Summer is Coming! Join the Game of Timers Competition to Win Epic Prizes. Registration is Open. Game starts Mon July 1st.

It is currently 20 Jul 2019, 11:04

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Oct 2009
Posts: 424
GMAT 1: 530 Q47 V17
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36
WE: Business Development (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 26 May 2019, 11:09
21
70
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 2044 sessions

29% (03:18) correct 71% (03:21) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 2064 sessions

54% (01:21) correct 46% (01:37) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 2005 sessions

82% (00:47) correct 18% (01:04) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1957 sessions

75% (00:39) correct 25% (00:57) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1906 sessions

58% (01:40) correct 42% (01:52) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 1902 sessions

50% (00:54) correct 50% (01:12) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth century political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.

RC0433-02. The author of the passage refers to Robert Filmer primarily in order to

(A) show that Royalist ideology was somewhat more radical than most historians appear to realize

(B) qualify the claim that patriarchalism formed the basis of Royalist ideology

(C) question the view that most early feminists were associated with the Royalist faction

(D) highlight an apparent tension between Royalist ideology and the ideas of early feminists

(E) argue that Royalists held conflicting opinions on issues of family organization and women's political rights
Passage: English Women

Question: Specific Purpose

The Simple Story

Seventeenth-century English feminists sided with the Royalists, not the Parliamentarians. This is strange, because Royalists are often associated with the belief that the male head of household holds absolute power. One possible explanation is that Royalists actually didn’t commonly hold these patriarchal beliefs; however, that wouldn’t explain why the feminists were more commonly found among the Royalists. A better explanation (put forth by Gallagher) is that the feminists agreed with the Royalist belief in the power and sovereignty of the individual.

Sample Passage Map

Here is one way to map this passage. (Note: abbreviate as desired!)

P1: feminists more with R than P

weird b/c R believe in power for men

P2: CG: R beliefs related to absolute self

feminists (ex. MC) agreed with R on

that

Step 1: Identify the Question

The phrasing in order to in the question stem indicates that this is a Purpose question.

Step 2: Find the Support

The question refers you to line 9 of the passage. Reread that line and the surrounding text.

“Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth-century political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom…—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women…”

Step 3: Predict an Answer

The author brings up Filmer while explaining why early feminists’ association with Royalism is surprising. Because Filmer’s radical patriarchalist beliefs are used in Royalism, it’s unusual that feminists would associate themselves with Royalist ideology.

Step 4: Eliminate and Find a Match

(A) Royalist ideology was radical, but the author does not claim that historians failed to realize that.

(B) To qualify a claim is to add caveats or exceptions to it, or to soften it. (Note: to qualify something does not mean to strengthen it.) The author does qualify the claim that patriarchalism and Royalism were closely associated, towards the end of the first paragraph. However, this isn’t why Filmer was initially brought up. In fact, the author initially mentions Filmer while noting that patriarchalism and Royalism were associated.

(C) The passage does not disagree with the view that feminists were associated with Royalism (in fact, the first sentence says this is indisputable). It only asks why that unusual association occurred.

(D) CORRECT. Filmer is brought up in order to demonstrate that Royalists held radical patriarchalist beliefs, which were in tension with the beliefs of early feminists.

(E) The passage does say that the Royalists and Parliamentarians may have had no consistent differences in their beliefs on family organization and women’s political rights. This isn’t why the author introduced Filmer in the first place, however; in this part of the passage, in fact, the author is noting that some people have questioned, or doubted, Filmer’s association with Royalism.



RC0433-11. The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?

A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminism is not entirely justified.

B: They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology.

C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women's equality with men.

D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and Parliamentarian ideology.

E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Parliamentarian side in the English Civil Wars.
OA:E



RC0433-04. The passage suggests that Margaret Cavendish's decision to become an author was motivated, at least in part, by a desire to

A: justify her support for the Royalist cause

B: encourage her readers to work toward eradicating Filmerian patriarchalism

C: persuade other women to break free from their political and social isolation

D: analyze the causes for women's exclusion from the pursuit of power

E: create a world over which she could exercise total control
OA:E



RC0433-08. The phrase "a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet" refers most directly to

A: Cavendish's concept that each woman is a sovereign self

B: the complete political and social isolation of absolute singularity

C: the immaterial world that a writer can create on paper

D: the absolute subordination of women in a patriarchal society

E: the metaphorical figure of the absolute monarch
OA:D



RC0433-09. Which of the following, if true, would most clearly undermine Gallagher`s explanation of the link between Royalism and feminism?

(A) Because of their privileged backgrounds, Royalist women were generally better educated than were their Parliamentarian counterparts.

(B) Filmer himself had read some Cavendish's early writings and was highly critical of her ideas.

(C) Cavendish's views were highly individual and were not shared by other Royalist women who wrote early feminist works.

(D) The Royalist and Parliamentarian ideologies were largely in agreement on issues of family organization and women's political rights.

