It is currently 24 Sep 2017, 00:12

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
G
Status: It always seems impossible until it's done!!
Joined: 29 Aug 2012
Posts: 906

Kudos [?]: 1362 [0], given: 263

Location: India
GMAT 1: 680 Q47 V34
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jul 2016, 04:40
6
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (00:38) correct 24% (00:50) wrong based on 624 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from varying distances, which revealed a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon’s.

A. which revealed a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon’s
B. to reveal a degree of cratering similar to the Moon
C. revealing a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon
D. and revealed cratering similar in degree to the Moon
E. that revealed cratering similar in degree to that of the Moon
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Become a GMAT Club Premium member to avail lot of discounts

Kudos [?]: 1362 [0], given: 263

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Feb 2015
Posts: 389

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 10

Concentration: Strategy, General Management
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jul 2016, 04:46
Gnpth wrote:
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from varying distances, which revealed a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon’s.

A. which revealed a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon’s ----- modifier issue
B. to reveal a degree of cratering similar to the Moon ------incorrect comparison
C. revealing a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon -----the correct answer
D. and revealed cratering similar in degree to the Moon -------incorrect comparison again ,also there is a change in meaning when It refers to degree to the moon
E. that revealed cratering similar in degree to that of the Moon----The usage of that greatly emphasizes the photograph



Because of the given reasons ---C

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 10

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 17 Jun 2016
Posts: 62

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 202

Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jul 2016, 11:26
Not getting why option B is incorrect :? :?

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 202

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Feb 2015
Posts: 389

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 10

Concentration: Strategy, General Management
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jul 2016, 11:45
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
shonakshi wrote:
Not getting why option B is incorrect :? :?



In option B the degree of cratering is compared to moon.
The correct comparison should be the degree of cratering of Venus with the degree of cratering of moon
Instead of writing the full sentence we can write that of the moon

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 10

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 13 Jun 2016
Posts: 137

Kudos [?]: 120 [1], given: 424

Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Technology
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jul 2016, 20:46
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
this is really a modifier and comparison question.

Without question, A, B and D can be eliminated because the comparison is not equal. There must be 'that of' that refers back to surface.

Between C and E is much more difficult.
'revealing' is a participial modifier which modifies the entire noun phrase.
'That' is a relative clause that modifies the subject 'area',

therefore the answer choice is C.

Please let me know if I am wrong about the modifier as I may not be entirely correct.

Kudos [?]: 120 [1], given: 424

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2016
Posts: 27

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 17

GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V31
GMAT 2: 770 Q51 V42
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2016, 01:19
OG explaination says in (A) "which" is correct. Says that it is an appositive clause expressing what imaging of mercury found.
This is new to me. Can some one explain how "which" is correct here?

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 17

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3139

Kudos [?]: 3108 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2016, 12:23
arpitgarg wrote:
OG explaination says in (A) "which" is correct. Says that it is an appositive clause expressing what imaging of mercury found.
This is new to me. Can some one explain how "which" is correct here?


First, the term "appositive" here does not indicate the commonly accepted meaning: a noun modifying a noun. Some grammarians use the term "appositive relative clause" to indicate what we generally call "non-essential modifiers". (But in GMAT the jargon does not matter.)

Now coming to your query:
This is very odd indeed. This may be one of the rare occasions in which one OG explanation contradicts another. The relative pronoun "which" does not have a noun to refer to - the second part should modify the entire clause and a present participle modifier "revealing..." is correct.

I would seek further advice from the expert of the experts mikemcgarry .

Kudos [?]: 3108 [0], given: 22

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 24 Oct 2013
Posts: 150

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 127

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2016, 00:52
can someone explain why E is wrong ?
Is it just about the tense in option E ?

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 127

2 KUDOS received
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
D
Status: Aiming MBA
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 2368

Kudos [?]: 719 [2], given: 62

Location: India
Concentration: Healthcare, Technology
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V35
GPA: 3.65
WE: Information Technology (Health Care)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2016, 01:00
2
This post received
KUDOS
deepthit wrote:
can someone explain why E is wrong ?
Is it just about the tense in option E ?


E is wrong because of the wrong usage of 'that'.

Remember, on GMAT that should never be preceded by a comma. 'That' is an essential modifier that should be attached directly to the entity it modifies.
_________________

V21 ---> V40!

Kudos [?]: 719 [2], given: 62

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 24 Oct 2013
Posts: 150

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 127

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2016, 01:03
abhimahna wrote:
deepthit wrote:
can someone explain why E is wrong ?
Is it just about the tense in option E ?


E is wrong because of the wrong usage of 'that'.

Remember, on GMAT that should never be preceded by a comma. 'That' is an essential modifier that should be attached directly to the entity it modifies.


Thanks Abhimahna , Thats a great point

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 127

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
B
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1088

Kudos [?]: 1129 [1], given: 29

Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2016, 02:23
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Another problem is that a modifier starting with "that" will be a noun modifier, and must therefore modify the preceding noun. The distances themselves didn't reveal the cratering. C correctly uses an adverbial modifier (", revealing . . . ") to indicate that this revelation is a result of the entire preceding clause.
_________________


Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Kudos [?]: 1129 [1], given: 29

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Apr 2012
Posts: 94

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 75

Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V29
GMAT 2: 660 Q45 V35
GMAT 3: 680 Q48 V35
GPA: 2.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Dec 2016, 09:16
Gnpth wrote:
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from varying distances, which revealed a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon’s.

