GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 11 Nov 2019, 16:21

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1347
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Sep 2019, 17:33
1
1
25
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

30% (01:11) correct 70% (01:21) wrong based on 757 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

(A) the coming to an end of
(B) the ending of
(C) by the coming to an end of
(D) by ending
(E) by the end of


SC82561.01

_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Advanced Search : https://gmatclub.com/forum/advanced-search/
Most Helpful Expert Reply
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2913
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Nov 2019, 16:05
Hello Everyone,

The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.


This question is indeed quite confusing because three out of five answer choices are grammatically correct. But if we understand what the sentence intends to convey, then we can arrive at the correct answer. The logic of the sentence decides the grammar of the correct answer choice. So, let’s first understand the meaning conveyed by this official sentence:


Meaning Analysis:



• The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced

    o less by government regulation,


 although that is significant for specific industries like mining,

    o than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.



The sentence says that two factors are responsible for the decline in the growth in productivity:

a. government regulation.
b. The period of fast growth in agricultural productivity is coming to an end.

Presenting the comparison between these two factors, the sentence says that the impact of the latter is more on the decline in the growth in productivity that the former. The sentence also mentions that even if the impact of government regulation is less, it is important for certain industries such as mining.


Error Analysis:



i. The sentence uses the comparison expression less X than Y in which X and Y must be grammatically and logically parallel. From the Meaning Analysis, we know that X and Y (the two factors) are logically parallel. But they are not grammatically parallel because X = by government regulation = prepositional phrase, but Y = the coming to an end… = a noun phrase. Clearly, these two entities are not grammatically parallel.

If we add the preposition by before the coming to an end…, the error will be rectified. That is all we need to do to make this sentence correct.


Answer Choice Analysis:



(A) the coming to an end of: Incorrect: The error has been discussed above.


(B) the ending of: Incorrect: This choice repeats the error of Choice A.


(C) by the coming to an end of: Correct: This indeed is the correct answer choice. Presence of by after than makes the entities X and Y in the expression less X than Y perfectly parallel.


(D) by ending: Incorrect: This choice is grammatically correct. But it violates the intended meaning by conveying that the slackening in the growth in productivity is influenced more by ending a certain period.


(E) by the end of: Incorrect: This choice again is grammatically correct but present distorted meaning. This choice says that the slackening in the growth in productivity is influenced more by the end of a certain period. So, this choice presents the timing of the influence rather than mentioning the factor that is responsible for this influence.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________
Most Helpful Community Reply
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2017
Posts: 291
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2019, 03:25
5
2
hazelnut wrote:
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

(A) the coming to an end of
(B) the ending of
(C) by the coming to an end of
(D) by ending
(E) by the end of


SC82561.01


Official Explanation

Parallelism; Diction

As worded, the sentence is not parallel: less by must be made parallel by using than by. Thus, the sentence needs to read is influenced less by . . . than by. For this reason, the first two answer choices can be ruled out.

To choose among the remaining three options, consider which of the coming to an end of, ending, and the end of best conveys the most likely intended meaning: that the overall slackening of growth in productivity is largely influenced by the fact that a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity is coming to an end.

A. As noted above, this version is not parallel; it lacks the less by . . . than by construction.

B. This version is also not parallel; it lacks the appropriate less by . . . than by construction.

C. Correct. This version correctly uses the less by . . . than by construction. It clearly expresses the most likely intended meaning, discussed above.

D. This version sounds as if it is saying that the period of rapid growth of agricultural productivity is intentionally being ended. This deviates from the intended meaning of the sentence.

E. We can understand this choice to say that the slackening of growth in productivity is largely influenced by the final part of the period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity. This also deviates from the intended meaning.

The correct answer is C.
General Discussion
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 09 Aug 2017
Posts: 557
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Sep 2019, 17:42
4
Less X than Y.