(E) The Royalist side included a sizable minority faction that was opposed to the more radical tendencies of Filmerian patriarchalism.
Passage: English Women

Question: Weaken the Argument

The Simple Story

Seventeenth-century English feminists sided with the Royalists, not the Parliamentarians. This is strange, because Royalists are often associated with the belief that the male head of household holds absolute power. One possible explanation is that Royalists actually didn’t commonly hold these patriarchal beliefs; however, that wouldn’t explain why the feminists were more commonly found among the Royalists. A better explanation (put forth by Gallagher) is that the feminists agreed with the Royalist belief in the power and sovereignty of the individual.

Sample Passage Map

Here is one way to map this passage. (Note: abbreviate as desired!)

P1: feminists more with R than P

weird b/c R believe in power for men

P2: CG: R beliefs related to absolute self

feminists (ex. MC) agreed with R on

that

Step 1: Identify the Question

The phrase most clearly undermine in the question stem indicates that this is a Weaken the Argument question. Treat it in the same way you would treat a Weaken the Argument Critical Reasoning problem.

Step 2: Find the Support

Gallagher’s explanation of the link between Royalism and feminism is described at the beginning of the second paragraph:

“Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self.”

Step 3: Predict an Answer

The word engendered means brought about or caused to happen. Gallagher argues that Royalism brought about feminism because an idea from Royalism (absolute monarchy) allowed the feminists to develop the ideology of the absolute self.

In order to weaken Gallagher’s argument, the right answer might suggest that the ideology of absolute monarchy didn’t provide a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. It might also challenge the association between ideology of the absolute self and early feminism.

Step 4: Eliminate and Find a Match

(A) Gallagher’s argument does not relate Royalism to Parliamentarianism. Even if Royalists were better educated than Parliamentarians, their overall level of education could be either high or low. No specific conclusion about the Royalist women can be drawn from this limited information.

(B) It’s possible that Filmer was critical of Cavendish. However, the argument claims that feminism (represented by Cavendish) was based on Royalism (represented by Filmer), not the other way around. What matters is whether Cavendish was critical of Filmer’s ideas, which, from the information in the passage, she apparently wasn’t.

(C) CORRECT. If Cavendish was an outlier, then Gallagher is incorrect to connect Cavendish’s ideology of the absolute self with feminism in general. Gallagher’s explanation of why Royalism engendered feminism would be significantly weakened.

(D) This doesn’t relate to whether Royalism did or didn’t engender feminism. Knowing that the two ideologies were in agreement doesn’t provide any additional information about Royalism itself.

(E) The ideology of feminism could have been based on the majority faction’s beliefs. The presence of a minority faction does not make this less likely.



RC0433-06. The primary purpose of the passage is to:

(A) trace the historical roots of a modern sociopolitical movement

(B) present one scholar's explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon

(C) contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict

(D) establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer

(E) call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate
Passage: English Women

Question: Primary Purpose

The Simple Story

Seventeenth-century English feminists sided with the Royalists, not the Parliamentarians. This is strange, because Royalists are often associated with the belief that the male head of household holds absolute power. One possible explanation is that Royalists actually didn’t commonly hold these patriarchal beliefs; however, that wouldn’t explain why the feminists were more commonly found among the Royalists. A better explanation (put forth by Gallagher) is that the feminists agreed with the Royalist belief in the power and sovereignty of the individual.

Sample Passage Map

Here is one way to map this passage. (Note: abbreviate as desired!)

P1: feminists more with R than P

weird b/c R believe in power for men

P2: CG: R beliefs related to absolute self

feminists (ex. MC) agreed with R on

that

Step 1: Identify the Question

The phrase primary purpose in the question stem indicates that this is a Primary Purpose, or main idea, question.

Step 2: Find the Support

The support for a Purpose question is in the structure of the passage itself. The first paragraph introduces the idea that seventeenth-century feminists were, surprisingly, aligned with Royalists in the English Civil Wars. The remainder of the passage addresses why this phenomenon was surprising, then attempts to reconcile it using the concept of the ideology of the absolute self.

Step 3: Predict an Answer

The passage accomplishes three things: introduces a surprising fact, explains why it is surprising, then attempts to provide an explanation. The correct answer will incorporate these major elements of the passage.

Step 4: Eliminate and Find a Match

(A) The passage does not make a connection between seventeenth-century feminism and modern times. Instead, it addresses only the situation in the seventeenth century.

(B) CORRECT. The entire passage is dedicated to describing a puzzling phenomenon—the alignment between seventeenth-century feminists and Royalists—then providing an explanation for it.

(C) The political conflict described in the passage is the conflict between Parliamentarians and Royalists. The passage describes one of the factors (radical patriarchalism) involved in Royalist ideology, but it does not contrast this to another interpretation, nor does it describe the origins of the Royalist-Parliamentarian conflict.

