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In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingen

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In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingen [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 22:00
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B
C
D
E

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86% (01:01) correct 14% (00:57) wrong based on 81 sessions

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In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it had come to be a symbol of the excessive risks and irresponsible trading that helped cause the recession.

A. regarded by many investors to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it had come to be a symbol of the excessive risks and irresponsible
B. by many investors regarded to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it came to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible
C. then regarded, by many investors, as being an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s they came as a symbol of risking excessively and irresponsibly
D. regarded by many investors as an ingenious way for a new company to raise capital, but in the 1990s they had come to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible
E. by many investors regarded as being an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s they came to be a symbol of the excessive risk and irresponsible
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingen [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 01:59
noyaljoseph wrote:
In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it had come to be a symbol of the excessive risks and irresponsible trading that helped cause the recession.

A.regarded by many investors to bean ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it had cometo be a symbol of the excessive risks and irresponsible
B. by many investors regarded to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it came to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible
C. then regarded, by many investors, as being an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s they came as a symbol of risking excessively and irresponsibly
D. regarded by many investors as an ingenious way for a new company to raise capital, but in the 1990s they had come to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible
E. by many investors regarded as being an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s they came to be a symbol of the excessive risk and irresponsible



Hello,

1) Just one IDIOM is more than enough to come to correct answer..
Regarded as is the correct idiom and ONLY D and E use it correctly...
E has very awkward connection.... D is correct..
2) pronoun error - it/they .... the pronoun refers to bonds, so THEY should be used...
3) PAST perfect tense... as two events in different times are being spoken about had come is better than came..

ans D
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Re: In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingen [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 08:54
chetan2u wrote:
noyaljoseph wrote:
In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it had come to be a symbol of the excessive risks and irresponsible trading that helped cause the recession.

A.regarded by many investors to bean ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it had cometo be a symbol of the excessive risks and irresponsible
B. by many investors regarded to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it came to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible
C. then regarded, by many investors, as being an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s they came as a symbol of risking excessively and irresponsibly
D. regarded by many investors as an ingenious way for a new company to raise capital, but in the 1990s they had come to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible
E. by many investors regarded as being an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s they came to be a symbol of the excessive risk and irresponsible



Hello,

1) Just one IDIOM is more than enough to come to correct answer..
Regarded as is the correct idiom and ONLY D and E use it correctly...
E has very awkward connection.... D is correct..
2) pronoun error - it/they .... the pronoun refers to bonds, so THEY should be used...
3) PAST perfect tense... as two events in different times are being spoken about had come is better than came..

ans D

I guess D is wrong .
Though two different time frames are involved yet the first time frame should be in past perfect tense and the later one in simple past.
Experts please correct me if I am mistaken.
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Re: In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingen [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 10:20
noyaljoseph wrote:
In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it had come to be a symbol of the excessive risks and irresponsible trading that helped cause the recession.

A. regarded by many investors to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it had come to be a symbol of the excessive risks and irresponsible
B. by many investors regarded to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it came to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible
C. then regarded, by many investors, as being an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s they came as a symbol of risking excessively and irresponsibly
D. regarded by many investors as an ingenious way for a new company to raise capital, but in the 1990s they had come to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible
E. by many investors regarded as being an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s they came to be a symbol of the excessive risk and irresponsible



In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors as an ingenious way for a new company to raise capital, but in the 1990s they had come to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible trading that helped cause the recession.

With chetan2u ( D) for this one.....
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In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingen [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2017, 22:47
sandeep211986 wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
noyaljoseph wrote:
In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it had come to be a symbol of the excessive risks and irresponsible trading that helped cause the recession.

A.regarded by many investors to bean ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it had cometo be a symbol of the excessive risks and irresponsible
B. by many investors regarded to be an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s it came to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible
C. then regarded, by many investors, as being an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s they came as a symbol of risking excessively and irresponsibly
D. regarded by many investors as an ingenious way for a new company to raise capital, but in the 1990s they had come to symbolize the excessive risk and irresponsible
E. by many investors regarded as being an ingenious way for new companies to raise capital, but in the 1990s they came to be a symbol of the excessive risk and irresponsible



Hello,

1) Just one IDIOM is more than enough to come to correct answer..
Regarded as is the correct idiom and ONLY D and E use it correctly...
E has very awkward connection.... D is correct..
2) pronoun error - it/they .... the pronoun refers to bonds, so THEY should be used...
3) PAST perfect tense... as two events in different times are being spoken about had come is better than came..

ans D

I guess D is wrong .
Though two different time frames are involved yet the first time frame should be in past perfect tense and the later one in simple past.
Experts please correct me if I am mistaken.


100% agree with you. experts, can anyone explain this? mikemcgarry
In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingen   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2017, 22:47
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In the 1980s junk bonds were regarded by many investors to be an ingen

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