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University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over

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University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 10:15
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A
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University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over the past few years. One possible explanation of this unwelcome phenomenon is that we charge too little for tuition and fees. Prospective students and their parents conclude that the quality of education they would receive at this institution is not as high as that offered by institutions with higher tuition. So, if we want to increase the size of our applicant pool, we need to raise our tuition and fees.

The university president’s argument requires the assumption that

(A) the proposed explanation for the decline in applications applies in this case
(B) the quality of a university education is dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university
(C) an increase in tuition and fees at the university would guarantee a larger applicant pool
(D) there is no additional explanation for the university’s shrinking applicant pool
(E) the amount charged by the university for tuition has not increased in recent years

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Re: University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 02:11
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Akela wrote:
University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over the past few years. One possible explanation of this unwelcome phenomenon is that we charge too little for tuition and fees. Prospective students and their parents conclude that the quality of education they would receive at this institution is not as high as that offered by institutions with higher tuition. So, if we want to increase the size of our applicant pool, we need to raise our tuition and fees.

The university president’s argument requires the assumption that

(A) the proposed explanation for the decline in applications applies in this case
(B) the quality of a university education is dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university
(C) an increase in tuition and fees at the university would guarantee a larger applicant pool
(D) there is no additional explanation for the university’s shrinking applicant pool
(E) the amount charged by the university for tuition has not increased in recent years



Premises:
Pool of applicants is declining.
One possible explanation is too little fees
Parents and students conclude that quality of education will be lower than that at higher fees schools

Conclusion: if we want to increase the size of our applicant pool, we need to raise our tuition and fees.

The president concludes that to increase the pool size, fees NEEDS to increase.
His conclusion is based on the assumption that the possible explanation he discusses is the actual explanation. That is why he concludes that fees needs to increase.

(A) the proposed explanation for the decline in applications applies in this case
This is correct. He is assuming that the explanation he has provided is what applies here. Hence he concludes that to increase pool, he needs to raise fees (so that parents and students outlook changes toward this school)

(B) the quality of a university education is dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university
This is not true. He talks about the perspective of the parents and students. He does not assume that this is actually true. Just raising the tuition would not automatically raise the quality of the education. The president says that the parents and students conclude that low fees means low quality of education. This does not actually need to be true for the president's logic of raising fees.

(C) an increase in tuition and fees at the university would guarantee a larger applicant pool
No. The president only talks about increasing fees being necessary. He does not say that it is sufficient to increase fees.

(D) there is no additional explanation for the university’s shrinking applicant pool
Again, this is not implied. He talks about one possible explanation. Also, he talks about the NEED to increase fees. He does not imply that no other factor is playing any role.

(E) the amount charged by the university for tuition has not increased in recent years
Note that the comparison is between this school fees and other schools' fees. The fees could be rising but the fees of all schools could be rising. So comparatively, this school could be charging less than other schools all across the many years.
Say this schools charged $20k while other schools charged $50k 5 years ago. Even if all schools are raising their fees by 10% every year, this school will continue to charge less than all other schools.

Answer (A)
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Re: University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 12:01
[quote="Akela"]University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over the past few years. One possible explanation of this unwelcome phenomenon is that we charge too little for tuition and fees. Prospective students and their parents conclude that the quality of education they would receive at this institution is not as high as that offered by institutions with higher tuition. So, if we want to increase the size of our applicant pool, we need to raise our tuition and fees.

The university president’s argument requires the assumption that

(A) the proposed explanation for the decline in applications applies in this case( it's not the assumption)
(B) the quality of a university education is dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university( it is the assumption of students and their parents)
(C) an increase in tuition and fees at the university would guarantee a larger applicant pool( this may be ,keep)
(D) there is no additional explanation for the university’s shrinking applicant pool( not an assumption)
(E) the amount charged by the university for tuition has not increased in recent years(this is also not an assumption)

Will go with choice C

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Re: University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 04:05
Hello, why is D not the correct answer? Could you please explain how A is correct?

