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Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court

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Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2017, 23:34
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Question 1
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A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

24% (02:01) correct 76% (02:15) wrong based on 136

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Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

52% (01:02) correct 48% (00:45) wrong based on 130

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Question 3
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A
B
C
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E

Question Stats:

46% (00:18) correct 54% (00:23) wrong based on 131

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Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
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E

Question Stats:

34% (00:54) correct 66% (00:44) wrong based on 122

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Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court rulings that seem to give them license to seek out and publish any and all government secrets, the media‘s distrust of our government, combined with their limited understanding of the world at large, damages our ability to design and conduct good policy in ways that the media rarely imagine.

The leak through which sensitive information flows from the government to the press is detrimental to policy in so far as it almost completely precludes the possibility of serious discussion. The fear that anything they say, even in what is construed as a private forum, may appear in print, makes many people, whether our own government officials or the leaders of foreign countries, unwilling to speak their minds.

Must we be content with the restriction of our leaders‘ policy discussions to a handful of people who trust each other, thus limiting the richness and variety of ideas that could be brought forward through a larger group because of the nearly endemic nature of this problem? It is vitally important for the leaders of the United States to know the real state of affairs internationally, and this can occur only if foreign leaders feel free to speak their minds to our diplomats.

Until recently, it looked as if the media had convinced the public that journalists were more reliable than the government; however, this may be changing. With the passage of time, the media have lost lustre. They—having grown large and powerful—provoke the same public skepticism that other large institutions in the society do. A series of media scandals has contributed to this. Many Americans have concluded that the media are no more credible than the government, and public opinion surveys reflect much ambivalence about the press.

While leaks are generally defended by media officials on the grounds of the public‘s ―right to know,‖ in reality they are part of the Washington political power game, as well as part of the policy process. The "leaker" may be currying favour with the media, or may be planting information to influence policy. In the first case, he is helping himself by enhancing the prestige of a journalist; in the second, he is using the media as a stage for his preferred policies. In either instance, it closes the circle: the leak begins with a political motive, is advanced by a politicized media, and continues because of politics. Although some of the journalists think they are doing the work, they are more often than not instruments of the process, not prime movers. The media must be held accountable for their activities, just like every other significant institution in our society, and the media must be forced to earn the public‘s trust.

1. Based on the information in the passage, with which of the following statements would the author most likely agree?

A. Feeding the public misinformation is warranted in certain situations.
B. The public has a right to know the real state of foreign affairs.
C. The fewer the number of people involved in policy discussions, the better.
D. Leaders give up their right to privacy when they are elected.
E. The media is not accountable to the public


2. Implicit in the author‘s argument that leaks result in far more limited and unreliable policy discussions with foreign leaders is the idea that:

A. leaks should be considered breaches of trust and therefore immoral.
B. leaks have occurred throughout the history of politics.
C. foreign and U.S. leaders discussed policy without inhibition before the rise of the mass media.
D. leaders fear the public would react negatively if it knew the real state of affairs.
E. it is best to keep the media in the dark


3. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. to argue that the media is acting against the national interests.
B. to convince that journalists are attempting to enhance their own prestige.
C. to discuss the negative effects that media ―leaks‖ have on foreign policy and the media‘s credibility.
D. to criticize politicians for being dishonest in public.
E. to suggest that the media needs to be regulated more strongly and effectively.


4. Based on the passage, when the media now challenge the actions of a public official, the public assumes that:

A. the official is always wrong.
B. the media is always wrong.
C. the media may be wrong.
D. the official and the media may both be wrong.
E. the public ignores this piece of news completely



[Reveal] Spoiler:
Unfortunately I don't have the OA for this passage the answers provided are from my understanding, If your answers are different please feel free to let me know.
I am open for a discussion.
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA

Last edited by Gnpth on 10 Nov 2017, 13:59, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2018, 21:43
Hard but it is a nice passage. Thanks for posting.
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Re: Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 03:14
Can anybody tell me Why the answer to Q1 is A and not E?
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Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 06:43
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suramya26 wrote:
Can anybody tell me Why the answer to Q1 is A and not E?


'statements would the author most likely agree' = statement that is supported by the author.

The last line of the passage - "The media must be held accountable for their activities, just like every other significant institution in our society, and the media must be forced to earn the public‘s trust." suggests that author supports that media should be accountable.

If option E were to be true, it would mean that author supports the notion that the media is not accountable to the public. E is opposite of what the author supports.

A, on the other hand is what the author believes as per the passage.
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Re: Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 20:47
TaN1213 wrote:
suramya26 wrote:
Can anybody tell me Why the answer to Q1 is A and not E?


'statements would the author most likely agree' = statement that is supported by the author.

The last line of the passage - "The media must be held accountable for their activities, just like every other significant institution in our society, and the media must be forced to earn the public‘s trust." suggests that author supports that media should be accountable.

If option E were to be true, it would mean that author supports the notion that the media is not accountable to the public. E is opposite of what the author supports.

A, on the other hand is what the author believes as per the passage.


Thanks for the explanation.
But I didn't understand that If the author is saying that The media must be held accountable for their activities........
This means that presently media is not accountable. Please correct me on my reasoning.

Secondly, can you give me the reasoning behind option A?
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Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 22:03
suramya26 wrote:
TaN1213 wrote:
suramya26 wrote:
Can anybody tell me Why the answer to Q1 is A and not E?


'statements would the author most likely agree' = statement that is supported by the author.

The last line of the passage - "The media must be held accountable for their activities, just like every other significant institution in our society, and the media must be forced to earn the public‘s trust." suggests that author supports that media should be accountable.

If option E were to be true, it would mean that author supports the notion that the media is not accountable to the public. E is opposite of what the author supports.

A, on the other hand is what the author believes as per the passage.


Thanks for the explanation.
But I didn't understand that If the author is saying that The media must be held accountable for their activities........
This means that presently media is not accountable. Please correct me on my reasoning.


Secondly, can you give me the reasoning behind option A?


Hi,
What you understood would be correct if the option E were - " The media is not accountable to the public currently"
Read the option as a general claim by the author. Isn't it now logically wrong without the word - 'currently' ?

Consider the following excerpt from the passage-
"It is vitally important for the leaders of the United States to know the real state of affairs internationally, and this can occur only if foreign leaders feel free to speak their minds to our diplomats. "

If the media and eventually the public is fed with wrong information , for instance, about a meeting with the secretary, the foreign leaders would not have to fear the leakage of information and would then be able to speak their minds with the diplomats for greater good of the country. Thus, feeding the public misinformation is warranted in certain situations

Hope the things are clear now.
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Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 23:54
1)
This question doesn't asks about the current situation. It is about author's opinion.
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Re: Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2018, 22:39
was it a really hard passage? Or i am really under the water!
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Re: Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2018, 07:13
Can someone explain the answer of the 4th question?
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Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2018, 19:35
NiruSinghal wrote:
Can someone explain the answer of the 4th question?


As per below excerpt from the passage,
Until recently, it looked as if the media had convinced the public that journalists were more reliable than the government;
-which means that public always thought that the government (official) was not reliable (again it does not mean that the official was always wrong).
Hence, A and D are eliminated.
Further,
However, this may be changing. With the passage of time, the media have lost lustre. They—having grown large and powerful—provoke the same public skepticism that other large institutions in the society do. A series of media scandals has contributed to this. Many Americans have concluded that the media are no more credible than the government, and public opinion surveys reflect much ambivalence about the press.
- Which means that now the public can’t even trust media blindfolded (again this does not mean that the media is always wrong).
Hence, B is eliminated and the answer choice is C.
E is out of scope.
Hope this clarifies your doubt.
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Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2018, 19:35
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