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Is the probability of choosing a student in class X who has scored

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Is the probability of choosing a student in class X who has scored  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2017, 09:12
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Is the probability of choosing a student in class X who has scored more than 50% greater than \(\frac{1}{4}\)?

(1) probability of choosing a boy in class X who has scored more than 50% is \(\frac{1}{2}\).
(2) probability of choosing a girl in the class X is \(\frac{2}{5}\).


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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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New post 27 Nov 2017, 18:44
chetan2u wrote:
Is the probability of choosing a student in class X who has scored more than 50% greater than \(\frac{1}{4}\)?

(1) probability of choosing a boy in class X who has scored more than 50% is \(\frac{1}{2}\).
(2) probability of choosing a girl in the class X is \(\frac{2}{5}\).


self made


so Q is :- P of picking a student scoring more than 50% >1/4??

lets see the statements

(1) probability of choosing a boy in class X who has scored more than 50% is \(\frac{1}{2}\).
Tells us about boys. nothing about girls..
insuff

(2) probability of choosing a girl in the class X is \(\frac{2}{5}\)
again info only about girls but doesn't tell us that how many girls score >50%
insuff

Combined
Easy to chose E as the numbers of both not known..
But always solve -
statement II tells us that girls are \(\frac{2}{5}\) , so boys are \(\frac{3}{5}\)
statement I tells us that 1/2 of boys scored more than 50%
so ATLEAST \(\frac{1}{2}*\frac{3}{5}=\frac{3}{10}\) scored more than 50%, even if none of the girls scored above 50%
\(\frac{3}{10}>\frac{1}{4}\), so ans is always YES
suff

C
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: Is the probability of choosing a student in class X who has scored  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2018, 08:52
Question: if we know, that the probability of picking a boy (=student) who is better that 50%, do we really have to know any more information about the rest to answer the question?
In my understanding, the rest consists of a. boys below 50%, b. girls above 50%, c. girls below 50% (consolidated = other 50% of total of students).
Therefor I know, that whatever comes in addition, we for sure have a probability of greater 50% (if we have at least 1 girl who is better than 50%), and the given information in 1) is sufficient to answer. Because at least half of the total students are boys better than 50%.

If this is not the case the question is probably missleading the way it's stated.

Let me know what you think.
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Re: Is the probability of choosing a student in class X who has scored  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2018, 09:18
Gregsterh wrote:
Question: if we know, that the probability of picking a boy (=student) who is better that 50%, do we really have to know any more information about the rest to answer the question?
In my understanding, the rest consists of a. boys below 50%, b. girls above 50%, c. girls below 50% (consolidated = other 50% of total of students).
Therefor I know, that whatever comes in addition, we for sure have a probability of greater 50% (if we have at least 1 girl who is better than 50%), and the given information in 1) is sufficient to answer. Because at least half of the total students are boys better than 50%.

If this is not the case the question is probably missleading the way it's stated.

Let me know what you think.


Hi..
Question is perfectly fine and means exactly what it is intended to..
You are taking students as only boys which is wrong.. students will consist of both boys and girls.

The main statement tells us - Do 1/4 or 25% of students have got more than 50% marks..
1) statement I tells us that 50% of boys have got more than 50% marks..
If boys are 2 and girls 40.. boys Both >50% and 2 girls >50%.. overall 4 out of 42 students>50% , so ans is NO
If there are 40 boys and 10 girls, Ans is always YES
Insufficient

Hope it helps
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Is the probability of choosing a student in class X who has scored  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2018, 16:30
chetan2u wrote:
Gregsterh wrote:
Question: if we know, that the probability of picking a boy (=student) who is better that 50%, do we really have to know any more information about the rest to answer the question?
In my understanding, the rest consists of a. boys below 50%, b. girls above 50%, c. girls below 50% (consolidated = other 50% of total of students).
Therefor I know, that whatever comes in addition, we for sure have a probability of greater 50% (if we have at least 1 girl who is better than 50%), and the given information in 1) is sufficient to answer. Because at least half of the total students are boys better than 50%.

If this is not the case the question is probably missleading the way it's stated.

Let me know what you think.


Hi..
Question is perfectly fine and means exactly what it is intended to..
You are taking students as only boys which is wrong.. students will consist of both boys and girls.

The main statement tells us - Do 1/4 or 25% of students have got more than 50% marks..
1) statement I tells us that 50% of boys have got more than 50% marks..
If boys are 2 and girls 40.. boys Both >50% and 2 girls >50%.. overall 4 out of 42 students>50% , so ans is NO
If there are 40 boys and 10 girls, Ans is always YES
Insufficient

Hope it helps


I hope I will not see such a question on the real exam, as I understood the statement #1 exactly as Gregsterh did: the probability of choosing a student who is a boy AND also got more than 50% is 1/2. In that case statement#1 alone is sufficient indeed.
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