GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 20 Jun 2018, 12:14

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 5180
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Feb 2018, 05:44
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

55% (01:03) correct 45% (00:59) wrong based on 303 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 214: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of

(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in

(C) equal to those who are enrolled in

(D) as many as the enrollment of

(E) as many as are enrolled in

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1749
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170
QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Feb 2018, 05:45
4
2
This one is a classic, and it might make the top-ten list of questions that cause the most frustration in GMAT-land. It’s a comparison question, but with some ugly tweaks – and if you’re not really, really strict and literal with the meaning, you’ll get twisted up in this one. (And if you want more on comparisons, check out this YouTube video and this sequel.)

Before we get rolling: the sentence is clearly trying to compare the number of people who receive job training with the number of people who are enrolled in four-year colleges and universities. And plenty of the answer choices sound decent, but only one really conveys that meaning with precision.

Quote:
(A) equivalent to the enrollment of

So what’s being compared when we look strictly and literally at (A)? Basically, the sentence is saying that “eight million people” who receive job training from companies are “equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

Hm. That’s not quite right. The word “equivalent” generally suggests that two things are similar in quality or function, and “enrollment” generally refers to an entire group of students as a collective. So (A) is literally saying that the eight million people in job training are “similar in quality or function” to the collective group of students in universities.

And that doesn’t make any sense. We’re not saying that the groups of people are similar in quality; we’re trying to say that the groups have the same number of people.

So (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in

The word “those” always catches my eye, especially on comparison questions. “Those” is a plural pronoun, and in this case, “those” presumably refers to “people.”

So that gives us: “…eight million people (in job training), the equivalent of the people enrolled in the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.” Superficially, it’s nice that this compares “eight million people” in job training to “the people enrolled in… colleges and universities”, but we’re still saying that the two types of people are “equivalent” – again, roughly similar in quality or function. And that doesn’t make sense, for the same reasons as (A).

So (B) can be eliminated, too.

Quote:
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in

This one sounds better! Only trouble is, we don’t care about sound on SC.

Since “those” once again refers to “people”, we now have “eight million people (in job training), equal to the people who are enrolled in… colleges and universities.” This is really subtle, but this is telling us that the actual people in job training are “equal to” the actual people in colleges and universities.

Literally, that seems to making a social statement about equality among people in different situations in life. Personally, I like that sentiment, but it really has nothing to do with what the sentence is trying to say. The point isn’t that people in job training are “equal to” the people in universities; the sentence is trying to say that the number of people in each group is the same.

And since (C) doesn’t actually say that, we can get rid of it.

Since (D) and (E) are so similar, let’s line those two up side-by-side:

Quote:
(D) as many as the enrollment of
(E) as many as are enrolled in

Meaning-wise, the phrase “as many as” is a huge improvement over our options in (A), (B), and (C). It’s finally clear that we’re comparing the number of people in each group, so that’s great.

But (E) makes a little bit more sense than (D). Why? Well, the word “enrollment” generally refers to the collective group of students enrolled in colleges and universities, so (D) is saying that “eight million people” receiving training from companies are “as many as” the collective enrollment of colleges and universities. And that’s not quite right: it’s clearer to say that the “eight million people” is the same number of people as are enrolled in colleges and universities.

So (E) conveys the correct meaning just a little bit more clearly, and it's the best answer.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Mar 2017
Posts: 422
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Organizational Behavior
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Feb 2018, 06:04
Good one for those who get confused with such comparisons.
The correct answer will describe the 'eight million people', the immediately preceding phrase. 'eight million people' is an answer to "how many people".

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of - number can't be equivalent to enrollment

(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in - 'those' has no logical precedent

(C) equal to those who are enrolled in - 'those' has no logical precedent

(D) as many as the enrollment of - number can't be equivalent to enrollment

(E) as many as are enrolled in - looks fine
_________________

------------------------------
"Trust the timing of your life"
Hit Kudus if this has helped you get closer to your goal, and also to assist others save time. Tq

Manager
Joined: 19 Jun 2017
Posts: 51
Location: India
GPA: 3.23
Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Feb 2018, 07:17
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 214: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of

(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in

(C) equal to those who are enrolled in

(D) as many as the enrollment of

(E) as many as are enrolled in

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

IMO B
Explanation:-
Here we are talking about equivalent figure which is different from EQUAL TO .
Choices C,D,E talk about EQUAL
Option A doesn't satisfy the comparison correctly.
Director
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 511
Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Feb 2018, 07:29
Well this is a comparison question. While solving such question, keep one thing in mind that it is a right comparison, apple to apple. Here "for nearly eight million people" is one side of the comparison. let find the other side.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of --- 80 mil people compared with enrollment. not a right comparison.

(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in --- 80 mil people compared with people enrolled. absurd.

(C) equal to those who are enrolled in --- 80 mil people compared with "those" again for individual people. absurd.

(D) as many as the enrollment of --- 80 mil people compared with "enrollment". quiet silly.

(E) as many as are enrolled in --- right comparison. 80 mil people compared with "as many as are enrolled".

Hopefully E should be right.

Mr. GMATNinja - one kudos for your food blog. Looking at your food choices, I say give a try to Indian food, specially in Delhi.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Best Gmat Resource:
GmatPrep CR|GmatPrep SC|GmatPrep RC

Intern
Joined: 14 Mar 2017
Posts: 1
GPA: 4
WE: Analyst (Consulting)
Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Feb 2018, 08:06
Choice E.

Equivalent can not use to compare people. Similar to equal.
Therefore, we can eliminate A, B, and C.

Wrong comparison in D: people vs. enrollment

Only E left.

Sent from my iPad using GMAT Club Forum
Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2016
Posts: 134
Concentration: General Management, Leadership
Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Apr 2018, 03:24
Comparison:
Equivalent to compares uncountable quantities.
As many as  compares countable quantities
People are countable.
According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in
(D) as many as the enrollment of
(E) as many as are enrolled in
Re: QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for   [#permalink] 26 Apr 2018, 03:24
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# QOTD: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.