(D) Filmer and Cavendish are both mentioned in the passage, but both of them are used as examples that assist the author in making broader points. Filmer is cited as an example of radical patriarchalism, which helps the author establish the strangeness of the phenomenon described in the first paragraph, while Cavendish is used to help the author explain that phenomenon. The passage is not primarily about these two characters, nor does the author attempt to specifically establish a link between them.

(E) The passage mentions this only briefly, towards the end of the first paragraph. It is not the main focus of that paragraph and is not mentioned in the second paragraph.



Embracing the Absolute: The Politics of the Female Subject in Seventeenth-Century England
Catherine Gallagher

Source : https://www.utexaspressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.5555/gen.1988.1.24



The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: RC 96 ~ 101 // 493-498
Page: 404

Originally posted by RaviChandra on 14 Oct 2015, 22:36.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 26 May 2019, 11:09, edited 22 times in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Community Reply
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 05 Jul 2017
Posts: 512
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
GPA: 4
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2017, 00:36
23
Hey Guys,

Below is my thought process for all the remaining questions

Para 1: -
- Feminists took side of Royalists in the English Civil War
- But Royalists believed in the absolute power of a male i.e. a king ruling over the kingdom
- But there is no also significant difference with regards to female rights between Royalists and Parliamentarians
- Therefore author thinks feminists should be equally divided between the two groups

Para 2: -
- Gallagher argues that the absolute monarchy(A king ruling over the kingdom) helped feminists to believe about absolute self
- Gives an example of Cavendish
- Feminists believed in cavendish's ideology but didn't believe to isolate oneself


97. The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?
A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified The passage is not concerned with the status of feminists but rather why feminists took the royalist side even when royalists believed in absolute monarchy
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology Same reasoning as A
C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men Nothing such as this option is mentioned. Also we don't know if she was the first woman to do so
D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and Parliamentarian ideology Trap answer according to me. The feminists view did not oppose the views of royalists and parlimentarians. The passage doesn't say anything like this. If they did oppose, then feminists shouldn't have taken the side of royalists as well. The passage says otherwise
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars. bingo! yes, the last few lines of the first para says that parlimentarians and royalists had similar views in terms of woman's right etc. So feminists should be equally divided between the two groups.

98. The passage suggests that Margaret Cavendish's decision to become a author was motivated, at least in part, by a desire to

A: Justify her support for the Royalist cause The author cites her book/work as an example that lead to belief of absolute self. its not the other way round
B: Encourage her readers to work toward eradicating Filmer Patriarchalism Nothing such as this is mentined nor can be inferred
C: Persuade other women to break free from their political and social isolation same reasoning as B
D: Analyze the cause for women's exclusion from the pursuit of power Same reasoning as B
E: Create a world over which she could exercise total control Bingo! The author mentions that cavendish believed in a world in which shoe could be a mistress of her own world. This can be potential reason for cavendish to write the book


99. The Phrase "a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet" refers most directly to

A: Cavendish's concept that each woman is a sovereign self
B: the complete political and social isolation of absolute singularity
C: the immaterial world that a writer can create on paper
D: the absolute subordination of women in a patriarchal society This one looks good.
E: the metaphorical figure of the absolute monarch


101. which of the following,if true, would most clearly undermine Gallagher`s explanation of the link between Royalism and feminism?

Prethinking :- Looking for an option which says that the views were of cavendish were wrong or feminists didn't agree with

A: Because of their privileged backgrounds, Royalist women were generally better educated than were their Parliamentarians counterparts we are not bothered about education
B: Filmer himself had read some Cavendish's early writings and was highly critical of her ideas even if filmer was critical, we don't know if feminists had the same view
C: Cavendish's views were highly individual and were not shared by other Royalist women who wrote early feminist works Coincides with the prethinking I mentioned above
D: The Royalist and Parliamentarian ideologies were largely in agreement on issues of family organization and women's political rights A repeat of what is already said in the passage. This is in no way hurting the arguement
E: The Royalists side included a sizable minority faction that was opposed to the more radical tendencies of Filmerian patriarchalism even if they minority faction didn't believe filmer's view, were the minority factions feminists ? we don't know about this


102. The primary purpose of the passage is to:

(A) trace the historical roots of modern sociopolitical movement No not at all
(B) present one scholar's explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon looks ok. The passage whats to find out why feminists chose royalists even though the royalists believed in absolute monarchy
(C) contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict The passage is not talking about a political conflict
(D) establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer The passage doesn't want to link the ideology. Rather the passage wants to find out why feminists chose royalists who believed in absolute monarchy. This is a trap answer according to me
(E) call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate The pssage is not debating anything

P.S : - Don't forget to give kudos :thumbup: 8-)
_________________
General Discussion
SVP
SVP
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 2281
Location: New York, NY
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2015, 21:40
3
1
You'll never know the difficulty level of the RC passage you'll get on the exam. If there are hard words, put parts of the sentence in brackets [ .... ] so you can focus on the sentence structure and better understand what the sentence is trying to do. Use that as a foundation to aggregate all the words to then derive the meaning.

