GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Jan 2019, 15:40

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in January
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
303112345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
Open Detailed Calendar
  • The winning strategy for a high GRE score

     January 17, 2019

     January 17, 2019

     08:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Learn the winning strategy for a high GRE score — what do people who reach a high score do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we've collected from over 50,000 students who used examPAL.
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     January 19, 2019

     January 19, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.

Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Director
Director
User avatar
B
Status: I don't stop when I'm Tired,I stop when I'm done
Joined: 11 May 2014
Posts: 535
Location: Bangladesh
Concentration: Finance, Leadership
GPA: 2.81
WE: Business Development (Real Estate)
Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 26 Sep 2017, 23:56
7
Top Contributor
22
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (01:49) correct 51% (05:58) wrong based on 668 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient cultures were not always benign, as the use of toxic lead by ancient Romans in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—of both their aqueducts and their private homes demonstrate.

(A) the use of toxic lead by ancient Romans in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—of both their aqueducts and their private homes demonstrate

(B) demonstrated by the use of toxic lead in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—both of their aqueducts and their private homes by ancient Romans

(C) demonstrated by the toxic lead that ancient Romans used in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—of both their aqueducts and their private homes

(D) toxic lead used by ancient Romans in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—both of their aqueducts and of their private homes demonstrate

(E) the use by ancient Romans of toxic lead in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—of both their aqueducts and private homes demonstrates

_________________

Md. Abdur Rakib

Please Press +1 Kudos,If it helps
Sentence Correction-Collection of Ron Purewal's "elliptical construction/analogies" for SC Challenges


Originally posted by AbdurRakib on 23 Sep 2016, 13:12.
Last edited by hazelnut on 26 Sep 2017, 23:56, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4615
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Sep 2016, 22:36
4
Top Contributor
3
In this topic, the meaning and comparison are important. The stimulus makes it clear that the metals are not benign as proven by Lead; we should not misconstrue it for the use of lead.

A is anyway wrong for the using the plural verb demonstrate.
B is wrong for using the altered intent of ‘the use of lead”. It is wrong to say- both of – ‘of both’ is the correct expression.
C. the best choice; is forthright in comparing metals with lead rather than the use of lead.
D. Lead requires a singular verb demonstrates.
E. The use of lead is wrong.

Nice question
_________________

you can know a lot about something but not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

General Discussion
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Dec 2015
Posts: 25
WE: Account Management (Commercial Banking)
Premium Member
Re: Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 25 Sep 2016, 09:23
1
Splits :

Both of vs Of both :

Of both is correct. B & D are out.

Option E "the use of toxic lead" is wrong. Out.

A : "Demonstrates" is singular. Out.

Option C : Correct.

Originally posted by Vishvesh88 on 23 Sep 2016, 22:26.
Last edited by Vishvesh88 on 25 Sep 2016, 09:23, edited 2 times in total.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Jun 2016
Posts: 37
GPA: 4
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Nov 2016, 13:11
2
daagh wrote:
In this topic, the meaning and comparison are important. The stimulus makes it clear that the metals are not benign as proven by Lead; we should not misconstrue it for the use of lead.

A is anyway wrong for the using the plural verb demonstrate.
B is wrong for using the altered intent of ‘the use of lead”. It is wrong to say- both of – ‘of both’ is the correct expression.
C. the best choice; is forthright in comparing metals with lead rather than the use of lead.
D. Lead requires a singular verb demonstrates.
E. The use of lead is wrong.

Nice question


Hi daagh
My question with C is how can "lead" demonstrate something?
Shouldn't "the use of lead" demonstrate?
Regards
Bitan
Intern
Intern
User avatar
S
Status: I am not giving up. Not yet.
Joined: 23 Jul 2015
Posts: 41
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Nov 2016, 09:30
3
1
bitanrc wrote:
daagh wrote:
In this topic, the meaning and comparison are important. The stimulus makes it clear that the metals are not benign as proven by Lead; we should not misconstrue it for the use of lead.

A is anyway wrong for the using the plural verb demonstrate.
B is wrong for using the altered intent of ‘the use of lead”. It is wrong to say- both of – ‘of both’ is the correct expression.
C. the best choice; is forthright in comparing metals with lead rather than the use of lead.
D. Lead requires a singular verb demonstrates.
E. The use of lead is wrong.

Nice question


Hi daagh
My question with C is how can "lead" demonstrate something?
Shouldn't "the use of lead" demonstrate?
Regards


Bitan


bitan
If you notice, the question says
Metals, pigments and other chemical substancesused by ancient cultures were not always benign, as the use of toxic lead by ancient Romans in the plumbing-a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”-of both their aqueducts and their private homes demonstrate.

