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The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through

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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2017, 19:56
egmat wrote:
SidJainGMAT wrote:
Hi Verbal Experts (CrackVerbalGMAT/eGmat/GmatNinja/mikemcgarry),

Have a query in option D?
Option D also has a ,+V-ing Modifiew "enabling it ..". That would refer to the subject moose as per the current structure of the sentence. But, I guess as per the meaning of the sentence, it should refer to legs. Hence, I feel the comma before the V-ing modifier must be removed to fix this so that then it will refer to legs.

Is this understanding correct? Please let me know later.

Thanks in advance!



Hello SidJainGMAT,

Yes, your analysis is absolutely correct. The moose does not enable itself to move quickly through the woods. It his longs legs that do so. Hence, use of comma + enabling is incorrect in Choice D.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha



Yes I got it. Thanks a lot for clarifying the same! :)
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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2018, 03:19
The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them.

(A) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing it must leap or go around them - Verb+ing modifier stepping is incorrectly modifying moose's long legs . Also them is incorrectly referring to mlong moose's long legs

(B) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around - Same as A

(C) moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through the woods and to step easily over downed trees, but predators pursuing them must leap over or go around them - Here them is referring to moose's long legs instead of moose itself hence incorrect

(D) moose has long legs, enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees while predators pursuing them must leap or go around - Here them has no logical antecedent

(E) moose has long legs that enable it to move quickly through the woods, stepping easily over downed trees while predators pursuing it must leap over or go around them - CORRECT as it is referring correctly to North American Moose and not the long legs and them is referring to woods
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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2018, 11:26
SidJainGMAT wrote:
Hi Verbal Experts (CrackVerbalGMAT/eGmat/GmatNinja/mikemcgarry),

Have a query in option D?
Option D also has a ,+V-ing Modifiew "enabling it ..". That would refer to the subject moose as per the current structure of the sentence. But, I guess as per the meaning of the sentence, it should refer to legs. Hence, I feel the comma before the V-ing modifier must be removed to fix this so that then it will refer to legs.

Is this understanding correct? Please let me know later.

Thanks in advance!


In my opinion, the comma before the V-ing modifier is correct, because "enabling" expresses the result of the main clause. According to MANHATTAN, The -ing form can modify an entire clause as above, as long as the entire clause converted into a noun phrase could function as the subject of the verb that is now in -ing form.

"The long legs of moose enable moose(which "it" refers to) to move quickly ... and to step easily ..."

The problem of option D is that "them" can not refer to "moose".
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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2018, 06:42
@e-gmat

Please correct my understanding of the ", + ing modifier".

If the verb-ing modifier appears after a clause and is preceded by a comma, then it modifies the entire preceding clause. It
a. either presents additional information about the preceding clause,
b. or presents the result of the preceding clause.

Here, in option D "enabling shows the result of the preceding idea that the mosse has long legs and this results in enabling it to move quickly through the woods and to stop easily over downed trees.

In your previous post, you have mentioned that this modifier is incorrect in option D.

I am little confused; could you please help to identify the gap in my understanding!
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Re: The North American moose's long legs enable it to move quickly through &nbs [#permalink] 11 Nov 2018, 06:42

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