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Apple are always Red. John bought a Red fruit. Therefore, it was an Ap

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Apple are always Red. John bought a Red fruit. Therefore, it was an Ap  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 09:06
5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (01:33) correct 47% (01:29) wrong based on 139 sessions

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Apple are always Red. John bought a Red fruit. Therefore, it was an Apple.

Which of the following arguments contains reasoning most similar to the flawed reasoning in the above argument?


A. Cheetah are fast creatures. A fast creature ran by. Therefore, it may have been a Cheetah.

B. Crows are not always black. A brown bird was outside the window. Therefore, it may or may not have been a Crow.

C. Except for 2, prime numbers are always odd. The number 13 is odd. Therefore, it is prime.

D. Mark always eats healthy. Few varieties of Salmon are healthy. Therefore, he eats different varieties of Salmon.

E. Gambling is a risky hobby. Tom likes taking risks. Therefore, he likes to gamble.

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Re: Apple are always Red. John bought a Red fruit. Therefore, it was an Ap  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 09:41
I'm guessing it's C.. do not have a thorough explanation ready.. I've yet to start with CR

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Re: Apple are always Red. John bought a Red fruit. Therefore, it was an Ap  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 10:17
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This question is testing the concept of possibility vs assurance.

The argument is saying:

Since apples are red and John likes red fruits, it is an apple. Come on!! It could be sweet plumb. Did you notice the certainty in the argument? This is the key!

We need to find a similar flaw.

A. Cheetah are fast creatures. A fast creature ran by. Therefore, it may have been a Cheetah. --> Not certain, hence incorrect.

B. Crows are not always black. A brown bird was outside the window. Therefore, it may or may not have been a Crow. --> Not certain, hence incorrect.

C. Except for 2, prime numbers are always odd. The number 13 is odd. Therefore, it is prime. Wow, what is the number was 1? Looks very similar to the original argument.

D. Mark always eats healthy. Few varieties of Salmon are healthy. Therefore, he eats different varieties of Salmon. --> Nonsense. No relation.

E. Gambling is a risky hobby. Tom likes taking risks. Therefore, he likes to gamble. --> This is no where telling us whether Tom has gambling as his hobby.
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Re: Apple are always Red. John bought a Red fruit. Therefore, it was an Ap  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 10:35
The answer is c as it contains the flaw that was there in original sentence .
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Re: Apple are always Red. John bought a Red fruit. Therefore, it was an Ap  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2018, 00:26
some solid reason on why E is wrong..?somebody..?
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Re: Apple are always Red. John bought a Red fruit. Therefore, it was an Ap &nbs [#permalink] 22 Sep 2018, 00:26
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Apple are always Red. John bought a Red fruit. Therefore, it was an Ap

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