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To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American

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To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.


(A) To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698

(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698

(C) In order to protect English manufactures of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England

(D) For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698

(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England

Originally posted by huoguo on 21 Jun 2007, 21:21.
Last edited by Bunuel on 29 May 2019, 23:20, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2007, 21:33
I went with B.

"both against Amer & Irish " vs. "against both Amer & Irish" is the main difference between the 2.

The latter has the proper placement of "both"
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2011, 07:17
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siddhans wrote:
Please explain using POE ?

To protect English manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony's borders.

(A) To protect English manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698
(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698
(C) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolens Act of 1698 was passed by England
(D) For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698
(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolens Act of 1698, passed by England


As per my knowledge there is no major difference between "in order to+verb" and "to+verb".
a) A is wrong because of usage of both before against. If we replace nouns with x and y then will look like "To protect English manufacturers of woolen goods both X and Y." where X and Y is not parallel so wrong.
(B) 1.It has placed both after against which make American and Irish competion parallel.
2. It is act not England which "prohibited the export " so which is reffering right noun.
c)Which should not refer England as England did not prohibit the export.
d)As far as conciseness this is not a good option. I doubt if Sentence can start with For protecting.
e)Which should not refer England as England did not prohibit the export. The sentence is not concise.
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2012, 00:07
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(A) To protect English manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698
(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698
(C) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolens Act of 1698 was passed by England
(D) For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698
(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolens Act of 1698, passed by England

Correct form is both A and B: For A to be correct it should have been both against Americans and against Irish - so that's out

the relative pronoun which should refer to the act so c and e are out as which seems to refer to England for these choices.

(D) and (B) are both correct, but D is too verbose. So B
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2013, 22:13
"To protect" and "in order to protect" are similar meaning, but the use of "both" in A is wrong.
I picked B. What is the OA?.
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2015, 12:20
huoguo wrote:
To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, Enland passed the Woolens Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.

a. To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, Enland passed the Woolens Act of 1698

b. In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the woolen Act of 1698

c. In order to protect English manufactures of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England

d. For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698.

e. For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England.


Answer – B
A – both against american american and Irish competiton – parallelism error (correct version = against both american and irish competition)
B – correct
C – against american (comma) as well as against irish (comma) competition – absolute wrong structure.
D – for protecting – wrong idiom. There is a purpose in passing the law – an of 1698. Hence, correct idiom is – in order to protect.....
E – same error as in D. Which illogically modifies england. ‘which’ should logically modify woolen act of 1698.
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2016, 05:27
huoguo wrote:
To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, Enland passed the Woolens Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.

a. To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, Enland passed the Woolens Act of 1698

b. In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the woolen Act of 1698

c. In order to protect English manufactures of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England

d. For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698.

e. For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England.



In choice B "competition" modifies both American and Irish.

A question on similar lines from OG

Unlike most other mergers in the utility industry, which have been driven by the need to save money and extend companies' service areas, the merger of the nation's leading gas and electric company is intended to create a huge marketing network for the utilities in question with states opening their utility markets to competition.

company and leading electric company is intended to create a huge network for marketing the utilities in question as states open - Here the word company is repeated.

So the question here is can the word "competition" be repeated and still the answer be correct?
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2016, 08:20
No need to repeat competition. Because in the case of the gas and electric example, it was a merger that necessarily involves two entities. By simply saying, gas and electric company, it is not clear whether there is one company dealing with both or whether they are two companies dealing individually with each of the two. Therefore, we need to repeat company for both units.
However, it is not so in this case of American and Irish competition; there is no logic in saying that the competition was a single competition that consisted of both American and Irish; They are without stating two indecent competitions. Hence, there is no need to repeat.
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2016, 11:15
huoguo wrote:
To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, Enland passed the Woolens Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.

a. To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, Enland passed the Woolens Act of 1698

b. In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the woolen Act of 1698

c. In order to protect English manufactures of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England

d. For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698.

e. For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England.


A - Woolens is wrong
B - Correct
C - Passive voice. As well as is to be avoided when and is present in a god option
D - as well as
E - Fragment construction
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2017, 03:19
To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, Enland passed the Woolens Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.

a. To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, Enland passed the Woolens Act of 1698 -- Parallelism issue - Both X and Y --

b. In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the woolen Act of 1698 - Correct

c. In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England -- which incorrectly modifies England

d. For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698. -- undiomatic -- for protecting English

e. For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England. -- No verb

Answer B
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2018, 05:00
both "against" Americans and Irish competition ...
This is incorrect usage of the idiom "both A and B".
You have to write both against American and against Irish ... or against both American and Irish
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2019, 11:09
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Hello Everyone!

Let's take a look at this question, one thing at a time, and narrow down our choices to the correct one! To begin, let's take a quick glance at each option and highlight anything that seems different about each one in orange:

To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.

(A) To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698
(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698
(C) In order to protect English manufactures of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England
(D) For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698
(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England

After a quick glance, there are a few things we can focus on to narrow down our choices:

1. To protect / In order to protect / For protecting / For the protection of
2. both against American and Irish competition / against both American and Irish competition / against American, as well as against Irish, competition
3. England passed the Woolen Act of 1698 / the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England / the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England


Let's start with #2 on our list: both against / against both / against...as well as against.... This is an issue of parallelism. We need to make sure that both items that English manufacturers want protection from are equal:

(A) To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698
This is INCORRECT because it's not parallel! By placing the word "both" before the verb "against," we need to repeat the verb for it to be parallel.

both against American and against Irish competition = PARALLEL
both against American and Irish competition = NOT PARALLEL

(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698
This is OKAY for now because it is parallel. By placing the word "both" after the verb "against," we don't need to repeat the verb because it's outside the "both X and Y" construction.