The "lead" demonstrates that it is not benign. Its usage during ancient roman only adds more info about 'lead'.
With this thought in mind, re-read the sentence with option C again.

Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient cultures were not always benign, as demonstrated by the toxic lead that ancient Romans used in the plumbing-a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”-of both their aqueducts and their private homes

To put in simple words-

Wives and girlfriends are known to be demanding, as demonstrated by my girlfriend who.......(It's too risky to complete the sentence. Let's leave it at that! ;) ).

I hope this (including the example I mentioned :P) helps.
_________________

Cheers
PeeKay

Current Student
User avatar
B
Joined: 26 Aug 2015
Posts: 33
Concentration: Strategy, Economics
GMAT 1: 570 Q40 V28
GMAT 2: 740 Q49 V41
Re: Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Nov 2016, 13:55
daagh wrote:
In this topic, the meaning and comparison are important. The stimulus makes it clear that the metals are not benign as proven by Lead; we should not misconstrue it for the use of lead.

A is anyway wrong for the using the plural verb demonstrate.
B is wrong for using the altered intent of ‘the use of lead”. It is wrong to say- both of – ‘of both’ is the correct expression.
C. the best choice; is forthright in comparing metals with lead rather than the use of lead.
D. Lead requires a singular verb demonstrates.
E. The use of lead is wrong.

Nice question



Could you please elaborate on why is "the use of lead" wrong?
_________________

Send some kudos this way if I was helpful! :)!

Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1323
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Sep 2017, 23:56
1
AbdurRakib wrote:
Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient cultures were not always benign, as the use of toxic lead by ancient Romans in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—of both their aqueducts and their private homes demonstrate.

(A) the use of toxic lead by ancient Romans in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—of both their aqueducts and their private homes demonstrate

(B) demonstrated by the use of toxic lead in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—both of their aqueducts and their private homes by ancient Romans

(C) demonstrated by the toxic lead that ancient Romans used in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—of both their aqueducts and their private homes

(D) toxic lead used by ancient Romans in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—both of their aqueducts and of their private homes demonstrate

(E) the use by ancient Romans of toxic lead in the plumbing—a word derived from the Latin word for “lead”—of both their aqueducts and private homes demonstrates


The original sentence incorrectly pairs a singular subject ( the use) with a plural verb ( demonstrate). Don’t be misled by the distance between these two; everything between them is a modifier. In fact, the distance between use and demonstrate is so extreme that it’s easy to forget that use needs a verb. The correct choice should avoid this problem.

(A) This choice is incorrect, as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice fixes the subject-verb agreement problem (and the problem of distance) by changing the beginning to demonstrated by the use. However, it introduces two new problems. First, parallelism is broken in the phrase both of their aqueducts and their private homes. The first marker word ( both) is followed by of their, but the second marker word ( and) is followed directly by their. The proper form would be both of their… and of their… or of both their… and their…. Second, the prepositional phrase by the Romans is so far removed from the noun it goes with ( use) that we lose track of the meaning.

(C) CORRECT. This answer choice fixes all grammatical problems. Verbs are placed close to their natural subjects ( demonstrated by the toxic lead, ancient Romans used). Also, the parallelism of the both… and… construction at the end of the sentence is proper. It could be argued that the meaning has shifted ever so slightly (this choice states that the toxic lead itself demonstrates the point, rather than the use of that toxic lead), but we are left with no other choice, and a meaning shift of this minute degree is tolerable.

(D) This choice introduces a subject-verb disagreement: toxic lead… demonstrate. Moreover, these two (subject and verb) are still separated by an enormous distance, with many distracting elements in between.

(E) This choice still has a parallelism issue in the both their aqueducts and private homes. If both is followed by their, then and should be followed by their, too. Also, the separation of the modifier of toxic lead from the use creates a meaning problem, because this modifier seems to attach to ancient Romans.

The correct answer is C.
_________________

"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Advanced Search : https://gmatclub.com/forum/advanced-search/

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
Posts: 205
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GPA: 3.97
Re: Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jan 2019, 20:56
A time consuming question and a tricky one.
I narrowed it down using parallelism after both.
Only A, C and D follow parallelism. B and D out.
A uses the verb "demonstrate" for the noun phrase " the use of toxic lead by ancient Romans" and S-V disagreement.
D uses the verb "demonstrate" for noun "lead " . Agaiin S-V error.
so A and D out
Answer C
_________________

Please give Kudos. Kudos encourage active discussions and help the community grow

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture &nbs [#permalink] 08 Jan 2019, 20:56
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Metals, pigments and other chemical substances used by ancient culture

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.