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# Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil. The roots

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Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil. The roots  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 05 Nov 2018, 04:19
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Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil. The roots of melon plants perform less efficiently under the low-oxygen conditions present in rain-soaked soil. When the efficiency of melon roots is impaired, the roots do not supply sufficient amounts of the proper nutrients for the plants to perform photosynthesis at their usual levels. It follows that melon plants have a lower-than-usual rate of photosynthesis when their roots the are in rain-soaked soil. When the photosynthesis of the plants slows, sugar stored in the fruits is drawn off to supply the plants with energy. Therefore, ripe melons harvested after a prolonged period of heavy rain should be less sweet than other ripe melons.

In the argument given, the two highlighted portions play which of the following roles?

A) The first states the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second provides support for that conclusion.

B) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second provides evidence that supports an objection to that conclusion.

C) The first provides support for an intermediate conclusion that supports a further conclusion stated in the argument; the second states that intermediate conclusion.

D) The first serves as an intermediate conclusion that supports a further conclusion stated in the argument; the second states the position that the argument as a whole opposes.

E) The first states the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second supports the conclusion of the argument.

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Originally posted by carcass on 15 Feb 2018, 15:24.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 Nov 2018, 04:19, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil. The roots  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2018, 21:39
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The answer to this question is C since B1 and B2 both support the authors main conclusion and that the 2 statements are not opposing either the conclusion or is it opposing each other hence option D/E and B is out. Now with option A it states that B1 is the main conclusion but the main conclusion is stated at the end of the argument and so option C is correct .
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Re: Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil. The roots  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2018, 23:13
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According to me, the answer should be C. Correct me if I am wrong.

Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil.The roots of melon plants perform less efficiently under the low-oxygen conditions present in rain-soaked soil.When the efficiency of melon roots is impaired, the roots do not supply sufficient amounts of the proper nutrients for the plants to perform photosynthesis at their usual levels. It follows that melon plants have a lower-than-usual rate of photosynthesis when their roots the are in rain-soaked soil . When the photosynthesis of the plants slows, sugar stored in the fruits is drawn off to supply the plants with energy. Therefore, ripe melons harvested after a prolonged period of heavy rain should be less sweet than other ripe melons.

BF1(roots perform less eff in rain soaked) Serves as a Evidence or premise for stating that BF2(melon plants have lower P.S in rain soaked)
Main Conclusion: Last line (ripe melons harvested after a prolonged period of heavy rain should be less sweet than other ripe melons. )

In the argument given, the two highlighted portions play which of the following roles?

A) The first states the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second provides support for that conclusion.
Statement 1 is wrongly stated it is not conclusion of arg as whole.
B) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second provides evidence that supports an objection to that conclusion.
Statement 2 is wrongly stated, it is not objecting conclusion.
C) The first provides support for an intermediate conclusion that supports a further conclusion stated in the argument; the second states that intermediate conclusion.
As per our prethinking as done above.
D) The first serves as an intermediate conclusion that supports a further conclusion stated in the argument; the second states the position that the argument as a whole opposes.
Statement 2 is wrongly stated, it is not opposing main conclusion.
E) The first states the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second supports the conclusion of the argument.
First BF1 doesn't opposes.
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Re: Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil.[b]The root  [#permalink]

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05 May 2018, 10:38
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It's C. C) The first provides support for an intermediate conclusion that supports a further conclusion stated in the argument; the second states that intermediate conclusion

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Re: Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil.[b]The root  [#permalink]

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05 May 2018, 11:37
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C) The first provides support for an intermediate conclusion that supports a further conclusion stated in the argument; the second states that intermediate conclusion.

Straight C. First states the reason why a certain phenomenon will happen. Second states an inference of that phenomenon.
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Re: Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil.[b]The root  [#permalink]

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05 May 2018, 21:30
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Premise/Fact - 'The roots of melon plants perform less efficiently under the low-oxygen conditions present in rain soaked soil.'
Intermediate Conclusion- 'melon plants have a lower-than-usual rate of photosynthesis when their roots are in rain-soaked soil'
Conclusion- 'ripe melons harvested after a prolonged period of heavy rain should be less sweet than other ripe melons.'

So Clearly, IMO Answer is Choice C
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Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil. The roots  [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2020, 09:17
NICE, this is a GRE CR question.

[quote="carcass"]Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil. The roots of melon plants perform less efficiently under the low-oxygen conditions present in rain-soaked soil. When the efficiency of melon roots is impaired, the roots do not supply sufficient amounts of the proper nutrients for the plants to perform photosynthesis at their usual levels. It follows that melon plants have a lower-than-usual rate of photosynthesis when their roots the are in rain-soaked soil. When the photosynthesis of the plants slows, sugar stored in the fruits is drawn off to supply the plants with energy. Therefore, ripe melons harvested after a prolonged period of heavy rain should be less sweet than other ripe melons.

In the argument given, the two highlighted portions play which of the following roles?

A) The first states the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second provides support for that conclusion. ------ Wrong, the first boldface is not a conclusion/claim, but rather a fact/premise.

B) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument as a whole; the second provides evidence that supports an objection to that conclusion. --------- Wrong. The second one is not evidence (premise/fact) but rather a claim.

C) The first provides support for an intermediate conclusion that supports a further conclusion stated in the argument; the second states that intermediate conclusion. --------- CORRECT. The first one is evidence that supports the argument, directly the claim in bold 2. And the second one is a claim (conclusion), but since it is not the MAIN conclusion, it could be called an INTERMEDIATE conclusion. NICEEEE!!!

D) The first serves as an intermediate conclusion that supports a further conclusion stated in the argument; the second states the position that the argument as a whole opposes. --------- Wrong. The first boldface one is a premise/fact, not a claim/conclusion. The second boldface has a positive relationship (support) to the main conclusion in the last sentence.

E) The first states the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second supports the conclusion of the argument. ------- Wrong. The first one is not a "position"/claim/conclusion, but rather a fact/premise.
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Rain-soaked soil contains less oxygen than does drier soil. The roots   [#permalink] 31 Mar 2020, 09:17