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The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy

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The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?

(A) Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .

(B) Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .

(C) In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).

(D) Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.

(E) Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 08:37
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?

A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other . - We are least bothered aboout how many vehicles are in transit

B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years . - The argument is about economy drain and not about traffic

C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters). - Looks good. Car pooling will help reduce the number of vehicles on road, thereby strengthening the argument.

D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs. - The argument is about how congestion pricing might help improve the economy. This option tells us that the reduction in traffic will help - the argument also says so - but it doesn't tell us how congestion pricing will help the economy.

E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person - We are least interested in the number of people occupying the vehicles

My answer => C
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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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Skywalker18 wrote:
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person


I will vote for C here ..

A- No impact on conclusion or premise..
B-the main aim to reduce current traffic not future one
C-yes , this indicate that policy likely to be successful..it is already tested ..
D-may be a weakener -more job may cause more people to enter the city , increasing the traffic...bit of assumptions involve in reasoning ...but definitely not a strengther
E- out of scope
best is C by POE

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 21:32
Looks like v r missing something..
I too feel car pooling is a good solution but don't know what does the author of this question have in minc ??

Can someone please explain how A is the correct answer..

IMO if anything A is saying the same thing that the central area is congested ..

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 22:17
IMO it's should be A.
If the popular mode of transport is public option c will have no or least affect.
It's better to cut 20% unwanted population rather than speculation what impact carpooling will have.

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 22:24
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Error in OA. I believe the OA is C. Please confirm.

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 23:07
Got it may b A is correct

My reasoning : a probable weakener for the argument can be that what if all the people that are going by that central route have central area as their final destination and hence even if you charge them they have no option but to pay and still go that route ..
In this case the plan fails

So fill this loophole a supporting argument can be : since 1/5 are traveling to the other side of the city they do not actually want to go to central area but they are just using that route..
So, there is a scope that these people can take another route ..
So if they are forced to pay they may take the other route and thus reduce congestion..


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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2017, 02:17
OA: is C! this is taken from the official guide 2018!

UPDATE THE CORRECT OA!

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2017, 06:47
Skywalker18 wrote:
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person


Just a view on option C :
if something has worked in city x does that necessarily mean that the same thing will work in city y too?
The demographics of both the cities may be entirely different.
Other urban city people may feel the pinch of congestion pricing, this urban city people may not feel so.
This particular urban city may have offices spread far apart that car pooling may not be possible even if people wanted to.
This particular urban city may have smaller sized cars that despite car pooling congestion may not reduce much.
There could be a host of other factors that may NOT give the same result as that achieved in other urban city.
An example :
Daytime mandatory head lamps being on, could reduce collision in city x due to high smog there,which reduces visibility, but the same effect should not be expected in city Y which has no smog and has excellent visibility.

Please correct me so that I can improve the logical flaws in my thought process.
I still feel B should have been the answer.
Is this really from OG 2018?
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Last edited by stne on 08 Jun 2017, 11:21, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2017, 10:21
b,d,e- out of scope
a- due to payment of charge, 20% people travelling to other part can be diverted form the central area thereby reducing the traffic.
c-carpooling increased due to which congestion reduced but in other urban areas. if we assume that other urban areas were equally congested as central area, then it may strengthen.

really confused b/w these options.
at first i thought c
but on close inspection a is also looking as a strengthener to me.
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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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stne wrote:
Skywalker18 wrote:
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person


Just a view on option C :
if something has worked in city x does that necessarily mean that the same thing will work in city y too?
The demographics of both the cities may be entirely different.
Other urban city people may feel the pinch of congestion pricing, this urban city people may not feel so.
This particular urban city may have offices spread far apart that car pooling may not be possible even if people wanted to.
This particular urban city may have smaller sized cars that despite car pooling congestion may not reduce much.
There could be a host of other factors that may NOT give the same result as that achieved in other urban city.
An example :
Daytime mandatory head lamps being on, could reduce collision in city x due to high smog there,which reduces visibility, but the same effect should not be expected in city Y which has no smog and has excellent visibility.

Please correct me so that I can improve the logical flaws in my thought process.
I still feel B should have been the answer.
Is this really from OG 2018?



I agree with Stne.
What works for City A shall not necessarily work for City B! :!:
We cannot compare an orange with an apple.


Can we please have some expert comment on this question.

Thanks!

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2017, 23:02
Hi daagh,
I am not satisfied with the explanations above for taking C to be better than A.
If A needs an assumption that Most of vehicles from these 20% outside vehicles will take alternate road because of the new rule.
So does C, C needs assumption that what worked in other city will work in the Manasa.
Sir, Can you please throw some light in this question.
Thank you.

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New post 10 Jun 2017, 23:09
What works for City A shall not necessarily work for City B! :!:
We cannot compare an orange with an apple.

There have been many questions in CR with an option wherein such an analogy of something working in City A doesn't work for City have not been OA.

