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Science a social embedded activity

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Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2013, 22:48
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Question Stats:

64% (01:52) correct 36% (01:56) wrong based on 590 sessions

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Science, because people engage in it, is a socially embedded activity. It progresses by hunch, vision, and intuition. Much of its change through time does not record a closer approach to absolute truth, but the alternation of the cultural contexts that influence it so strongly. Facts are not pure and unsullied bits of information— culture influences what we see and how we see it. Theories, moreover, are not inexorable inductions from facts. The most creative theories are often imaginative visions imposed upon facts; the source of imagination is also strongly cultural.

The author implies that those who rely on scientific results should

a) realize that science relies on imagination to approach absolute truth
b) insist on pure and unsullied facts rather than on theories
c) understand that theories are frequently strict inductions from facts
d) consider the cultural biases of scientists
e) reject the imaginative visions imposed on facts
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2013, 01:51
D
a) realize that science relies on imagination to approach absolute truth: No it does not rely on imagination because imagination itself is influenced by cultural contexts
b) insist on pure and unsullied facts rather than on theories: Nowhere is this mentioned that scientists should insist on facts
c) understand that theories are frequently strict inductions from facts: The opposite is mentioned here
"Theories, moreover, are not inexorable inductions from facts"

d) consider the cultural biases of scientists: Correct, this seems to capture what is central to the argument that scientific results are influenced by cultural contexts.

e) reject the imaginative visions imposed on facts: Not mentioned
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Re: Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2013, 18:37
Ans- D but took 2.51 mins to solve :(

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Re: Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2013, 23:40
Oh Man!!! How do i develop the IQ to even understand such questions. I have a fair bit of understanding of the English language (to support that claim, I would like to quote that I scored a 6.0 in my AWA ). I am unable to understand the level of thinking that questions such as these demand. Let alone answer, I could not even entirely make out what the passage meant to say. Help me out somebody please. I have scored a miserly 570 with V 22.

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Re: Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2013, 00:34
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mohnish104 wrote:
Oh Man!!! How do i develop the IQ to even understand such questions. I have a fair bit of understanding of the English language (to support that claim, I would like to quote that I scored a 6.0 in my AWA ). I am unable to understand the level of thinking that questions such as these demand. Let alone answer, I could not even entirely make out what the passage meant to say. Help me out somebody please. I have scored a miserly 570 with V 22.



Questions like these are actually difficult. Once you spot such type of questions try to break down the argument into small pieces and then link them. You simply cannot read these type of questions without pausing and making sense of what's being said.


Science, because people engage in it, is a socially embedded activity -- Science is a activity that involves social engagement
It progresses by hunch, vision, and intuition -- pretty much clear
Much of its change through time does not record a closer approach to absolute truth, but the alternation of the cultural contexts that influence it so strongly. -- It is influenced more by cultural contexts than absolute truth.
Facts are not pure and unsullied bits of information— culture influences what we see and how we see it. -- facts are also influenced by culture influences
Theories, moreover, are not inexorable inductions from facts. --Theories are not derived directly from facts
The most creative theories are often imaginative visions imposed upon facts; the source of imagination is also strongly cultural.-- As most creative theories involve imagination and source of imagination is also cultural, so culture influences creative theories also.

If you had broken the sentence down, you would pretty much get the crux of the argument about how culture influences everything and you would have been able to pick the correct answer choice.

Hope this helps.

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Re: Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2014, 09:03
Dear you have provided excellent approach but it again took took me 4 minutes to solve by breaking and understanding what is the intent of each line
:cry:
But again thanks, I lack something somewhere that i need to improve ........ Oh Lord Help me !!

ramannanda9 wrote:
mohnish104 wrote:
Oh Man!!! How do i develop the IQ to even understand such questions. I have a fair bit of understanding of the English language (to support that claim, I would like to quote that I scored a 6.0 in my AWA ). I am unable to understand the level of thinking that questions such as these demand. Let alone answer, I could not even entirely make out what the passage meant to say. Help me out somebody please. I have scored a miserly 570 with V 22.



Questions like these are actually difficult. Once you spot such type of questions try to break down the argument into small pieces and then link them. You simply cannot read these type of questions without pausing and making sense of what's being said.


Science, because people engage in it, is a socially embedded activity -- Science is a activity that involves social engagement
It progresses by hunch, vision, and intuition -- pretty much clear
Much of its change through time does not record a closer approach to absolute truth, but the alternation of the cultural contexts that influence it so strongly. -- It is influenced more by cultural contexts than absolute truth.
Facts are not pure and unsullied bits of information— culture influences what we see and how we see it. -- facts are also influenced by culture influences
Theories, moreover, are not inexorable inductions from facts. --Theories are not derived directly from facts
The most creative theories are often imaginative visions imposed upon facts; the source of imagination is also strongly cultural.-- As most creative theories involve imagination and source of imagination is also cultural, so culture influences creative theories also.

If you had broken the sentence down, you would pretty much get the crux of the argument about how culture influences everything and you would have been able to pick the correct answer choice.

Hope this helps.

--

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Re: Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2014, 20:49
The option D states about how cultural traits affects scientific notion hence this one is the answer. hope this one helps.

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Re: Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2017, 23:36
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Re: Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2017, 09:50
We are given that Science works more on intuition/imagination than on closer approach to absolute truth. Then it says it is strongly influenced by culture. Everything is imaginative based on current facts.

The author implies that those who rely on scientific results should

a) realize that science relies on imagination to approach absolute truth : No we are said it is not even closer to absolute truth
b) insist on pure and unsullied facts rather than on theories : No such comparison is made.
c) understand that theories are frequently strict inductions from facts : Trap. Hold On.
d) consider the cultural biases of scientists : yeah, we got it. Correct. Now we can reject C as well.
e) reject the imaginative visions imposed on facts : No. It is exact opposite.
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Re: Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2017, 01:08
D

Facts are not pure and unsullied bits of information— culture influences what we see and how we see it. Theories, moreover, are not inexorable inductions from facts.
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Re: Science a social embedded activity [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 09:46
D is correct, it seems to capture what is central to the argument. i.e scientific results are influenced by cultural contexts.

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Re: Science a social embedded activity   [#permalink] 01 Oct 2017, 09:46
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