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Re: University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 05:11
Akela wrote:
University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over the past few years. One possible explanation of this unwelcome phenomenon is that we charge too little for tuition and fees. Prospective students and their parents conclude that the quality of education they would receive at this institution is not as high as that offered by institutions with higher tuition. So, if we want to increase the size of our applicant pool, we need to raise our tuition and fees.

The university president’s argument requires the assumption that

(A) the proposed explanation for the decline in applications applies in this case
(B) the quality of a university education is dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university
(C) an increase in tuition and fees at the university would guarantee a larger applicant pool
(D) there is no additional explanation for the university’s shrinking applicant pool
(E) the amount charged by the university for tuition has not increased in recent years



why A is correct answer here, experts please explain

B and C were close
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Re: University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 12:48
I am also keen on knowing why A is the correct answer, and not D

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Re: University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2018, 00:31
He has already mentioned 'one of the possible explanations' in the passage. So, D is out.
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Re: University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2018, 01:28
The confusion is between (A) and (D).
I believe other options are easy to eliminate.

Negating (A) says that the given explaination is not applicable to the argument which means higher tuition means better education does not apply and hence breaks the argument.
Negating (C) says there are additional explanations to the decline of applicant pool but this does not eliminate the possibility the the given reasoning in the argument in not valid hence making (A) a better choice.
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University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 00:11
University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over the past few years. One possible explanation of this unwelcome phenomenon is that we charge too little for tuition and fees. Prospective students and their parents conclude that the quality of education they would receive at this institution is not as high as that offered by institutions with higher tuition. So, if we want to increase the size of our applicant pool, we need to raise our tuition and fees.[/quote]

Understand : Pool of applicants is decreasing . fewer applicants are applying to university
possible explanation : too little tuition fee.
students' and parents' thinking : less fees low quality
conclusion : if we want to increase pool , we NEED to raise fee.

Think: President provides a possible (NOT FACTUAL /may or may not be true) explanation for pool reduction. Then he makes a VERY STRONG conclusion : we NEED TO RAISE (need = requirement). He says if we dont raise, the pool WILL NOT INCREASE.
This is major leap : a possible explanation >> requirement .
what if this "possible" explanation is ACTUALLY not the problem and something else is ? If something else is then is RAISING FEES a NEED?? noo. We still may come up with another explanation and work on that and sort the pool reduction problem. WE can doubt the applicability of this explanation as it is NOT AN ESTABLISHED FACT BUT PRESIDENT'S POINT OF VIEW. A point of view can be challenged.

Quote:
(A) the proposed explanation for the decline in applications applies in this case

- True. He assumes this. If he doesnt assume this , then why the hell would he even try to say something?? Negate this and youll find the above explanation ( THINK) plausible.

Quote:
(B) the quality of a university education is dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university

-This weaken the conclusion : If quality = fees , then the university may actually be *** all. Also this is parent's reasoning.

Quote:
(C) an increase in tuition and fees at the university would guarantee a larger applicant pool

-The later outcome of raising the fees is not our concern. THis is the later stage . WE are concerned about what will happen IF WE DONT RAISE. Not what will happen AFTER WE RAISE. The president is concerned about not current situation , not later.

Quote:
(D) there is no additional explanation for the university’s shrinking applicant pool

- Let us say there is ADDITIONAL EXPLANATION. But are we sure that the possible explanation is not valid?? Even if there is an additional explanation , the possible explanation may still REQUIRE US TO RAISE THE FEES. the keyword here is "additional" . If it were a strengthen question , then this choice would have been right. BUT assumption is MUST BE TRUE . So if there is even a slightest possibility that conclusion may stand , then this isnt a MUST BE TRUE situation.

Quote:
(E) the amount charged by the university for tuition has not increased in recent years

- Let ussay it HAS increased. But what if we still NEED TO increase further to fit the parents' reaoning??
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University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 03:19
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Akela wrote:
University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over the past few years. One possible explanation of this unwelcome phenomenon is that we charge too little for tuition and fees. Prospective students and their parents conclude that the quality of education they would receive at this institution is not as high as that offered by institutions with higher tuition. So, if we want to increase the size of our applicant pool, we need to raise our tuition and fees.

