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# Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers

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Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2004, 16:44
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4. Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologistsâ€™ strategy?

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR- Anthropologists studying foragers. [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2004, 20:37
Bhai wrote:
4. Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologistsâ€™ strategy?
(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.

D for me.

premise: anthropologists learn abt foragers from modern day foragers.

argument: modern-day foragers are in contact with society, if ANTH. draw conclusions based on their study on modern-day foragers, it, possiblym is tainted.

What if they don't draw any inference/conclusion?
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11 Jul 2004, 00:35
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My ans is A. See, in the stem it said " A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied". So A "a number of important features in common" most weaken the argument.
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11 Jul 2004, 00:54
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E after spending 1 min 54s.

Now coming to the analysis:

Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Argument: Anthropologists study modern-day forager societies to learn more abt. our ancestors.
Criticism: (i) Forager societies are extremely varied.
(ii) All the forager societies which anthropologists know about have contact with modern non-forager societies. Therefore, any conclusions made abt. our ancestors are bound to be wrong, as the behaviour of modern day foragers is affected by being in contact with non-foragers.

To weaken the criticism:

A--> states that Foragers throughout history have had features in common
This will for sure weaken (i)

B-->Strengthens (ii), therefore eliminate this option

C--> I don't see the relevance - IMO, this neither strengthens/weakens the criticisms

D--> Do not draw inferences - but the criticism is that the study in itself is useless - I eliminate this option too

E--> Strengthens (i)

Therefore the answer should be A
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11 Jul 2004, 01:07
A and agree with Bigtooth's explanation. Took me 3 min.
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11 Jul 2004, 01:19
Paul, if this were the question that we encounter in GMAT, spending 3 min would build a lot of pressure. Do you suggest a strategy to questions of this type?

I spent nearly 2 min and still got it wrong! (
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11 Jul 2004, 02:05
A.
(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.

This clearly weeknes the criticism that the study has flaws.

Spent quite a bit of time,need to work on speeding up.
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11 Jul 2004, 03:19
A it is. The other choices strengthen the criticism.
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11 Jul 2004, 06:38
Tough one.

Agree with option (A).

Reason same as GoalStanford.
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Re: CR- Anthropologists studying foragers. [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2010, 06:29
Can some one tell wats the prob with D
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Re: CR- Anthropologists studying foragers. [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2010, 03:05
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I pick A.
Not D because the argument is "the strategy picked by researchers is flawed." The fact that they don't draw inferences based on their studies does not impact the argument at all.
Hope it helps.
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Re: CR- Anthropologists studying foragers. [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2011, 09:57

All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.

that is self explanatory.
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Re: CR- Anthropologists studying foragers. [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2012, 23:54
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Indien wrote:
Not D because the argument is "the strategy picked by researchers is flawed." The fact that they don't draw inferences based on their studies does not impact the argument at all.
Hope it helps.

D is also wrong because the question stem is concerned with anthropologists who draw inferences about ancestral foragers' societies from studies of current societies. The question stem isn't concerned with those don't.
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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2012, 01:16
(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
clearly weakens the argument, which states that "......... that forager societies are extremely varied........"
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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink]

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22 May 2013, 07:37
(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.

Defeats the arg. that thr is a flaw in the study done by the anthro.

(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.

Then the anthro.'s efforts are of no use....no information could be obtained from Foragers as they no longer exist...Strengthens the flaw

(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.

Defn of anthro......thank you!....no use

(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.

Again...the results from the Anthro. are then doubtful...and no link could be est. between the past and the present if the inferences are corrupt..........strengthens.

(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies

Strngthns...sort of.
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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 21:58
Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

We have to find the paraphrase which will weaken the criticism "A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied
means somehow prove that forager societies are not varied extremely and have something in common.
clearly Option "A" is doing this!!
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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 05:42
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Bhai wrote:
4. Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologistsâ€™ strategy?

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.

The conclusion is that a flaw in this strategy is that they are extremely varied.

We want to weaken the criticism which is in fact the conclusion so we should keep focused here.
Naturally, A does a great job and straightly attacks the conclusion by saying the opposite. Tears it apart totally

So yeah, A is the right one
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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2014, 23:10
Hi,

I have read the explanations in the OG as well as on the forums regarding why answer choice D is incorrect, however am still having a hard time wrapping my head around it.

On one hand I see answer choice D "many anthropologists who study modern-day foragers societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies" as since they do not draw inferences then there is no flaw is in this strategy of studying modern-day societies to learn about ancient foragers. Hence it weakens the criticism that there is a flaw.

On another hand, as per OG explanation, if the anthropologists do not draw inferences because the comparison is not useful, then it could also support the criticism that there is a flaw.

I seem to be going in circles and would like to kindly check if anyone can help me understand what is wrong with answer choice D, and why it is not better than A.
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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2014, 08:23
Bhai wrote:
4. Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologistsâ€™ strategy?

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.

Somebody plz help me. Am i correct?

Conclusion : flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied

I narrow down to A and E. Then selected E

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies. - Possible weakner
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life. - Strengthener
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society. - Irrelevant
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies. - This has nothing to do with the Conclusion to say flaw in startegy
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies. - Strengthener - Says the modern and anxient societies dont have similar things and they are varied . restating the conclusion
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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2014, 04:17
Understanding the meaning is the Key here. I chose wrong in 1st attempt.
Indeed A is correct choice.

Number of important features in common against highly varied societies.
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Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers   [#permalink] 24 Sep 2014, 04:17

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