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# Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might

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Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2017, 21:00
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:08) correct 49% (02:36) wrong based on 289 sessions

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Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might slant their interpretations of the data from which they draw their conclusions. However, serious scientific papers are carefully reviewed by many other scientists before publication. These reviewers are likely to notice and object to biases that they do not share. Thus, any slanted interpretations of scientific data will generally have been removed before publication.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the science writer’s argument?

(A) The scientists reviewing serious scientific papers for publication do not always have biases likely to slant their interpretations of the data in those papers.

(B) In general, biases that slant interpretations of data in serious scientific papers being reviewed for publication are not shared among all scientists.

(C) Biases that are present in published scientific papers and shared by most scientists, including those who review the papers, are unlikely to impair the scientific value of those papers.

(D) The interpretation of data is the only part of a serious scientific paper that is sometimes slanted by the beliefs and values of scientists.

(E) Slanted interpretations of data in a scientific paper can be removed only through careful review by scientists who do not share the biases of the author or authors of the paper.

Source: LSAT
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Re: Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2017, 23:28
1
B. If the reviewers share same bias then that bias will not be eliminated after review. So the assumption must be the reviewers don't share same bias
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Re: Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might  [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2017, 06:24
In the premise it is mentioned that 'These reviewers are likely to notice and object to biases that they don't share'. So how is B a valid assumption here. It is already mentioned that they don't share any biases. Here Wont E make a better assumption.
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Re: Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might  [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2017, 08:01
Hi,
Can anyone tell me as to Why E is wrong?

The information given in B is already stated in the passage.
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Re: Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might  [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2017, 10:56
ganand wrote:
Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might slant their interpretations of the data from which they draw their conclusions. However, serious scientific papers are carefully reviewed by many other scientists before publication. These reviewers are likely to notice and object to biases that they do not share. Thus, any slanted interpretations of scientific data will generally have been removed before publication.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the science writer’s argument?

(A) The scientists reviewing serious scientific papers for publication do not always have biases likely to slant their interpretations of the data in those papers.

(B) In general, biases that slant interpretations of data in serious scientific papers being reviewed for publication are not shared among all scientists.

(C) Biases that are present in published scientific papers and shared by most scientists, including those who review the papers, are unlikely to impair the scientific value of those papers.

(D) The interpretation of data is the only part of a serious scientific paper that is sometimes slanted by the beliefs and values of scientists.

(E) Slanted interpretations of data in a scientific paper can be removed only through careful review by scientists who do not share the biases of the author or authors of the paper.

Source: LSAT

Assumption Question: The answer must be true

Conclusion: Thus, any slanted interpretations of scientific data will generally have been removed before publication.

Question stem says :Reviewers are likely to notice and object to biases that they do not share.
The argument relies on the fact that the biases brought by the scientist who published the paper will be filtered by at least one of the scientists reviewing the paper. Now what if some bias which will slant the interpretation is shared among all the scientists?
In that case the author's argument will fail.
Hence this assumption is needed and must be true.

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Re: Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might  [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2017, 13:08
coolnuts,
Quote:
Hi,
Can anyone tell me as to Why E is wrong?

The information given in B is already stated in the passage.

First, let's examine choice E:
Quote:
(E) Slanted interpretations of data in a scientific paper can be removed only through careful review by scientists who do not share the biases of the author or authors of the paper.

The passage suggests that slanted interpretations can be removed through careful review by scientists who do not share the biases of the author or authors of the paper, but the passage does NOT suggest that this is the ONLY way to remove slanted interpretations. Whether there are other methods for removing slanted interpretations (eg review by an editor who is not a scientist) does not have any impact on the author's argument, so choice E can be eliminated.

The author states that the "reviewers are likely to notice and object to biases that they do not share"... but what if the biases of the reviewers are the same as those of the writer? Because the reviewers are only likely to notice and object to biases that they do not share, this suggests that they are not likely to notice and object to biases that they DO share. Any slanted interpretations shared by the reviewers will not be removed before publication, so choice B is the best answer.
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Re: Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might  [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2018, 04:56
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Re: Science writer: All scientists have beliefs and values that might   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2018, 04:56
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