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Inference Revision: Government restrictions have severely limited

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Inference Revision: Government restrictions have severely limited  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2015, 01:56
2
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (01:24) correct 30% (01:46) wrong based on 844 sessions

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Government restrictions have severely limited the amount of stem cell research American companies can conduct. Because of these restrictions, many American scientists who specialize in the field of stem cell research have signed long-term contracts to work for foreign companies. Recently, Congress has proposed lifting all restrictions on stem cell research. Which of the following conclusions can most properly be inferred from the information above?

A. At least some foreign companies that conduct stem cell research work under fewer restrictions than some American companies do.

B. Because American scientists are under long-term contracts to foreign companies, there will be a significant influx of foreign professionals into the United States.

C. In all parts of the world, stem cell research is dependent on the financial backing of local government.

D. In the near future, American companies will no longer be at the forefront of stem cell research.

E. If restrictions on stem cell research are lifted, many of the American scientists will break their contracts to return to American companies.

Spoiler: :: OE
In this argument, a cause-and-effect relationship is presented between American
scientists signing long-term contracts with foreign companies and the
government's restrictions on stem cell research. This cause-and-effect
relationship is the key to the correct answer.
(A) CORRECT. If American scientists signed the contracts because of U.S.
restrictions, we can infer that the new companies they signed with were under
fewer restrictions. Therefore, at least some foreign companies must work under
fewer restrictions than some American companies do.
(B) While it is possible that once the restrictions are banned American companies
will want to hire more scientists and will seek them overseas, there are too many
unknowns between the premises we have have been given and this conclusion.
It is doubtful that an increase in the number of immigrating stem cell research
scientists would have a significant impact on the number of foreign professionals
overall.
(C) This passage is about government restrictions; we are given no information
about financial backing. Beware of extreme statements such as in all parts of the
world.
(D) We are not given any information regarding America's current or future
position in terms of stem cell research. Though restrictions and scientists
switching companies are two issues related to a company's prosperity, we are
given no information about how these directly affect America's position.
(E) We are not given any information that will help us predict the behavior of the
scientists in the future.

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Re: Inference Revision: Government restrictions have severely limited  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2015, 22:16
Of all the options A only seems to be to the point and hence correct and other options are overstatements.
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Re: Inference Revision: Government restrictions have severely limited  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2016, 23:49
I am not sure, but it seems to me we can infer A without the last line of the argument- " Recently, Congress has proposed lifting all restrictions on stem cell research."

As per the last statement it means that now there are no restrictions on American companies and then how can we conclude that foreign companies have lower restrictions than no restrictions

Please help!!
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Re: Inference Revision: Government restrictions have severely limited  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2016, 04:58
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Anigr16 wrote:
I am not sure, but it seems to me we can infer A without the last line of the argument- " Recently, Congress has proposed lifting all restrictions on stem cell research."

As per the last statement it means that now there are no restrictions on American companies and then how can we conclude that foreign companies have lower restrictions than no restrictions

Please help!!




Recently, Congress has proposed lifting all restrictions on stem cell research."
The argument says Congress has proposed not actually lifted the restrictions.
Hence A can be still be properly inferred.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Inference Revision: Government restrictions have severely limited  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2017, 21:52
Government restrictions have severely limited the amount of stem cell research American companies can conduct. Because of these restrictions, many American scientists who specialize in the field of stem cell research have signed long-term contracts to work for foreign companies. Recently, Congress has proposed lifting all restrictions on stem cell research.

Type - Inference

A. At least some foreign companies that conduct stem cell research work under fewer restrictions than some American companies do.- Correct - If Amercian scientists signed the contracts because of U.S.restrictions, we can infer that the new companies they signed with were under fewer restrictions. Therefore, at least some foreign companies must work under fewer restrictions than some American companies do.

B. Because American scientists are under long-term contracts to foreign companies, there will be a significant influx of foreign professionals into the United States. - May be true but there are too many unknowns .

C. In all parts of the world, stem cell research is dependent on the financial backing of local government. - Out of scope - The passage does not talk about financial backing of the government

D. In the near future, American companies will no longer be at the forefront of stem cell research. - Out of scope - the passage does not talk about America's current or future
position in terms of stem cell research.

E. If restrictions on stem cell research are lifted, many of the American scientists will break their contracts to return to American companies.- Out of scope

Answer A
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Re: Inference Revision: Government restrictions have severely limited  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 15:33
B and E are out because they contain some information that is not within the passage.
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Re: Inference Revision: Government restrictions have severely limited  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2018, 08:30
Only a looks logical and hence is the correct answer.

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Re: Inference Revision: Government restrictions have severely limited  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2018, 09:37
souvik101990 wrote:
Government restrictions have severely limited the amount of stem cell research American companies can conduct. Because of these restrictions, many American scientists who specialize in the field of stem cell research have signed long-term contracts to work for foreign companies. Recently, Congress has proposed lifting all restrictions on stem cell research. Which of the following conclusions can most properly be inferred from the information above?

A. At least some foreign companies that conduct stem cell research work under fewer restrictions than some American companies do.

B. Because American scientists are under long-term contracts to foreign companies, there will be a significant influx of foreign professionals into the United States.

C. In all parts of the world, stem cell research is dependent on the financial backing of local government.

D. In the near future, American companies will no longer be at the forefront of stem cell research.

E. If restrictions on stem cell research are lifted, many of the American scientists will break their contracts to return to American companies.

Spoiler: :: OE
In this argument, a cause-and-effect relationship is presented between American
scientists signing long-term contracts with foreign companies and the
government's restrictions on stem cell research. This cause-and-effect
relationship is the key to the correct answer.
(A) CORRECT. If American scientists signed the contracts because of U.S.
restrictions, we can infer that the new companies they signed with were under
fewer restrictions. Therefore, at least some foreign companies must work under
fewer restrictions than some American companies do.
(B) While it is possible that once the restrictions are banned American companies
will want to hire more scientists and will seek them overseas, there are too many
unknowns between the premises we have have been given and this conclusion.
It is doubtful that an increase in the number of immigrating stem cell research
scientists would have a significant impact on the number of foreign professionals
overall.
(C) This passage is about government restrictions; we are given no information
about financial backing. Beware of extreme statements such as in all parts of the
world.
(D) We are not given any information regarding America's current or future
position in terms of stem cell research. Though restrictions and scientists
switching companies are two issues related to a company's prosperity, we are
given no information about how these directly affect America's position.
(E) We are not given any information that will help us predict the behavior of the
scientists in the future.


Option A is definitely the only correct. But the use of 'some american companies' is inappropriate. Inappropriate because of two reasons:
1. Some american companies is broad and may include companies other than those that are researching on stem cell
2. Is it some or all the american companies?
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Re: Inference Revision: Government restrictions have severely limited &nbs [#permalink] 30 Jun 2018, 09:37
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