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#Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his

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#Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2015, 19:45
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For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his professed ideal over a century before the contemporary American environmental movement was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

A. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

B. launched itself with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.

C. launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

D. launched Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; Emerson outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

E. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; in it he outlined his beliefs in this essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.

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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2015, 20:50
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For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his professed ideal over a century before the contemporary American environmental movement was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

A. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.
'was launched' is not appropriate here ...the portion after "and" is not parallel to the first part

B. launched itself with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.
and outlined" makes it as if the movement outlined the beliefs...

C. launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.
the second part of the sentence is written as an independent sentence, resolving all issues.. CORRECT

D. launched Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; Emerson outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.
'with' missing ,changing the meaning...

E. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; in it he outlined his beliefs in this essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.
"was" and "in it" make the sentence incorrect
ans C
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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 05:42
Hi Chetan2u,

How do you know what "he" and "his" refers to .. in the independent clause in option C..?

Actually D corrects that error by having "Emerson" in the independent clause right? IMO that is more important than the change in meaning because of the missing "with".

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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 05:55
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For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his professed ideal over a century before the contemporary American environmental movement [u]was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

Additional information
1. Transcendentalism is an American literary, political, and philosophical movement of the early nineteenth century, centered around Ralph Waldo Emerson.
2. Silent Spring is an environmental science book written by Rachel Carson and published in 1962.
The book brought environmental concerns to the American public and inspired an environmental movement that led to the creation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

The choices are split
1. movement was launched with Silent Spring vs movement launched with Silent Spring vsmovement launched Silent Spring
2. all that it has to offer vs all that it offers.

Points to be considered here
1. For the person R, his movement was his ideal before some other movement launched.
2. this R expressed his beliefs in his essay "Nature" and his beliefs argue that
    man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and
    all that nature has to offer.
3. both the points 1 and 2, are not related to each other or are Independent events and are not parallel.
Therefore they must be joined by a semicolon or a proper conjunction.
and cannot play the role of conjunction since both the sentences are not parallel.
4. Movement was not launched with the book silent spring by someone, the circumstances led to it.
5. arguing(Verb+ing modifier) implies as if it is resulting form the other events mentioned in the sentence.
6. He did not argue and he just outlined his beliefs in his essay which argued sth.

A. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.
error mentioned above in points 3,4,5 and 6 make this choice incorrect.

B. launched itself with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.
(Movement cannot launch itself thereby giving rise to meaning error.
and outlined......... phrase is a misplaced modifier creating a run-on sentence)


C. launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.
both the independent events are separated by a semicolon properly.
Nature essay argued that man..............is perfect and correct.
All errors mentioned above are resolved


D. launched Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; Emerson outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.
movement cannot launch the book silent spring.
Arguing error repeats here.


E. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; in it he outlined his beliefs in this essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.
was launched and arguing errors as above repeat here.
Use of pronoun it and starting the sentence with in it created a confusion to what it refers to and usage of pronoun this is wrong and adds to point of confusion here.


I wish someone explains the split choice 2 as well.
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#Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 05:58
dominicraj wrote:
Hi Chetan2u,

How do you know what "he" and "his" refers to .. in the independent clause in option C..?

Actually D corrects that error by having "Emerson" in the independent clause right? IMO that is more important than the change in meaning because of the missing "with".

Regards,
Dom.

Please go through the solution written above by me.
D changes the whole meaning because it misses "with".
movement cannot launch the book silent spring.
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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 09:25
Mechmeera wrote:
dominicraj wrote:
Hi Chetan2u,

How do you know what "he" and "his" refers to .. in the independent clause in option C..?

Actually D corrects that error by having "Emerson" in the independent clause right? IMO that is more important than the change in meaning because of the missing "with".

Regards,
Dom.

Please go through the solution written above by me.
D changes the whole meaning because it misses "with".
movement cannot launch the book silent spring.


Hi,

You have answered for C and it is same as Chentan2u. Kindly explain for my query..How to know whom "he" and "his" refer to...D corrects that.