X = by govt. regulations: by noun phrase
Y= by the end of: by noun phrase

E maintains the parallelism
E is correct.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Mar 2017
Posts: 18
GMAT 1: 650 Q45 V33
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Sep 2019, 22:53
E.
by noun ... than by noun ...
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 10 Sep 2013
Posts: 313
Location: India
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GPA: 4
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2019, 01:33
E is superior.

Less by ABC than by XYZ.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 08 Apr 2014
Posts: 8
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2019, 02:20
hazelnut wrote:
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

(A) the coming to an end of
(B) the ending of
(C) by the coming to an end of
(D) by ending
(E) by the end of


SC82561.01


Although I was confused between C & E, I am going to go with C on this one. The coming acts as a gerund here so the parallelism is maintained ( Less X than Y), but something seems a miss in E. The period of high growth has come to the end, not the period(which still continues). This makes me think C might be better than E.

Sunil
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 18 Dec 2017
Posts: 638
Location: United States (KS)
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2019, 14:38
is this tag "GMAT Advanced" for the questions from the new book that is just launched by GMAC?

Thank you!
_________________
----The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long ----
Software Tester currently in USA ( ;-) )

All GMAT Ninja LIVE YouTube videos by topic
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 11 May 2019
Posts: 19
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2019, 22:27
egmat, GMATNinja

Why is c superior over e?

Posted from my mobile device
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 15 Jul 2016
Posts: 12
CAT Tests
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2019, 13:10
Think this is a parallelism between an action noun and a complex gerund.

by the government regulation than by the coming...
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 16 Jun 2019
Posts: 3
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Oct 2019, 01:31
Hi, can anybody tell me how option C is grammatically correct. I understood the meaning of the sentence. Thanks in advance!

Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 09 Nov 2018
Posts: 89
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2019, 03:45
TheNightKing wrote:
is this tag "GMAT Advanced" for the questions from the new book that is just launched by GMAC?

Thank you!

TheNightKing - yes it is!
Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 26 Jan 2016
Posts: 180
CAT Tests
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Oct 2019, 07:56
Quote:
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

(A) the coming to an end of
(B) the ending of
(C) by the coming to an end of
(D) by ending
(E) by the end of


The competition is between C and E.
C goes on as per the meaning of the original choice i.e. 'the coming to an end of a period' while E deviates from the meaning 'the end of a period'.

Hence C
_________________
Your Kudos can boost my morale..!!

I am on a journey. Gradually I'll there..!!
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Oct 2018
Posts: 92
CAT Tests
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 29 Oct 2019, 02:47
hazelnut wrote:
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

(A) the coming to an end of
(B) the ending of
(C) by the coming to an end of
(D) by ending
(E) by the end of


SC82561.01

Dear experts, VeritasKarishma daagh @empowergmat egmat EMPOWERgmatRichC AjiteshArun
Please clarify the reason behind eliminating option E "by the end of"
The event of the period coming to an end has a higher influence on overall slackening of growth. The way option E is worded suggests that, either 1. "end part of the period was more responsible than regulation" or 2. "the event that the period ended was more responsible".
The resulting ambiguity in the meaning makes option C a better than E.

Please correct the reasoning if its wrong!

Originally posted by aniket16c on 28 Oct 2019, 03:38.
Last edited by aniket16c on 29 Oct 2019, 02:47, edited 1 time in total.
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Joined: 14 Feb 2017
Posts: 1263
Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 560 Q41 V26
GMAT 2: 550 Q43 V23
GMAT 3: 650 Q47 V33
GMAT 4: 650 Q44 V36
GMAT 5: 650 Q48 V31
GPA: 3
WE: Management Consulting (Consulting)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Oct 2019, 03:58
Pretty sure I've figured out what's going on here...

