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Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial

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New post 17 Jul 2007, 18:14
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Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat

(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat

(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health

(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats

(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats
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New post 17 Jul 2007, 23:24
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stevegt wrote:
Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats


It is clearly between A and B. We have to establish a link between the fat consumption and vitamin intake.

B for me is not relevant. It doesn't help us if we know if vitamin and fat are present in the same food.

A for me is the answer. If increasing the vitamin intake can offset the negative effect of the fat, then the columnist's position is weakened and otherwise strengthened. Thus, A helps to evaluate the columnist's position most effectively.
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2007, 01:31
Quote:
Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats


I vote for A as well.

C: People should avoid using artificial fat
P1: Artificial fat does not have negative effects of fat but it absorbs certain essential vitamins
P2: Artificial fat prevents essential vitamins from being used in the body

To me the argument reads, "Artificial fat prevents essential vitamins from being used in the body. Therefore, to ensure the body processes these essential vitamins, one should avoid artificial fat."

However, if we introduce an idea that would allow the body to still process the essential vitamins, that would be a weakening point.

Just my rambling...
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2007, 03:31
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misterJJ2u wrote:
Quote:
Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats


I vote for A as well.

C: People should avoid using artificial fat
P1: Artificial fat does not have negative effects of fat but it absorbs certain essential vitamins
P2: Artificial fat prevents essential vitamins from being used in the body

To me the argument reads, "Artificial fat prevents essential vitamins from being used in the body. Therefore, to ensure the body processes these essential vitamins, one should avoid artificial fat."

However, if we introduce an idea that would allow the body to still process the essential vitamins, that would be a weakening point.

Just my rambling...


If we see option 1 and option 2 more closely, it will quite visible to us that the option2 is trying to tell us that we can have both artificial and natural Fats at the same time!! Now the columnist is talking of effects of possible replacement of natural fats with artificial ones!! This would mean that we cant use 2 of them together, and it can be inferred that only one is used. This eliminates B. A is the only other choice which is logical.

Therefore A is correct!

Please specify the OA, and explanation if any!
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2007, 11:02
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stevegt wrote:
Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats


Let's put it this way:
Conclusion:
People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake.
Premises:
Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

So columnist tells us not to use the Arti.Fat as it doesnt damage the health but can prevent certain vitamins which can be used by the budy

Now we know that it is fine to eat Art.Fat as it doesnt affect our health negatively, but still it has drawback. Since it reduces the vitamins, we need to find out if taking vitamins along with Art.Fat containing food is fine, as we cannot stop eating Art.Fat food and cannot just loose vitamins so we need to take some vitas to keep the health.

I think A will clear that.
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2011, 21:09
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+ 1 A.

B: whether the vitamins are present in the food that contains the fat, does not sufficiently indicate the validity of the conclusion. The argument no where states that only the vitamins, present in the same food as the fat, are absorbed .
Vitamins of other food stuff can also be absorbed.
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2014, 09:40
Hi,

Here the conclusion is People should avoid using artificial fat ,because it prevent essential vitamins to be used by the body.
So now seeing the option A ,which is the OA. But my query is Even after increasing the intake of vitamins how does it going to compensate the artificial fat intake effect, as it still going to prevent the vitamins to be used by the body as it just vitamins quantity is increased.

Please help me out.

Thanks
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New post 21 May 2014, 20:00
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Nitinaka19 wrote:
Hi,

Here the conclusion is People should avoid using artificial fat ,because it prevent essential vitamins to be used by the body.
So now seeing the option A ,which is the OA. But my query is Even after increasing the intake of vitamins how does it going to compensate the artificial fat intake effect, as it still going to prevent the vitamins to be used by the body as it just vitamins quantity is increased.

Please help me out.

Thanks


Hi Nitin,

Good question. You are correct in your understanding to a limited extent.

If option A had been:

Whether a person consuming artificial fat can increase his/her intake of Vitamins?

Then your reasoning would be correct. Because we don't know whether increasing the intake of vitamins would help or not since artificial fat is preventing these vitamins to be absorbed in the body. Even if the intake of vitamins is increased, it may not help if the artificial fat does not allow these vitamins to be absorbed by the body.

So, you would have been correct if the option statement were like above.

However, option A says:

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat

What do we mean by "compensate" here?

When someone says "Your high score in verbal can compensate for your low score in quant". What does it mean? It means that even though your quant score is probably below the required number, your high verbal score can help you get the required overall score.

Similarly, option A says whether increasing intake of vitamins (high verbal score) can help the body get the required vitamins (overall score) even in the presence of artificial fat (low quant score).

