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People with serious financial problems are so worried about

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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2014, 03:12
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Difficulty:

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Question Stats:

51% (00:50) correct 49% (01:19) wrong based on 424 sessions

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People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.

Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?

Conc: FP solved ----> Happiness (ana. to x --> y)

(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy - 'serious problems' is superset and we are concerned for 'serious financial problems'' only. Language is extreme.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy - Correct. Go with argument
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy - no mention of people having no serious FP.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems - If x --> y then it doesn't mean that (-y) --> (-x)
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems - If x --> y then it doesn't mean that y --> x


Correct me if I am wrong in my reasoning.... :roll:
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2014, 07:12
People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy. -> No! No one defines a serious Problem in this Argument.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy. -> They CAN.
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy. -> They COULD.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems. -> No.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems. -> denial test. If People are happy, they do have serious ... Denial test agrees. Also, they can be happy if they don't got serious financial Problems. So if they are happy, they can't have any serioues financial Problems.

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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2016, 23:38
Not sure how E is answer, it should be B.

If financial problems --> Not Happy
Only If Solve Financial Problems --> Happy

E says If happy --> No financial problems. It is never said in the arugment.
B says solve financial problems --> Happy.

E would be correct if stimulas says "Solving finacial problems only/sufficient to be one happy"

Can some please help whether I am correct in my thinking.

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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2016, 21:02
I think B is very loose. As people are having issues with B, I will address this:

(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy.

Premise :people with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy.

this statement should not be taken for people without serious financial problems are happy. There could be other reason that are making them unhappy. So we can't say people without Financial problem are happy in general.

Furthermore, I think we need a conditional sentence.

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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2016, 20:04
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prakashgmat2016 wrote:
Hi Sayan,

I have a doubt in the following question. This is based on If A then B conditional statement. So the possible inference is if NOT B then NOT A. I tried to apply this logic but ended up with the wrong answer. E is the correct answer for this question


People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy. Their misery makes everyone close to them—family, friends, colleagues—unhappy as well. Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the passage?
(A) Only serious problems make people unhappy.
(B) People who solve their serious financial problems will be happy.
(C) People who do not have serious financial problems will be happy.
(D) If people are unhappy, they have serious financial problems.
(E) If people are happy, they do not have serious financial problems. CORRECT ANSWER GIVEN

My First Explanation:

If I take the last statement " Only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy."

It means IF no financial problem(A) THEN people are happy (B)
So, I can conclude IF not happy (not B) THEN financial problem (not A) -- > This is exactly what D says



My Second Explanation:

Now if i take the first statement "People with serious financial problems are so worried about money that they cannot be happy."

It means IF serious financial problem(A) THEN people can not be happy (B)
So, I can conclude IF happy (not B) THEN no serious financial problem (not A) -- > This is exactly what E says and this is the CORRECT answer

Could you please tell me
1. Where i am going wrong in my first explanation?
2. Is the second explanation is correct

While solving this problem I marked D with 100% confidence and got it wrong :-(


You second explanation is correct.

About your first explanation:
The statement "Only if THEIR financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy" is said about the people who had financial problems. However there could be other people who do not have financial problems but still are unhappy. Nothing has been said about these people. Hence the first explanation is not perfect.

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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2017, 02:54
B and E , both are correct as per the argument. How one can choose E over B . Experts please help
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New post 27 Jan 2017, 03:09
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anje29 wrote:
B and E , both are correct as per the argument. How one can choose E over B . Experts please help


The passage states, "Only if their financial problems are solved, CAN they and those around them be happy." This implies that solving financial problems makes it possible for them to be happy. Whether they WILL actually be happy is not known, because there could be other reasons of being unhappy. Hence option B is incorrect.

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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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For B, the argument says 'only if their financial problems are solved can they and those around them be happy'. Not surely that they will be happy. B says they will surely be happy, which is not correct.

E. If they are happy, we can be sure that they have no serious financial problem.
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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2017, 05:42
This questions is of the type

Only if P, then Q.

Meaning : Q cannot exists without P.

~Q --> ~P.

P: Financial Problems
Q: Not Happy
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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 00:36
The stimulus can be diagrammed as follows:
Sentence 1: SF—>notH(Serious Financial Problems ---> People cannot be happy)
Sentence 3: H —>notSF(People Happy ---> no serious Financial Problems)
The sufficient condition in the first
sentence is introduced by the phrase “people with.” The necessary condition
in the third sentence is introduced by the phrase, “only if.” Note that the third
sentence provides the contrapositive of the first sentence. The second
sentence is not conditional and contains only general statements about the
effects of their misery. The question stem uses the word “inferred” and can
be classified as a Must Be True. When you encounter a stimulus that
contains conditional reasoning and a Must Be True question stem,
immediately look for a contrapositive or a repeat form in the answer choices.
In problems with this same combination, avoid Mistaken Reversals and
Mistaken Negations as they are attractive but wrong answer traps.
Contrapositive of sentence 1 :- notSF --> H & Sentence 3 :- H ---> notSF(only option E is correct because it is contrapositive of the first sentence and a repeat of the third sentence).
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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2017, 11:19
Question for experts:

I've read that conditional "if-then" on CR passages follow the following format:
X -> Y, or
X (not) -> Y (not)

AND the ONLY following Conclusion can be: Y (not) -> X (not)
- My question is this: Does it have to be in this order??

- Let me give an example: If I work out, then I am in shape. (format: If X, then Y).
-- According to this theory, the only possible if-then statement that can apply to this is: "If I am NOT in shape, then I do NOT work out".
-- Can I also say: "If I do NOT work out, then I am NOT in shape"?

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Re: People with serious financial problems are so worried about   [#permalink] 18 Sep 2017, 11:19
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