The university president’s argument requires the assumption that

(A) the proposed explanation for the decline in applications applies in this case
(B) the quality of a university education is dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university
(C) an increase in tuition and fees at the university would guarantee a larger applicant pool
(D) there is no additional explanation for the university’s shrinking applicant pool
(E) the amount charged by the university for tuition has not increased in recent years




Answered the question CORRECTLY. Time taken to solve 2 min. 37 sec.

PRETHINK / OBSERVE / ELIMINATE :cool: MY WAY TO SOLVE CR :grin: ( prethinking takes me about 4-10 seconds)


PRETHINKING: The number of applicants reduced ---> Why? low tuition is associated with low quality education. How long does it last ? Few years and IT IS PHENOMENEN. the word in red is a key to a correct answer, everything the rest is crystal clear.

With this in mind OBSERVE & ELIMINATE:

(A) the proposed explanation for the decline in applications applies in this case ( the phrase "in this case" is very likely to indicate that is is phenomen - KEEP IT)

(B) the quality of a university education is dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university ( INCORRECT- reiterates the same, AND we are looking for assumtption )

(C) an increase in tuition and fees at the university would guarantee a larger applicant pool (WRONG we dont know this because the university president says that "one possible explanation"

(D) there is no additional explanation for the university’s shrinking applicant pool " (WRONG we dont know this because the university president says that "one possible explanation"

(E) the amount charged by the university for tuition has not increased in recent years ( INCORRECT we are not concerned about tuiton fees, WE ARE CONCERNED ABOUT DRASTIC DECLINE IN A NUMBER OF STUDENTS) IT IS NOT A PRIMARY OF IDEA OF ARGUMENT.


After eliminating B, C, D, E , we are left with A. C`est fini :grin:
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Re: University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 03:59
Hi VeritasKarishma

Can you elaborate (B) further?

Quote:
(B) the quality of a university education is dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university
This is not true. He talks about the perspective of the parents and students. He does not assume that this is actually true.


If I negate this option I get:

Quote:
the quality of a university education is not dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university


If there is no co-relationship between the quality of education and amount of tutions fees as per students and parents perspective,
will not author's claim fall apart? Do we challenge third party claim (e.g. students/parents claim) on its face value?
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University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 06:39
A. the proposed explanation for the decline in applications applies in this case. The argument has a logical gap from "what can be a possible explanation for the decrease in applicant pool" to "suggestion of the proposal to increase tuition fee to counter this issue". The author makes a jump from "what could have been one of the reasons" to "already accepting it as a probable reason in this case and offering a solution" based on it. Hence, A.

B. the quality of a university education is dependent on the amount of tuition charged by the university. We have been asked of what is the assumption made by the author. This is the assumption made by the parents not the author. The author takes it as the parents perspective, does not question, doubt or confirm it. It is the same thing as a YouTuber saying people are moving towards kale based smoothies because they think that kale helps detoxify body in week so, as I want to have maximum views, my next video will be about kale based smoothies. So the YouTuber does not makes the assumption herself, she just moves forward with the information. Irrelevant.

C. an increase in tuition and fees at the university would guarantee a larger applicant pool. The author just considers the increase in fees as a probable solution. The outcomes or the likeliness of success is out of scope.

D. there is no additional explanation for the university’s shrinking applicant pool. Even if there are a lot of other explanations, the author just chose to go with this one. The presence or absence of other explanations is irrelevant to the argument. Say there are also multiple other factors involved such as migration of families to other states, or over all per capita decrease in income, etc but the author decided to tackle this reason. The argument still remains valid.

E. the amount charged by the university for tuition has not increased in recent years. Irrelevant to the argument since the argument says that the fees is considerably lower than that of other schools. So there might have been increases or not, the fees is still very low.
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Re: University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2019, 08:51
Bumping for discussion. A great LSAT assumption question that really pushes on your ability to identify and negate properly without making further assumptions.
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Re: University president: Our pool of applicants has been shrinking over   [#permalink] 09 Mar 2019, 08:51
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