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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de

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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Dec 2018, 05:42
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A
B
C
D
E

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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (01:29) correct 47% (01:29) wrong based on 335 sessions

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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.


(A) that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain

(B) that, because of double-digit unemployment, could be a severe strain for

(C) with double-digit unemployment, and it could severely strain

(D) with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain

(E) with double-digit unemployment and could severely strain

Originally posted by goalsnr on 22 Jun 2008, 17:42.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Dec 2018, 05:42, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2014, 00:31
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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.

(A) that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain -- acceptable construction, mission critical data is placed appropriately.

(B) that, because of double-digit unemployment, could be a severe strain for -- original sentence says that depression with unemployment could severely strain the society, but here only unemployment is projected as cause of sever strain.

(C) with double-digit unemployment, and it could severely strain -- ambiguous use of pronoun it - possible antecedent Japan or depression with double digit unemployment.
(D) with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain -- Japan is the possible subject of could be a sever strain. that's nonsensical.
(E) with double-digit unemployment and could severely strain -- Same as D.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Nov 2010, 20:08
2
hirendhanak wrote:
why E is wrong


E) As i understand, Japan can't strain a society, depression can. But in E the sentence says: "Japan is in danger ...and could... strain "

B in my opinion is correct but too wordy. Between A and B, I choose A

Therefore, the winer is A
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Originally posted by kt00381n on 24 Nov 2010, 19:50.
Last edited by kt00381n on 24 Nov 2010, 20:08, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 02:20
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could you tell me why we use 'that' instead of 'with' ?
please explain briefly
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 13:17
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Quote:
could you tell me why we use 'that' instead of 'with' ?
please explain briefly


Mkumar26, there's no super-clear rule that will tell us when to use "that" instead of "with." They're very different words ("with" is a preposition, "that" is usually some sort of pronoun on the GMAT), and the correct usage of each will generally going to depend on the context of the rest of the sentence.

In this question, the parallelism in (C), (D), and (E) is the big reason why "with" is wrong. Let's look at (D) as an example:

Quote:
(D) According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.


Sure, it's probably acceptable to say "a depression with double-digit unemployment" if we don't worry about anything that follows. But in this case, the phrase after the word "and" doesn't make any sense in (D): the verb phrase "could be a severe strain" is parallel to what, exactly? And since it follows the word "and", the phrase HAS to be parallel to something -- and "with double-digit unemployment" isn't a verb phrase, so that doesn't work. And that's the biggest problem with using "with" in (C), (D), and (E).

In (A) and (B), "that" is acceptable because the phrase that follows modifies "depression."

I hope this helps!
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2019, 03:09
1
Quote:
According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression that, with double-digit unemployment,could severely strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.


Hi,
Lets break down the sentence as usual and concentrate on the important part.
Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression
that(depression) could severely strain a society that(society) regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.
Subject-verb pair/s: in agreement
Modifier: According to some economists correctly modifies the following statement. "with double-digit unemployment" is inside a comma pair.
Pronoun:that - correctly represent the entity as stated in brackets.
Meaning: "with double-digit unemployment" correctly provides the additional information about how depression is going to affect.

Quote:
(A) that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain
Looks alright. Keep for now.
Quote:
(B) that, because of double-digit unemployment, could be a severe strain for
changes the meaning of modifier. Modifier inside a comma pair is an additional information, not the very reason. Second, strain is supposed to be the verb not the object of the sentence. This changes the meaning. Incorrect
Quote:
(C) with double-digit unemployment, and it could severely strain
No singular antecedent for IT.Incorrect
Quote:
(D) with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain
strain is supposed to be the verb not the object of the sentence. This changes the meaning. Incorrect
Quote:
(E) with double-digit unemployment and could severely strain
Use of and makes the second part of the sentence an individual clause with Japan as its subject, which is nonsensical. Incorrect

A is the winner.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2019, 03:09
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