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QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for

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QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 214: Sentence Correction


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According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of

(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in

(C) equal to those who are enrolled in

(D) as many as the enrollment of

(E) as many as are enrolled in

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2018, 04:45
This one is a classic, and it might make the top-ten list of questions that cause the most frustration in GMAT-land. It’s a comparison question, but with some ugly tweaks – and if you’re not really, really strict and literal with the meaning, you’ll get twisted up in this one. (And if you want more on comparisons, check out this YouTube video and this sequel.)

Before we get rolling: the sentence is clearly trying to compare the number of people who receive job training with the number of people who are enrolled in four-year colleges and universities. And plenty of the answer choices sound decent, but only one really conveys that meaning with precision.

Quote:
(A) equivalent to the enrollment of

So what’s being compared when we look strictly and literally at (A)? Basically, the sentence is saying that “eight million people” who receive job training from companies are “equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

Hm. That’s not quite right. The word “equivalent” generally suggests that two things are similar in quality or function, and “enrollment” generally refers to an entire group of students as a collective. So (A) is literally saying that the eight million people in job training are “similar in quality or function” to the collective group of students in universities.

And that doesn’t make any sense. We’re not saying that the groups of people are similar in quality; we’re trying to say that the groups have the same number of people.

So (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in

The word “those” always catches my eye, especially on comparison questions. “Those” is a plural pronoun, and in this case, “those” presumably refers to “people.”

So that gives us: “…eight million people (in job training), the equivalent of the people enrolled in the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.” Superficially, it’s nice that this compares “eight million people” in job training to “the people enrolled in… colleges and universities”, but we’re still saying that the two types of people are “equivalent” – again, roughly similar in quality or function. And that doesn’t make sense, for the same reasons as (A).

So (B) can be eliminated, too.

Quote:
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in

This one sounds better! Only trouble is, we don’t care about sound on SC.

Since “those” once again refers to “people”, we now have “eight million people (in job training), equal to the people who are enrolled in… colleges and universities.” This is really subtle, but this is telling us that the actual people in job training are “equal to” the actual people in colleges and universities.

Literally, that seems to making a social statement about equality among people in different situations in life. Personally, I like that sentiment, but it really has nothing to do with what the sentence is trying to say. The point isn’t that people in job training are “equal to” the people in universities; the sentence is trying to say that the number of people in each group is the same.

And since (C) doesn’t actually say that, we can get rid of it.

Since (D) and (E) are so similar, let’s line those two up side-by-side:

Quote:
(D) as many as the enrollment of
(E) as many as are enrolled in

Meaning-wise, the phrase “as many as” is a huge improvement over our options in (A), (B), and (C). It’s finally clear that we’re comparing the number of people in each group, so that’s great.

But (E) makes a little bit more sense than (D). Why? Well, the word “enrollment” generally refers to the collective group of students enrolled in colleges and universities, so (D) is saying that “eight million people” receiving training from companies are “as many as” the collective enrollment of colleges and universities. And that’s not quite right: it’s clearer to say that the “eight million people” is the same number of people as are enrolled in colleges and universities.

So (E) conveys the correct meaning just a little bit more clearly, and it's the best answer.
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Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2018, 05:04
Good one for those who get confused with such comparisons.
The correct answer will describe the 'eight million people', the immediately preceding phrase. 'eight million people' is an answer to "how many people".

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of - number can't be equivalent to enrollment

(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in - 'those' has no logical precedent

(C) equal to those who are enrolled in - 'those' has no logical precedent

(D) as many as the enrollment of - number can't be equivalent to enrollment

(E) as many as are enrolled in - looks fine
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Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2018, 06:17
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 214: Sentence Correction


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For All QOTD Questions Click Here


According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of

(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in

(C) equal to those who are enrolled in

(D) as many as the enrollment of

(E) as many as are enrolled in

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

IMO B
Explanation:-
Here we are talking about equivalent figure which is different from EQUAL TO .
Choices C,D,E talk about EQUAL
Option A doesn't satisfy the comparison correctly.
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Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2018, 06:29
Well this is a comparison question. While solving such question, keep one thing in mind that it is a right comparison, apple to apple. Here "for nearly eight million people" is one side of the comparison. let find the other side.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of --- 80 mil people compared with enrollment. not a right comparison.

(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in --- 80 mil people compared with people enrolled. absurd.

(C) equal to those who are enrolled in --- 80 mil people compared with "those" again for individual people. absurd.

(D) as many as the enrollment of --- 80 mil people compared with "enrollment". quiet silly.

(E) as many as are enrolled in --- right comparison. 80 mil people compared with "as many as are enrolled".

Hopefully E should be right.

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Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2018, 07:06
Choice E.

Equivalent can not use to compare people. Similar to equal.
Therefore, we can eliminate A, B, and C.

Wrong comparison in D: people vs. enrollment

Only E left.


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Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2018, 07:06
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