Regards,
Dom.
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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 09:57
1
dominicraj wrote:
Mechmeera wrote:
dominicraj wrote:
Hi Chetan2u,

How do you know what "he" and "his" refers to .. in the independent clause in option C..?

Actually D corrects that error by having "Emerson" in the independent clause right? IMO that is more important than the change in meaning because of the missing "with".

Regards,
Dom.

Please go through the solution written above by me.
D changes the whole meaning because it misses "with".
movement cannot launch the book silent spring.


Hi,

You have answered for C and it is same as Chentan2u. Kindly explain for my query..How to know whom "he" and "his" refer to...D corrects that.

Regards,
Dom.


Hi,
D would have been absolutely correct had 'with' been used....
D changes the meaning althoughit corrects the pronoun error..

now C is not totally correct but the reason it is chosen is..
1) best possible choice..
2) 'he' is the subject;
Rachel Carson’s is possesive and would correctly refer back to some possesive pronoun 'his', if it does not have any other antecedants...
for Emerson, makes Emerson as the object of the sentence....
Now it may be better that an object,Emerson refers to a subject,he(pronoun), rather than a possessive noun,Rachel's, referring back to personal pronoun,he.
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#Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 10:07
dominicraj wrote:
Mechmeera wrote:
dominicraj wrote:
Hi Chetan2u,

How do you know what "he" and "his" refers to .. in the independent clause in option C..?

Actually D corrects that error by having "Emerson" in the independent clause right? IMO that is more important than the change in meaning because of the missing "with".

Regards,
Dom.

Please go through the solution written above by me.
D changes the whole meaning because it misses "with".
movement cannot launch the book silent spring.


Hi,

You have answered for C and it is same as Chentan2u. Kindly explain for my query..How to know whom "he" and "his" refer to...D corrects that.

Regards,
Dom.


I answered for D only. Anyways Ill try to explain again.
Meaning is the most important thing to be considered in case of GMAT.
D changes the whole meaning and seems to imply that movement launched the silent spring.
movement cannot launch the book silent spring. That is wrong.

Coming to pronoun case:
If two independent events are separated by a semicolon(;), the only condition that prevails is both should be independent.
We can use pronoun to refer the subject of previous sentence. It is not wrong.
Moreover

there is only person as noun to whom you can refer to and that person is subject Ralph Waldo Emerson.
and he is the subject in second sentence correctly referring to Emerson.
You cannot refer Him to refer Rachel Carson since it is in possessive form.

You can refer this below info from Mgmat SC

Quote:
Semicolon
The semicolon (;) connects two closely related statements. Each statement must be able to stand alone as an independent sentence. For instance, we can fix the previous example by using a semicolon.
    Right: Earl walked to school; he later ate his lunch.
    Consider another example:
    Wrong: Andrew and Lisa are inseparable; doing everything together.

The second part of this sentence cannot stand on its own. Therefore, the two parts may not be connected by a semicolon.
    Right: Andrew and Lisa are inseparable; they do everything together.
In the corrected example, the two sentence parts can each stand alone. Therefore, they may be connected by a semicolon. Moreover, when you use a semicolon, you should ensure that the two sentence parts are related in an independent, balanced way. If it seems that the author originally meant to subordinate one part to the other, you must preserve that intent.
    Right: The dam has created dead zones, WHERE fish have disappeared.
    Wrong: The dam has created dead zones; fish have disappeared.
In the second example above, the writer seems to be saying that fish all over the world have disappeared.
The first example is appropriately limited to the dead zones.


Quote:
A careful analysis of the students’ test scores reveals that some students must have cheated.
This new, correct version of the sentence contains no pronouns.
The original sentence is incorrect because them refers to test scores. Them fails to refer to students',
because students is a possessive noun and is therefore unattractive as an antecedent for a
non-possessive pronoun such as them.


coming back to C,
For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his professed ideal over a century before the contemporary American environmental movement launched Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring;
he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

This is correct as he refers to Emerson only.
I hope this helps :)
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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2015, 04:01
Hi All,

I have one question in the last line of the sentence.

which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer

(What is the reference for 'it'. Is it nature. If yes then the nature should be in non-possessive case) Am i correct in assuming so.


souvik101990 wrote:
For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his professed ideal over a century before the contemporary American environmental movement was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

A. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

B. launched itself with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.

C. launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

D. launched Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; Emerson outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

E. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; in it he outlined his beliefs in this essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.

