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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de

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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Dec 2018, 04:42
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A
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53% (00:49) correct 47% (00:52) wrong based on 315 sessions

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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.


(A) that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain

(B) that, because of double-digit unemployment, could be a severe strain for

(C) with double-digit unemployment, and it could severely strain

(D) with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain

(E) with double-digit unemployment and could severely strain

Originally posted by goalsnr on 22 Jun 2008, 16:42.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Dec 2018, 04:42, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2014, 23:31
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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.

(A) that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain -- acceptable construction, mission critical data is placed appropriately.

(B) that, because of double-digit unemployment, could be a severe strain for -- original sentence says that depression with unemployment could severely strain the society, but here only unemployment is projected as cause of sever strain.

(C) with double-digit unemployment, and it could severely strain -- ambiguous use of pronoun it - possible antecedent Japan or depression with double digit unemployment.
(D) with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain -- Japan is the possible subject of could be a sever strain. that's nonsensical.
(E) with double-digit unemployment and could severely strain -- Same as D.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Nov 2010, 19:08
2
hirendhanak wrote:
why E is wrong


E) As i understand, Japan can't strain a society, depression can. But in E the sentence says: "Japan is in danger ...and could... strain "

B in my opinion is correct but too wordy. Between A and B, I choose A

Therefore, the winer is A
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Originally posted by kt00381n on 24 Nov 2010, 18:50.
Last edited by kt00381n on 24 Nov 2010, 19:08, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 01:20
could you tell me why we use 'that' instead of 'with' ?
please explain briefly
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 12:17
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Quote:
could you tell me why we use 'that' instead of 'with' ?
please explain briefly


Mkumar26, there's no super-clear rule that will tell us when to use "that" instead of "with." They're very different words ("with" is a preposition, "that" is usually some sort of pronoun on the GMAT), and the correct usage of each will generally going to depend on the context of the rest of the sentence.

In this question, the parallelism in (C), (D), and (E) is the big reason why "with" is wrong. Let's look at (D) as an example:

Quote:
(D) According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.


Sure, it's probably acceptable to say "a depression with double-digit unemployment" if we don't worry about anything that follows. But in this case, the phrase after the word "and" doesn't make any sense in (D): the verb phrase "could be a severe strain" is parallel to what, exactly? And since it follows the word "and", the phrase HAS to be parallel to something -- and "with double-digit unemployment" isn't a verb phrase, so that doesn't work. And that's the biggest problem with using "with" in (C), (D), and (E).

In (A) and (B), "that" is acceptable because the phrase that follows modifies "depression."

I hope this helps!
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2018, 04:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a de &nbs [#permalink] 20 Dec 2018, 04:44
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