Now, if the answer is Yes, then it means that increasing intake of vitamins will give your body its required vitamins. So, you need not cut artificial fat from your diet. It weakens the conclusion.

Similarly, if the answer is No, it strengthens the conclusion.

Does it help? :)

Thanks,
Chiranjeev
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2016, 04:19
stevegt wrote:
Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats


The health problem is that artificial fat absorbs certain essential vitamins, and hence prevent these vitamins to be used by the body.

We have to evaluate the argument and focus only on the 'absorption and utilization of vitamins' by the body.

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat. That means external intake of vitamins can compensate the poor absorption. This is certainly helping to evaluate the argument.
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat. We are concerned about the absorption or availability of the vitamins to body. Presence of vitamins doesn't promise the availability.
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health. not concerned about endangering health.
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats. Not concerned about preparing food using artificial fat.
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats. Not concerned about the taste
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New post 25 Aug 2016, 03:41
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Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake.


Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback:

it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat



(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat

the question is not that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods or not. Even if it is not present in food, the absorption can happen in body itself. if you ingest artificial fat and it absorbs essential vitamin inside the body,reventing them from being used by the body - still the harm.
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 19:21
stevegt wrote:
Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, THEREBY preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats


https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t2282.html

You need to boil the columnist's position down to its essence, which is basically this:

Fat absorbs vitamins that are essential.
Therefore, body doesn't get vitamins.
Therefore, bad news.

The second 'therefore' here is unassailable (it's definitely bad news if your body doesn't get vitamins), so the only thing that might sway the argument in one direction or the other is the first 'therefore'. if we could break the connection between absorption of vitamins and robbing the body of vitamins, then we could possibly destroy the argument.

(A) It breaks the connection and introduces the possibility that the body might get the vitamins anyway, despite the absorption of some of those vitamins by the fat.

(B) Irrelevant, as it doesn't matter where the vitamins come from (only whether they're properly absorbed)

(C) Irrelevant, as the possible dangers of low-fat diets don't affect the above line of reasoning (the dangers of the artificial fat) at all

(D) Irrelevant: which foods can contain the artificial fat has nothing to do with whether it will rob the body of vitamins

(E) Irrelevant: taste has no bearing on the discussion at hand
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2017, 06:52
The options that I had for this question were different, primarily option B.Probably they have revised the options. We need to reconsider the new options .

options for Gmat prep 6 :-


Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat

(B) Whether any of the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are destroyed by prolonged cooking
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health

(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats

(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats

I was confused between A & B in this one and chose B.
If cooking destroys the vitamins then the artifical fat is not having a drawback. If cooking does not destroy the vitamins, then yes the artificial fat has a drawback.

Although I notice 2 assumptions that are taken in B option.
1. It talks about only for foods that are cooked. If these foods are eaten raw then option B will not help.
2. Other one is "prolonged cooking". We don't know whethe all these foods are prolongly cooked.

I am not sure though.
Please help.
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2017, 21:58
prachi18oct wrote:
The options that I had for this question were different, primarily option B.Probably they have revised the options. We need to reconsider the new options .

options for Gmat prep 6 :-


Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat

(B) Whether any of the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are destroyed by prolonged cooking
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health

(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats

(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats

I was confused between A & B in this one and chose B.
If cooking destroys the vitamins then the artifical fat is not having a drawback. If cooking does not destroy the vitamins, then yes the artificial fat has a drawback.

Although I notice 2 assumptions that are taken in B option.
1. It talks about only for foods that are cooked. If these foods are eaten raw then option B will not help.
2. Other one is "prolonged cooking". We don't know whethe all these foods are prolongly cooked.

I am not sure though.
Please help.


Hi prachi18oct ,
It seems that the only difference between the 2 sets of options is option B.

(B) Whether any of the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are destroyed by prolonged cooking -- Incorrect- because the argument only specifies that artificial fat can be used in place of fat in food preparation. So , we need to assume that artificial fat is used to prepare only items that need prolonged cooking.


(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat - This option introduces a possibility that body might get the vitamins , despite the absorption of some of those vitamins by the fat.

Hope this helps!! :-)
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2018, 09:22
abhimahna, GMATNinja. I perfectly understand why A is correct. But at the same time I am having difficulty in understanding why B is incorrect. If the vitamins that artificial fat absorb aren't present in foods that contain the fat then we shouldn't have any problem using the artificial fat.
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2018, 09:41
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prateek176 wrote:
abhimahna, GMATNinja. I perfectly understand why A is correct. But at the same time I am having difficulty in understanding why B is incorrect. If the vitamins that artificial fat absorb aren't present in foods that contain the fat then we shouldn't have any problem using the artificial fat.


