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The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through

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The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 292
Page:

The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them.

(A) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them

(B) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around

(C) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods and to step easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them

(D) moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around

(E) moose has long legs that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap over or go around them
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2017, 23:06
(A) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them - Incorrect. 'leap over' is preferred.

(B) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around - Incorrect. 'them' - Pronoun error.

(C) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods and to step easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them - Incorrect. Same error as in B.

(D) moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around - Incorrect. Same error as in B.

(E) moose has long legs that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap over or go around them - Correct.

Answer: E

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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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this question tests you on pronouns --

Option A - Incorrect

the pronoun "it" cannot refer to the possessive noun "moose's". Note that "stepping easily over downed trees" is a comma + -ing modifier and refers to the subject "the North American Moose's long legs". this does not make sense either.

Option B - Incorrect

The pronoun "it" does not have a logical antecedent. "them" refers to "moose's long legs" -- does not make sense.
"must leap or go around" -- go around what? Not clear.
Note that "stepping easily over downed trees" is a comma + -ing modifier and refers to the subject "the North American Moose's long legs". this does not make sense either.

Option C - Incorrect

The pronoun "it" does not have a logical antecedent. "them" (first instance) refers to "moose's long legs" -- does not make sense.

"them" (second instance) refers to "downed trees". But we have pronouns in the same clause that refer to two different things -- "but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them"

Option D - Incorrect

"them" refers to "moose's long legs" -- does not make sense. "must leap or go around" -- go around what? Not clear.

Option E - Correct answer

the pronouns and the modifiers make sense.
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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2017, 00:45
ziyuen wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 292
Page:

The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them.

(A) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them

(B) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around

(C) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods and to step easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them

(D) moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around

(E) moose has long legs that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap over or go around them


A B C can be easily eliminated as "it" is pointing to possessive noun.
D have pronoun error and changes the meaning also .
E is correct .

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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2017, 04:24
Ing modifier enabling in D must shows HOW aspect of preceding clause or RESULT of preceding clause​. Also it linked with the subject.

1. Moose has long legs results in enabling it to move quickly. Makes sense but not associated with the subject 'moos'. Moose itself does not enable it instead it's legs.
2. Ing modifier does not explain How moose has long legs.

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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2017, 06:09
The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them.

(A) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them - no logical antecedent for pronoun it ; Verb-ing modifier stepping easily over downed trees does not make sense

(B) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around - no logical antecedent for pronoun it ; Verb-ing modifier stepping easily over downed trees does not make sense

(C) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods and to step easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them - no antecedent for pronoun it ; the first instance of them refers to long legs and the second instance of them refers to downed trees - pronouns in the same clause that refer to two different things is incorrect

(D) moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around - Pronoun them here should logically refer to Moose not its long legs .

(E) moose has long legs that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap over or go around them - Correct

Answer E
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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 07:39
hazelnut wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 292
Page:

The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them.

(A) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them

(B) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around

(C) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods and to step easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them

(D) moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around

(E) moose has long legs that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap over or go around them


Please fix this typo in the original prompt, thanks.
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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2017, 15:29
hazelnut wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 292
Page:

The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them.

(A) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them

(B) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around

(C) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods and to step easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them

(D) moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around

(E) moose has long legs that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap over or go around them


The issue with A and C is that the pronoun "them" has no logical antecedent. What that simply means is that - the pronoun "them" - would incorrectly refer back to the Moose's long legs. If the sentence started out "The North American Moose.... etc ..etc... which forces predators to jump around them"- this would be valid

E

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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them.

1. ', stepping' wrongly modifies the legs
2. 'It' refers to the singular moose.
3. 'them' refers to the trees


(A) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them -- stepping wrongly modifies the legs, rather than the moose.

(B) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around -- 1. same modification problem as in A. 2. 'them' refers to plural animals rather than the singular moose.

(C) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods and to step easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them -- 'them' has no antecedent.

(D) moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around -- 'them' is the problem

(E) moose has long legs that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap over or go around them --- 'it' correctly refers to the singular moose; 'them' refers to the plural woods--- correct choice.

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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2017, 17:37
hazelnut wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 292
Page:

The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them.

(A) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them

(B) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around

(C) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods and to step easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them

(D) moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around

(E) moose has long legs that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap over or go around them


Would like to point one moment here.
The correct option is E.
The mistake in D, that was talked about is "them"
But if this option looked like:
moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap or go around,
it would still be the wrong one.

In D: enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees
In E: that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees
"To move through the woods" - it is the important one - it includes "stepping easily"
While in D there are 2 independent things: " to move" and "to step" - it is not good.

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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2017, 11:25
Answer is E

(A) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them =it has no antecedent

(B) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around =it has no antecedent

(C) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods and to step easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them=it has no antecedent

(D) moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around=> them- subject verb error

(E) moose has long legs that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap over or go around them=> correct answer
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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through   [#permalink] 24 Sep 2017, 11:25
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