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# The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations

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The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2018, 07:39
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15% (low)

Question Stats:

72% (01:07) correct 28% (01:21) wrong based on 1258 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 2: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations of divers and gymnasts are the same as the body orientation controlling astronauts in a weightless environment.

(A) as the body orientation controlling
(B) as the body orientation which controls
(C) as those controlling the body orientation of
(D) ones to control the body orientation of
(E) ones used in controlling the body orientation of

https://archives.newyorker.com/?iid=16367&crd=0&searchKey=In%20the%20absence%20of%20torques#folio=118

The New Yorker MARCH 3, 1980 ISSUE

In the March SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN you will see how this paradox is resolved. You may be relieved to learn that divers and gymnasts (and free-falling cats, too) perform their midair rotations without violating any laws of physics. Moreover, the underlying physics is the same for the astronauts in space who need to control their body orientation in a weightless environment.

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Re: The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2018, 08:24
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Quote:
The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations of divers and gymnasts are the same as the body orientation controlling astronauts in a weightless environment.

Intended meaning:
The sentence presents a comparison between two principles.
Principle 1: One that controls the midair gyrations of divers and gymnasts
Principle 2: Another that controls the body orientation of astronauts in a weightless environment.

Quote:
（A）as the body orientation controlling
（B）as the body orientation which controls

Incorrect comparison of principle vs human body.
Though we are comparing two nouns, the comparison is illogical.

Quote:
（C）as those controlling the body orientation of

Correct.
those = refers back to principles
controlling = without coma, a verb-ing modifier correctly modifying the preceding noun: those

Quote:
（D）ones to control the body orientation of

we need a verb-ing modifier, not an infinitive / purpose.
The purpose of principle is not to control the body orientation of astronauts in a weightless environment.

Quote:
（E）ones used in controlling the body orientation of

why is there a need to specify specific principles by using ones : ambiguous.
again incorrect used of the preposition: in

Concept tested: comparison and usage of verb-ing modifier.
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The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2018, 00:10
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aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 2: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations of divers and gymnasts are the same as the body orientation controlling astronauts in a weightless environment.

(A) as the body orientation controlling
(B) as the body orientation which controls
(C) as those controlling the body orientation of
(D) ones to control the body orientation of
(E) ones used in controlling the body orientation of

The New Yorker - MARCH 3, 1980 ISSUE LINK

In the March SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN you will see how this paradox is resolved. You may be relieved to learn that divers and gymnasts (and free-falling cats, too) perform their midair rotations without violating any laws of physics. Moreover, the underlying physics is the same for the astronauts in space who need to control their body orientation in a weightless environment.
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The New Yorker _ Mar 03, 1980.pdf [786.54 KiB]

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The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2018, 04:37
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The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations of divers and gymnasts are the same as the body orientation controlling astronauts in a weightless environment.

A question of comparison, its abuse and misinterpretation.

(A) as the body orientation controlling ---- the comparison is between physical principles and body orientation -- irrelevant comparison

(B) as the body orientation which controls -- same as in B.

(C) as those controlling the body orientation of -- The pronoun, 'those' saves the day. Now there is balance in the comparison. Correct choice.

(D) ones to control the body orientation of ---- The same principles used in midair gyrations are said to be used in controlling astronauts -- a blatant distortion of intent.

(E) ones used in controlling the body orientation of -- same as in D.
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Re: The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2018, 07:48
1
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 2: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations of divers and gymnasts are the same as the body orientation controlling astronauts in a weightless environment.

(A) as the body orientation controlling
(B) as the body orientation which controls
(C) as those controlling the body orientation of
(D) ones to control the body orientation of
(E) ones used in controlling the body orientation of

https://archives.newyorker.com/?iid=16367&crd=0&searchKey=In%20the%20absence%20of%20torques#folio=118

The New Yorker MARCH 3, 1980 ISSUE

In the March SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN you will see how this paradox is resolved. You may be relieved to learn that divers and gymnasts (and free-falling cats, too) perform their midair rotations without violating any laws of physics. Moreover, the underlying physics is the same for the astronauts in space who need to control their body orientation in a weightless environment.

A and B is rejected error in comparison
in D and E as is required
Left with C as OA
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Re: The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations  [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2018, 09:07
3
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 2: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations of divers and gymnasts are the same as the body orientation controlling astronauts in a weightless environment.