(C) In order to protect English manufactures of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England
This is INCORRECT because the use of "as well as" is wrong. You cannot substitute the phrase "as well as" for "and." They mean two different things! "As well as" means that you are putting emphasis on one option over the other, whereas "and" gives them equal importance. We need both countries to be equal here, so we need to use "and" instead.

(D) For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698
This is also INCORRECT because the use of "as well as" is wrong. You cannot substitute the phrase "as well as" for "and." They mean two different things! "As well as" means that you are putting emphasis on one option over the other, whereas "and" gives them equal importance. We need both countries to be equal here, so we need to use "and" instead.

(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England
This is OKAY for now. By placing the word "both" after the verb "against," we don't need to repeat the verb because it's outside the "both X and Y" construction.

We can eliminate options A, C, and D because they do not use parallel structure or the proper wording to show intended meaning.

Now that we have it narrowed down to only 2 options, let's look more closely at each one to find any problems. I've added in the remainder of the sentence to help us catch any potential issues. Here's how they break down:

(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.
This is CORRECT. The phrase "In order to protect" is idiomatically correct, the phrase "against both American and Irish competition" is parallel, and the phrase "England passed the Woolen Act of 1698" is both in active voice and an independent clause. This sentence has everything we need!

(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.
This sentence is INCORRECT for a couple reasons. First, it's not really idiomatically correct to start a phrase with "for the protection of" because it's passive voice. Also, if we look carefully, there is no verb in this sentence! This is actually one very long sentence fragment!


There you have it - option B is the correct choice! It uses parallel structure, active voice, and a clear subject and verb!


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To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2019, 02:48
huoguo wrote:
To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.


(A) To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698

(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698

(C) In order to protect English manufactures of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England

(D) For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698

(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England



(A) To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698 - Wrong: 1) Parallelism

(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698 - Correct

(C) In order to protect English manufactures of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England - Wrong: 1) Meaning 2) Modifier

(D) For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698 - Wrong: 1) Meaning

(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England - Wrong: 1) Modifier 2) Structure
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 09:04
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let's take a look at this question, one thing at a time, and narrow down our choices to the correct one! To begin, let's take a quick glance at each option and highlight anything that seems different about each one in orange:

To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.

(A) To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698
(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698
(C) In order to protect English manufactures of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England
(D) For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698
(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England

After a quick glance, there are a few things we can focus on to narrow down our choices:

1. To protect / In order to protect / For protecting / For the protection of
2. both against American and Irish competition / against both American and Irish competition / against American, as well as against Irish, competition
3. England passed the Woolen Act of 1698 / the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England / the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England


Let's start with #2 on our list: both against / against both / against...as well as against.... This is an issue of parallelism. We need to make sure that both items that English manufacturers want protection from are equal:

(A) To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolens Act of 1698
This is INCORRECT because it's not parallel! By placing the word "both" before the verb "against," we need to repeat the verb for it to be parallel.

both against American and against Irish competition = PARALLEL
both against American and Irish competition = NOT PARALLEL

(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698
This is OKAY for now because it is parallel. By placing the word "both" after the verb "against," we don't need to repeat the verb because it's outside the "both X and Y" construction.

(C) In order to protect English manufactures of woolen goods against American, as well as against Irish, competition, the Woolen Act of 1698 was passed by England
This is INCORRECT because the use of "as well as" is wrong. You cannot substitute the phrase "as well as" for "and." They mean two different things! "As well as" means that you are putting emphasis on one option over the other, whereas "and" gives them equal importance. We need both countries to be equal here, so we need to use "and" instead.

(D) For protecting English manufacturers of woolen goods against American, as well as Irish, competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698
This is also INCORRECT because the use of "as well as" is wrong. You cannot substitute the phrase "as well as" for "and." They mean two different things! "As well as" means that you are putting emphasis on one option over the other, whereas "and" gives them equal importance. We need both countries to be equal here, so we need to use "and" instead.

(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England
This is OKAY for now. By placing the word "both" after the verb "against," we don't need to repeat the verb because it's outside the "both X and Y" construction.

We can eliminate options A, C, and D because they do not use parallel structure or the proper wording to show intended meaning.

Now that we have it narrowed down to only 2 options, let's look more closely at each one to find any problems. I've added in the remainder of the sentence to help us catch any potential issues. Here's how they break down:

(B) In order to protect English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, England passed the Woolen Act of 1698, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.
This is CORRECT. The phrase "In order to protect" is idiomatically correct, the phrase "against both American and Irish competition" is parallel, and the phrase "England passed the Woolen Act of 1698" is both in active voice and an independent clause. This sentence has everything we need!

(E) For the protection of English manufacturers of woolen goods against both American and Irish competition, the Woolen Act of 1698, passed by England, which prohibited the export of woolen cloth beyond a colony`s borders.
This sentence is INCORRECT for a couple reasons. First, it's not really idiomatically correct to start a phrase with "for the protection of" because it's passive voice. Also, if we look carefully, there is no verb in this sentence! This is actually one very long sentence fragment!


There you have it - option B is the correct choice! It uses parallel structure, active voice, and a clear subject and verb!


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thank you expert for great explanation on "as well as".
choice c also suffer
wordiness " in order to"
redundance " as well as against"
inferiorness " which clause " can jump over short verb phrase but this is inferior. some OA in official question contain this pattern.
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Re: To protect English Manufacturers of woolen goods both against American   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2019, 09:04
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