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It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis

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It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth century political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.

96. The author of the passage refers to Robert Filmer primarily in order to

A: show that Royalist ideology was somewhat more radical than most historians appear to realize

B: qualify the clit ht patriarchalism formed the basis of Royalist ideology

C: question the view that most early feminists were associated with the Royalist faction

D: highlight an apparent tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists

E: argue that Royalists held conflicting opinions on issues of family organization nd women's political rights
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:D



97. The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?

A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified

B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology

C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men

D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and Parliamentarian ideology

E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:E



98. The passage suggests that Margaret Cavendish's decision to become a author was motivated, at least in part, by a desire to

A: Justify her support for the Royalist cause

B: Encourage her readers to work toward eradicating Filmer Patriarchalism

C: Persuade other women to break free from their political and social isolation

D: Analyze the cause for women's exclusion from the pursuit of power

E: Create a world over which she could exercise total control
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:E



99. The Phrase "a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet" refers most directly to

A: Cavendish's concept that each woman is a sovereign self

B: the complete political and social isolation of absolute singularity

C: the immaterial world that a writer can create on paper

D: the absolute subordination of women in a patriarchal society

E: the metaphorical figure of the absolute monarch
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:D



101. which of the following,if true, would most clearly undermine Gallagher`s explanation of the link between Royalism and feminism?

A: Because of their privileged backgrounds, Royalist women were generally better educated than were their Parliamentarians counterparts

B: Filmer himself had read some Cavendish's early writings and was highly critical of her ideas

C: Cavendish's views were highly individual and were not shared by other Royalist women who wrote early feminist works

D: The Royalist and Parliamentarian ideologies were largely in agreement on issues of family organization and women's political rights

E: The Royalists side included a sizable minority faction that was opposed to the more radical tendencies of Filmerian patriarchalism
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:C



100. The primary purpose of the passage is to:

(A) trace the historical roots of modern sociopolitical movement

(B) present one scholar's explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon

(C) contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict

(D) establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer

(E) call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:B

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #5 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #6 OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 21 Sep 2017, 21:35, edited 9 times in total.
Reformatted question, updated passage

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2015, 20:40
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You'll never know the difficulty level of the RC passage you'll get on the exam. If there are hard words, put parts of the sentence in brackets [ .... ] so you can focus on the sentence structure and better understand what the sentence is trying to do. Use that as a foundation to aggregate all the words to then derive the meaning.

Hope that helps.

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2015, 05:09
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thangvietnam wrote:
is this from og ? the passage is hard.



yes it is newly included in OG 16

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2015, 01:29
97 The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?

A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men
D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and patriarchalism ideology
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars --—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact


Can someone explain Q1?

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New post 03 Nov 2015, 08:24
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One more question from this passage:

The primary purpose of the passage is to:

(A) trace the historical roots of modern sociopolitical movement
(B) present one scholar's explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon
(C) contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict
(D) establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer
(E) call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate

The correct answer is B.

I got the other 5 right, but fail to understand this one. Ok, I understand to some extent why B, but the correct answer is very well hidden in the context. Any thoughts?

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2015, 11:02
RaviChandra wrote:
thangvietnam wrote:
is this from og ? the passage is hard.



yes it is newly included in OG 16


Hey Ravi Could you check with the OG again . There seem to be some deliberate Typos in bothe the passage and the answer choices . Q2 Choice is its Parlamaintarians rather than Patriachs . Also para 1 has a portion from the "Feminists extended criticism " absent . Both these typos caused me to get a 3/5 rather than a 5/5. So took the pain to check .

Thanks

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2016, 12:40
9SidMn wrote:
RaviChandra wrote:
thangvietnam wrote:
is this from og ? the passage is hard.



yes it is newly included in OG 16


Hey Ravi Could you check with the OG again . There seem to be some deliberate Typos in bothe the passage and the answer choices . Q2 Choice is its Parlamaintarians rather than Patriachs . Also para 1 has a portion from the "Feminists extended criticism " absent . Both these typos caused me to get a 3/5 rather than a 5/5. So took the pain to check .

Thanks

Thanks 9SidMn

i found one more error in the original post.

the last sentence of the passage should be 'but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.'

the 'the complete political and social' is missing

the passage is from OG 16 P404.

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New post 27 Jan 2016, 19:01
97 The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars
"Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism" & "but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides."

98. The passage suggests that Margaret Cavendish's decision to become a author was motivated, at least in part, by a desire to
E: Create a world over which she could exercise total control
"she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind"

99.The Phrase "a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet" refers most directly to
D: the absolute subordination of women in a patriarchal society
"Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet."

