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# The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that

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The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 13 Dec 2019, 05:29
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Question Stats:

62% (01:24) correct 38% (01:40) wrong based on 239 sessions

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The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that there is no discrimination against and unfair termination of differently-abled workers in the workplace. However, after the act was introduced, there has been a marked increase in unemployment among the differently-abled.

Which of the following best explains this seeming discrepancy?

A. A number of differently-abled people chose not to work

B. Not willing to deal with the issues of workplace discrimination of the differently-abled, several companies recruited fewer of them in the first place

C. Knowing that the act was about to be enforced, companies terminated some of the differently-abled while they had a chance

D. There was no act introduced that would guarantee a job for the differently-abled

E. The unemployment among the able-bodied has remained consistently high

Source: Wizaku GMAT

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Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 13 Dec 2019, 05:29, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2018, 05:51
The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that there is no discrimination against and unfair termination of differently-abled workers in the workplace. However, after the act was introduced, there has been a marked increase in unemployment among the differently-abled.

Which of the following best explains this seeming discrepancy?

A. A number of differently-abled people chose not to work
B. Not willing to deal with the issues of workplace discrimination of the differently-abled, several companies recruited fewer of them in the first place
C. Knowing that the act was about to be enforced, companies terminated some of the differently-abled while they had a chance
D. There was no act introduced that would guarantee a job for the differently-abled
E. The unemployment among the able-bodied has remained consistently high

Wizaku

Option B
marked increase in unemployment among the differently-abled. is the key point. Option B says that the employer, who is not willing to deal with the issues, recruits only fewer number of differently-abled persons in the first place.
While Option C can be correct, but IMO someof the differently-abled does not fit well with the conclusion of the argument "marked increase in unemployment"
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Re: The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2018, 06:31
1
The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that there is no discrimination against and unfair termination of differently-abled workers in the workplace. However, after the act was introduced, there has been a marked increase in unemployment among the differently-abled.

Which of the following best explains this seeming discrepancy?

A. A number of differently-abled people chose not to work
B. Not willing to deal with the issues of workplace discrimination of the differently-abled, several companies recruited fewer of them in the first place
C. Knowing that the act was about to be enforced, companies terminated some of the differently-abled while they had a chance
D. There was no act introduced that would guarantee a job for the differently-abled
E. The unemployment among the able-bodied has remained consistently high

Wizaku

IMO-

A-seems fine at first glance not choosing to work will definitely increase unemployement , but it does not deal with the 1st part of the problem . An Act was designed to ensure.....
so Out-

B.Not willing to deal with the issues ,several companies recruited fewer of them in the first place...
this statement deals with 1st part as to why ADA was designed and 2nd part as well !!
Contender

C. Deals with only the 2nd part - Increase in unemployment .
so -Out.

D. Does not fit into the equation.
out

E. Same as D.

B for me
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Re: The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that  [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2020, 11:56
Hello Experts,

Can you please explain why option B is better than option C?
As per my thinking, both "fewer" in option B and "some" in option C don't comply with the conclusion "markedly increase of unemployement".

Though i marked option c..

Thanks
Lakshay
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Joined: 16 May 2019
Posts: 709
Re: The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that  [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2020, 13:52
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Lucky1994 wrote:
Hello Experts,

Can you please explain why option B is better than option C?
As per my thinking, both "fewer" in option B and "some" in option C don't comply with the conclusion "markedly increase of unemployement".

Though i marked option c..

Thanks
Lakshay

Hello, Lakshay. I will confess that this one took me 2:24 to solve (correctly). I narrowed the options down to (B) or (C) before I chose the former. In the interest of helping the community, I would like to elucidate just what led me to my own conclusion. Notice, first, that this is a discrepancy or paradox question. We need to understand exactly what is presented at loggerheads to put a finger on a potential "fix."

The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that there is no discrimination against and unfair termination of differently-abled workers in the workplace. However, after the act was introduced, there has been a marked increase in unemployment among the differently-abled.

Sentence 1 outlines two provisions of the ADA: to ensure that there is no discrimination against and unfair termination of differently-abled workers in the workplace.

Sentence 2 presents the discrepancy, since after the act was introduced, there has been a marked increase in unemployment among the differently-abled.

There is a reason why I suggest to students that they read the exact phrasing of the passage to assess the answer choices, as we will see in a moment. It is often not good enough to remember the gist of the passage, since the answers to CR questions are nuanced. With that said, let us get to the matter at hand.

A. A number of differently-abled people chose not to work

Analysis: I was on the fence about this one. If such people chose not to work, then they would still be considered unemployed, and that fact would have nothing to do with discrimination or unfair termination. What kept me from choosing this answer was a number of, which is unqualified. Is that two people? Does the phrase encompass sixty percent of differently-abled people? We just cannot get to the bottom of it. This is a could-be-true answer, not a must-be-true. If you prefer to be cautious, as I was, you could hold on to this option while you searched for other, more obvious incorrect responses. Yellow light.

B. Not willing to deal with the issues of workplace discrimination of the differently-abled, several companies recruited fewer of them in the first place

Analysis: This puts the issue front and center: workplace discrimination and, to borrow from the passage, an increase in unemployment among the differently-abled. What I like about this answer more than (A) is that there is a clearer timeline here, indicated by the first part of the answer choice. We understand that the action taken by several companies is a reaction to the ADA having been passed, so after the act was introduced from the passage fits. The only lingering question I have surrounds fewer of them. Would that necessarily translate to a marked increase in unemployment? For now, I would flip the switch on (A) to red, mark this one as a better option, and move on. Yellow light.

C. Knowing that the act was about to be enforced, companies terminated some of the differently-abled while they had a chance

Analysis: This is a tempting option, but a close examination gets rid of it outright. Notice that the passage does not state that companies cannot terminate differently-abled individuals. The ADA protects such persons from unfair termination instead, so this answer, with while they had a chance, sounds dubious. That is, companies can still, post-ADA, fire differently-abled individuals with cause, just not unfairly. This option overstates the case in absolute terms. Red light.

D. There was no act introduced that would guarantee a job for the differently-abled

Analysis: This has no impact on the pre- or post-ADA work environment. As far as we know, there never existed any legislation to guarantee jobs for the differently-abled, so if there still exists no such legislation, then nothing has changed legally since the enactment of the ADA along these lines that would explain the discrepancy. Why was there a marked increase in unemployment among the group in question, taking this new information into consideration? It is a blind alley, nothing more. Red light.

E. The unemployment among the able-bodied has remained consistently high

Analysis: The trouble here is with has remained consistently high. We need to find a plausible way to reconcile the difference in what we would expect the post-ADA work environment to resemble and the way it actually looks according to the passage, with more differently-abled individuals finding themselves unemployed. If unemployment among the target group was high before and has remained consistently so, then nothing has really changed, and again, we are looking to explain why the change in legislation that was designed to produce a certain outcome produced the opposite instead, a marked increase in unemployment among the differently-abled. This information simply does not deliver to that end. Red light.

Of the five answer choices, then, the best of the lot is (B). It presents a clear cause-and-effect timeline surrounding the ADA and the target group in question, and it does resolve the apparent discrepancy.

I would be happy to discuss the question further if anyone feels differently. For now, I want to wish everyone good luck with their studies.

- Andrew
Re: The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that   [#permalink] 29 Mar 2020, 13:52