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# QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s

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QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s  [#permalink]

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31 May 2016, 08:38
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Question Stats:

74% (01:20) correct 26% (01:49) wrong based on 492 sessions

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A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the strength of unions was declining. The article’s evidence was the decreasing number and size of strikes as though the reason for the unions’ existence was to organize strikes. Surely, in a modern industrial society, the calling of a strike is evidence that the negotiating position of the union was too weak. Strong unions do not need to call strikes. They can concentrate their efforts on working with others in the labor market to achieve common goals, such as profitable and humane working conditions.

The argument criticizing the newspaper article employs which one of the following strategies?

(A) Questioning the accuracy of the statistical evidence that the newspaper article uses
(B) Detailing historical changes that make the newspaper articles’ analysis outdated
(C) Reinterpreting evidence that the newspaper article uses as indicating the opposite of what the newspaper concludes
(D) Arguing that the newspaper article’s conclusion is motivated by a desire to change the role of unions
(E) Pointing to common interests among unions and management

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Re: QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s  [#permalink]

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31 May 2016, 08:51
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Its C for me.

(A) Questioning the accuracy of the statistical evidence that the newspaper article uses--Nothing questioned about the accuracy of statistics.
(B) Detailing historical changes that make the newspaper articles’ analysis outdated--No mention of historical changes.Out of scope.
© Reinterpreting evidence that the newspaper article uses as indicating the opposite of what the newspaper concludes--OK.
(D) Arguing that the newspaper article’s conclusion is motivated by a desire to change the role of unions--Very strong conclusion.Out
(E) Pointing to common interests among unions and management.--No help.
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Re: QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s  [#permalink]

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31 May 2016, 08:56
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carcass wrote:
A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the strength of unions was declining. The article’s evidence was the decreasing number and size of strikes as though the reason for the unions’ existence was to organize strikes. Surely, in a modern industrial society, the calling of a strike is evidence that the negotiating position of the union was too weak. Strong unions do not need to call strikes. They can concentrate their efforts on working with others in the labor market to achieve common goals, such as profitable and humane working conditions.

The argument criticizing the newspaper article employs which one of the following strategies?

(A) Questioning the accuracy of the statistical evidence that the newspaper article uses
(B) Detailing historical changes that make the newspaper articles’ analysis outdated
(C) Reinterpreting evidence that the newspaper article uses as indicating the opposite of what the newspaper concludes
(D) Arguing that the newspaper article’s conclusion is motivated by a desire to change the role of unions
(E) Pointing to common interests among unions and management

C it is !!

(A) Questioning the accuracy of the statistical evidence that the newspaper article uses (Dont see any statistics uses here)
(B) Detailing historical changes that make the newspaper articles’ analysis outdated ( nothing related to history as well )
(C) Reinterpreting evidence that the newspaper article uses as indicating the opposite of what the newspaper concludes (Bingo !! author clearly mentions it in line 1 The article’s evidence was the decreasing number and size of strikes as though the reason for the unions’ existence was to organize strikes
(D) Arguing that the newspaper article’s conclusion is motivated by a desire to change the role of unions (nothing to do with the change of unions)
(E) Pointing to common interests among unions and management (- nope)
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Re: QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s  [#permalink]

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31 May 2016, 10:46
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Only options B and C seem relevant to begin with. But the argument does not clearly state that historical changes. C looks like the better option.

C for me as well.
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Re: QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s  [#permalink]

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31 May 2016, 11:37
1
carcass wrote:
A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the strength of unions was declining. The article’s evidence was the decreasing number and size of strikes as though the reason for the unions’ existence was to organize strikes. Surely, in a modern industrial society, the calling of a strike is evidence that the negotiating position of the union was too weak. Strong unions do not need to call strikes. They can concentrate their efforts on working with others in the labor market to achieve common goals, such as profitable and humane working conditions.

The argument criticizing the newspaper article employs which one of the followingstrategies?

(A) Questioning the accuracy of the statistical evidence that the newspaper article uses
(B) Detailing historical changes that make the newspaper articles’ analysis outdated
(C) Reinterpreting evidence that the newspaper article uses as indicating the opposite of what the newspaper concludes
(D) Arguing that the newspaper article’s conclusion is motivated by a desire to change the role of unions
(E) Pointing to common interests among unions and management

 Newspaper Evidence : Decreasing number and size of strikes = Declining strength of unionsAuthor : Calling of a strike = Weak negotiating position of the unionThus declining no and size of strikes = More time for achieve common goals ( Of Unions & Management )

IMHO also with (C) will look for the OE for this question....

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Re: QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s  [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2016, 04:13
OA revealed. Thanks for the discussion. Give kudo.

Sorry for the typo guys. Fixed.

