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Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the

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Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Oct 2018, 04:25
3
16
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

50% (01:13) correct 50% (01:29) wrong based on 487 sessions

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Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the right to its citizens that they could be aware of their laws.

(A) had a government granted the right to its citizens that they could be aware
(B) did a government grant the right to its citizens that they could be aware
(C) had the government granted the right to its citizens for the awareness
(D) did a government grant the right to its citizens to be aware
(E) had the government granted that its citizens had a right that they could be aware

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Originally posted by daagh on 09 Sep 2015, 04:51.
Last edited by Bunuel on 03 Oct 2018, 04:25, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 05:02
1
IS IT B

had done is not used with the phrase "not until+past time"

in D, to be aware modify the subject, not logic
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 07:25
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thangvietnam wrote:
IS IT B

had done is not used with the phrase "not until+past time"

in D, to be aware modify the subject, not logic


" They " - doesn't have a clear antecedent , so I will go with (D) ...

Whats the OA ?
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 07:54
is it D? B & D are 2 options that come close.
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 08:24
IMO : D

Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the right to its citizens that they could be aware of their laws.

(A) had a government granted the right to its citizens that they could be aware : granted ...that they could be aware (wrong)
(B) did a government grant the right to its citizens that they could be aware : government grant...that they could be aware(Wrong) . I dont think 'they' is an issue here. It clearly refers to citizens
(C) had the government granted the right to its citizens for the awareness : for the awareness (Wrong)
(D) did a government grant the right to its citizens to be aware Correct
(E) had the government granted that its citizens had a right that they could be aware : Use of 'Had' twice is clearly wrong

Why is the usage of 'Had' after the comma wrong ? The actions seem to be related. We have the usage of 'Until' which tells me Past perfect can be used.
Anyone ?
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 08:54
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bhatiavai wrote:
Why is the usage of 'Had' after the comma wrong ? The actions seem to be related. We have the usage of 'Until' which tells me Past perfect can be used.
Anyone ? Many Thanks


Plz find the attachment added timeline representation of the scenario discussed..

Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted -----> Means a point in the past which has a clear timeline antecedent....


|Government didn't allow right to its citizens to be aware of the laws|------|Hammurabi’s Code was enacted|------|Present|--------------> |Future|

Clearly the untill + verb-ed refers to some incident in the past and thus doesn't require a Past Perfect Tense...

Hope I cud explain my thought process...
Attachments

Government.png
Government.png [ 10.9 KiB | Viewed 3835 times ]


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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2016, 18:29
daagh wrote:
Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the right to its citizens that they could be aware of their laws.

(A) had a government granted the right to its citizens that they could be aware
(B) did a government grant the right to its citizens that they could be aware
(C) had the government granted the right to its citizens for the awareness
(D) did a government grant the right to its citizens to be aware
(E) had the government granted that its citizens had a right that they could be aware

OA after three attempts


The government granted the rights post the code was enacted - had is incorrect - knock out A, C & E
between B & D
D is a better choice - concise . B has "they could" - they not required unnecessarily increasing the length. Infinitive "to" wins
Answer is D
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2018, 04:25
daagh wrote:
Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the right to its citizens that they could be aware of their laws.

(A) had a government granted the right to its citizens that they could be aware
(B) did a government grant the right to its citizens that they could be aware
(C) had the government granted the right to its citizens for the awareness
(D) did a government grant the right to its citizens to be aware
(E) had the government granted that its citizens had a right that they could be aware


MANHATTAN REVIEW OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



The first thing you have to do in this question is distinguish whether to use the simple past or the past perfect. The first part of the sentence uses the simple past. To maintain [parallel structure the second part should also. Eliminate A, C and E. can be eliminated. You have a right to something, rather than a right that. Choice D is the correct answer.
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2019, 08:33
Hello experts,

I want to ask about a hypothetical scenario where in choice A instead of had there was a negative tone specifically "hadn't" ,if we neglect structural aspects, meaning wise (or else tense wise) would the answer choice be correct (could we use past perfect)? Because in this case before the code was enacted citizens would not have been granted the right.
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2019, 00:50
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UNSTOPPABLE12 I see what you mean, but that wouldn't work in the context. It's impossible to look at just that one part and ignore structure. Sure, we could say "Governments hadn't granted the right . . . until Hammurabi's Code." However, in that form we could also use the affirmative: "Governments HAD done xyz . . . until Hammurabi's Code." The problem in A is connected to the structure of the sentence. We have "Not until X did Y happen." That initial "not until" won't work with the past perfect, because the action after "not until X" is set up to be something that follows X, not something that precedes it.
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2019, 04:28
Can anyone please explain why we can't use had... i chose the correct option but still i anyone can explain why "had" is wrong and "did" is correct.
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2019, 15:28
rakeshtewatia0105 To use past perfect, we need the event in question to precede another past event. We don't have that here. The meaning here is that the Code actually granted citizens the right to be aware of laws. If we didn't realize that, we'd still have to read the order as first the Code was passed and then citizens were granted the right. Either way, past perfect is inappropriate.

DmitryFarber wrote:
The problem in A is connected to the structure of the sentence. We have "Not until X did Y happen." That initial "not until" won't work with the past perfect, because the action after "not until X" is set up to be something that follows X, not something that precedes it.

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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2019, 00:20
can anyone please explain the issue with B.
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2019, 08:58
saury2k wrote:
can anyone please explain the issue with B.


Let's compare B and D directly:

(B) Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, did a government grant the right to its citizens that they could be aware of their laws.
(D) Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, did a government grant the right to its citizens to be aware of their laws.

The only difference between the two answers are these words. Let's ignore the first part of the sentence and cut out some prepositional phrases to make this easier:

(B) ... the right to its citizens that they could be aware of their laws.
(D) ... the right to its citizens to be aware of their laws.

(B) ... the right that they could be aware.
(D) ... the right to be aware.

Unfortunately, this comes down to idiomatic usage, not a nice, transferable rule — do we say somethings is a "right that _____" or a "right to _____"? You might think of some classic examples: "right to life, liberty, and property", "right to education", "right to vote", etc. There aren't any obvious examples for "right that _____", so it isn't likely to be idiomatic. So we should pick D over B.

A good desperation move here if you aren't sure of the idiom: B is significantly longer/less efficient/wordier than D. Does that mean it's wrong? Not at all. But if there aren't any grammatical or meaning mistakes and we don't have anything else to go on, the shorter answer is likely the more effective and idiomatic answer.
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Re: Not until Hammurabi’s Code was enacted, had a government granted the   [#permalink] 11 Jul 2019, 08:58
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