GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 23 Sep 2018, 09:17

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2107
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 27 Aug 2018, 03:16
7
32
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

64% (01:25) correct 36% (02:03) wrong based on 1990 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: CR 589
Page: 521
ID - CR09117


The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy—the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?

(A) Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .

(B) Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .

(C) In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).

(D) Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.

(E) Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person

_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful


Originally posted by Skywalker18 on 07 Jun 2017, 07:16.
Last edited by Bunuel on 27 Aug 2018, 03:16, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2021
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jun 2017, 16:14
6
3
Nightmare007 wrote:
Hi daagh,
I am not satisfied with the explanations above for taking C to be better than A.
If A needs an assumption that Most of vehicles from these 20% outside vehicles will take alternate road because of the new rule.
So does C, C needs assumption that what worked in other city will work in the Manasa.
Sir, Can you please throw some light in this question.
Thank you.

Quote:
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person

The question asks, "Which of the following would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?". We don't need an answer that proves with 100% certainty that what worked in other cities will work in Manasa. If the plan worked in other urban areas, this is strong evidence that the plan will work in Masana, and that's all we need.

Choice A, on the other hand, gives us no indication of whether the plan will succeed. The ratio of the number of vehicles traveling across the city to the number of vehicles just travelling into the central business district and back out (without crossing the city) makes no difference. We need evidence that the congestion pricing will reduce the clogging of the streets in the central business district, and the background information given in choice (A) does not provide evidence either way.

I hope this helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Most Helpful Community Reply
BSchool Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1130
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
CAT Tests
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jun 2017, 09:06
4
2
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?

A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other . - We are least bothered aboout how many vehicles are in transit

B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years . - The argument is about economy drain and not about traffic

C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters). - Looks good. Car pooling will help reduce the number of vehicles on road, thereby strengthening the argument.

D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs. - The argument is about how congestion pricing might help improve the economy. This option tells us that the reduction in traffic will help - the argument also says so - but it doesn't tell us how congestion pricing will help the economy.

E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person - We are least interested in the number of people occupying the vehicles

My answer => C
_________________

Kudos if my post helps!

Long And A Fruitful Journey - V21 to V41; If I can, So Can You!!


Preparing for RC my way


My study resources:
1. Useful Formulae, Concepts and Tricks-Quant
2. e-GMAT's ALL SC Compilation
3. LSAT RC compilation
4. Actual LSAT CR collection by Broal
5. QOTD RC (Carcass)
6. Challange OG RC
7. GMAT Prep Challenge RC

General Discussion
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 26 Aug 2016
Posts: 664
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33
GMAT 2: 700 Q50 V33
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V38
GPA: 4
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jun 2017, 23:02
Hi daagh,
I am not satisfied with the explanations above for taking C to be better than A.
If A needs an assumption that Most of vehicles from these 20% outside vehicles will take alternate road because of the new rule.
So does C, C needs assumption that what worked in other city will work in the Manasa.
Sir, Can you please throw some light in this question.
Thank you.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: Private GMAT Tutor
Joined: 22 Oct 2012
Posts: 93
Location: India
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: IIMA (A)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V47
Premium Member
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jul 2017, 23:20
2
1
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 24 Jan 2017
Posts: 14
Location: Brazil
Concentration: Strategy, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2017, 12:11
GMATNinja wrote:
Nightmare007 wrote:
Hi daagh,
I am not satisfied with the explanations above for taking C to be better than A.
If A needs an assumption that Most of vehicles from these 20% outside vehicles will take alternate road because of the new rule.
So does C, C needs assumption that what worked in other city will work in the Manasa.
Sir, Can you please throw some light in this question.
Thank you.

Quote:
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .
B.Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).
D.Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.
E.Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person

The question asks, "Which of the following would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?". We don't need an answer that proves with 100% certainty that what worked in other cities will work in Manasa. If the plan worked in other urban areas, this is strong evidence that the plan will work in Masana, and that's all we need.