101. which of the following,if true, would most clearly undermine Gallagher`s explanation of the link between Royalism and feminism?
C: Cavendish's views were highly individual and were not shared by other Royalist women who wrote early feminist works
"Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish "

Can some one explain question 97 why the answer is D ?

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2016, 20:06
for 97 The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?

A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men
D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and patriarchalism ideology
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars




The official answer is:
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars

the official explanation rejects D saying:
The passage does not indicate what the Parliamentarian view of family organization and women's political rights was, so there is no way to determine whether the royalist forerunners of modern feminism were opposed to that view

And the official explanation for E towards the end says:
Historians would most likely have been less surprised if these women had been identified with parliamentary side, which presumably did not embrace radical patriarchalism

1) In the passage, lines 20-25 do suggest that Parliamentarians had a similar radical view, even though it says a few historians claim it.
2) If there is no way to determine the views of parliamentary side(according to official explanation for option D), how do they assume in option E that it was less radical?


I thought the correct answer to be D. Any explanations would be appreciated?

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2016, 13:17
what kind of passage is this ?
if i want to categories then will it be History passage ?

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2016, 23:14
mdsingh2013 wrote:
for 97 The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?

A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men
D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and patriarchalism ideology
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars




The official answer is:
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars

the official explanation rejects D saying:
The passage does not indicate what the Parliamentarian view of family organization and women's political rights was, so there is no way to determine whether the royalist forerunners of modern feminism were opposed to that view

And the official explanation for E towards the end says:
Historians would most likely have been less surprised if these women had been identified with parliamentary side, which presumably did not embrace radical patriarchalism

1) In the passage, lines 20-25 do suggest that Parliamentarians had a similar radical view, even though it says a few historians claim it.
2) If there is no way to determine the views of parliamentary side(according to official explanation for option D), how do they assume in option E that it was less radical?


I thought the correct answer to be D. Any explanations would be appreciated?


I did not see official guide. But I think that there are some errors in the words written in the question above. Do not confuse parliamentary with patriarchalism.

According to passage:

There are conflicts between Royalism and parliamentary.
There is a association between Royalism and patriarchalism.
patriarchalism = radical absolute power.

So, parliamentary = not or less radical idea.

Royal feminists ---> criticize women subordination and advocate women political power but royalism ---> absolute male power. so historians are puzzled.

If feminists had been identified with parliamentary side(less absolute male power), not royal side, then historians would have been less puzzled.

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New post 17 Jun 2016, 08:22
Can someone explain why D for Q.96 and why not B? The passage introduces Robert Filmer and introduces the patriarchy he preached , this is the primary purpose of introducing him.

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2016, 23:53
jjindal wrote:
Can someone explain why D for Q.96 and why not B? The passage introduces Robert Filmer and introduces the patriarchy he preached , this is the primary purpose of introducing him.


The passage says that:
"Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth-century political theorist Robert Filmer— ... —historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticism of the absolute systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men."

The author introduces Robert Filmer to explain that historians have been puzzled about the relationship between Royalist women and Royalism. Royalism is associated with patriarchalism, which is about radical male power, while early Royal women that adopted Royalist ideology criticize radical male power. So, there is an apparent tension. Author uses the association between Royalism and patriarchalism of Robert Filmer to highlight this tension and the puzzle of historians.

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2016, 08:22
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My 2 cents:

The author of the passage refers to Robert Filmer primarily in order to
A: show that Royalist ideology was somewhat more radical than most historians appear to realize
B: qualify the clit ht patriarchalism formed the basis of Royalist ideology
C: question the view that most early feminists were associated with the Royalist faction

D: highlight an apparent tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists
E: argue that Royalists held conflicting opinions[/color] on issues of family organization and women's political rights
>>Why not E but D?

97 The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?
A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men

close call between D and E, but ,after re-reading the passage ,i feel E is the correct answer.
The Para tries to resolve the paradox that historian faced - forerunners of modern feminism were identified with the Royalist society , which was based upon monarchy and male dominance.

E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars
>>It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalist and Parliamentarians...
indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalist and Parliamentarians on issues of family organisation and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and patriarchalism ideology
>>We dont know this for sure. Second para just provides details to resolve the paradox.

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New post 17 Jul 2016, 22:02
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rmohammadi wrote:
mdsingh2013 wrote:
for 97 The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?