Hope that helps.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 25 Jan 2016
Posts: 1
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2016, 21:06
for 97 The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?

A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men
D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and patriarchalism ideology
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars




The official answer is:
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars

the official explanation rejects D saying:
The passage does not indicate what the Parliamentarian view of family organization and women's political rights was, so there is no way to determine whether the royalist forerunners of modern feminism were opposed to that view

And the official explanation for E towards the end says:
Historians would most likely have been less surprised if these women had been identified with parliamentary side, which presumably did not embrace radical patriarchalism

1) In the passage, lines 20-25 do suggest that Parliamentarians had a similar radical view, even though it says a few historians claim it.
2) If there is no way to determine the views of parliamentary side(according to official explanation for option D), how do they assume in option E that it was less radical?


I thought the correct answer to be D. Any explanations would be appreciated?
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Nov 2015
Posts: 9
GMAT 1: 710 Q51 V34
GPA: 3.3
Reviews Badge
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 May 2016, 00:14
2
mdsingh2013 wrote:
for 97 The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?

A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men
D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and patriarchalism ideology
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars




The official answer is:
E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars

the official explanation rejects D saying:
The passage does not indicate what the Parliamentarian view of family organization and women's political rights was, so there is no way to determine whether the royalist forerunners of modern feminism were opposed to that view

And the official explanation for E towards the end says:
Historians would most likely have been less surprised if these women had been identified with parliamentary side, which presumably did not embrace radical patriarchalism

1) In the passage, lines 20-25 do suggest that Parliamentarians had a similar radical view, even though it says a few historians claim it.
2) If there is no way to determine the views of parliamentary side(according to official explanation for option D), how do they assume in option E that it was less radical?


I thought the correct answer to be D. Any explanations would be appreciated?


I did not see official guide. But I think that there are some errors in the words written in the question above. Do not confuse parliamentary with patriarchalism.

According to passage:

There are conflicts between Royalism and parliamentary.
There is a association between Royalism and patriarchalism.
patriarchalism = radical absolute power.

So, parliamentary = not or less radical idea.

Royal feminists ---> criticize women subordination and advocate women political power but royalism ---> absolute male power. so historians are puzzled.

If feminists had been identified with parliamentary side(less absolute male power), not royal side, then historians would have been less puzzled.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 433
Concentration: Technology, Other
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jul 2016, 09:22
Top Contributor
My 2 cents:

The author of the passage refers to Robert Filmer primarily in order to
A: show that Royalist ideology was somewhat more radical than most historians appear to realize
B: qualify the clit ht patriarchalism formed the basis of Royalist ideology
C: question the view that most early feminists were associated with the Royalist faction

D: highlight an apparent tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists
E: argue that Royalists held conflicting opinions[/color] on issues of family organization and women's political rights
>>Why not E but D?

97 The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in line 2?
A: Their status as forerunners of modern feminists is not entirely justified
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology
C: Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women's subordination in marriage and assert women equality with men

close call between D and E, but ,after re-reading the passage ,i feel E is the correct answer.
The Para tries to resolve the paradox that historian faced - forerunners of modern feminism were identified with the Royalist society , which was based upon monarchy and male dominance.

E: Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Patriarchalism side in the English Civil Wars
>>It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalist and Parliamentarians...
indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalist and Parliamentarians on issues of family organisation and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

D: Their views on family organization and women's political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist and patriarchalism ideology
>>We dont know this for sure. Second para just provides details to resolve the paradox.
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 05 Jul 2017
Posts: 512
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
GPA: 4
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2017, 00:04
Hey GMATNinja and souvik101990

Below is my "Map" of the passage. I couldn't answer a few questions and need your help to clear those doubts

Para 1: -
- Feminists took side of Royalists in the English Civil War
- But Royalists believed in the absolute power of a male i.e. a king ruling over the kingdom
- But there is no also significant difference with regards to female rights between Royalists and Parliamentarians
- Therefore author thinks feminists should be equally divided between the two groups

Para 2: -
- Gallagher argues that the absolute monarchy(A king ruling over the kingdom) helped feminists to believe about absolute self
- Gives an example of Cavendish
- Feminists believed in cavendish's ideology but didn't believe to isolate oneself

96. The author of the passage refers to Robert Filmer primarily in order to

A: show that Royalist ideology was somewhat more radical than most historians appear to realize Nothing like this is said in the passage
B: qualify the clit ht patriarchalism formed the basis of Royalist ideology The passage doesn't say that it formed the basis of the royalist ideology
C: question the view that most early feminists were associated with the Royalist faction Hold
D: highlight an apparent tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists Hold
E: argue that Royalists held conflicting opinions on issues of family organization and women's political rights no royalists didn't have this view at all. Trap answer choice

GMATNinja and souvik101990 - Both Option C and D look close to me. Can C be eliminated because of the use of the word "most". The passage talks about all feminists as a group. Nowhere did I see that the feminists were divided amongst themselves

