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Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 19:43
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Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.

(A) by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists,

(B) to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies,

(C) to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies

(D) by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products

(E) by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 22:31
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Let's make some backend calculation. The relative pronoun 'who" cannot refer to anything other than humans and only A has humans as demonstrators and publicists. Therefore, A.
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New post 27 Jun 2017, 21:02
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AbdurRakib wrote:
Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.


Good question :-D

A. by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists,
Correct.

B. to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies,
This choice is wrong since "employed by manufacturers and utility companies" conveys better meaning

C. to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies
"the contributions of the women employed to demonstrate and publicize sth by sb" is awkward.

D. by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products
This choice makes "who" refer to "their products"

E. by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products
This choice makes "who" refer to "their products"
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 22:06
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A. by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists,- correct use of 'as' to show a role being performed.
B. to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies, - here 'who' is wrongly referring to manufacturer and companies
C. to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies - same as B
D. by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products - wrong- employed to be is not not the correct usage.
E. by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products - employed to should be employed as

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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 00:31
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Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.
A.by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, - Correct
B.to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies, - usage of who to refer to manufacturers and utility companies is incorrect
C.to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies - usage of who to refer to manufacturers and utility companies is incorrect
D.by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products - usage of who to refer to products is incorrect
E.by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products - usage of who to refer to products is incorrect

Answer A
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Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 05:40
Hi Folks,

Sometimes, paying heed to non-underlined portion helps eliminate quick answers. Useful trick by egmat

Who can not refer to products, do D and E are out.

Modifier by manufacturers and utility companies is placed incorrectly in B and C.
This modifier is correctly modifying contributions as in (A)

Hope this helps.
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 20:28
Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.

Option A is correct because relative pronoun "WHO" correctly modifies "demonstrators and publicists".

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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 20:45
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Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.

A. by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists,
B. to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies, : - Who can refer to human being not companies. so B is wrong
C. to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies : here their should refer to manufacturer and "THEIR" is written before manufacturer.
D. by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products - "who" wrongly refers to product.
E. by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 00:44
AbdurRakib wrote:
Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.

A. by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists,
B. to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies,
C. to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies
D. by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products
E. by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products


the underlined potion has 'who',, and shud refer to the publicits/demostrators...

ans A clearly does it,,,
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2017, 23:48
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daagh wrote:
Let's make some backend calculation. The relative pronoun 'who" cannot refer to anything other than humans and only A has humans as demonstrators and publicists. Therefore, A.


Hello daag,

Thank you for the explanation. I wanted to ask whether "who" follows the "touch rule" i.e does it always modify the entity preceding it.

I am aware that "which" does not ALWAYS follow the touch rule e.g I killed the snake with scales, which lived in the burrow behind my house. WHICH modifies the snake and not scales.

Please clarify. Thanks
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 05:31
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Hi
Whether 'who' modifies a proximate or distant noun, it is clear that it can modify only human beings and not companies. The reference of a relative pronoun is to be pondered over when there is no forthright eligible noun to modify in front but is found after ignoring some unnecessary interventions such as prepositional phrases.

Even assuming that 'who' may modify the demonstrators and the publicists in B and D, that can be only after they can ignore the intruders.

We can now see why B and D do not fit in as well as A does.
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2017, 00:00
Is it necessary for 'who' to refer to the noun immediately preceding it? I am not convinced that the decision on elimination can be made on the basis of 'who'. Since 'who' always refers to humans, it occurs to me that 'who' refers to women in all these sentences.
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2017, 07:01
AbdurRakib wrote:
Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.

A. by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists,
B. to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies,
C. to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies
D. by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products
E. by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products


Contribution ... as.. is better than contribution .. to ....(Please refer to above highlighted texts)
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New post 31 Jan 2018, 20:04
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Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.

A. by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists,
B. to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies,
C. to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies
D. by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products
E. by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products

A time-saving approach to this specific question is to ask yourself "Who promoted technology to consumers?"

", who" refers to people

In this case, only (A) make sense. (B) & (C) are saying manufacturers and companies are people. This may be true in real world regarding CitizenUnited, super pac, and U.S presidential election. But never in GMAT I believe.
(D) & (E) are saying products are people.
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2018, 12:13
AbdurRakib wrote:
Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.

(A) by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists,

(B) to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies,

(C) to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies

(D) by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products

(E) by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products


Awesome question it is... Keeping aside the 'who' modifier issue. Is the 'their' in choice C ambiguous? As it can refer to both Women and Companies & Manufacturers?
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Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2018, 18:36
shra1raju wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.

(A) by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists,

(B) to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies,

(C) to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies

(D) by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products

(E) by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products


Awesome question it is... Keeping aside the 'who' modifier issue. Is the 'their' in choice C ambiguous? As it can refer to both Women and Companies & Manufacturers?

shra1raju , you are correct to flag their as a problem.

The prompt with Answer C's words inserted looks like this:

Quote:
Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.

In Option C, their refers to women, and suggests incorrectly that the products belong to the women.
Their does not present antecedent ambiguity, but as a possessive pronoun, their does have the wrong nouns "owning" the products.

Hope that helps. :-)
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2018, 01:44
Hello, egmat

Is there anything wrong in C except the pronoun THEIR?

Is this THEIR ambiguous, or it refers to the Employed women?

Thanks in advance. :)
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 21:20
daagh wrote:
Let's make some backend calculation. The relative pronoun 'who" cannot refer to anything other than humans and only A has humans as demonstrators and publicists. Therefore, A.

daagh sir,

If I rewrite the structure here as - "X and Y, who ...."
In that case I thought that pronoun "who" will only refer to "Y" not to "X". I guess my understanding was wrong. Could you please help me on this.

Thanks.

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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2018, 00:50
AbdurRakib wrote:
Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of domestic technology and its impact on housewifery, these works do not discuss the contributions of the women employed by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists, who initially promoted new and unfamiliar technology to female consumers.



(A) by manufacturers and utility companies as product demonstrators and publicists,

(B) to be product demonstrators and publicists by manufacturers and utility companies,

(C) to demonstrate and publicize their products by manufacturers and utility companies

(D) by manufacturers and utility companies to be demonstrators and publicists of their products

(E) by manufacturers and utility companies to demonstrate and publicize their products


demonstrators and publicists, who.......Correct.
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New post 09 May 2018, 01:58
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- X and Y, who - refers to the compound noun x and y both together and not just Y. Look at the following examples. The first one is logically wrong because the modifier who would later make his reputation as a labor leader modifies both of them

However, the second one is correct since who qualifies one of them namely Philip only and the other entity Chandler has been relegated to the end after the modification is over.


1.Published in Harlem, the Messenger was owned and edited by two young journalists, A. Philip Randolph and Chandler Owen, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader.


2.Published in Harlem, the Messenger was owned and edited by two young journalists, A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, and Chandler Owen.
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Re: Although a number of excellent studies narrate the development of dome   [#permalink] 09 May 2018, 01:58

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