Choice A, on the other hand, gives us no indication of whether the plan will succeed. The ratio of the number of vehicles traveling across the city to the number of vehicles just travelling into the central business district and back out (without crossing the city) makes no difference. We need evidence that the congestion pricing will reduce the clogging of the streets in the central business district, and the background information given in choice (A) does not provide evidence either way.

I hope this helps!


Why A is wrong? If the 20% of f the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other, taxing the drivers who enter the city's trafficked area could help reduce traffic in the district center

Why C is right? Even if congestion pricing helped to reduce traffic in other urban areas, NOT necessarily the strategy will work in Masana

I notice that in some CR questions some alternatives present some analogies, for example, if taxing companies reduced air pollution in the Boston area, the same will work in NY area- the one presented in the argument - such as the analogy in question (589). If taxing OTHER urban areas reduced traffic, so taxing the central district area will reduce traffic as well, and therefore the answer choice is correct. In the other hand, sometimes, the analogy is irrelevant, so the answer choice is wrong. So, how will I know that the answer choice using this kind of comparison will be right or wrong? The only thing I can think of is using process of elimination. Does that make sense?!

Many tks!
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2021
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Sep 2017, 15:42
1
GuilhermeAzevedo wrote:
Why A is wrong? If the 20% of f the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other, taxing the drivers who enter the city's trafficked area could help reduce traffic in the district center

Why C is right? Even if congestion pricing helped to reduce traffic in other urban areas, NOT necessarily the strategy will work in Masana

I notice that in some CR questions some alternatives present some analogies, for example, if taxing companies reduced air pollution in the Boston area, the same will work in NY area- the one presented in the argument - such as the analogy in question (589). If taxing OTHER urban areas reduced traffic, so taxing the central district area will reduce traffic as well, and therefore the answer choice is correct. In the other hand, sometimes, the analogy is irrelevant, so the answer choice is wrong. So, how will I know that the answer choice using this kind of comparison will be right or wrong? The only thing I can think of is using process of elimination. Does that make sense?!

Many tks!

The plan is to make drivers pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day. We need to select the answer that most strongly suggests that the plan will reduce the traffic congestion.

Quote:
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .

Choice (A) tells us that one-fifth of the vehicles are in transit from one side of the city to the other, so, yes, congestion pricing might encourage those drivers to take an alternate route. But congestion pricing could also have NO effect on those drivers, who might prefer to pay a fee rather than drive all the way around the city. Choice (A) does not present any evidence indicating how those drivers will react, if at all, to the congestion pricing. And what about the other four-fifths of the vehicles? Will their drivers be affected by the congestion pricing?

The biggest problem with (A) is that it does not present any evidence to suggest HOW the drivers will react to the congestion pricing.

Quote:
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).

True, just because it worked somewhere else does NOT NECESSARILY mean it will work in Masana. But we are not asked to PROVE that the plan will work. We only need something that STRONGLY INDICATES that the plan will be a success.

Choice (C) provides evidence regarding HOW other drivers reacted to congestion pricing, exactly the kind of evidence that was lacking in choice (A). Thus, we now have EVIDENCE that the plan could have a similar on drivers in Masana. Sure, this doesn't prove anything, but it is better than (A) and the other options.

Whether the analogous situation is relevant will depend on what they are asking. Regardless, process of elimination is definitely your best friend!

I hope that helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 1042
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2017, 10:36
GMATNinja wrote:
If the plan worked in other urban areas, this is strong evidence that the plan will work in Masana, and that's all we need.


Hi GMATNinja,

Case-1: In few CR questions we see a choice like "C" is wrong for the reason that WHAT IS TRUE FOR OTHER CITY MIGHT NOT BE TRUE FOR THIS CITY.

Case-2: In other CR question a choice like "C" is correct for the reason that WHAT IS TRUE FOR OTHER CITY could be TRUE FOR THIS CITY.

Case-2 is applicable in this question in choice C, as you also noted as the reasoning above.