However, same analogy is OA in this question.

Need more explanation for understanding.
Requesting some expert to reply on this please!

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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Nightmare007 wrote:
Hi daagh,
I am not satisfied with the explanations above for taking C to be better than A.
If A needs an assumption that Most of vehicles from these 20% outside vehicles will take alternate road because of the new rule.
So does C, C needs assumption that what worked in other city will work in the Manasa.
Sir, Can you please throw some light in this question.
Thank you.

Quote:
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person

The question asks, "Which of the following would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?". We don't need an answer that proves with 100% certainty that what worked in other cities will work in Manasa. If the plan worked in other urban areas, this is strong evidence that the plan will work in Masana, and that's all we need.

Choice A, on the other hand, gives us no indication of whether the plan will succeed. The ratio of the number of vehicles traveling across the city to the number of vehicles just travelling into the central business district and back out (without crossing the city) makes no difference. We need evidence that the congestion pricing will reduce the clogging of the streets in the central business district, and the background information given in choice (A) does not provide evidence either way.

I hope this helps!
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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 22:22
Skywalker18 wrote:
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person




Why not E?

Their main problem is that they are facing economical loss due to congestion , they don't care about traffic until they they dont lose money due to that.

In E it tells that 30% of the vehicles are in the busiest area of the city, which means more n more vehicle will cross the area which they are planning to make to get money if people crosses that area during busiest time of the day.. which means they can collect more n more money and balance the economy even without reducing the traffic...BECAUSE THEIR PROBLEM IS ECONOMIC LOSS NOT TRAFFIC CONGESTION.........


Who can give better reason for eliminating E? It will be helpful

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 22:51
GMATNinja wrote:
Nightmare007 wrote:
Hi daagh,
I am not satisfied with the explanations above for taking C to be better than A.
If A needs an assumption that Most of vehicles from these 20% outside vehicles will take alternate road because of the new rule.
So does C, C needs assumption that what worked in other city will work in the Manasa.
Sir, Can you please throw some light in this question.
Thank you.

Quote:
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person

The question asks, "Which of the following would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?". We don't need an answer that proves with 100% certainty that what worked in other cities will work in Manasa. If the plan worked in other urban areas, this is strong evidence that the plan will work in Masana, and that's all we need.

Choice A, on the other hand, gives us no indication of whether the plan will succeed. The ratio of the number of vehicles traveling across the city to the number of vehicles just travelling into the central business district and back out (without crossing the city) makes no difference. We need evidence that the congestion pricing will reduce the clogging of the streets in the central business district, and the background information given in choice (A) does not provide evidence either way.

I hope this helps!




Why not E?

Their main problem is that they are facing economical loss due to congestion , they don't care about traffic until they they dont lose money due to that.

In E it tells that 30% of the vehicles are in the busiest area of the city, which means more n more vehicle will cross the area which they are planning to make to get money if people crosses that area during busiest time of the day.. which means they can collect more n more money and balance the economy even without reducing the traffic...BECAUSE THEIR PROBLEM IS ECONOMIC LOSS NOT TRAFFIC CONGESTION.........


Who can give better reason for eliminating E? It will be helpful

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 23:28
GMATNinja wrote:
Nightmare007 wrote:
Hi daagh,
I am not satisfied with the explanations above for taking C to be better than A.
If A needs an assumption that Most of vehicles from these 20% outside vehicles will take alternate road because of the new rule.
So does C, C needs assumption that what worked in other city will work in the Manasa.
Sir, Can you please throw some light in this question.
Thank you.

Quote:
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person

The question asks, "Which of the following would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?". We don't need an answer that proves with 100% certainty that what worked in other cities will work in Manasa. If the plan worked in other urban areas, this is strong evidence that the plan will work in Masana, and that's all we need.

Choice A, on the other hand, gives us no indication of whether the plan will succeed. The ratio of the number of vehicles traveling across the city to the number of vehicles just travelling into the central business district and back out (without crossing the city) makes no difference. We need evidence that the congestion pricing will reduce the clogging of the streets in the central business district, and the background information given in choice (A) does not provide evidence either way.

I hope this helps!


Thanks for the explanation. Could you please explain how B is wrong?

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 19:22
C for me

A- though 20% use that route, nothing mentioned that they will change the route due to pricing.
B- out of scope
D- out of scope
E- out of scope

C- pricing-> car pooling-> reduction in congestion.
though in c we have to assume that masana is comparable to other urban cities.
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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 15:21
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person

Tricky one. Completely misunderstood. Focused on - clogged streets --> hurts the economy --> in order to address this problem city officials introduced congesting pricing.
Did not read D completely. Just looked at new jobs and thought it strengthens as new jobs are added and economy feels better. And selected D - DING :(
Definitely D is not the right answer. It takes about reduction in traffic adding jobs - but its not proved yet that congesting pricing will actually reduce traffic.

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Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy   [#permalink] 01 Jul 2017, 15:21

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