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Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical

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Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2015, 04:34
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Q:- Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical texts were copied in the Middle Ages, modern scholars must often "emend" or correct words, sentences, and even paragraphs in texts where much corruption or copy errors exist.

A) much corruption or copy errors exist
B) much corruption or copy errors exists
C) many copy errors and much corruption exists
D) here is much corruption and copy errors
E) there are many copy errors and much corruption
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2015, 05:12
A) much corruption or copy errors exist
the sentence is "much corruption or (much) copy errors exist". Wrong use of "much" for countable noun, "errors"
B) much corruption or copy errors exists
1) Same error of A
2) Also, incorrect verb tense "exists", singular. "copy errors" is definitely plural and requires plural verb "exist"
C) many copy errors and much corruption exists - Corrects the countable/uncountable error, however, introduces verb error by using "exists", singular.
With the use of "and", the entity requires plural verb "exist"
D) here is much corruption and copy errors
Same error of A.
P.S.: I think the choice starts with "there", not "here"

E) there are many copy errors and much corruption
CORRECT
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Re: Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2015, 03:55
dpo28 wrote:
Q:- Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical texts were copied in the Middle Ages, modern scholars must often "emend" or correct words, sentences, and even paragraphs in texts where much corruption or copy errors exist.

A) much corruption or copy errors exist
B) much corruption or copy errors exists
C) many copy errors and much corruption exists
D) here is much corruption and copy errors
E) there are many copy errors and much corruption


Explanation :
Much is used for Uncountable Noun and Many for countable.
Here in question stem, "Copy errors" are countable and "Corruption" is uncountable.
Many should be used for Copy errors and Much must be use for Corruption

POE

A) much corruption or copy errors exist
Error Explained above - Incorrect

B) much corruption or copy errors exists
Error Explained above - Incorrect

C) many copy errors and much corruption exists
Many is correctly used for Copy errors and Much is correctly used for Corruption. This option removed the errors in sentence but introduce SV Number agreement error. X and (Additive noun) Y , requires Plural Noun. "many copy errors and much corruption " require plural noun "Exist" not singular noun "Exists"
Incorrect

D) here is much corruption and copy errors
"Where here is" is not idiomatic, Much is used for countable noun Copy errors - Incorrect

E) there are many copy errors and much corruption
Correct

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Re: Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2015, 22:10
is the "where" rightly used here. From sentence it describes the "Text" and where is used for places, countries, sites and are physical in nature.

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Re: Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical [#permalink]

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Q:- Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical texts were copied in the Middle Ages, modern scholars must often "emend" or correct words, sentences, and even paragraphs in texts where much corruption or copy errors exist.
much + uncountable (corruption), many + countable (errors). Eliminate A and B. B also has a subject verb agreement error
A) much corruption or copy errors exist
B) much corruption or copy errors exists
C) many copy errors and much corruption exists subject verb error
D) here is much corruption and copy errors "here" is not appropriate, "is" isn't in agreement with corruption and errors, and also "much" shouldn't apply to copy errors
E) there are many copy errors and much corruption
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Re: Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2015, 12:15
Also for E) We have the indicator word before the underlined part 'Where'
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Re: Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2015, 12:24
I do not agree with the explanations given above.


Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical texts were copied in the Middle Ages, modern scholars must often "emend" or correct words, sentences, and even paragraphs in texts
where (1) much corruption
or (2) copy errors exist.

texts in which are either much corruption or copy errors
perfectly fine.
texts need to be corrected if they have copy errors.

where there - sounds awkward to me.

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Re: Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2015, 09:11
A proximity rules says that in the case of disjunctive subjects using two or more subjects with an “or”, the number of the subject nearest to the verb decides the number of the verb; However, in the case of conjunctive subjects that use ‘and’, the number of verb always remains plural, as after all, it is a plural noun( unless it happens to be one and the same entity)

Per se

A) much corruption or copy errors exist --- ‘errors exist’ is not wrong after all as per proximity rule
B) much corruption or copy errors exists -- wrong as per proximity rule
C) many copy errors and much corruption exists --- conjunctive subjects – therefore plural subject; exists is wrong
D) here is much corruption and copy errors " --- ‘ is’ wrong for the plural subject ‘much corruption and copy errors.’
E) there are many copy errors and much corruption – S V is no problem;

E may be a tad better because ‘copy errors’ a countable noun is modified by ‘many’, while A doesn’t indicate such a thing. But if the original is good enough, then there is a convention that the original should be preferred. So I would reckon A is good enough; Thus, as far I see, this topic doesn’t leave much to learn, unless Kaplan has something up its sleeve.
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Re: Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2017, 15:42
iamdp wrote:
Q:- Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical texts were copied in the Middle Ages, modern scholars must often "emend" or correct words, sentences, and even paragraphs in texts where much corruption or copy errors exist.

A) much corruption or copy errors exist
B) much corruption or copy errors exists
C) many copy errors and much corruption exists
D) here is much corruption and copy errors
E) there are many copy errors and much corruption


The issue with this question is that it implies there are " (much) copy errors." However, "copy errors" are something countable so the correct phrasing is "many copy errors." The issue with C is the usage of "and" with "exists."

E

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Re: Because of the haphazard way in which many manuscripts of classical   [#permalink] 18 Aug 2017, 15:42
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