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# Many historians consider the Marshall Plan one of the United States’

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Re: Many historians consider the Marshall Plan one of the United States’ [#permalink]
Sajjad1994 Can you please provide the Solution / Explanation for question 2?
I feel A should not be the answer because it doesn't seem like there is an evidence in the last sentence of the passage.
I arrived at this because there should have been data/event to back up evidence. It seems like an opinion or a view point is stated but not proved. Can you please tell me what I might be missing here?
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Re: Many historians consider the Marshall Plan one of the United States’ [#permalink]
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Anush56 wrote:
Sajjad1994 Can you please provide the Solution / Explanation for question 2?
I feel A should not be the answer because it doesn't seem like there is an evidence in the last sentence of the passage.
I arrived at this because there should have been data/event to back up evidence. It seems like an opinion or a view point is stated but not proved. Can you please tell me what I might be missing here?

Official Explanation

2. Which of the following statements best describes the function of the last sentence in the passage?

Difficulty Level: 650

Explanation

STEP 1: ANALYZE THE QUESTION STEM

The phrase “best describes the function . . .” identifies this as a Logic question. The correct answer to a Logic question will explain how or why the author uses a feature of the passage, not the content of the feature. The context clue “last sentence in the passage” identifies the feature.

STEP 2: RESEARCH THE RELEVANT TEXT

Always begin the research for a Logic question with the purpose of the passage; then predict the relationship of the specified feature to the author’s purpose. From the passage map, the author’s purpose is to “describe three historians’ views” of the Marshall Plan. The final sentence is one of those views, that of LaFeber, who is described as critical of the motives of the United States in offering the Marshall Plan; he believes the Marshall Plan was primarily intended to bind the U.S. and European economies and to revitalize industry in the United States. Consult the passage map to refresh your memory of the opinions of the other two historians: “Many historians” think it was very good; Behrman is firmly in the “Marshall Plan was a success” camp; and Ferguson is somewhere in the middle.

STEP 3: MAKE A PREDICTION

A good prediction would be to describe a historian’s view that is critical of the Marshall Plan.

STEP 4: EVALUATE THE ANSWER CHOICES

(A) matches the prediction and is correct. The “many” historians in the first sentence believe the Marshall Plan was a major foreign policy success. LaFeber’s view undermines this idea by pointing out the possibility that the intended benefit of the Marshall Plan devolved to the United States, not Europe.

(B) is not discussed in the passage and is incorrect. The author simply presents the differing views of the historians and does not “resolve” them.

(C) and (E) are 180, or opposite, choices. In the last sentence, LaFeber is challenging, not supporting, the idea that the Marshall Plan was a foreign-policy success.

(D) is a misused detail from the text. The passage discusses the “multiplier effect” that impacted the return on the dollars spent on the Marshall Plan, but LaFeber’s view on the “multiplier effect” is not mentioned.

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Re: Many historians consider the Marshall Plan one of the United States’ [#permalink]
I'm not convinced by Q2 answer is A. As per my understanding, LaFaber did not question the success of Marshal plan, rather he questioned the intent of Marshal plan. The first sentence of the paragraph says that "Many historians consider the Marshall Plan one of the United States’ major foreign policy successes of the last century.". I don't see LaFaber contending that the plan failed, rather he is saying the plan helped to revive US economy and not the Western Europe economy.

(A) would have been more appropriate if it said "It provides evidence that might undermine the viewpoint of the historians mentioned in the first sentence paragraph".

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Re: Many historians consider the Marshall Plan one of the United States’ [#permalink]
ayindrilaB wrote:
I'm not convinced by Q2 answer is A. As per my understanding, LaFaber did not question the success of Marshal plan, rather he questioned the intent of Marshal plan. The first sentence of the paragraph says that "Many historians consider the Marshall Plan one of the United States’ major foreign policy successes of the last century.". I don't see LaFaber contending that the plan failed, rather he is saying the plan helped to revive US economy and not the Western Europe economy.

(A) would have been more appropriate if it said "It provides evidence that might undermine the viewpoint of the historians mentioned in the first sentence paragraph".

The Historians are only mentioned in the first line. After that, the view of Behrman has been highlighted and then the multiplier effect has been described. Hence the overall passage is not the view of the Historians.

Hope this clarifies!
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Re: Many historians consider the Marshall Plan one of the United States [#permalink]
ayindrilaB wrote:
I'm not convinced by Q2 answer is A. As per my understanding, LaFaber did not question the success of Marshal plan, rather he questioned the intent of Marshal plan. The first sentence of the paragraph says that "Many historians consider the Marshall Plan one of the United States’ major foreign policy successes of the last century.". I don't see LaFaber contending that the plan failed, rather he is saying the plan helped to revive US economy and not the Western Europe economy.

(A) would have been more appropriate if it said "It provides evidence that might undermine the viewpoint of the historians mentioned in the first sentence paragraph".

I'm echoing this viewpoint. To choose A as the answer would have to assume that the "historians" mentioned in the first sentence ONLY considered Marshal Plan a success if it provided economic value to Europe, and can we really make that assumption here (in setting of answering RC questions on GMAT)?

In other words, if we hold no assumptions to the the definition of "success" held by the "historians", they could be considering the Marshal Plan a success in the same way that LaFeber's interpretation of the Marshall Plan. So he really isn't undermining the viewpoint of the historians, but questioning its intent, like "yeah it's successful alright, but not in the way you may think it is. This is the real reason why it's considered a success."

Am I reach a little too hard for answer C here?
Re: Many historians consider the Marshall Plan one of the United States [#permalink]
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