This distinction has been a problem for me since long and i have not found the right reasoning and solution for it.

I really need your help in understanding when the comparison for a situation happened/handled in one area/city with OTHER is considered correct/incorrect.

Thanks.
_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
http://gmatclub.com/forum/information-on-new-gmat-esr-report-beta-221111.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/list-of-one-year-full-time-mba-programs-222103.html

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 Sep 2015
Posts: 1
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2017, 22:41
Hi, Why not D? If there are 5500 more jobs by the reduction in traffic then clearly this strengthens the argument?
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2021
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Oct 2017, 21:18
wycombe06 wrote:
Hi, Why not D? If there are 5500 more jobs by the reduction in traffic then clearly this strengthens the argument?

Quote:
(D) Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.

The plan is to make drivers pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day. We need to select the answer that most strongly suggests that the plan will reduce the traffic congestion.

Choice (D) tells us that IF traffic is reduced by 15%, then 5,500 new jobs could be created. It does not tell us whether the plan will actually succeed in reducing traffic, so it does not help answer the question.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2021
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Oct 2017, 21:33
Quote:
Hi GMATNinja,

Case-1: In few CR questions we see a choice like "C" is wrong for the reason that WHAT IS TRUE FOR OTHER CITY MIGHT NOT BE TRUE FOR THIS CITY.

Case-2: In other CR question a choice like "C" is correct for the reason that WHAT IS TRUE FOR OTHER CITY could be TRUE FOR THIS CITY.

Case-2 is applicable in this question in choice C, as you also noted as the reasoning above.

This distinction has been a problem for me since long and i have not found the right reasoning and solution for it.

I really need your help in understanding when the comparison for a situation happened/handled in one area/city with OTHER is considered correct/incorrect.

Thanks.

HKD1710, I understand your concern, but unfortunately there is not clear cut formula that will tell you when a comparison is valid and when it is not. It all depends on what is being asked and what the other choices are. If it works in one city, that can probably be used as evidence to support that it will work in another comparable city, but it certainly doesn't prove anything. But if you are only looking for a strengthener, such a comparison might be the best option.

However, imagine a passage with the following logic: "A similar plan worked in City A. Therefore, the plan will work in City B." Clearly this logic is flawed because, even if the cities are similar, we cannot know for sure whether the plan will work in City B.

My advice is to review the other questions you have in mind and focus on what makes the other choices incorrect. For reference, here is the portion of my last post related to your concern:

Quote:
True, just because it worked somewhere else does NOT NECESSARILY mean it will work in Masana. But we are not asked to PROVE that the plan will work. We only need something that STRONGLY INDICATES that the plan will be a success.

Choice (C) provides evidence regarding HOW other drivers reacted to congestion pricing, exactly the kind of evidence that was lacking in choice (A). Thus, we now have EVIDENCE that the plan could have a similar on drivers in Masana. Sure, this doesn't prove anything, but it is better than (A) and the other options.

Whether the analogous situation is relevant will depend on what they are asking. Regardless, process of elimination is definitely your best friend!

I know that isn't a very satisfying response, but I hope it helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 30 Apr 2017
Posts: 66
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Oct 2017, 05:58
GMATNinja wrote:
GuilhermeAzevedo wrote:
Why A is wrong? If the 20% of f the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other, taxing the drivers who enter the city's trafficked area could help reduce traffic in the district center

Why C is right? Even if congestion pricing helped to reduce traffic in other urban areas, NOT necessarily the strategy will work in Masana

I notice that in some CR questions some alternatives present some analogies, for example, if taxing companies reduced air pollution in the Boston area, the same will work in NY area- the one presented in the argument - such as the analogy in question (589). If taxing OTHER urban areas reduced traffic, so taxing the central district area will reduce traffic as well, and therefore the answer choice is correct. In the other hand, sometimes, the analogy is irrelevant, so the answer choice is wrong. So, how will I know that the answer choice using this kind of comparison will be right or wrong? The only thing I can think of is using process of elimination. Does that make sense?!