(A) as the body orientation controlling
(B) as the body orientation which controls
(C) as those controlling the body orientation of
(D) ones to control the body orientation of
(E) ones used in controlling the body orientation of

https://archives.newyorker.com/?iid=16367&crd=0&searchKey=In%20the%20absence%20of%20torques#folio=118

The New Yorker MARCH 3, 1980 ISSUE

In the March SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN you will see how this paradox is resolved. You may be relieved to learn that divers and gymnasts (and free-falling cats, too) perform their midair rotations without violating any laws of physics. Moreover, the underlying physics is the same for the astronauts in space who need to control their body orientation in a weightless environment.

Official Explanation:

Choice A - illogically identiflres the physical principles of line I as body orientations, not as principles; moreover, the origina sentence confusedly states that body orientation controls the astronauts, not that physical principles control their body orientation.
B - changes controlling to which controls, but the logical problems remain.
C- the best answer, correctly uses the plural pronoun those to identify principles as principles. By substituting to control for that control (line l),
D - violates parallel construction.
E - wordy and imprecise, seems to imply that some external agency is using physical principles to control the body orientation ofastronauts.
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“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

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Re: The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations  [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2018, 21:37
2
The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations of divers and gymnasts are the same as the body orientation controlling astronauts in a weightless environment.

Reduce the sentence to its precise form avoiding extra information. Striked part is extra information. Now read the sentence as

The underlying physical principles are the same as the body orientation controlling astronauts.

(A) as the body orientation controlling -- principles are being compared with the body. This is not a correct comparison. ELIMINATED
(B) as the body orientation which controls -- same error as in A. ELIMINATED
(C) as those controlling the body orientation of -- here principles are being compared with principles controlling the body orientation of astronauts. This is Correct
(D) ones to control the body orientation of -- "principles are the same ones", this is completely non sensical. ELIMINATED
(E) ones used in controlling the body orientation of -- same error as in D. ELIMINATED
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Re: The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations  [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2019, 09:46
1
aragonn wrote:
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 2: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations of divers and gymnasts are the same as the body orientation controlling astronauts in a weightless environment.

(A) as the body orientation controlling
(B) as the body orientation which controls
(C) as those controlling the body orientation of
(D) ones to control the body orientation of
(E) ones used in controlling the body orientation of

https://archives.newyorker.com/?iid=16367&crd=0&searchKey=In%20the%20absence%20of%20torques#folio=118

The New Yorker MARCH 3, 1980 ISSUE

In the March SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN you will see how this paradox is resolved. You may be relieved to learn that divers and gymnasts (and free-falling cats, too) perform their midair rotations without violating any laws of physics. Moreover, the underlying physics is the same for the astronauts in space who need to control their body orientation in a weightless environment.

Official Explanation:

Choice A - illogically identiflres the physical principles of line I as body orientations, not as principles; moreover, the origina sentence confusedly states that body orientation controls the astronauts, not that physical principles control their body orientation.
B - changes controlling to which controls, but the logical problems remain.
C- the best answer, correctly uses the plural pronoun those to identify principles as principles. By substituting to control for that control (line l),
D - violates parallel construction.
E - wordy and imprecise, seems to imply that some external agency is using physical principles to control the body orientation ofastronauts.

great explanation.
the main problem in D and E is that "ones" which is "priciples" do not do controling. this is not logic and not paralel with the "principles that control". choice D and E means that "ones" do not do controling but another agent/persons do controling.
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Re: The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2019, 02:35
[quote="aragonn"]

Project SC Butler: Day 2: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations of divers and gymnasts are the same as the body orientation controlling astronauts in a weightless environment.

(A) as the body orientation controlling
(B) as the body orientation which controls
(C) as those controlling the body orientation of
(D) ones to control the body orientation of
(E) ones used in controlling the body orientation of

it takes long time to realize which noun is parallel to which noun

"those controling" in C is different from "in controling" in E. in C, "those" do controling while in E, "ones dose not control but is part of controling". so choice E is wrong. og explanation also shows this point but unclearly
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Re: The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2019, 10:01
I have a doubt, whenever 'as' is used for comparison it is followed by a clause.

I am unable to identify ther verb in the first 3 sentences.

Can anyone help me.

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Re: The underlying physical principles that control the midair gyrations   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2019, 10:01
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