GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Aug 2018, 00:40

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 18 Jun 2004
Posts: 18
While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2004, 08:34
3
19
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (00:33) correct 39% (00:40) wrong based on 1337 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.


A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been

B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from

C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from

D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be

E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be
Most Helpful Community Reply
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 20 Jul 2004
Posts: 590
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2004, 10:35
7
6
It is raining.

The "it" here is a pronoun referring to "raining", followed by linking verb (is). This type of sentence is either singular or plural based on the noun that follows.
You should read this as "Raining is happening" or alike.

Similar pronouns = It, what, which, there
Linking verbs = be, seem, appear

Singular: I see what appears to be a dead tree (dead tree appears to be the one I see)
Plural: He sometimes makes what seem to be thoughtless mistakes. (Thoughtless mistakes seem to the ones that he sometimes makes)

In your original sentence, "what" refers to dinousour (singular) and hence appears is apt.
General Discussion
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 20 Jul 2004
Posts: 590
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2004, 08:49
D.

ABC out because paleantologits did the digging.
"what appears" is the correct verb.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Dec 2011
Posts: 267
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 01 Nov 2012, 21:38
1
3
While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be

OA

Originally posted by Jp27 on 01 Nov 2012, 05:29.
Last edited by Jp27 on 01 Nov 2012, 21:38, edited 1 time in total.
VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 1192
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Premium Member
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 01 Nov 2012, 06:23
2
A,B and C can be eliminated for improper modifiers. Between D and E, will go with D because dinosaur is singular. However, D also seems to convey the meaning that the bones were found from the dinosaur. Expert opinion would shed some light.

Kudos Please... If my post helped.
_________________

Did you find this post helpful?... Please let me know through the Kudos button.

Thanks To The Almighty - My GMAT Debrief

GMAT Reading Comprehension: 7 Most Common Passage Types


Originally posted by MacFauz on 01 Nov 2012, 06:19.
Last edited by MacFauz on 01 Nov 2012, 06:23, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Jun 2011
Posts: 73
Location: United States
Concentration: Accounting, Finance
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2012, 06:21
Jp27 wrote:
While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be

OA after some discussion .....


A ,which refers to paleontologists....meaning wise it should refer to bones
B for the same reasons
C Place holder "it" used to post infinitive or that clause, the usage is inocrrect
D SV agreement problem...what is subject of the verb appears...no singular subject
E Correct...
What is the OA..
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Dec 2011
Posts: 267
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2012, 06:38
davidfrank wrote:
Jp27 wrote:
While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be

OA after some discussion .....


A ,which refers to paleontologists....meaning wise it should refer to bones
B for the same reasons
C Place holder "it" used to post infinitive or that clause, the usage is inocrrect
D SV agreement problem...what is subject of the verb appears...no singular subject
E Correct...
What is the OA..


As the above poster has noted, we need appearS because of "dinosaur"
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: SLOGGING : My son says,This time Papa u will have to make it : Innocence is BLISS
Joined: 16 Jan 2012
Posts: 180
Location: India
WE: Sales (Energy and Utilities)
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2012, 12:41
1
bxn D n E :

D : paleontologists have found bones...........from X

E : paleontologists have found bones......... which are from X

guess we don't need the extra WHICH in E, as the intent is clear even without which and unambiguously refers back to FOSSIL BONES.

2nd split :

D : P have found bones................from what ?...............from the massive dinosaur ( singular ) : thus the verb should match in no ie APPEARS ( singular )

P have found bones ...... From ..................(what APPEARS to be )....................the massive Dinosaur

appears n dinosaur MATCH

thus D wins wrt sv agreement

my understanding.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Jun 2012
Posts: 65
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2012, 12:57
I'm not the master in SC but have several ideas
I think we can easily eliminate A,B,C and try to find mistake in E.

the first thing we see is wordiness
which are from what appear to be

from what appears to be - sounds better
sure it may be asked where is the subject but I linked it to dinosaur
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 May 2012
Posts: 67
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2012, 16:09
Jp27 wrote:
While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be

OA after some discussion .....

Jp27, Can you post OA? also underline the original sentence? Thanks !!!
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 03 Dec 2012
Posts: 274
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Nov 2013, 20:22
1
The OA is D. B is passive and the GMAT prefers active form. Hence D
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Dec 2009
Posts: 99
GMAT Date: 12-03-2014
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2015, 14:47
2
1
Between D and E, one major issue is 'appears' vs 'appear'

the bones are from what appear to be the largest ...