Many tks!

The plan is to make drivers pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day. We need to select the answer that most strongly suggests that the plan will reduce the traffic congestion.

Quote:
A. Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .

Choice (A) tells us that one-fifth of the vehicles are in transit from one side of the city to the other, so, yes, congestion pricing might encourage those drivers to take an alternate route. But congestion pricing could also have NO effect on those drivers, who might prefer to pay a fee rather than drive all the way around the city. Choice (A) does not present any evidence indicating how those drivers will react, if at all, to the congestion pricing. And what about the other four-fifths of the vehicles? Will their drivers be affected by the congestion pricing?

The biggest problem with (A) is that it does not present any evidence to suggest HOW the drivers will react to the congestion pricing.

Quote:
C.In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).

True, just because it worked somewhere else does NOT NECESSARILY mean it will work in Masana. But we are not asked to PROVE that the plan will work. We only need something that STRONGLY INDICATES that the plan will be a success.

Choice (C) provides evidence regarding HOW other drivers reacted to congestion pricing, exactly the kind of evidence that was lacking in choice (A). Thus, we now have EVIDENCE that the plan could have a similar on drivers in Masana. Sure, this doesn't prove anything, but it is better than (A) and the other options.

Whether the analogous situation is relevant will depend on what they are asking. Regardless, process of elimination is definitely your best friend!

I hope that helps!



Hi GMATNinja

I can vividly remember alot of examples in which we had the same situation and the official answer said : who cares!? who cares what happen in the other nation/city/country... in the same condition. we cannot infer it wil have the same effect on our case..

now I'm really confused... whn should I care.. when shouldn't
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 04 Dec 2016
Posts: 26
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V35
GPA: 4
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Oct 2017, 21:27
2
soodia wrote:


I can vividly remember alot of examples in which we had the same situation and the official answer said : who cares!? who cares what happen in the other nation/city/country... in the same condition. we cannot infer it wil have the same effect on our case..

now I'm really confused... whn should I care.. when shouldn't


Hi
If I may try to answer...
In strengthen/weaken you need to find a directional approach that directly deals with the main issue of the problem...U dont need to be 100% sure whether the same effect will be observed...

Regards
S
CEO
CEO
User avatar
D
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 2884
Location: Canada
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Nov 2017, 10:55
1
Top Contributor
Skywalker18 wrote:
The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy - the clogging of the streets of the central business district alone cost the economy more than $1.2 billion over the past year. In order to address this problem, officials plan to introduce congestion pricing, by which drivers would pay to enter the city's most heavily trafficked areas during the busiest times of the day.

Which of the following, if true, would most strongly indicate that the plan will be a success?

(A) Approximately one-fifth of the vehicles in the central business district are in transit from one side of the city to the other .

(B) Planners expect that, without congestion pricing, traffic in Masana is likely to grow by 6 percent in the next five years .

(C) In other urban areas, congestion pricing has strongly encouraged carpooling (sharing of rides by private commuters).

(D) Several studies have shown that a reduction in traffic of 15 percent in Masana could result in 5,500 or more new jobs.

(E) Over 30 percent of the vehicles in the city's center are occupied by more than one person


PREMISE: Heavy traffic bad for economy
PREMISE: Traffic = $1.2B hit to economy
IMPLIED CONCLUSION: Congestion pricing will reduce traffic

Answer choice C says that the strategy has worked in other cities. That is, congestion pricing HAS reduced traffic. Does this mean that the strategy will DEFINITELY work in Masana? No. However, we must keep in mind that our goal here is not to strengthen the argument so that it is 100% guaranteed; our goal is to simply strengthen the argument (ever so slightly)

Answer: C

Cheers,
Brent
_________________

Brent Hanneson – GMATPrepNow.com
Image
Sign up for our free Question of the Day emails

GMAT Club Bot
Re: The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy &nbs [#permalink] 30 Nov 2017, 10:55
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The heavy traffic in Masana is a growing drain on the city's economy

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.