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Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white sha

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Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white sha  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Jan 2020, 01:00
[quote="700slave"]Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white shark, the man-eater of the movies—less than those killed by bee stings.

(A) movies—less than those

(B) movies—fewer than have been

(C) movies, which is less than those

(D) movies, a number lower than the people

(E) movies, fewer than the ones

terribly dificult question. I studied and restudied it many times.

look at choice A
less than those. to be logic , this phrase must refer to "seven person' and, the sentence is " seven persons is less than those (persons). this sentence is incorrect. a number can not compare with person. the same case applies to choice E, D and C.

we can not compare persons with persons this way. we have to compare a number to another number.

how to make a comparison in this context. a number should be compared to a number if you want it to be logic.
look at choice B. we do not have number X compared to number Y. how choice B can be correct? and we do not see nay error in choice B. this is reason for which choice B is hard to be accepted.

I think number X and number Y in the comparison are understood but not writen out. this case of grammar is terribly diffucult. no grammar books explain this point . I can not make a sentence like this if we do not understand this structure.

seven persons are killed, that number smaller than the number of persons who have been killed by bee sting.

this sentence makes us good.
choice B has not "that number" and "the number of person who have been killed by bee sting". but choice B is clear, concise and logic. a sentence is used to convey ideas. if the sentence can do this job, it must be correct however strange it can be.

"that number" and "the number of persons who have been killed by bee sting" are cut off in choice B to make a concise version. those phrases are implied . this is the grammar point we have to learn from official answer.

this is SPECIAL ELLIPSIS, for which we have to be ready in the test room.

it is lucky that 4 other choices are illogic cleary and we can keep the answer choice which have not reason to be eliminated.

that is all I can have about this problem.

in choice B, "fewer than..." must go after the main clause and can not go after "only seven person" because elipssis require "fewer than..." stands after the main clause. why I mention this point? I want to understand "fewer than..." is adjectival or adverbial.

I think the phrase is adverbial, modifying the main clause. consider

I learn gmat, making my thinking more logically

the phrase "making my..." refers to the subject of the main clause and work as adverb of the main clause. this clause is similar to "fewer than..." in our problem. we can not put "making my..." after "I"

I want to know more of grammatical role of "fewer than..."

Originally posted by thangvietnam on 20 Jan 2019, 01:58.
Last edited by thangvietnam on 24 Jan 2020, 01:00, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white sha  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2019, 01:09
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The answer should keep the dash. The dash is stronger than the comma and cannot be used to replace it.

Out of the remaining two, B is the ‘fewer than have been killed’ maintains parallelism with ‘have been killed’.



B is the right answer.
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white sha  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2019, 09:29
Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white shark, the man-eater of the movies—less than those killed by bee stings.


(A) movies—less than those

Less than is used for uncountable noun.

(B) movies—fewer than have been

Although its passive but it is only Grammatically correct answer

(C) movies, which is less than those

Which is wrongly used

(D) movies, a number lower than the people

Number is compared to People

(E) movies, fewer than the ones

Fewer has no proper modification
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white sha  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2019, 16:04
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700slave wrote:
Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white shark, the man-eater of the movies—less than those killed by bee stings.

(A) movies—less than those
"those" refers to a noun not present (the other people bitten)
"less" is also reserved for uncountable nouns

(B) movies—fewer than have been
correct use of "fewer", no random pronoun reference

(C) movies, which is less than those
"which" is incorrectly used as it modifies movies here
"less" is also reserved for uncountable nouns

(D) movies, a number lower than the people
a number cannot be "lower than the people" -- illogical comparison

(E) movies, fewer than the ones
same issue as A) "ones" refers to a nonexistent noun
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Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white sha  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2019, 07:20
Can someone elaborate on the complete form of (B) without ellipsis? (I mean cutting short of words to be conscise)

Is it - fewer than THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE THAT/WHO have been killed by bee stings ???

Please let me know if above expansion is right.
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white sha  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2020, 02:59
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

700slave wrote:
Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white shark, the man-eater of the movies—less than those killed by bee stings.


(A) movies—less than those

(B) movies—fewer than have been

(C) movies, which is less than those

(D) movies, a number lower than the people

(E) movies, fewer than the ones



Choice A: This answer choice incorrectly uses "less" to modify "people", a countable noun. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice B: This answer choice modifies the countable noun "people" with the correct modifier, "fewer", avoids pronoun ambiguity, and conveys the intended meaning of the sentence. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice C: This answer choice repeats the error found in Option A. Moreover, due to the use of the "comma + which" combination the phrase "which is less than those..." modifies the noun "movies". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice D: This answer choice incorrectly uses "lower" to modify "people", a countable noun. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice suffers from pronoun ambiguity, regarding the phrase "the ones"; there are two plural nouns that "ones" could refer to, "people" and "movies". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, B is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Collective, Countable, and Uncountable Nouns on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~2 minutes):



To understand the concept of "Avoiding Pronoun Ambiguity on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):



All the best!
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white sha  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2020, 02:28
(B) movies—fewer than have been

My issue is with choice B, the number of people is being compared however the comparison is not very clear to me.

Should it not be something like "- fewer than the no of people who have been"
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white sha  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2020, 08:40
manavsehgal123 wrote:
(B) movies—fewer than have been

My issue is with choice B, the number of people is being compared however the comparison is not very clear to me.

Should it not be something like "- fewer than the no of people who have been"



Hello manavsehgal123,

Thank you for the query. :-)

The sentence with Choice B reads: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white shark, the man-eater of the movies—fewer than have been killed by bee stings.

The above-sentence is correct because it presents the intended comparison correctly. So what is the intended comparison? The sentence says that seven people have been killed by the great white shark. However, more people have been killed by bee stings.

So, the intended comparison is between the two actions of been killed - 7 have been killed by the shark while more have been killed by bee stings. The correct answer choice presents this intended comparison between the two actions. Hence, we see the usage of the verb have been killed in the second part of the comparison.

Let's try to understand what meaning will the sentence conveyed if we add the number of people who.... In this structure, the action of been killed by the shark in the first part of the sentence will be compared to the number of people. So, the sentence ends up ungrammatically comparing an action with a noun entity. Please note that who have been killed by bee stings is just a modifier/descriptor for the noun the number of people.

Hence, to compare one action with another, we must mention a proper verb in the second part of the comparison as we see in Choice B.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white sha   [#permalink] 28 Jan 2020, 08:40

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