Regards
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Re: QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2016, 03:00
1
Premise : A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the strength of unions was declining. The article’s evidence was the decreasing number and size of strikes as though the reason for the unions’ existence was to organize strikes.
Counter-Premise: Surely, in a modern industrial society, the calling of a strike is evidence that the negotiating position of the union was too weak. They can concentrate their efforts on working with others in the labor market to achieve common goals, such as profitable and humane working conditions
Conclusion : Strong unions do not need to call strikes.
.
We are asked to find the method of reasoning by the critique of the news paper article. Hence this is a Method of Reasoning Question and information must flow from the stimuli only no new information allowed.

(A) Questioning the accuracy of the statistical evidence that the newspaper article uses - The counter premise does not question the accuracy of the statistical evidence at all rather it uses the same statistics to argue that it is a positive development. This choice is incorrect.
(B) Detailing historical changes that make the newspaper articles’ analysis outdated - There is no reference to history here. Do not be confused by the words "Modern Days" that does not have any historical context in this passage. Incorrect.
(C) Reinterpreting evidence that the newspaper article uses as indicating the opposite of what the newspaper concludes - Correct! Th conclusion is based on a counter premise that re-interprets the same evidenc of decreasing strikes provided by the newspaper in a positive manner that is how the conclusion is reasoned by the counter premise. Hence this is the right answer.
(D) Arguing that the newspaper article’s conclusion is motivated by a desire to change the role of unions - There is no such argument. There is merely a statement made by the stimulus author in a sarcastic manner. Incorrect.
(E) Pointing to common interests among unions and management - broadens the scope of the argument hence incorrect.
.
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QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s  [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2017, 17:32
carcass wrote:

A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the strength of unions was declining. The article’s evidence was the decreasing number and size of strikes as though the reason for the unions’ existence was to organize strikes. Surely, in a modern industrial society, the calling of a strike is evidence that the negotiating position of the union was too weak. Strong unions do not need to call strikes. They can concentrate their efforts on working with others in the labor market to achieve common goals, such as profitable and humane working conditions.

The argument criticizing the newspaper article employs which one of the following strategies?

(A) Questioning the accuracy of the statistical evidence that the newspaper article uses
(B) Detailing historical changes that make the newspaper articles’ analysis outdated
(C) Reinterpreting evidence that the newspaper article uses as indicating the opposite of what the newspaper concludes
(D) Arguing that the newspaper article’s conclusion is motivated by a desire to change the role of unions
(E) Pointing to common interests among unions and management

Source : LSAT PrepTest36 Q24

A newspaper article on Britain’s unions argued that their strength was declining. The article’s evidence was the decreasing number and size of strikes, as if the reason for the unions’ existence was to organize strikes. Surely, in a modern industrial society, the calling of a strike is evidence that the negotiating position of the union was too weak. Strong unions do not need to call strikes. They can concentrate their efforts on working with others in the labor market to achieve common goals, such as profitable and humane working conditions.

24. The argument criticizing the newspaper article employs which one of the following strategies?

(A) questioning the accuracy of the statistical evidence that the newspaper article uses
(B) detailing historical changes that make the newspaper article’s analysis outdated
(C) reinterpreting evidence that the newspaper article uses as indicating the opposite of what the newspaper concludes
(D) arguing that the newspaper article’s conclusion is motivated by a desire to change the role of unions
(E) pointing to common interests among unions and management which the newspaper article ignores

Quote:
The newspaper concludes that unions are declining in strength. The evidence put forward by the newspaper is the declining number and size of strikes. The author takes this same piece of evidence and twists it around to imply the denial of the conclusion. The author uses the fact that there are fewer and smaller strikes to suggest that the unions are not weaker and may in fact be stronger. This is perfectly summarized in answer choice (C).

(A) is not true. The author doesn't question the evidence, just the conclusion reached from it.
(B) states something that never happened. It's not that the evidence the newspaper used is outdated, rather, the author states that it leads to a different conclusion.
(C) is correct for the reasons above.
(D) states something that never happened. The author does not question the motivations of the newspaper article's conclusion.
(E) mentions common interests between unions and management. The author mentions common interests between unions and others. Not exactly the same thing!

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION FROM KAPLAN

Method of Argument

Come up with your own prediction of a method of argument answer before you get bogged down in the choices.

(C) has it right: The author takes the very evidence (few and tiny strikes) used by the paper to belittle unions, and shows that it can speak to unions’ strength.

Far from questioning the evidence’s accuracy (A) the author accepts it and uses it to his own ends. The author’s evidence is interpretive rather than historical (B) and no hint of “outdatedness” appears. In questioning the article’s conclusion the author does not impugn its writer’s motives (D) nor does he need to; (E) seems to put its toe in the water of impugning motives as well.
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Re: QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2017, 23:45
At first, the question looks like an application question. The question actually is a responding question.
Re: QOTD #4 A newspaper article in the Smithville Herald argued that the s &nbs [#permalink] 03 Nov 2017, 23:45
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