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#Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2015, 05:20
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Let’s resolve the basic issue whether the movement launched itself as in B or launched with something as in C or launched something as in D, all in active voice. Can a movement do such acts? Or is it better to say in passive voice that the movement was launched’

IMO, I would reckon that it is untenable to say a movement does the act of launching; I would tend to rule out B, C and D for this reason alone.
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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2016, 10:07
souvik101990 wrote:
For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his professed ideal over a century before the contemporary American environmental movement was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

A. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

B. launched itself with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.

C. launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

D. launched Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; Emerson outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

E. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; in it he outlined his beliefs in this essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.


Daagh,

I have a few doubts on this one.

1. In B&C, relative pronoun 'which' goes back to 'Nature' the essay. Can an essay argue X? The author of essay can argue X right? Its like 'rules intending to protect sea lions' rules dont have intentions , the author of the rule has.

2. In all the answer choices relative pronoun 'it' is used, can 'it' go back to possessive? Pronoun can only modify nouns and pronouns. Howcome 'it' is used?

Please let me know if im missing something.

Thanks in Advance.
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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2017, 18:12
Is it correct that an inanimate object can argue?

Moreover, it seems the question is flawed while referring possessive noun (Nature's beauty) by a subject pronoun (it).
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#Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2017, 03:54
Mahmud6 wrote:
Is it correct that an inanimate object can argue?

Moreover, it seems the question is flawed while referring possessive noun (Nature's beauty) by a subject pronoun (it).


1. Yes, such usage is acceptable. "The passage describes", "The essay argues", etc. are alright. Nonetheless a present participle modifier "arguing..." would have been better.
2. Good point - this seems to be an oversight of the question writer.
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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 07:15
daagh wrote:
Let’s resolve the basic issue whether the movement launched itself as in B or launched with something as in C or launched something as in D, all in active voice. Can a movement do such acts? Or is it better to say in passive voice that the movement was launched’

IMO, I would reckon that it is untenable to say a movement does the act of launching; I would tend to rule out B, C and D for this reason alone.


daagh
I also eliminated B, C and D thinking the reason you mentioned, leaving A and E.
In E, the reference of pronoun 'it' is not clear.
So the ans would be A.
What do you say?
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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 07:16
souvik101990 wrote:
For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his professed ideal over a century before the contemporary American environmental movement was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

A. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

B. launched itself with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.

C. launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

D. launched Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; Emerson outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

E. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; in it he outlined his beliefs in this essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.

souvik101990
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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2017, 20:04
chetan2u wrote:
For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his professed ideal over a century before the contemporary American environmental movement was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.

A. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.
'was launched' is not appropriate here ...the portion after "and" is not parallel to the first part

B. launched itself with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.
and outlined" makes it as if the movement outlined the beliefs...

C. launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; he outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” which argued that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.
the second part of the sentence is written as an independent sentence, resolving all issues.. CORRECT

D. launched Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; Emerson outlined his beliefs in his essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it has to offer.
'with' missing ,changing the meaning...

E. was launched with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring; in it he outlined his beliefs in this essay, “Nature,” arguing that man does not fully accept nature’s beauty and all that it offers.
"was" and "in it" make the sentence incorrect
ans C


Hi Chetan2u,
Can you kindly explain why was launched is not correct here. whether the movement launched itself as in B or launched with something as in C or launched something as in D, all in active voice. Can a movement do such acts? Or is it better to say in passive voice that the movement was launched’. For me, the movement cant launch itself, someone needs to launch it.
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Re: #Top150 SC: For Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcendentalism was his &nbs [#permalink] 24 Nov 2017, 20:04
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