GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 18 Jun 2018, 20:11

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 25 Aug 2007
Posts: 844
WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT
WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2010, 06:08
6
29
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (00:57) correct 35% (01:07) wrong based on 1573 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.

A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of

E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new farming techniques and crops, and of

_________________

Tricky Quant problems: http://gmatclub.com/forum/50-tricky-questions-92834.html
Important Grammer Fundamentals: http://gmatclub.com/forum/key-fundamentals-of-grammer-our-crucial-learnings-on-sc-93659.html

Manager
Status: Prepping for the last time....
Joined: 28 May 2010
Posts: 155
Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GPA: 3.2

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2010, 07:04
Statements with "involving" are adverbial phrases. They did not contain a standard verb to modify.

While D is run-on, B is correct as the verb "involved" modifies "widespread changes in agriculture".
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Nov 2009
Posts: 269

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2010, 13:08
1
B.

During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, [strike]known as the agrarian revolution[/strike], involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.

During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.
_________________

"Success is going from failure to failure without a loss of enthusiam." - Winston Churchill

As vs Like - Check this link : http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/like-as.html.

Manager
Joined: 06 Oct 2009
Posts: 59

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2010, 18:23
The correct ans is B.

Only B and D are proper sentences.B is better

Posted from my mobile device
_________________

+1 kudos me if this is of any help...

Intern
Joined: 18 May 2010
Posts: 20

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2010, 02:14
1
B

The main clause in this sentense is
widespread changes in agriculture involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming

Obviously from above, involving is wrong tense. Most of the other answers clubs "involved......crops, and" to the subordinate phrase "the eg....... revolution" with that. Doing so makes the main clause itself incomplete.

Does this make sense?
_________________

_____________________________________
If you like this comment, then +1 kudos pls

Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 872
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2010, 02:50
Of course B
VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1298

### Show Tags

29 Jun 2010, 07:09
During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.

A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and - not parallel

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and - involved the introduction of X and of Y, and the substitution of new farming..... - CORRECT

C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and - incomplete sentence

D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of - we need 'of' for 'new farming techniques'

E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new farming techniques and crops, and of - awkward
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4311
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: During the eighteenth century [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Nov 2010, 09:51
24
5
Although the passage looks like a jumble of endless apposite, still the revolution in essence involves two things only: 1. the large-scale introduction (of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops) and 2. The substitution (of commercial blah.) The trick is to temporally ignore the prepositional phrases and converge on the arms of the list. In this symmetrical structure, the two factors i.e. The introduction and the substitution should be parallelly placed.

A.C and E can be instantly dropped, because they each are fragments without working verbs.

Between B and D, D missies parallelism by unnecessarily adding a preposition - of - to the second arm of the list – the substitution -, while dropping it for the first arm, - the introduction

Of course, the multiple use of the conjunction – and - is appropriately done in both the contenders.

B is the choice
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2010
Posts: 121
Re: During the eighteenth century [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Nov 2010, 09:57
2
This Q is testing parallelism in a very rough way.

(A) does not have main verb (should be "changes ..... involved")
(B) correct parallelism, very complicated though
(C) does not have main verb (should be "changes ..... involved")
(D) lack of comma introduces ambiguity: "revolution involved"
(E) does not have main verb (should be "changes ..... involved")
Intern
Joined: 26 Jul 2010
Posts: 39
Schools: Haas, HBS, UNC, Duke, Kellogg, etc
WE 1: Investment Banking Domain, Functionally-Technology
Re: During the eighteenth century [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Nov 2010, 23:57
raghavs wrote:
During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian
revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming
techniques and crops, and
the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.
A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new
farming techniques and crops, and
B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new
farming techniques and crops, and
C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of
new farming techniques and crops, and
D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming
techniques and crops, and of
E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new
farming techniques and crops, and of

Here A states revolution, involving which makes the sentence very awkward...

B is correct in saying ...the large-scale introduction of A and of B... ,and C- here basically there is hierarchy of conjunctions.... [A and B] and c... it is maintained perfectly...

In C use of 'which' is redundant...

In D 'introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of' distorts the meaning...

In E usage of 'of' in climax changes the meaning of sentence.. it suggests that 'large-scale introduction.... of A and B, and of C' ie also large scale introduction of 'substitution of commercial for subsistence farming' ... which is so incorrect...

Definitely B is perfect...
Manager
Status: #TeamFuqua
Joined: 01 Jun 2010
Posts: 122
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: 580 Q37 V32
GMAT 2: 570 Q36 V32
GMAT 3: 680 Q44 V40
WE: Consulting (Consulting)

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2013, 21:05
Any one care to take a look at this problem again?

My doubt is between B and D

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and
D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields,new farming techniques and crops, and of

IMHO, D should be correct because in B, we introduce "and" between a point 1 and 2 in a 3-point list. The way I read this is :
revolution involved
a) ...introduction of enclosed fields
b)..new farming techniques,
c)...the substitution of commercial....

the issue with D on the other hand is this unnecessary preposition "of" at the end of the third clause.
_________________

-MBAJunkie

Director
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 811
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2013, 21:49
1
MBAjunkie16 wrote:
Any one care to take a look at this problem again?

My doubt is between B and D

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and
D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields,new farming techniques and crops, and of

IMHO, D should be correct because in B, we introduce "and" between a point 1 and 2 in a 3-point list. The way I read this is :
revolution involved
a) ...introduction of enclosed fields
b)..new farming techniques,
c)...the substitution of commercial....

the issue with D on the other hand is this unnecessary preposition "of" at the end of the third clause.

as you pointed out the presence of OF breaks the parallelism and hence is wrong.

option B is correct.

During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involved X , and Y.

X = {the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new (farming techniques and crops)}
[b]Y
= {the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.}

[/b]STRIKED OUT PART is modifier.
PARALLELISM IS BETWEEN X AND Y

IN X==> FARMING TECHNIQUES AND CROPS ==>THEY ARE PARALLEL///////AND...INTRODUCTION OF A AND B are parallel.
where A=ENCLOSED FIELDS
B=FARMING TECHNIQUES AND CROPS..

so overall we have 3 parallel construction as we have 3 PARALLELISM MARKER i.e AND

HOPE IT HELPS
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...

learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment

Manager
Status: #TeamFuqua
Joined: 01 Jun 2010
Posts: 122
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: 580 Q37 V32
GMAT 2: 570 Q36 V32
GMAT 3: 680 Q44 V40
WE: Consulting (Consulting)

### Show Tags

15 Aug 2013, 13:22
blueseas wrote:
MBAjunkie16 wrote:
Any one care to take a look at this problem again?

My doubt is between B and D

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and
D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields,new farming techniques and crops, and of

IMHO, D should be correct because in B, we introduce "and" between a point 1 and 2 in a 3-point list. The way I read this is :
revolution involved
a) ...introduction of enclosed fields
b)..new farming techniques,
c)...the substitution of commercial....

the issue with D on the other hand is this unnecessary preposition "of" at the end of the third clause.

as you pointed out the presence of OF breaks the parallelism and hence is wrong.

option B is correct.

During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involved X , and Y.

X = {the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new (farming techniques and crops)}
[b]Y
= {the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.}

[/b]STRIKED OUT PART is modifier.
PARALLELISM IS BETWEEN X AND Y

IN X==> FARMING TECHNIQUES AND CROPS ==>THEY ARE PARALLEL///////AND...INTRODUCTION OF A AND B are parallel.
where A=ENCLOSED FIELDS
B=FARMING TECHNIQUES AND CROPS..

so overall we have 3 parallel construction as we have 3 PARALLELISM MARKER i.e AND

HOPE IT HELPS

It did! Thanks so much - if I understand correctly then, the large scale introduction here refers to enclosed fields and the farming techniques = X. Great! that's really helpful.
_________________

-MBAJunkie

Manager
Joined: 24 May 2014
Posts: 96
Location: India
GMAT 1: 590 Q39 V32
GRE 1: 310 Q159 V151
GRE 2: 312 Q159 V153
GPA: 2.9

### Show Tags

10 Dec 2015, 01:13
Question:

'And' indicates parallelism. In option B shouldn't 'of' come before the substitution of commercial as well.?
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4311
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)

### Show Tags

10 Dec 2015, 05:48
2
B is no doubt the best of the lot. Still a small hazy area---The revolution involved two things namely 1. the large scale introduction of X and the substitution of Y. There are only two items in the main list. Do we need a comma between them, i.e before the second ‘and’? One might observe that there is no comma before the ‘and’ in the subordinate modifier namely ‘of enclosed fields’ and ‘of new farming techniques and crops’ and rightly so in IMO.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Joined: 24 May 2014
Posts: 96
Location: India
GMAT 1: 590 Q39 V32
GRE 1: 310 Q159 V151
GRE 2: 312 Q159 V153
GPA: 2.9

### Show Tags

10 Dec 2015, 20:48
daagh : Thank you for the response. Observed the question again, in option E there is a 'that' after revolution. That refers to the noun before it. So I interpret it as it's not the revolution that involved the so called 'methods' rather the widespread changes. And in option B, the comma introduces a meaningful split.
Manager
Joined: 07 May 2015
Posts: 93

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2015, 20:35
Core sentence is Wide spread changes in agriculture involved.....
In that context, A, C, E are out because these are just phrases if you remove the modifiers.

Between B and D, D has parallelism issue so I will go with B as correct answer.

ykaiim wrote:
During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.

A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of

E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new farming techniques and crops, and of
Intern
Joined: 05 Oct 2015
Posts: 4

### Show Tags

29 Dec 2015, 05:20
During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming. Main clause in bold! - no 'real' verb is given in A - furthermore the right tense should be used

A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of no comma between revolution and involved

E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new farming techniques and crops, and of no verb in the main clause
_________________

Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2017
Posts: 145

### Show Tags

18 Jun 2017, 04:58
During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.

A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of

E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new farming techniques and crops, and of
_________________

I hate long and complicated explanations!

Manager
Joined: 24 May 2017
Posts: 63

### Show Tags

23 Jun 2017, 03:19
During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.

A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and - "involving" does not work with "... in agriculture"
B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and - CORRECT, parallel structure.. "the large scale introduction" and "the substitution" + "of enclosed fields" and "of new farming techniques"
C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and - reference of "which" is ambiguous
D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of - comma missing between "revolution" and "involved" + not parallel "of enclosed fields" and "new farming techniques"
E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new farming techniques and crops, and of - not parallel "of enclosed fields" and "new farming techniques"
_________________

NOTE: I am not an expert, therefore my analysis answering the questions may be incorrect and may not be relied upon. However I will appreciate if you can correct the mistakes I may have made in my analysis.

Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in   [#permalink] 23 Jun 2017, 03:19

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 33 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by