A. which revealed a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon’s
B. to reveal a degree of cratering similar to the Moon
C. revealing a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon
D. and revealed cratering similar in degree to the Moon
E. that revealed cratering similar in degree to that of the Moon



Hello,

I got this one right, but I have one doubt.

As per my understanding, ing modifier must make sense with the subject and the action of the previous clause. However, in the sentence there is no active subject present. The photograph was taken, but who took the photograph is not clear. So, can we use ing modifer with passive construction ?


sayantanc2k : Could you please explain ?

Thanks !

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 75

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 24 Oct 2016
Posts: 321

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 88

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, International Business
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 550 Q42 V28
GPA: 3.96
WE: Human Resources (Retail Banking)
Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Dec 2016, 10:02
I think it just an cause and effect relationship... :-D

Sent from my HM 1SW using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 88

Expert Post
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
B
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1088

Kudos [?]: 1129 [0], given: 29

Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2016, 12:39
karant, the modifier does need to make sense in relation to the preceding clause, but it doesn't need to refer to a person who performed the action. It just explains the result of the action. A large area was photographed, and this revealed the cratering. It doesn't matter who took the photograph. It was probably automated, anyway. :)
_________________


Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Kudos [?]: 1129 [0], given: 29

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Apr 2012
Posts: 94

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 75

Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V29
GMAT 2: 660 Q45 V35
GMAT 3: 680 Q48 V35
GPA: 2.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Dec 2016, 12:03
DmitryFarber wrote:
karant, the modifier does need to make sense in relation to the preceding clause, but it doesn't need to refer to a person who performed the action. It just explains the result of the action. A large area was photographed, and this revealed the cratering. It doesn't matter who took the photograph. It was probably automated, anyway. :)


DmitryFarber

Thanks for the explanation!

I think I have read, though not sure, somewhere a rule that says avoid sentences that use ing modifier with passive construction.

I correlated the rule with the Emily'Dickson letter question

Emily Dickinson’s letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumbering her letters to anyone else.

In the incorrect above version, outnumbering does not make sense !

Could you please share few examples in which ing modifier is used with passive voice in the main clause.

However, after your explanation and official question in discussion, it is clear that ing can very much make sense with passive construction.

Thank you

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 75

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 17 Feb 2014
Posts: 112

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 31

Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V42
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Feb 2017, 11:33
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from varying distances, which revealed a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon’s.

Issue: Modifier

Analysis:
1. Since "," is not underlined, it is pretty easy to eliminate wrong answers.
2. ", verb-ing" is used to modify the whole clause preceding "comma" and this is what we need here.


A. which revealed a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon’s
- ", which" modifies the noun immediately preceding the comma. In this case it has been used incorrectly to refer to the action "photographed"

B. to reveal a degree of cratering similar to the Moon
- ", to" is ungrammatical
- "degree of cratering" has been compared to "the Moon", leading to comparison error


C. revealing a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon

D. and revealed cratering similar in degree to the Moon
- "and revealed ... " clause is missing subject
- "degree of cratering" has been compared to "the Moon", leading to comparison error


E. that revealed cratering similar in degree to that of the Moon
- ", that" is the wrong modifier here.

Answer: C.

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 31

VP
VP
avatar
S
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1411

Kudos [?]: 153 [0], given: 916

Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Feb 2017, 01:37
in the pattern
main clause +to do

the subject of main clause is the agent of to do. this should be realized.

but in the pattern
main clause+comma +to do
or
to do+comma+ main clause

the agent of to do can be no one in the sentence

an example of this case is the question, from official guide

" to keep it from being stolen, it is burried...." . you can google to find this sentence.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Kudos [?]: 153 [0], given: 916

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Jan 2017
Posts: 436

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 15

Location: India
Premium Member
Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Mar 2017, 04:17
A. Can be knocked off - Incorrect placement of the Relative Pronoun, ‘which’- Pronoun error. INCORRECT
B. The Pronoun error is rectified in this option. However, it can be knocked off because ‘the degree of cratering is incorrectly compared to the moon. Incorrect- Comparison Error. INCORRECT.
C. Correct usage of the adverbial modifier, ‘revealing’. It correctly refers to the action, ‘was photographed……’ the action revealed a degree of cratering. Correct comparison- cratering similar to that of the moon’ (Correct Answer)-
D. Wrong Comparison… Cratering is compared to ‘Moon”- ( Comparison Error)-INCORRECT
E. ‘That’ appears to modify distances- error similar to that in Option A..INCORRECT

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 15

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 21 Aug 2016
Posts: 299

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 135

Location: India
GPA: 3.9
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Mar 2017, 11:24
C correctly shows the effect of the photographs, so the correct answer is C

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 135

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 479

Kudos [?]: 72 [1], given: 18

Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Mar 2017, 15:14
1
This post received
KUDOS
In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from varying distances, which revealed a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon’s.

A. which revealed a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon’sModifies the distance.
B. to reveal a degree of cratering similar to the Moonthe degree of cratering ws not the motive of the photographs,change in meaning
C. revealing a degree of cratering similar to that of the Moon Verb+ing after comma modifies the clause.correct choice
D. and revealed cratering similar in degree to the Moon no noun or subject.
E. that revealed cratering similar in degree to that of the Moon that is wrong modifier.

Kudos [?]: 72 [1], given: 18

Re: In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from   [#permalink] 22 Mar 2017, 15:14

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 25 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

In 1974 a large area of the surface of Mercury was photographed from

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.