Let me know your thoughts on this one

Note: - please pardon me from any grammatical errors above
_________________
Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1329
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Sep 2017, 22:53
1
RaviChandra wrote:
It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth century political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.
99. The Phrase "a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet" refers most directly to

A: Cavendish's concept that each woman is a sovereign self

B: the complete political and social isolation of absolute singularity

C: the immaterial world that a writer can create on paper

D: the absolute subordination of women in a patriarchal society

E: the metaphorical figure of the absolute monarch
OA:D



Passage: English Women

Question: Specific Detail

The Simple Story

Seventeenth-century English feminists sided with the Royalists, not the Parliamentarians. This is strange, because Royalists are often associated with the belief that the male head of household holds absolute power. One possible explanation is that Royalists actually didn’t commonly hold these patriarchal beliefs; however, that wouldn’t explain why the feminists were more commonly found among the Royalists. A better explanation (put forth by Gallagher) is that the feminists agreed with the Royalist belief in the power and sovereignty of the individual.

Sample Passage Map

Here is one way to map this passage. (Note: abbreviate as desired!)

P1: feminists more with R than P

weird b/c R believe in power for men

P2: CG: R beliefs related to absolute self

feminists (ex. MC) agreed with R on that

Step 1: Identify the Question

The phrase refers most directly to in the question stem indicates that this is a Detail question.

Step 2: Find the Support

The question stem cites a specific section of the passage. Reread that section and the text immediately surrounding it.

“Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet.”

Step 3: Predict an Answer

The passage describes the satellite as the opposite of a self-sufficient being…the center of her own subjective universe. In the context of the passage, the word satellite therefore refers to the 17th-century women who were unable to pursue power in the real world.

Step 4: Eliminate and Find a Match

(A) The satellite metaphor refers to the inability of women to pursue power in the real world, not their ability to pursue power in the immaterial world as a sovereign self. The passage contrasts these two concepts.

(B) The satellite is discussed in the context of Margaret Cavendish’s beliefs, while the political and social isolation of singularity is discussed only in the context of Cavendish’s successors.

(C) For Cavendish, creating an immaterial world on paper was an element of being the center of her own subjective universe. This is the opposite of being a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet.

(D) CORRECT. Cavendish saw herself as the center of her own subjective universe as an alternative to seeing herself as a satellite. Since the concept of being the center of one’s own subjective universe emerged as an alternative to the material subjugation of women, the satellite metaphor refers to this subjugation.

(E) Cavendish used the figure of the absolute monarch to evoke the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. The passage presents the satellite as the opposite of self-enclosed and autonomous.
_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Advanced Search : https://gmatclub.com/forum/advanced-search/
Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1329
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Sep 2017, 23:02
1
RaviChandra wrote:
It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth century political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.
100. The primary purpose of the passage is to:

(A) trace the historical roots of modern sociopolitical movement

(B) present one scholar's explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon

(C) contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict

(D) establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer

(E) call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate
OA:B



Passage: English Women
Question: Primary Purpose
The Simple Story

Seventeenth-century English feminists sided with the Royalists, not the Parliamentarians. This is strange, because Royalists are often associated with the belief that the male head of household holds absolute power. One possible explanation is that Royalists actually didn’t commonly hold these patriarchal beliefs; however, that wouldn’t explain why the feminists were more commonly found among the Royalists. A better explanation (put forth by Gallagher) is that the feminists agreed with the Royalist belief in the power and sovereignty of the individual.

Sample Passage Map

Here is one way to map this passage. (Note: abbreviate as desired!)

P1: feminists more with R than P

weird b/c R believe in power for men

P2: CG: R beliefs related to absolute self

feminists (ex. MC) agreed with R on that

Step 1: Identify the Question

The phrase primary purpose in the question stem indicates that this is a Primary Purpose, or main idea, question.

Step 2: Find the Support

The support for a Purpose question is in the structure of the passage itself. The first paragraph introduces the idea that seventeenth-century feminists were, surprisingly, aligned with Royalists in the English Civil Wars. The remainder of the passage addresses why this phenomenon was surprising, then attempts to reconcile it using the concept of the ideology of the absolute self.

Step 3: Predict an Answer

The passage accomplishes three things: introduces a surprising fact, explains why it is surprising, then attempts to provide an explanation. The correct answer will incorporate these major elements of the passage.

Step 4: Eliminate and Find a Match

(A) The passage does not make a connection between seventeenth-century feminism and modern times. Instead, it addresses only the situation in the seventeenth century.

(B) CORRECT. The entire passage is dedicated to describing a puzzling phenomenon—the alignment between seventeenth-century feminists and Royalists—then providing an explanation for it.

(C) The political conflict described in the passage is the conflict between Parliamentarians and Royalists. The passage describes one of the factors (radical patriarchalism) involved in Royalist ideology, but it does not contrast this to another interpretation, nor does it describe the origins of the Royalist-Parliamentarian conflict.

(D) Filmer and Cavendish are both mentioned in the passage, but both of them are used as examples that assist the author in making broader points. Filmer is cited as an example of radical patriarchalism, which helps the author establish the strangeness of the phenomenon described in the first paragraph, while Cavendish is used to help the author explain that phenomenon. The passage is not primarily about these two characters, nor does the author attempt to specifically establish a link between them.

(E) The passage mentions this only briefly, towards the end of the first paragraph. It is not the main focus of that paragraph and is not mentioned in the second paragraph.
_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Advanced Search : https://gmatclub.com/forum/advanced-search/
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Dec 2014
Posts: 198
Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V36
GPA: 3.54
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Nov 2017, 09:48
hazelnut wrote:
RaviChandra wrote:
It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth century political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.
100. The primary purpose of the passage is to:

(A) trace the historical roots of modern sociopolitical movement

(B) present one scholar's explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon

(C) contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict

(D) establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer

(E) call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate
OA:B



Passage: English Women
Question: Primary Purpose
The Simple Story

Seventeenth-century English feminists sided with the Royalists, not the Parliamentarians. This is strange, because Royalists are often associated with the belief that the male head of household holds absolute power. One possible explanation is that Royalists actually didn’t commonly hold these patriarchal beliefs; however, that wouldn’t explain why the feminists were more commonly found among the Royalists. A better explanation (put forth by Gallagher) is that the feminists agreed with the Royalist belief in the power and sovereignty of the individual.

Sample Passage Map

Here is one way to map this passage. (Note: abbreviate as desired!)

P1: feminists more with R than P

weird b/c R believe in power for men

P2: CG: R beliefs related to absolute self

feminists (ex. MC) agreed with R on that

Step 1: Identify the Question

The phrase primary purpose in the question stem indicates that this is a Primary Purpose, or main idea, question.

Step 2: Find the Support

The support for a Purpose question is in the structure of the passage itself. The first paragraph introduces the idea that seventeenth-century feminists were, surprisingly, aligned with Royalists in the English Civil Wars. The remainder of the passage addresses why this phenomenon was surprising, then attempts to reconcile it using the concept of the ideology of the absolute self.

Step 3: Predict an Answer

The passage accomplishes three things: introduces a surprising fact, explains why it is surprising, then attempts to provide an explanation. The correct answer will incorporate these major elements of the passage.

Step 4: Eliminate and Find a Match

(A) The passage does not make a connection between seventeenth-century feminism and modern times. Instead, it addresses only the situation in the seventeenth century.

(B) CORRECT. The entire passage is dedicated to describing a puzzling phenomenon—the alignment between seventeenth-century feminists and Royalists—then providing an explanation for it.

(C) The political conflict described in the passage is the conflict between Parliamentarians and Royalists. The passage describes one of the factors (radical patriarchalism) involved in Royalist ideology, but it does not contrast this to another interpretation, nor does it describe the origins of the Royalist-Parliamentarian conflict.

(D) Filmer and Cavendish are both mentioned in the passage, but both of them are used as examples that assist the author in making broader points. Filmer is cited as an example of radical patriarchalism, which helps the author establish the strangeness of the phenomenon described in the first paragraph, while Cavendish is used to help the author explain that phenomenon. The passage is not primarily about these two characters, nor does the author attempt to specifically establish a link between them.

(E) The passage mentions this only briefly, towards the end of the first paragraph. It is not the main focus of that paragraph and is not mentioned in the second paragraph.


Hi Hazelnut,
Can u kindly explain the answer to the first question. OA is D, which states - highlight an apparent tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists. But there was no tension between royalists and early feminists as the latter sided with royalists. This situation was puzzling o historians. So, how option D is correct as there is no tension to highlight.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Status: Aiming MBA!!
Joined: 19 Aug 2017
Posts: 105
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V25
GPA: 3.75
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Reviews Badge
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Nov 2017, 12:48
3
sunny91 wrote:
hazelnut wrote:
RaviChandra wrote:
It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth century political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.
100. The primary purpose of the passage is to:

(A) trace the historical roots of modern sociopolitical movement

(B) present one scholar's explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon

(C) contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict

(D) establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer

(E) call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate
OA:B



Passage: English Women
Question: Primary Purpose
The Simple Story

Seventeenth-century English feminists sided with the Royalists, not the Parliamentarians. This is strange, because Royalists are often associated with the belief that the male head of household holds absolute power. One possible explanation is that Royalists actually didn’t commonly hold these patriarchal beliefs; however, that wouldn’t explain why the feminists were more commonly found among the Royalists. A better explanation (put forth by Gallagher) is that the feminists agreed with the Royalist belief in the power and sovereignty of the individual.

Sample Passage Map

Here is one way to map this passage. (Note: abbreviate as desired!)

P1: feminists more with R than P

weird b/c R believe in power for men

P2: CG: R beliefs related to absolute self

feminists (ex. MC) agreed with R on that

Step 1: Identify the Question

The phrase primary purpose in the question stem indicates that this is a Primary Purpose, or main idea, question.

