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15 May 2018, 23:29
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

33% (00:36) correct 67% (01:03) wrong based on 21 sessions

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Up until the mid-19th century, most Irish immigrants in America were members of the Protestant middle class. When the Great Potato Famine hit Ireland in 1845, close to 1 million poor and uneducated Irish Catholics began pouring into America to escape starvation. Despised for their alien religious beliefs and unfamiliar accents by the American Protestant majority, the immigrants had trouble finding even menial jobs. When Irish Americans in the country's cities took to the streets on St. Patrick's Day to celebrate their heritage, newspapers portrayed them in cartoons as drunk, violent monkeys.

The American Irish soon began to realize, however, that their large and growing numbers endowed them with a political power that had yet to be exploited. They started to organize, and their voting block, known as the "green machine," became an important swing vote for political hopefuls. Suddenly, annual St. Patrick's Day parades became a show of strength for Irish Americans, as well as a must-attend event for a slew of political candidates. In 1948, President Harry S. Truman attended New York City 's St. Patrick's Day parade, a proud moment for the many Irish Americans whose ancestors had to fight stereotypes and racial prejudice to find acceptance in the New World.

The author would agree with which of the following?

A. The conditions that the Irish immigrants found themselves in when they first came to America were unfair and prejudicial.
B. The main goal of the Irish immigrants in America was to gain a political footing to influence administration and show their strength
C. Harry S Truman attended the St. Patrick's Day celebration in New York City to gain the trust of the Irish and get their votes in the election.
D. If it weren't for the establishment of the "green machine" the conditions of the Irish immigrants in America would not have improved.
E. The Irish held menial jobs for several decades in the 19th century because they were culturally different than other Americans.

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Joined: 19 Mar 2012
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15 May 2018, 23:29
1
Official Solution:

Up until the mid-19th century, most Irish immigrants in America were members of the Protestant middle class. When the Great Potato Famine hit Ireland in 1845, close to 1 million poor and uneducated Irish Catholics began pouring into America to escape starvation. Despised for their alien religious beliefs and unfamiliar accents by the American Protestant majority, the immigrants had trouble finding even menial jobs. When Irish Americans in the country's cities took to the streets on St. Patrick's Day to celebrate their heritage, newspapers portrayed them in cartoons as drunk, violent monkeys.

The American Irish soon began to realize, however, that their large and growing numbers endowed them with a political power that had yet to be exploited. They started to organize, and their voting block, known as the "green machine," became an important swing vote for political hopefuls. Suddenly, annual St. Patrick's Day parades became a show of strength for Irish Americans, as well as a must-attend event for a slew of political candidates. In 1948, President Harry S. Truman attended New York City 's St. Patrick's Day parade, a proud moment for the many Irish Americans whose ancestors had to fight stereotypes and racial prejudice to find acceptance in the New World.

The author would agree with which of the following?

A. The conditions that the Irish immigrants found themselves in when they first came to America were unfair and prejudicial.
B. The main goal of the Irish immigrants in America was to gain a political footing to influence administration and show their strength
C. Harry S Truman attended the St. Patrick's Day celebration in New York City to gain the trust of the Irish and get their votes in the election.
D. If it weren't for the establishment of the "green machine" the conditions of the Irish immigrants in America would not have improved.
E. The Irish held menial jobs for several decades in the 19th century because they were culturally different than other Americans.

A is correct. The author traces the history of the conditions that Irish immigrants found themselves in the mid 19th century. B and C are wrong because they are too specific and do not capture the overall essence of the passage. D is wrong because the Green Machine was not the only reason for the betterment. E is incorrect because it is an observation.

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22 May 2018, 21:52
1
"Up until the mid-19th century, most Irish immigrants in America were members of the Protestant middle class"

Doesn't this create some doubt about answer A. Namely, that the FIRST people to come were middle class and therefore less likely to face discrimination (which the passage implies came after 1845).
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Joined: 04 May 2018
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01 Jul 2018, 00:06
1
Even though choice E - "The Irish held menial jobs for several decades in the 19th century because they were culturally different than other Americans" - is an observation, I fail to understand why the author would not agree with this as well. A does not appear to be the exclusive choice to me.
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Joined: 17 Mar 2014
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18 Jul 2018, 07:59
In whole passage, Author is just stating IRISH community Situation. He didn't express his views towards Irish Immigrants.
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Joined: 29 Jul 2018
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06 Oct 2018, 06:39
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. There is doubt cast on option A since the passage states that when the immigrants first came to America, most of them were protestants - which means they were not treated unfairly. It is not clear
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23 Nov 2018, 07:14
Hello,

It is stated in the passage that 1 million poor and uneducated Irish Catholics began pouring into America. If they are having trouble finding jobs, how is this unfair and prejudicial given that they are uneducated?
Re: V32-20 &nbs [#permalink] 23 Nov 2018, 07:14
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