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After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel

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After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 07 Nov 2018, 01:55
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After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel source and supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.


(A) After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel source and supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(B) Natural gas, after crude oil the United States second biggest fuel source, supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(C) Being supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America, natural gas, the United States second biggest fuel source after crude oil.

(D) Natural gas, the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil, is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(E) Natural gas is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America, being the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil.

Originally posted by abhi758 on 16 Aug 2009, 12:28.
Last edited by Bunuel on 07 Nov 2018, 01:55, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2009, 01:17
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Agree with D. Option A is almost correct except for one error "..States second.." D corrects that error with a possessive form.
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Re: After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2013, 03:18
Answer: D

(A) After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel source and supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.
** D is better: Natural gas, second biggest fuel source after crude oil.. IS PREFERRED... Also, it should be United States' second with possessive form... OUT!**

(B) Natural gas, after crude oil the United States second biggest fuel source, supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.
** Natural gas supplied from North America... IS NOT AN INDEPENDENT CLAUSE.. OUT! **

(C) Being supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America, natural gas, the United States second biggest fuel source after crude oil.
** In its simple form, the sentence is ... Natural gas, the US second biggest fuel source... IS NOT AN INDEPENDENT CLAUSE... OUT!**

(D) Natural gas, the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil, is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.
** CORRECT! Natural gas is correctly modified as second biggest fuel source. "IS SUPPLIED" is the correct verb form. **

(E) Natural gas is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America, being the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil.
** being the US' second biggest should modify Natural Gas and by touch rule, it is modifying North America... Hence, this is OUT! **
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Re: After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2015, 10:39
apoorv601 wrote:
After crude oil, natural gas is the United States’ second biggest fuel source and supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(A) After crude oil, natural gas is the United States’ second biggest fuel source and supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(B) Natural gas, after crude oil the United States’ second biggest fuel source, supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(C) Being supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America, natural gas, the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil.

(D) Natural gas, the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil, is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(E) Natural gas is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America, being the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil.

Hi, Can anybody explain what's wrong with A


A changes the meaning of the sentence. It says that "natural gas...supplied something" rather it should be "natural gas is supplied".

Correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2015, 12:15
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apoorv601 wrote:
After crude oil, natural gas is the United States’ second biggest fuel source and supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.


(A) After crude oil, natural gas is the United States’ second biggest fuel source and supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.
Natural Gas can't be the DOer here. We need a VERB here. A is incorrect.

(B) Natural gas, after crude oil the United States’ second biggest fuel source, supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.
Again, Natural Gas is not the DOer, NG did not supply almost exclusively smth. It IS supplied.
Moreover, "after crude oil the US' second biggest fuel source" - this is so wrong.

(C) Being supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America, natural gas, the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil.
where is the verb here?
being... - noun ing-modifier describes NG
then we have subject - NG
then one more noun modifier.

(D) Natural gas, the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil, is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.
Looks good to me

(E) Natural gas is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America, being the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil.
comma+ing modifier is a clause modifier. It is correctly used if the noun modifier is either presenting additional information or providing reasoning.
i'm not sure about first option, but for sure it is not the second usage of ing-modifier. Taking into consideration that we have "being" here, I tend to see whether there is other, a more clear answer. Since D is better than E, E is therefore incorrect.
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Re: After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2015, 15:21
I think there is a verb 'is' in A, also natural gas doesn't look like a doer in A. It's only that the subordinate clause 'the United States’ second biggest fuel source' is included in the primary clause in A.
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Re: After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2015, 08:57
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rohitt911 wrote:
apoorv601 wrote:
After crude oil, natural gas is the United States’ second biggest fuel source and supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(A) After crude oil, natural gas is the United States’ second biggest fuel source and supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(B) Natural gas, after crude oil the United States’ second biggest fuel source, supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(C) Being supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America, natural gas, the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil.

(D) Natural gas, the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil, is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

(E) Natural gas is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America, being the United States’ second biggest fuel source after crude oil.

Hi, Can anybody explain what's wrong with A


A changes the meaning of the sentence. It says that "natural gas...supplied something" rather it should be "natural gas is supplied".

Correct me if I am wrong.


Hi rohitt911 & apoorv601,
two points on why A is wrong ..
1)It changes meaning ? In most cases we have to follow original meaning of A in other choices...
the sentence natural gas is the United States’ second biggest fuel source and (is) supplied almost exclusively from reserves..
is can be omitted to aviod repettition in many cases..
but the main difference is the placement of "after crude oil"...
It should modify only natural gas is the United States’ second biggest fuel source..
if you read the second portion with "after crude oil", it becomes After crude oil, natural gas is supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America... it does not really make too much sense..

2) again the second point is related to placement of after crude oil...
After crude oil, natural gas is the United States’ second biggest fuel source...
would one say "after sachin, dhoni is the second best captain" or " after sachin, dhoni is the best captain".. second becomes redundant..
but we can still say that " dhoni is the second best captain after sachin. "...
same for this sentence
hope it helped slightly
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Re: After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 06:23
GMATNinja GMATNinja2 ... please resolve the doubt between A an D , not able to get a concrete solution
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Re: After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 08:48
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(A) After crude oil, natural gas is the United States’ second biggest fuel source and supplied almost exclusively from reserves in North America.

Let's look at parallelism in A? What is on the left of 'and' is an IC and what is on the right is just a phrase containing a past participle. This is not parallel.

One can miss subject in the second arm of a parallel structure if the subject of the first arm can act as the subject of the second arm as well. However, one cannot miss both the subject and verb and still keep things parallel. Therefore, D is the correct choice.
If we can develop an intuition for grammar such as fragments, run-ons, redundancy, and obviously wrong idioms, then we can eliminate 60% of the wrong choices and even more sometimes. That I reckon is a solid entry point and launch pad in SC.
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Re: After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 14:43
vikas9945 wrote:
GMATNinja GMATNinja2 ... please resolve the doubt between A an D , not able to get a concrete solution

I think the always-wonderful Daagh might have hinted at this quietly, but (A) contains a redundancy. If I write, "After LeBron James, Kevin Durant is the best player in the NBA," I'm communicating that Kevin Durant is the second-best player in the NBA. (I would also be communicating the fact that I don't know how to spell 'Giannis Antetokounmpo.') So if I write, "After Lebron James, Kevin Durant is the second-best player in the NBA," I'm communicating the same idea twice and potentially confusing the reader.

Same problem here. I can write "After crude oil, natural gas is the United States' biggest fuel source," and I can write, "Natural gas is the United States' second-biggest fuel source," but it's pretty silly to write, "After crude oil, natural gas is the United States' second-biggest fuel source."

I hope that helps!
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Re: After crude oil, natural gas is the United States second biggest fuel &nbs [#permalink] 18 Jan 2019, 14:43
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