A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men
D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and patriarchalism ideology
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars




The official answer is:
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars

the official explanation rejects D saying:
The passage does not indicate what the Parliamentarian view of family organization and women's political rights was, so there is no way to determine whether the royalist forerunners of modern feminism were opposed to that view

And the official explanation for E towards the end says:
Historians would most likely have been less surprised if these women had been identified with parliamentary side, which presumably did not embrace radical patriarchalism

1) In the passage, lines 20-25 do suggest that Parliamentarians had a similar radical view, even though it says a few historians claim it.
2) If there is no way to determine the views of parliamentary side(according to official explanation for option D), how do they assume in option E that it was less radical?


I thought the correct answer to be D. Any explanations would be appreciated?


I did not see official guide. But I think that there are some errors in the words written in the question above. Do not confuse parliamentary with patriarchalism.

According to passage:

There are conflicts between Royalism and parliamentary.
There is a association between Royalism and patriarchalism.
patriarchalism = radical absolute power.

So, parliamentary = not or less radical idea.

Royal feminists ---> criticize women subordination and advocate women political power but royalism ---> absolute male power. so historians are puzzled.

If feminists had been identified with parliamentary side(less absolute male power), not royal side, then historians would have been less puzzled.



you're right.

I didn't choose E of Q97 b/c it said "E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars". While in OG, the original option uses the Parliamentarian side.
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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2016, 22:10
passage 5'11-total 11'

Vocabulary
ordain
duchess
mistress

Bx Dv
(E)
E
D
C

explanation of Q96 in OG:
The author states that Filmer’s radical patriarchalism is associated with Royalist ideology and then goes on to define radical patriarchalism as an ideology that asserts the power of the king
and the male head of the household. Early feminists, however, questioned the subordination of women in marriage. Thus, there seems to be a conflict between these two sets of ideas.

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2016, 21:29
Hi,
Can someone explain answer to the below question missed from the actual question stem list.

One more question from this passage:

The primary purpose of the passage is to:

(A) trace the historical roots of modern sociopolitical movement
(B) present one scholar's explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon
(C) contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict
(D) establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer
(E) call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate

Thanks

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2017, 22:59
RaviChandra wrote:
It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalist and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth-century political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticism of the absolute systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalist and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626-1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclose, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.

96 The author of the passage refers to Robert Filmer primarily in order to

A: show that Royalist ideology was somewhat more radical than most historians appear to realize
B: qualify the clit ht patriarchalism formed the basis of Royalist ideology
C: question the view that most early feminists were associated with the Royalist faction
D: highlight an apparent tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists
E: argue that Royalists held conflicting opinions on issues of family organization nd women's political rights
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:D


97 The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?

A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men
D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and Parliamentarian ideology
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:E


98 The passage suggests that Margaret Cavendish's decision to become a author was motivated, at least in part, by a desire to

A: Justify her support for the Royalist cause
B: Encourage her readers to work toward eradicating Filmer Patriarchalism
C: Persuade other women to break free from their political and social isolation
D: Analyze the cause for women's exclusion from the pursuit of power
E: Create a world over which she could exercise total control
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:E


99.The Phrase "a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet" refers most directly to
A: Cavendish's concept that each woman is a sovereign self
B: the complete political and social isolation of absolute singularity
C: the immaterial world that a writer can create on paper
D: the absolute subordination of women in a patriarchal society
E: the metaphorical figure of the absolute monarch
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:D


101. which of the following,if true, would most clearly undermine Gallagher`s explanation of the link between Royalism and feminism?
A: Because of their privileged backgrounds, Royalist women were generally better educated than were their Parliamentarians counterparts
B: Filmer himself had read some Cavendish's early writings and was highly critical of her ideas
C: Cavendish's views were highly individual and were not shared by other Royalist women who wrote early feminist works
D: The Royalist and Parliamentarian ideologies were largely in agreement on issues of family organization and women's political rights
E: The Royalists side included a sizable minority faction that was opposed to the more radical tendencies of Filmerian patriarchalism
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:C


The primary purpose of the passage is to:

(A) trace the historical roots of modern sociopolitical movement
(B) present one scholar's explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon
(C) contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict
(D) establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer
(E) call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate



The OA of Q3 should be E

B (Wrong)
A(Wrong)
EDCB
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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 04:19
mynamegoeson wrote:

The OA of Q3 should be E

B (Wrong)
A(Wrong)
EDCB


Do you have the screenshot or any reference so that I can change the OA. I feel it is E too :P

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Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 04:24
warriorguy wrote:
mynamegoeson wrote:

The OA of Q3 should be E

B (Wrong)
A(Wrong)
EDCB


Do you have the screenshot or any reference so that I can change the OA. I feel it is E too :P

warriorguy

this could help
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=831 ... to&f=false
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Luckisnoexcuse

Kudos [?]: 181 [0], given: 139

Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2017, 04:24

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