Step 2: Find the Support

The support for a Purpose question is in the structure of the passage itself. The first paragraph introduces the idea that seventeenth-century feminists were, surprisingly, aligned with Royalists in the English Civil Wars. The remainder of the passage addresses why this phenomenon was surprising, then attempts to reconcile it using the concept of the ideology of the absolute self.

Step 3: Predict an Answer

The passage accomplishes three things: introduces a surprising fact, explains why it is surprising, then attempts to provide an explanation. The correct answer will incorporate these major elements of the passage.

Step 4: Eliminate and Find a Match

(A) The passage does not make a connection between seventeenth-century feminism and modern times. Instead, it addresses only the situation in the seventeenth century.

(B) CORRECT. The entire passage is dedicated to describing a puzzling phenomenon—the alignment between seventeenth-century feminists and Royalists—then providing an explanation for it.

(C) The political conflict described in the passage is the conflict between Parliamentarians and Royalists. The passage describes one of the factors (radical patriarchalism) involved in Royalist ideology, but it does not contrast this to another interpretation, nor does it describe the origins of the Royalist-Parliamentarian conflict.

(D) Filmer and Cavendish are both mentioned in the passage, but both of them are used as examples that assist the author in making broader points. Filmer is cited as an example of radical patriarchalism, which helps the author establish the strangeness of the phenomenon described in the first paragraph, while Cavendish is used to help the author explain that phenomenon. The passage is not primarily about these two characters, nor does the author attempt to specifically establish a link between them.

(E) The passage mentions this only briefly, towards the end of the first paragraph. It is not the main focus of that paragraph and is not mentioned in the second paragraph.


Hi Hazelnut,
Can u kindly explain the answer to the first question. OA is D, which states - highlight an apparent tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists. But there was no tension between royalists and early feminists as the latter sided with royalists. This situation was puzzling o historians. So, how option D is correct as there is no tension to highlight.


Hi sunny91,

Let me try to help. :-)

You said -- "there was no tension between royalists and early feminists as the latter sided with royalists". That's okay, as you already mentioned that (the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars.). But if you read closely the option is talking about the tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists. So, what I mean is that though these women are with the Royalists but their ideologies are different from the Royalists idea as can be inferred from the facts provided. To further support my point, let me bring the excerpts from the passage,

Royalists ideology -- supporting patriarchalism (MALE DOMINATION)
Passage says : "a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household"

Early feminists ideology -- strong supporter of women rights and equality
Passage says : "Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men."

Now coming to the question, (The author of the passage refers to Robert Filmer primarily in order to)

The author refers to Filmer to highlight this difference between the ideologies of the two group, which supports the odd but indisputable fact, which is used by the author in the starting of the passage. So, these differences are actually troubling the historians. For which the author gives reason in the second paragraph.

Hope it answers your query. Let me know if you have any further questions.

Which option did you picked?

Thanks.
-Varun
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 11 Jun 2017
Posts: 68
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Nov 2017, 05:07
RaviChandra wrote:
It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenth century political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.


[b]98. The passage suggests that Margaret Cavendish's decision to become a author was motivated, at least in part, by a desire to


A: Justify her support for the Royalist cause

B: Encourage her readers to work toward eradicating Filmer Patriarchalism

C: Persuade other women to break free from their political and social isolation

D: Analyze the cause for women's exclusion from the pursuit of power

E: Create a world over which she could exercise total control
OA:E



Hi GMATNinja,

I have a doubt with regards to question 98 as listed above. The OA for this is E: Create a world over which she could exercise total control. Can you please help with the POE for this question ? Also, isn't this option too extreme ? Although passage uses statements like "she resolved to be mistress of her own world". Does this really imply that she wanted to create a world over which she could exercise TOTAL control ?

Thanks in advance! :-)
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 15 Oct 2016
Posts: 10
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jan 2018, 02:54
can anyone explain question 96
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2676
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jan 2018, 19:06
1
First of all, thanks Wimpykid, aceGMAT21, and MvArrow for pointing out the typos in the original post. All questions have been updated, so please use the "Report a Problem" button if you see any other mistakes! I also apologize for missing some of the questions in this thread. To help ensure your questions are answered in a timely manner, please use the request verbal experts' reply button.

sunny91 wrote:
Can u kindly explain the answer to the first question. OA is D, which states - highlight an apparent tension between Royalists ideology and the ideas of early feminists. But there was no tension between royalists and early feminists as the latter sided with royalists. This situation was puzzling o historians. So, how option D is correct as there is no tension to highlight.

Thanks aceGMAT21 for answering that one!

priya sri wrote:
can anyone explain question 96

Priya sri, please refer to the explanation below: https://gmatclub.com/forum/it-is-an-odd ... l#p1956328

Poorvasha wrote:
Hi GMATNinja,

I have a doubt with regards to question 98 as listed above. The OA for this is E: Create a world over which she could exercise total control. Can you please help with the POE for this question ? Also, isn't this option too extreme ? Although passage uses statements like "she resolved to be mistress of her own world". Does this really imply that she wanted to create a world over which she could exercise TOTAL control ?