Hi prateek176 ,

Note that we are told artificial fat absorbs certain essential vitamins. Now whether I am consuming these vitamins via some food containing/not containing fats or am I taking vitamin pills, I don't care.

I need to know what disadvantage I have using these artificial fats. Hence, option B is out of scope.

Does that make sense?
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2018, 10:28
Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat --Correct

(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat --For people whose fat intake is restricted, the foods containing fat would also be restricted by their doctor.

(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health --Why would one eat small proportions of poison every day?

(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats --there are always alternatives available

(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats --People can simply ask the server regarding the usage of fat
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 02:47
egmat wrote:
Nitinaka19 wrote:
Hi,

Here the conclusion is People should avoid using artificial fat ,because it prevent essential vitamins to be used by the body.
So now seeing the option A ,which is the OA. But my query is Even after increasing the intake of vitamins how does it going to compensate the artificial fat intake effect, as it still going to prevent the vitamins to be used by the body as it just vitamins quantity is increased.

Please help me out.

Thanks


Hi Nitin,

Good question. You are correct in your understanding to a limited extent.

If option A had been:

Whether a person consuming artificial fat can increase his/her intake of Vitamins?

Then your reasoning would be correct. Because we don't know whether increasing the intake of vitamins would help or not since artificial fat is preventing these vitamins to be absorbed in the body. Even if the intake of vitamins is increased, it may not help if the artificial fat does not allow these vitamins to be absorbed by the body.

So, you would have been correct if the option statement were like above.

However, option A says:

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat

What do we mean by "compensate" here?

When someone says "Your high score in verbal can compensate for your low score in quant". What does it mean? It means that even though your quant score is probably below the required number, your high verbal score can help you get the required overall score.

Similarly, option A says whether increasing intake of vitamins (high verbal score) can help the body get the required vitamins (overall score) even in the presence of artificial fat (low quant score).

Now, if the answer is Yes, then it means that increasing intake of vitamins will give your body its required vitamins. So, you need not cut artificial fat from your diet. It weakens the conclusion.

Similarly, if the answer is No, it strengthens the conclusion.

Does it help? :)

Thanks,
Chiranjeev

Sorry to bump into an old thread. But the issue at hand is "Does Artificial fat reduce vitamins" and not "Can vitamins be regained"
In that case A doesn't have a relevance to the issue.
I don't advocate B much although I see some point in it. Through POE, B would remain.
Correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 19:38
ganesh999 wrote:
egmat wrote:
Nitinaka19 wrote:
Hi,

Here the conclusion is People should avoid using artificial fat ,because it prevent essential vitamins to be used by the body.
So now seeing the option A ,which is the OA. But my query is Even after increasing the intake of vitamins how does it going to compensate the artificial fat intake effect, as it still going to prevent the vitamins to be used by the body as it just vitamins quantity is increased.

Please help me out.

Thanks


Hi Nitin,

Good question. You are correct in your understanding to a limited extent.

If option A had been:

Whether a person consuming artificial fat can increase his/her intake of Vitamins?

Then your reasoning would be correct. Because we don't know whether increasing the intake of vitamins would help or not since artificial fat is preventing these vitamins to be absorbed in the body. Even if the intake of vitamins is increased, it may not help if the artificial fat does not allow these vitamins to be absorbed by the body.

So, you would have been correct if the option statement were like above.

However, option A says:

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat

What do we mean by "compensate" here?

When someone says "Your high score in verbal can compensate for your low score in quant". What does it mean? It means that even though your quant score is probably below the required number, your high verbal score can help you get the required overall score.

Similarly, option A says whether increasing intake of vitamins (high verbal score) can help the body get the required vitamins (overall score) even in the presence of artificial fat (low quant score).

Now, if the answer is Yes, then it means that increasing intake of vitamins will give your body its required vitamins. So, you need not cut artificial fat from your diet. It weakens the conclusion.

Similarly, if the answer is No, it strengthens the conclusion.

Does it help? :)

Thanks,
Chiranjeev

Sorry to bump into an old thread. But the issue at hand is "Does Artificial fat reduce vitamins" and not "Can vitamins be regained"
In that case A doesn't have a relevance to the issue.
I don't advocate B much although I see some point in it. Through POE, B would remain.
Correct me if I am wrong.

The columnist's position is not simply that the artificial fat reduces vitamins. The issue at hand is whether this represents a serious drawback. Sure, reducing vitamins is an issue. But if that issue can be easily addressed by taking a couple extra vitamin pills, then the reduction would not be a serious drawback.

So while (A) does not change the fact that the artificial fat reduces vitamins, it certainly suggests that this is not a serious drawback.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial &nbs [#permalink] 13 Apr 2018, 19:38
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