It's because we are saying that something is coming to an end... not that something has ended, so it is more logical to say that the easing (slackening) of something (as actually intended by the original in this case) brings about (coming to an end) the decline..
_________________
Goal: Q49, V41

+1 Kudos if I have helped you
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Apr 2019
Posts: 4
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Oct 2019, 07:43
for this question why c is superior than e , i guess c by the coming to an end is similar in meaning to by the end of .... and e is concise ... then why c is correct
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 23 Nov 2018
Posts: 225
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V28
GPA: 4
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Oct 2019, 08:21
aniket16c wrote:
hazelnut wrote:
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

(A) the coming to an end of
(B) the ending of
(C) by the coming to an end of
(D) by ending
(E) by the end of


SC82561.01

Dear experts, VeritasKarishma daagh @empowergmat egmat EMPOWERgmatRichC AjiteshArun
Please clarify the reason behind eliminating option E "by the end of"
The event of the period coming to an end has a higher influence on overall slackening of growth. The way option C is worded suggests that, either 1. "end part of the period was more responsible than regulation" or 2. "the event that the period ended was more responsible".
The resulting ambiguity in the meaning makes option C a better than E.

Please correct the reasoning if its wrong!



sorry i am not an expert just trying to answer your question,

we usually use the phrases
"2019 is coming to an end"
or "by the end of this year"

The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

the sentence mentions the two "reasons"/"events"/"activities" that are influencing the productivity; wherein one reason influences more than the other.

1) government regulation
2)the year coming to an end

the end directly influences--- we don't need to write the coming to an end off... "the end of" communicates the same meaning

the phrase "by coming to an end of" is wordy and awkward and such phrases are not preferred on the gmat especially if you have an option that conveys the same meaning in a simpler way.

we are talking about the influence a period has when it ends therefore meaning wise as well E is the correct option.
_________________
.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Oct 2018
Posts: 92
CAT Tests
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Oct 2019, 02:49
sampriya wrote:
aniket16c wrote:
hazelnut wrote:
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

(A) the coming to an end of
(B) the ending of
(C) by the coming to an end of
(D) by ending
(E) by the end of


SC82561.01

Dear experts, VeritasKarishma daagh @empowergmat egmat EMPOWERgmatRichC AjiteshArun
Please clarify the reason behind eliminating option E "by the end of"
The event of the period coming to an end has a higher influence on overall slackening of growth. The way option C is worded suggests that, either 1. "end part of the period was more responsible than regulation" or 2. "the event that the period ended was more responsible".
The resulting ambiguity in the meaning makes option C a better than E.

Please correct the reasoning if its wrong!



sorry i am not an expert just trying to answer your question,

we usually use the phrases
"2019 is coming to an end"
or "by the end of this year"

The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

the sentence mentions the two "reasons"/"events"/"activities" that are influencing the productivity; wherein one reason influences more than the other.

1) government regulation
2)the year coming to an end

the end directly influences--- we don't need to write the coming to an end off... "the end of" communicates the same meaning

the phrase "by coming to an end of" is wordy and awkward and such phrases are not preferred on the gmat especially if you have an option that conveys the same meaning in a simpler way.

we are talking about the influence a period has when it ends therefore meaning wise as well E is the correct option.


Thank you for time. But, the answer is C!
SVP
SVP
User avatar
V
Status: It's near - I can see.
Joined: 13 Apr 2013
Posts: 1701
Location: India
Concentration: International Business, Operations
Schools: INSEAD Jan '19
GPA: 3.01
WE: Engineering (Real Estate)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Oct 2019, 03:55
hazelnut wrote:
The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than the coming to an end of a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

(A) the coming to an end of
(B) the ending of
(C) by the coming to an end of
(D) by ending
(E) by the end of


SC82561.01


AjiteshArun:

A and B are not parallel, hence we can eliminate them.

How to eliminate C,D,and E.

Though I choose the correct one, I am still unsure about the correct reason.

I choose C as it looked better than C and D.

Please help.
_________________
"Do not watch clock; Do what it does. KEEP GOING."
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 21 Feb 2017
Posts: 41
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2019, 00:26
Experts please help in eliminating E
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2019, 00:26

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 24 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne