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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed,

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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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02 May 2005, 14:24
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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria's ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria's ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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02 May 2005, 15:21
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I'd go with D. Its because the statement should be a conclusion. The argument is
1. Complete blockage required for trade embargo to succeed.
2. Trying to enforce a complete blockage is likely to create a discorm amongst nations.

The only logical conclusion is that "therefore, a trade embargo against Patria is likely to fail".

Stmts B and E are suggestions for the embargo to succeed, not conclusions.
Stmt A is wrong because the passage doesn't mention that international discord would help Patria.
C is simply a fact. already stated in the arguments, not a conclusion.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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03 May 2005, 08:08
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In E, unanimous agreement does not necessarily mean a high degree of cooperation.

Therefore, D.

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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03 May 2005, 15:10
(D). Blockade will cause international discord. => trade embargo will fail (first sentence)

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2009, 10:18
D IMO

just take it this way..

A-->embargo

B-->condn 1(a high degree of both international accord )
and
C-->condn 2(ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country)

As per the passage
For A(embargo) to happen we need both B and C

Now which one strongly supports it?
Obviously D.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2009, 11:57
nitya34 wrote:
D IMO

just take it this way..

A-->embargo

B-->condn 1(a high degree of both international accord )
and
C-->condn 2(ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country)

As per the passage
For A(embargo) to happen we need both B and C

Now which one strongly supports it?
Obviously D.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

nitya34,
Thanks for explanation but I am not able to relate your conditions with option D. Can you be a bit more elaborative?

I chose E.. and if possible, can you explain why E is wrong? (E option may be very strong (unanimous opinion) ..?)

Thanks.

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2010, 15:27
I'm for D also. but,

'Any trade embargo' in D is still problematic.

Given article (ports, such an action, 'the' embargo) is limited to 'naval' trade.
It seemingly cannot jump to 'Any trade embargo', which includes 'air' or 'land' trade as well.

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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2010, 04:05
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k i think i get this question ..

"For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained"----------this is the condtion for success

"A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embarg
o."---------indicates lack of international accord
what can u conclude?
a) you cannot say this for sure --reject
b)lacks the condition ( ability to prevent goods)--so success may or may not be possible
c)cannot say this for sure that this will happen for all we know someone might smuggle the goods--so rejected
d)consider the tone.." likely " indicates that the tone is modest, ---not easy to see this though so this looks ohke
e) too strict ..
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2010, 10:34
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I echo Amit.

Apply the facts to the conclusion, which should reflect those facts.

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2010, 19:05
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courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much

Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2010, 04:04
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much

Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.

Hi Karisma , i got the question right missed on a few points which you covered very well.Can you also tell what is mean by "International accord ".My line of reasoning was that International accord does not neccesarily mean that all should agree unanimously
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2010, 04:48
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Expert's post
mundasingh123 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much

Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.

Hi Karisma , i got the question right missed on a few points which you covered very well.Can you also tell what is mean by "International accord ".My line of reasoning was that International accord does not neccesarily mean that all should agree unanimously

A high degree of international accord means that most countries should agree to the decision. But the argument mentions "A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the em
bargo."
So whatever is the level of accord that is needed, is likely to be not received.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2011, 03:26
'a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained.'

but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.

hence D
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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2012, 11:16
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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria's ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria's ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

whats wrong with option B.
If international opinion is in favour of blockade of patrias ports , then no damage for international discord and trade embargo is likely to succeed

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28 Feb 2012, 11:30
Quote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria's ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria's ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

 whats wrong with option B. If international opinion is in favour of blockade of patrias ports , then no damage for international discord and trade embargo is likely to succeed

I liked D because I think B & E are similarly worded and are too extreme - unanimous seems to be too strong
A & C seem irrelevant.

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29 Feb 2012, 10:50
D, for sure.

Conclusion-. A total blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Hence we have to find an answer choice that strengthens the conclusion i.e why the embargo is likely to fail or cause discord.Only option D helps to explain this.

Option B does not help to strengthen the conclusion. It just restates a fact in the argument.

Hope my explanations clears your doubt.

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01 Mar 2012, 07:48
Are you sure that last sentence "A total blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo" is conclusion. I think all the sentences in the argument are just premises.

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01 Mar 2012, 22:14
TomB wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria's ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.

whats wrong with option B.
If international opinion is in favour of blockade of patrias ports , then no damage for international discord and trade embargo is likely to succeed

This is conclusion type. Embargo need International Accord (1)+ Ability to prevent good entering or leaving (2)
Patria's port have only (2). Choice B is wrong because whether the discord unanimous or not, this thing does not affect to the (1). So, its wrong.

Because Partria's port lack of (2), so its embargo possibly fails
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01 Mar 2012, 22:59
Question Stem : we need to find the conclusion drawn from above premises and last line is main premise to draw the conclusion that every embargo is likely to fail at some point of time.

D
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Re: inference   [#permalink] 01 Mar 2012, 22:59

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