Hello Everyone!
Let's take a look at this question, one problem at a time, and narrow it down to the correct answer! To get started, here is the original question:
In 1913, the largely self-taught Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan mailed 120 of his theorems to three different British mathematicians;
only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but thanks to Hardy's recognition, Ramanujan was eventually elected to the Royal Society of London.
(A) only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized
the brilliance of these theorems, but
(B)
they were brilliant, G. H. Hardy alone recognized, but
(C)
these theorems were brilliant, but only one, G. H. Hardy recognized;
(D) but, only one G. H. Hardy,
recognizing their brilliance,
(E) only one G. H. Hardy recognized, but
these theorems were brilliantAfter a quick glance over the options, it's clear that each one is written very differently from the next, so this could be a trick one to answer. The major difference I noticed right away was the word "brilliant/brilliance." What is brilliant in this sentence? The theorems that Ramanujan wrote. So let's check to make sure each sentence is using the adjective "brilliant/brilliance" to refer to the theorems:
(A) only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized
the brilliance of these theorems, but -->
OK(B)
they were brilliant, G. H. Hardy alone recognized, but -->
WRONG (By putting "they" directly after the word "mathematicians," it changes the meaning! This is saying that Hardy thinks the mathematicians are brilliant, not the theorems! So this is wrong.)(C)
these theorems were brilliant, but only one, G. H. Hardy recognized; -->
OK(D) but, only one G. H. Hardy, recognizing
their brilliance, --> WRONG
(It's not clear if the pronoun "their" is referring to the theorems or mathematicians. In fact, this option doesn't even mention the theorems, which is a problem!)
(E) only one G. H. Hardy recognized, but
these theorems were brilliant -->
OKWe can eliminate options B and D because they use misplaced or vague pronouns. Now that we've narrowed it down to 3 options, let's look at each one more closely to identify other problems:
(A) only one, G. H. Hardy, recognized the brilliance of these theorems, but
This option is
CORRECT! It's clear that G.H. Hardy is the only one of the 3 mathematicians that thought Ramanujan's work was brilliant, and it's also clear that the word "brilliance" is referring to the theorems.
(C) these theorems were brilliant, but only one, G. H. Hardy recognized;
This option is
INCORRECT for a couple reasons. First, it changes the original meaning when it "but only one, G.H. Hardy recognized." This option is saying that Hardy only thought one of the theorems was brilliant, instead of the intended meaning of saying that only one of the mathematicians thought all of Ramanujan's work was good. Second, the semicolon on the end isn't necessary. We already have a semicolon before the word "these," so the second one is just unneeded.
(E) only one G. H. Hardy recognized, but these theorems were brilliant
This option is
INCORRECT because the phrase "only one G.H. Hardy recognized" is vague. It's not clear if Hardy only recognized one of the mathematicians (which doesn't make logical sense), or if he only recognized one of the theorems, which also doesn't make sense. He is the only mathematician that recognized ALL of Ramanujan's work as brilliant.
There you have it -
option A is the correct answer!Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.
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