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Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that

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Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that [#permalink]

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Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating

(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated

(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating

Most of you must've already seen this in OG12, but 'coz I got it wrong the second time around, sharing it for practice of everyone...
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 18 Aug 2013, 07:52, edited 1 time in total.
Added the OA
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Re: new maritime code [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2009, 08:48
B is the only choice that sounds right. For A, "maritime code" is paired with the plural "they." C has not been contructed properly. For D, it's not clear what "this" refers to in the sentence. E is not constructed correctly.
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Re: new maritime code [#permalink]

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sasen wrote:
(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
THEY DOESNOT HAVE A CLEAR REFERRANT
"PROVISION OF" /"PROVIDE THAT" IS REDUNDANT
Provide is the verb for the new maritime code; therefore, it should be "provides"
(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
LOOKS OK..IT REFERS TO CODE

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
"AREAS UNDER PROVISIONS" CHNAGES THE MEANING
ALREADY STIMULATING USAGE DOESNOT CLEARLY STATE A "CAUSE AND AFFECT" RELATIONSHIP CLEARLY
(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
"THIS" HAS NO REFERRANT+ and i dont think that "this" (in GMAT world) can refer to a noun. (never seen at least)
(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating
bEACUSE OF X,WHICH IS...isincorrect sentence structure
correct sentence should be BECAUSE OF X,Y HAS HAPPEND etc

PRESENT CONTINUOUS STIMULATING should be present perfect


Agree with Sasen, my ans is B and I made my add in blue.
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Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that [#permalink]

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Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fie lds of large sea areas. they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fie lds of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that.. [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2010, 14:58


IMO B

large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code .... is not logical
it seems that under provisions of the new maritime code is incorrectly modifying sea areas ... this rules out C, D & E

(A) ... provisions of the new maritime code that provide ... redundant
what does they refer to?

(C) ... maritime code, already stimulating
comma+ing is an adverbial modifier that modifies the preceding clause ... the subject of already stimulating is not clear

(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims ... , this has already stimulated
use of this is incorrect here .. see the below examples to understand why this is incorrect

correct: research has shown that 65% people like to smoke, a finding that has surprised most
incorrect: because research has shown that 65% people like to smoke, this finding that has surprised most


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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that.. [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2010, 01:40
Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fie lds of large sea areas. they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fie lds of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating

A : they wrong
C : stimulating is wrong
D : this has no antecedent
E : which has no antecedent

B : uses correctly uses the expletive “it”.

IMO B
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Re: THIS [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2011, 09:21
To answer Schandok’s specific query:
if we need to use the demonstrative pronoun ‘this’ in the given topic, then we can make it as ‘ this provision, or this provisioning or these provisions etc’. A demonstrative pronoun is more of a spoken word, when we point out something physically to some one who is in front. It is not a good custom to let a pronoun dangling without clear reference.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that.. [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2011, 14:25
B - active voice with "maritime code provides" along with the proper use of "it" later in the answer choice.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that.. [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2011, 20:04
papillon86 wrote:
Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fie lds of large sea areas. they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fie lds of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating

Please explain your answers!

Thanks


B.

A- That provide That...
B -
C - Even is incorrect here.
D - oil fields of large sea area under ... changes meaning. incorrect this..
E - Which... does not fit in here.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that.. [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2011, 19:16
metallicafan wrote:
+1 B by POE.

In this case "it" is correct although it doesn't have a specific antecedent. Why in this case is correct?



How do you know 'it' has correct antecedent in c?? How can we ever be sure ? Hoow can we be sure it doesnt refer to areas which is just before the comma ?
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Re: new maritime code [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2011, 19:25
BMindful wrote:
sasen wrote:
(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
THEY DOESNOT HAVE A CLEAR REFERRANT
"PROVISION OF" /"PROVIDE THAT" IS REDUNDANT
Provide is the verb for the new maritime code; therefore, it should be "provides"
(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
LOOKS OK..IT REFERS TO CODE

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
"AREAS UNDER PROVISIONS" CHNAGES THE MEANING
ALREADY STIMULATING USAGE DOESNOT CLEARLY STATE A "CAUSE AND AFFECT" RELATIONSHIP CLEARLY
(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
"THIS" HAS NO REFERRANT+ and i dont think that "this" (in GMAT world) can refer to a noun. (never seen at least)
(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating
bEACUSE OF X,WHICH IS...isincorrect sentence structure
correct sentence should be BECAUSE OF X,Y HAS HAPPEND etc

PRESENT CONTINUOUS STIMULATING should be present perfect


Agree with Sasen, my ans is B and I made my add in blue.