Appear needs to be singular here since appear is for the largest dinosaur....
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 17 Jun 2015
Posts: 236
GMAT 1: 540 Q39 V26
GMAT 2: 680 Q46 V37
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Sep 2015, 04:33
The fossils were not digging. Eliminate A,B,C

Out of D and E.

", which ........" modifies whatever is just before the comma. In D which modifies bones. But bones are not the Dinosaurs. Had it been bones of T-Rex, the statement would have made sense

Hence E
_________________

Fais de ta vie un rêve et d'un rêve une réalité

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 07 Sep 2014
Posts: 423
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Aug 2016, 03:43
1
While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been the second most massive dinosaur that ever lived.

A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2016
Posts: 49
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
WE: Other (Computer Software)
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Oct 2016, 07:13
D is the correct answer.

Meaning is:

- While digging was being done by Ppaleontologists.
- paleontologists found huge fossil bones
- Source of fossil bones is the massive dinosaur (singular)

D sums up the points well
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 28 Jun 2015
Posts: 94
Location: Australia
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2017, 17:08
Hi mikemcgarry

Sorry to bother. Could you please help out? I need to understand a concept
Here

D: paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be

Are we using singular appears because it refers to singular the second most massive dinosaur?

or

what appears to be is idiomatically always singular because appears refers to what, which is unknown and always takes singular form?

Thanks in advance

Best
RzS
Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3188
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jan 2017, 05:32
1
1
TheRzS wrote:
Hi mikemcgarry

Sorry to bother. Could you please help out? I need to understand a concept
Here

D: paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be

Are we using singular appears because it refers to singular the second most massive dinosaur?

or

what appears to be is idiomatically always singular because appears refers to what, which is unknown and always takes singular form?

Thanks in advance

Best
RzS


Your first reasoning is correct. The pronoun "what" refers to "the second most massive dinosaur", which is singular. Hence the verb is also singular "appears".

On the other hand, the verb would be plural "appear", if "what" referred to a plural noun.

... what appear to be two large dinosaurs.... correct.
... what appears to be two large dinosaurs... wrong.
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4666
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jan 2017, 18:05
2
2
TheRzS wrote:
Hi mikemcgarry

Sorry to bother. Could you please help out? I need to understand a concept
Here

D: paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be

Are we using singular appears because it refers to singular the second most massive dinosaur?

or

what appears to be is idiomatically always singular because appears refers to what, which is unknown and always takes singular form?

Thanks in advance

Best
RzS

Dear TheRzS,

I see that you already received a good response from my intelligent colleague sayantanc2k. I'll just add a few thoughts.

The subject of "appears" is the relative pronoun "what." The relative pronouns "who" and "what," as well as the indefinite "whoever," pose potential SVA questions, because all of these words can represent a target noun that is either singular or plural.

For example,
Whoever has/have broken the window will have to pay for it.
In that sentence, we could have either the singular or plural verb--the sentence provides absolutely no information about which is correct. Of course, the GMAT would never put us in such a position.

A somewhat more GMAT-like scenario,
Whoever has/have used the company computer account to hack into the federal server will face stiff legal penalties when discovered as well as deportation if they are not already citizens.
You see, that sentence is a bit over-the-top on this, but it makes us wait until the end until we can figure out whether indefinite pronoun at the beginning is singular or plural. Technically, though, the sentence does provide all information we need to determine the verb tense.

The moral is that when you see one of these pronouns {who, what, whoever} as a subject, you need to locate the noun to which it refers in order to determine whether it is singular or plural.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Image

Image

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Mar 2017
Posts: 145
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jun 2017, 23:02
1
A. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appears to have been
B. huge fossil bones have been found by paleontologists, which appear to be from
C. it appears that paleontologists have found huge fossil bones that are from
D. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones from what appears to be
E. paleontologists have found huge fossil bones, which are from what appear to be
_________________

I hate long and complicated explanations!

Verbal Forum Moderator
avatar
B
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 634
Premium Member
Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jun 2017, 09:33
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
_________________

Please Read: Verbal Posting Rules

Re: While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun &nbs [#permalink] 19 Jun 2017, 09:33

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 27 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

While digging in the Egyptian desert, huge fossil bones have been foun

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.