.
I just automatically saw "research on" and eliminated E, because I was taught that on the GMAT, the word "research" followed by a preposition is always incorrect. The second portion of choice D "having been based on" sounds awkward, but because it there was no preposition after "research" I ended up picking D.

Maybe I'm not understanding the use of "research" + preposition?

If anybody can shed some light on the usage of |research" + preposition, that would be great!
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2017, 11:55
(D) company's research, having been based on

What is wrong with the bold part except for awkwardness can anybody shed some light on this?
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2017, 12:31
1
Prashant10692 wrote:
(D) company's research, having been based on

What is wrong with the bold part except for awkwardness can anybody shed some light on this?

Hi Prashant10692 ,

There is a very good explanation given here.

Please let us know in case of any further queries.
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2017, 14:51
gmatwarrior9117 wrote:
^ Same as above. I'm not sure why option E is correct, since I think "research based on xx" and "research on xx" have 2 different meanings.

"Research on xx" means you're researching xx subject, whereas research based on xx might mean you're researching on other topic, but using evidences from xx subject

Hello gmatwarrior9117,

I am not sure if you still have this doubt. Here is the explanation nonetheless.

This official sentence presents incorrect contrast between the automobile company and the research.

In order to maintain this incorrect contrast but to convey the intended meaning, the sentence uses the expression whose research was based on crashes.

The expression actually means that the topic of the research was certain types of crashes. The expression does not mean that the company was doing some other research and used the results of these types crashes for its research.

So there is no meaning change in the correct answer choice E. Because the correct answer presents correct contrast, the structure becomes precise.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2017, 15:09
Prashant10692 wrote:
(D) company's research, having been based on

What is wrong with the bold part except for awkwardness can anybody shed some light on this?

Hello Prashant10692,

The modifier having verb-ed/ having been verb-ed has a very specific usage. It is used express the first action out of the two actions done in the past.

This modifier modifies an action by presenting another action performed by a noun entity. The action denoted by the having modifier presents the action done prior to the modified action denoted by the verb associated with the noun. For example:

Having finished his breakfast, Joy went to play tennis..

In the above-mentioned sentence, the highlighted modifier modifies the following clause. The sentence means that Joy first finished his breakfast and then went to play tennis.

Now let's see how this modifier has been used in Choice D: company's research, having been based on

Clearly, this modifier has not been used correctly in the sentence. The modifier having been based on modifies the preceding noun the automobile company's research.

Choice D seems to suggest that the first the research was based on something, and then something else was done with it. However, this after action is not mentioned in the sentence for the obvious reason that no such information is intended to be conveyed by the original sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2017, 07:54
E. the comparison here is not the company itself but rather the research. Only E correctly compares it
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2018, 13:33
It seems to me that we are comparing "what factors took into account the insurance company in its research" and "the factors on which the automobile company's research was based". So, aren't we comparing the factors on which the researchs were based? That's why i chose A instead of E.
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2018, 01:45
patto wrote:
It seems to me that we are comparing "what factors took into account the insurance company in its research" and "the factors on which the automobile company's research was based". So, aren't we comparing the factors on which the researchs were based? That's why i chose A instead of E.

Hey patto ,

Did you check my explanation here?

Remember, Unlike has a very strict rule.

In option A, You are comparing company with research. This is not allowed because X and Y have to be ||.

Hence, A is out.

Does that make sense?
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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11 May 2018, 07:16
hazelnut wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 780
Page: 772

Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

(A) company, whose research was based on
(B) company, which researched
(C) company, in its research of
(D) company's research, having been based on
(E) company's research on

E is the best one in this , one can only think of option A , however the comparison between automobile company and insurance company is parallel in option E .
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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2018, 15:15
Hello Everyone!

It looks like there have been some great discussions on this question already! Let's break things down even further to determine which option is the best one. Before we get started, here is the original question with the most important differences between each option highlighted in orange:

Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

(A) company, whose research was based on
(B) company, which researched
(C) company, in its research of
(D) company's research, having been based on
(E) company's research on

After a quick glance over the question and 5 options, it's clear that this is an example of a COMPARISON sentence. Whenever we see comparison questions on the GMAT, the first thing we should look at is parallelism!

This sentence uses the structure "Unlike X, Y..." to indicate this is a comparison. Both X and Y need to be parallel for this to be correct. Let's look at each sentence with the option added in to see how each answer stacks up:

(A) Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

This is NOT PARALLEL because it's trying to compare the automobile company to research, which are not parallel in nature.

(B) Unlike the automobile company, which researched crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

This is NOT PARALLEL for the same reason as option A: it's attempting to compare a company to research, which are two completely different things.

(C) Unlike the automobile company, in its research of crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

Again, this is NOT PARALLEL because it's trying to compare a company to research, which aren't parallel in kind.

(D) Unlike the automobile company's research, having been based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

This is PARALLEL because it is comparing two things of the same type: the automobile company's research and the insurance company's research!

(E) Unlike the automobile company's research on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

This is PARALLEL because it is comparing two things of the same type: the automobile company's research and the insurance company's research!

We can eliminate options A, B, and C because they don't use parallel structure to create a proper comparison!

Now that we're left with only options D & E, let's take a closer look to find which one is the better option:

(D) Unlike the automobile company's research, having been based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

This option is INCORRECT because it's overly wordy and slightly misleading. There is no reason to say "having been based on" when simply saying "on" means the same thing. It also subtly suggests that we should be comparing what both sets of research are based on, rather than just saying that both studies are about sport utility vehicle crashes that cover different topics.

(E) Unlike the automobile company's research on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record.

This option is CORRECT because it's clear and concise! It's clear that both studies are about sport utility vehicle crashes, but that they each cover different factors. It's also much easier to say "on" rather than "having been based on."

There you go - option E is the correct answer because it's clear, concise, and uses parallel structure to show a comparison!

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Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2018, 07:17
Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes involving sport utility vehicles, the research conducted by the insurance company took into account such factors as a driver's age, sex, and previous driving record. – COMPARATION – cannot compare company with the research

(A) company, whose research was based on
(B) company, which researched
(C) company, in its research of
(D) company's research, having been based on - WORDY
(E) company's research on - CORRECT
Re: Unlike the automobile company, whose research was based on crashes inv &nbs [#permalink] 15 Aug 2018, 07:17
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