How can we say 'This' has no clear referrent in D but 'it' has clear referrent in C.....How can we know these things ??? Is there a test we can do? I am so confused :roll: :roll: :roll: :roll: :roll:
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2012, 14:53
I chose B for this question:

A. The use of "...that provide that..." is confusing in the answer choice. Also, the pronoun "they" cannot refer to provisions. The subject should actually be "the new maritime code," but since this is singular, the use of "they" must be incorrect.

B. This answer choice uses active voice. Also, the pronoun "it" clearly refers back to the new maritime code because "it" is in the subject position of the main clause, while "new maritime code" is in the subject position of the subordinate clause.

C. This answer choice was very confusing. The placement of the modifier "already stimulating..." modifies the entire clause. This modifier makes it sound like the tiny islets are stimulating the international disputes, but the maritime code is what is actually causing the disputes.

D. I found this answer choice to be weaker because of passive voice. Also, what does "this" refer to?

E. This sentence is a fragment because a subordinate clause is attached to a modifier. There is no main clause to complete the sentence.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2012, 00:24
+1 for B .Correct usage of pronoun it .
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2012, 06:11
a. `they`pronoun reference error
b. correct
c. wrong modification `under provisions of ... `
d. this is used a standalone pronoun. it should be used as an adjective like `this thing`
e. this is fragment. no working verb
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2012, 23:54
Hi Marcab and Jp27
pls help with this one
between c and D
How is " This" not referring to anything, logically it should refer to the code and it is........
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that [#permalink]

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papillon86 wrote:
Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fie lds of large sea areas. they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fie lds of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating


This is an excellent questions......
here is my POE for the question.

A uses wrong construction "that provides that'....it is clearly mentioned in the official explanation of Q 128 Sc OG 13 answers...... hence the same rule apply here also.

B Appears to be correct.
C Modifier error........."Already Stimulating' appears after comma hence it should modify the whole clause.. Hence it modifies "basis for claims" why because when asked the question what is already stimulating it answers Basis on the claim...It should have modified Maritime code.. If it would have been mentioned without comma than would have been right.
D is also incorrect. The referent of this is incorrect.
E stimulating should be stimulated ..

Moreover

The main problem with the sentence is the construction.... Because mentions a cause for for something so The Provisions of maritme code is the main cause here hence should be placed near to it... All other construction are inverted construction hence cannot be considered correct.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that p [#permalink]

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monirjewel wrote:
Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fie lds of large sea areas. they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated
(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated
(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating
(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated
(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fie lds of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating

The same question is discussed in the two posts below.
because-there-are-provisions-of-the-new-maritime-code-that-95275.html
pronoun-ambiguity-contradiction-123472.html
Pls. spare a few minutes for reading Forum rules for posting (given in my signature) rather than blindly posting the questions.
the last 8 questions you have posted mostly REPEAT old discussions, so pls. delete the repeated questions and post your doubts in the relevant OLD threads.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that p [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2013, 02:36
monirjewel wrote:
Ya discussions are there but no question.....

Ok,so please go ahead and post your questions in those old discussion thread.
Thanks

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that [#permalink]

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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2013, 03:20
The sentence is made up of two fragments (two clauses) of the type : Because X ..., Y ...
So, the subject of the first clause and the subject of the second clause should be same (in second clause, a pronoun is used, and so, its antecedent must be the subject of the first clause)

Second thing, the meaning. The maritime code did X. Because of which, Y happened.

This is perfectly done in B. If you have doubts with option A, split the sentence into two clause fragments, and re-read it. You will see the mistakes with A.

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

The "it" clearly refers to the subject of the first clause.
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Re: Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that   [#permalink] 14 Dec 2013, 03:20

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