Thanks in advance! :-)

Quote:
98. The passage suggests that Margaret Cavendish's decision to become a author was motivated, at least in part, by a desire to

A: justify her support for the Royalist cause - We are not told whether Cavendish supports the Royalist cause.

B: encourage her readers to work toward eradicating Filmerian patriarchalism - Cavendish may have felt restricted by Filmerian patriarchalism, but the passage does not say whether Cavendish wanted her readers to work toward eradicating Filmerian patriarchalism or, more importantly, whether that motivated her to become a writer.

C: persuade other women to break free from their political and social isolation - The passage does not say whether Cavendish wanted to PERSUADE other women to break free from their political/social isolation.

D: analyze the causes for women's exclusion from the pursuit of power - We don't know whether Cavendish analyzed the CAUSES for women's exclusion from the pursuit of power.

E: create a world over which she could exercise total control - This refers to the world that Cavendish creates on paper with her writing--a world that is entirely a product of HER imagination. Thus, it is not an exaggeration to say that she is in total control of that world. She can write whatever she wants, so she is in fact in total of control of the world that she creates on paper as a writer.

_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Feb 2017
Posts: 41
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Mar 2018, 23:42
Question number 6:

Please explain how is Catherine Gallagher's argument an explanation of the fact that early feminists were more on the royalist side?

I chose A as it seemed the best choice.
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2676
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Mar 2018, 17:28
aviejay wrote:
Question number 6:

Please explain how is Catherine Gallagher's argument an explanation of the fact that early feminists were more on the royalist side?

I chose A as it seemed the best choice.

aviejay, are you referring to question 101?

In any case, we are told that Gallagher argued that Royalism engendered (i.e. "brought about") feminism. How? Because "the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self."

So what the heck does that mean? Well, consider the example of Cavendish, who "insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire." An absolute monarch (i.e. a king) rules his kingdom. Similarly, Cavendish ruled her own mental empire. Within her "immaterial world", Cavendish was in charge.

In other words, Cavendish could model her own autonomy (governing her own mental world) after an absolute monarch. So Royalism planted a seed of self-sufficiency and autonomy that would grow into feminism. Thus, according to Gallagher, feminist ideas would have been more readily developed among Royalist women.

I hope that helps!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Oct 2017
Posts: 244
GMAT 1: 710 Q44 V41
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jun 2018, 08:58
1
Regarding question 6 (main point of the passage):

Is the notion correct that the passage primarily presents one scholar's explanation?

To my understanding Filmer and Gallagher present different explanations even though these explanations have a similar background (Royalist view was predominant among feminists).
Hence, answer B, which mentions only one scholar, threw me off a bit.

GMATNinja, can you please explain?
_________________
My goal: 700 GMAT score - REACHED :-) | My debrief - first attempt 710 (Q44,V41,IR7)

If I could help you with my answer, consider giving me Kudos
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2676
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jul 2018, 18:40
2
Masterscorp wrote:
Regarding question 6 (main point of the passage):

Is the notion correct that the passage primarily presents one scholar's explanation?

To my understanding Filmer and Gallagher present different explanations even though these explanations have a similar background (Royalist view was predominant among feminists).
Hence, answer B, which mentions only one scholar, threw me off a bit.

GMATNinja, can you please explain?

Quote:
100. The primary purpose of the passage is to:

(A) trace the historical roots of a modern sociopolitical movement

(B) present one scholar's explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon

(C) contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict

(D) establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer

(E) call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate

The passage does present the views of Filmer. However, Filmer's views do not serve to explain a puzzling historical phenomenon. Instead, Filmer's views contribute to the puzzling nature of the phenomenon. If Royalists are associated with "a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household", then why would Royalist women criticize patriarchalism?

Remember, we are looking for the primary purpose, not a summary of the passage. Two scholars are indeed mentioned, but the main purpose of the passage is to present Gallagher's explanation for the puzzling phenomenon.

aviejay, sorry for overlooking your follow-up question...

Choice (A) is wrong because the passage does not trace the connection between modern feminism and early feminism.

I hope that helps!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 15 Dec 2016
Posts: 103
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2018, 20:42
Hi mikemcgarry

On q1 , i did not chose D because the of one word Tension

a) I don't see how tension can be between two ideologies per se ...isn't tension normally between people, not ideologies ?

b) Also , Just because two ideologies are starkly different, does not mean necessarily there is "TENSION" between the people with these different ideologies ... Proof : the followers of these different ideologies were eventually on the same team (Royalists were associated with Feminists) ...if there was "TENSION", they would not be on the same team

Any suggestions on where i am going wrong with my interpretation of choice D
GMAT Club Bot
Re: It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis   [#permalink] 22 Dec 2018, 20:42
Display posts from previous: Sort by

It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century Englis

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne