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The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture

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The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Jun 2018, 22:02
19
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

56% (00:48) correct 44% (00:53) wrong based on 823 sessions

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 10th Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 88

The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture portrait, the features of which are so unrealistic as to constitute what one scholar calls an "artificial face."

(A) so unrealistic as to constitute
(B) so unrealistic they constituted
(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted
(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute
(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute

The verbs are and calls indicate that the sculpture is being viewed and judged in the present.

Thus, neither the past tense verb constituted (in B) nor the present perfect verb have constituted (in C) is correct; both suggest that the statue’s features once constituted an artificial face but no longer do so.

Also, B would be better if that were inserted after so unrealistic, although the omission of that is not ungrammatical.

Choices D and E use unidiomatic constructions with enough: unrealistic enough to constitute would be idiomatic, but the use of enough is imprecise and awkward in this context.

Choice A, which uses the clear, concise, and idiomatic construction so unrealistic as to constitute, is best.

https://www.nytimes.com/1984/01/10/science/scholar-detectives-learn-how-augustus-idealized-his-image.html

THE Emperor Augustus, it seems, had trouble with his image - and he fixed it just as many a polititian would today: with good public relations.

An idealized vision might well have persisted today had it not been for the recent detective work of archeologists and scholars, especially in West Germany, about the way Rome's first Emperor is shown in the more than 200 ancient sculptural portraits of him that have survived.

The researchers have concluded that around 27 B.C. the Emperor commissioned a model portrait head whose features were far more serene and ideal than those he bore in life. The adopted son of Julius Caesar, Augustus was born in 63 B.C., became sole ruler in 31 B.C., at the age of 32, and reigned until his death at 77, in A.D. 14.

Copies of Idealized Face

Faithful copies of this idealized prototype, they say, were made available for further copying by sculptors in Rome and elsewhere, and copies of it, and copies of copies, make up the majority of the surviving portraits.

In the sculptures of this variety, often called the Prima Porta type after a statue discovered at Prima Porta, just outside Rome, the features are so unrealistic as to constitute an ''artificial face,'' according to Paul Zanker, director of the University of Munich's Institute of Classical Archeology. Professor Zanker's remarks, given in a lecture last summer, were published later last year in Forschung (Research), a journal published by the West German Institute for Research.

Originally posted by rohansherry on 24 Aug 2009, 14:00.
Last edited by hazelnut on 17 Jun 2018, 22:02, edited 7 times in total.
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Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2009, 22:48
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sacmanitin wrote:
The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculptured portrait, the features of which are so unrealistic as to constitute what one scholar calls an “artificial face.”


I choose A.

(A) so unrealistic as to constitute
"So X as to Y" is idiomatic.
(B) so unrealistic they constituted
"So X they Y" is unidiomatic.
(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted
Same as B. Also "have constituted" is unnecessary and indicates a continued action or effect.
(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute
Awkward and unidiomatic.
(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute
Awkward and unidiomatic.
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Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2010, 07:59
Im still confused with this one and I dont see whats wrong with C.
Please, could anybody clarify?
Thanks.
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Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2015, 09:02
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Can anyone explain what is the problem with choice C here. Why is Present Perfect incorrect ?
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Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2016, 04:33
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Keats wrote:
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Can anyone explain what is the problem with choice C here. Why is Present Perfect incorrect ?


OE

Quote:
The verbs are and calls indicate that the sculpture is being viewed and judged in the present. Thus, neither the
past tense verb constituted (in B) nor the present perfect verb have constituted (in C) is correct; both suggest
that the statue's features once constituted an artificial face but no longer do so. Also, B would be better if that
were inserted after so unrealistic, although the omission of that is not ungrammatical. Choices D and E use
unidiomatic constructions with enough: unrealistic enough to constitute would be idiomatic, but the use of
enough is imprecise and awkward in this context. Choice A, which uses the clear, concise, and idiomatic
construction so unrealistic as to constitute, is best
.

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Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2017, 00:43
The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculptured portrait, the features of which are so unrealistic as to constitute what one scholar calls an “artificial face.”

Logical meaning: The features of the portrait are so unrealistic that they appear to constitute an "artificial face" as per one scholar.

(A) so unrealistic as to constitute

(B) so unrealistic they constituted If the verb used for the scholar is 'calls' then the appropriate verb form in the underlined portion should be 'constitute'. The parts also are disconnected without a 'that'

(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted The use of present perfect is unnecessary.

(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute The option suggests a purpose. The features were intentionally made unrealistic so that they constitute an artificial face. The option instills a sense of purpose and that goes against the logical meaning.

(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute This option brings in the idea that there's some criterion to be met for the features to be unrealistic and once they do they qualify to constitute an artificial face. This is not what the logical meaning of the sentence is.

Thus, option A.
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Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2017, 00:16
rohansherry wrote:
The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture portrait, the features of which are so unrealistic as to constitute what one scholar calls an "artificial face."

(A) so unrealistic as to constitute
(B) so unrealistic they constituted
(C) so unrealistic that they have constituted
(D) unrealistic enough so that they constitute
(E) unrealistic enough so as to constitute


Nevernevergiveup You CAN use "so X as to Y" if X is an adjective or adverb. "X enough to Y" is also idiomatic. You should, however, avoid "so X as to Y" if X is NOT an adjective or adverb.

The perfectly correct sentences:
- Would you be so kind as to tell me the time? (Swan, "Practical English Usage," Oxford University Press 2005, p. 539)
- Its smell was so foul as to make a lady faint.
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Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2018, 20:41
Someone already posted my Question of the Day for 6-18-2018
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Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2018, 21:52
present perfect show an action which begin in the past and continue until present. we do not have that action here. constitution exist indefinitely so it can not be in present perfect. this point is basic of present perfect.

present perfect can show an action in the past without a specific point. constitution is not the case.
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Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2018, 07:06
A - hold
B,C,D - Incorrect "They" is referencing to the singular noun portrait --> Pronoun agreement error.
E - wordy, "unrealistic enough" is awkward.

Hence, Answer is A.
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Re: The Emperor Augustus, it appears, commissioned an idealized sculpture &nbs [#permalink] 19 Jun 2018, 07:06
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